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272
Index




Adomn´ n, De locis sanctis, 44“46, 51“53, 69“71,
a Arculf, 44, 68, 70, 137, and see Adomn´ n
a
115, 123, 125, 129, 171, and see Arculf Aretas, ruler of Damascus, 135
Ælfric, 15, 21, 66, 167, 171“172, 182, 188, 227 Augustine of Hippo, 6, 83, 98, 123, 180
Aethicus Ister, Cosmographia, 169“171
Alcuin, 54, 61, 66, 165, 188 Bald™s Leechbook, 62, 64, 65, 66, 67
Disputatio Felicis cum Saraceno, 223 Bede, 16, 18, 19“21, 22, 28, 42, 44“45, 54, 60,
Aldhelm, 122 77, 116, 123“138, 149, 153“154, 160,
De uirginitate, 171 165, 171, 175, 179, 188, 226
Enigmata, 64 In Cantica Canticorum allegorica expositio, 132
Alfred the Great, 67 Commentarius in primam partem Samuhelis, 130
Amalekites, 75, 94, 106, 127, 184 Historia ecclesiastica, 123, 166, 188
Ambrose, 82, 98 and Jerome, 22, 128, 136, 137
Ammonites, 75, 105“106, 176 De locis sanctis, 68
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, on pilgrims, 53 Martyrologium, 181
Otto II, 21, 181, 188, 228 Nomina locorum, 126, 177
Anglo-Saxon contacts with Islam, central Nomina regionum, 126
caliphate and generally, 44“68 De tabernaculo, 134
Aquitaine, 55 Beowulf, 101, 157, 160
India, 53 Bible, 52, 69, 71, 85, 91, 138, 147, 163, 217,
Sicily, 55 221
Spain (al-Andalus), 55, 65 Amos, 92, 107
Apocalypse of pseudo-Methodius, see Reuelationes Galatians, Paul™s Letter to the, 76, 89, 98,
Arab science and philosophy, 4 130, 200
Arabic vocabulary in Anglo-Saxon England, 7, Genesis, 18, 20, 89, 91“92, 95, 104, 117,
45, 51, 54 132, 147, 158“162, 183, 204, 225
Arabia, 90“91, 125“127, 173, 228, etc. Hieronymian/Vulgate, 72, 74, 111
lies beyond Jordan, 68“69, 71, 75, 76, 78“89 Old Latin, 73“74
land of spices and incense, 82“84, 88, 126, parable of the Good Samaritan, 81, 91
183 Psalms, 92, 105, 114, 118, 131“132, 152,
near Holy Land, 76, 88 173“175, 180, 188, 217, 225
source of pepper, 67 Septuagint, 73, 77
Arabs, 5, 10, 12“15, 72, 75“93, 96, 99, 101, Boniface, 54, 165, 188
106, 116“137, 151, 165, 173, 182, 228, Lull sent spices to, 61
etc., and see Arabia Book of Kells, 63
in classical contexts, 69, 82, 84
inimical/violent, 75, 80“83, 88“89 Cain, 101, 160“161, 179
nomads, 76, 79“80, 88, and see Nomadism Canterbury Commentaries (school of Theodore
and Desert and Hadrian), 72, 117“122, 225


273
Index

Cassian, 6, 92“93, 112 Isidore, 6, 64, 83, 85“88, 96“97, 114, 125“126,
Cassiodorus, 83, 103, 105, 174, 225 170, 225
Historia tripartita, 186 Islam, 1, 29“30, 38“39, 48“49, 243
Chansons de geste, 3“4, 21 Abbasid period, 34“36
Charlemagne, 54, 60, 66 Dhimmi, 39, 50
Charles Martel, 124 history of, in al-Andalus, 36“37
Chronicle of Fredegar, 41 history of, in Mediterranean, 37“38
Commentary and exegesis, 69“70, 73“74, Muhammad, 30, 93
76, 89, 91“92, 95“96, 98, 113, 124, Umayyad period, 30“34
128“137, 149, 151, 163, 172, 187, 192, Ismael, 3, 18, 92, 94“95, 98“99, 110, 121, 130,
218 132, 138, 164, etc.
Continent, 8“9, 167, 181“182, 190, 224 Ismaelites, 5, 18, 69, 87“88, 90“114, 116“139,
Crusades, 12“13, 23“24, 241 143, 146“157, 165, 173“174, 243, etc.,
and see Saracens and Hagarenes
Daniel, Norman, 4“6, 12, 13, 16, 18, 26, 219, Saracens and Arabs contrasted with people of
231“232, 234, 238, 240 God, 98“99, 103“104, 106, 171, and see
Desert, 19, 102, 110, 112“113, 127“128, 131, Saracens, opposition to superior Christians
147, 149, 155“156, 164, 180, 195“198 inhabit Arabia, 69, 75, 88, etc.
Durham Gospels, 63 inimical, 92, 94, 98, 129
Durham Ritual, 172, 188, 227, 233
Jerome, and his biblical commentaries, 6, 19, 22,
eastern Christian responses to Islam, 5, 28, 72“74, 76“82, 85“86, 90“92, 94, 97, 100,
39“41 117, 122, 125, 134“135, 147, 152“153,
Edomites, 99, 101, 105“106, 174, 176 160, 170, 175, 200, 221, 225, 230
Elias, patriarch of Jerusalem, 67 Commentarii in Isaiam, 102“103
English synod, 1 Commentarii in prophetas minores, 103, 107
Epiphanius, 108 Commentarius in Hieremiam prophetam, 80
European trade with Muslim world, 59“60, 65, known in England, 77
and see 44“68 (general contacts) Liber quaestionum hebraicarum in Genesim, 100
Vikings and the Danelaw, 56“57, 66, 166 Vita Malchi, 21, 109“113, 122, 157, 167,
Eusebius, 90, 94 175“177, 179, 188, 227
Vita S. Hilarionis, 21, 108, 129
Hagar, 18“19, 91, 94“95, 120, 130, 132, 149 Jews and Judaism, 27, 45, 50, 70, 98“108
allegorised as the old covenant, 76, 98 John of Damascus, De haeresibus, 41
Hagarenes, 5, 18, 69, 75, 90“92, 118, 173, Josephus, 77, 96, 125
175, 243, etc., and see Ismaelites and
Saracens Kedar, Benjamin, 1, 5, 7, 9
Hebrew, 72“73, 77“79, 81, 86, 102, 109, 114, Kedar, son of Ismael, 91, 92, 97, 102“104,
136 106, 114, 118, 127, 131, 132“134,
Herodotus, 75 225
Hygeburg, Vita Willibaldi, 44, 46“52, 70 Ku¬c coins, see Imports

Idolatry, 92, 104“109, 134“137, 170“171, 187, Lacnunga, 62, 64“65, and see Bald™s Leechbook
212, 243, and see Lucifer and Venus Lapis lazuli, see Imports
Imports into Anglo-Saxon England from Liber monstrorum, 64, 67
Muslim territory Literate and oral culture in Anglo-Saxon
Ku¬c coins, 54“59 England, 14“15, 69“72, 175, 178“180,
lapis lazuli, 63 182, 187“188, 223“226
medicinals and spices, 60“62, 64“65, 67 literacy and the church, 6“7, 15, 18, 52, 69,
pepper, 61, 64 88, 187, 226“229, 241
pottery, 65“66 Lucifer, 108, 134, and see Idolatry and Venus
silk, 66“67
India, 125, 171“173, 188, and see Anglo-Saxon Matar, Nabil, 16“17
contacts with Islam on ˜Orientalism™, 17


274
Index

Midianites, 75, 92, 94“95, 104, 118“120, 128, Pre-Islamic imports (grave-goods) from the East,
146, 149, 184, 204 61“62
Moab and Moabites, 75, 105“106, 127, Previous scholarship, 3“7, 16, 26
175“176, 198 on Anglo-Saxon period, 4“7
¯
Mu« awiyah, caliph, 30, 45
Qur™¯ n in translation, 13, 191, 230
a
Nabataeans, 93, 96“97, 126
News about Arabs or Muslims (Saracens) in late Reuelationes of pseudo-Methodius, 40“41,
antiquity and the Middle Ages, 7“9, 139, 140“164, 170, 184“185, 203,
41“43, 45“52, 67“68, 107, 109, 117, 121, 225“226
123, 128, 132, 137“138, 141, 143“144, manuscripts known in ASE, 140, 144“145
148“149, 154, 163, 188, 190“191, 224, Rotter, Ekkehart, 6“7, 45, 48, 51, 69, 92,
229 99“108, 134“135
adaptation of information, 198
Nomadism, 82, 93, 99“101, 111, 144, 179 Saba and Sabaeans, 75, 84, 86“87, 88, 176
Said, Edward, Orientalism, 2, 10“13, 16, 17, 19,
Offa, 54, 66 22“24, 27, 53, 114“115, 217, 219“220,
Offa™s dinar, 1“2, 58, 224 230“239, 240
Old English Martyrology, 171, 180 anachronism, 10“11, 15“16, 22, 198, 233,
Old English Vita Malchi, 177“180 241
Orderic Vitalis, 192“194, 226 and Nabil Matar, 16“17, 199
Orosius, Historiae aduersum paganos, 85, 97, 125, on medieval period, 10, 12, 16, 26, 115
172, 175“177, 188, 233 ˜Orientalises™ the medieval period, 10, 24“25
and ˜proto-Orientalism™, 12“15, 19“21,
Paschasius Radbertus, 7 22“24
Pepper, see Imports and ˜Septentrionalism™, 233“237
Persians, 31, 155, 185 Saracens, 1, 2, 5, 19, 69, 88, 90, 102, 116“139,
Petrus Comestor, 6 144“157, 165, 227“228, 243, etc., and see
Pilgrimage to the Holy Land, 42“55, 71, 165, Ismaelites, Hagarenes
223, and see Adomn´ n, Hygeburg and
a dark-skinned?, 50
Willibald desert nomads, 20, 82, 184
merchants disguised as pilgrims, 54 diet, 111, 151“152, 225
Pliny, 82, 84“85, 111“112, 125, 151, 175 etymology of name, 93“95, 211
Post-Conquest perceptions of Saracens, 3, 9, 19, exegetical etymology, 18“19, 96“97, 138,
240 148“149, 167
Ismaelites/Hagarenes wrongfully named selves identi¬ed as Ismaelites or Hagarenes, 69, 89,
Saracens, 9, 24, 200“212, 221, 90, 95, 114, 118, 124, 131, 144, 147, 166,
239 180
Saracens are associated with Venus, 9, 24, in Old English, 9, 13“14, 166, 167,
200, 212“216, 220“221 181“182, 184, 241
Bacon, Roger, 216 opposition to superior Christians, 21“23,
Caxton, William, 195“197, 198 45“46, 48, 52“53, 112, 132, 134, 144,
Bedwell, William, 210 154“155, 165, 180, 228“229
Foxe, John, 205, 216 as plague, 123, 156
Higden, Ranulf, 202“205, 214 pre-Islamic Saracens, 5“6, 9, 14, 19, 22, 88,
Polychronicon in English, 202, 204, 215 223“224
Jacobus de Voragine, 194“195 religion of, 45“46
Matthew Paris, 201“203, 215 Saracenus not equivalent to ˜Muslim™, 11“12,
Newton, Thomas (A Notable Historie of the 22, 219, 243
Saracens), 205“207 violent/inimical, 20, 50, 93“95, 153,
Ockley, Simon, 239 156“157, 164, 181“182, 188, 230, 233,
Raleigh, Walter, 209“210 243
Reginald of Canterbury, 195“197 Sarah, 94, 96
Vaughan, William, 208 Scenitae, 84, 93


275
Index

Solomon and Saturn (Old English), 168 Venus, 107, and see Idolatry and Lucifer
Southern, Richard, 5 Vergil, 77, 125
Silk, see Imports
Spices, see Imports Wallace-Hadrill, 4, 137
Widsith, 168
Terms and terminology, 11“12, 15, 23, 141, William of Tyre on Pope Urban™s speech, 24, 75,
240 192
Theodore of Tarsus, 115“117 Willibald, 9, 39, 44, 70, and see Hygeburg™s Vita
Hadrian, 115“117 Willibaldi
Turks, 144, 158, 169“171, 192, 207“208 Wonders of the East, 64




276

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