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(1994). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
IN CUSTODY OR VISITATION PROCEEDINGS
Reuben, Richard C., Democracy and Dispute Resolution: The Problem of Arbitration,
67 LAW & CONTEMP. PROBS. 279, 285 (2004). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94, 100
Rodes, Robert E., Jr., Government Lawyers, 9 WIDENER J. PUB. L. 281, 28“182 (2000). . . . 46
Ross, Catherine J., From Vulnerability to Voice: Appointing Counsel for Children in
Civil Litigation, 64 FORDHAM L. REV. 1571 (1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Rufenacht, Mindy D., The Concern over Con¬dentiality in Mediation “ An In-Depth
Look at the Protection Provided by the Proposed Uniform Mediation Act, 2000
J. DISP. RESOL. 113 (2000). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Saccuzzo, Dennis P., Controversies in Divorce Mediations, 79 NOTRE DAME L. REV.
425, 426, 435 (2003). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89, 92, 99
Saichek, David A., Shared Powers: Harmony without Hegemony, 69 WIS. LAW. 3
(October 1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Schauer, Frederich, The Authority of Legal Scholarship, 139 U. PA. L. REV. 1003, 1011
(1991). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Scheiber, Harry N., Innovation, Resistance, and Change: A History of Judicial
Reform and the California Courts, 1960“1990, 66 S. CAL. L. REV. 2049, 2086“2087
(1993). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Schepard, Andrew, An Introduction to the Model Standards of Practice for Family and
Divorce Mediation, 35 FAM L.Q. 1, 3 (2001). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Schiff, Corinne, Child Custody and the Ideal of Motherhood in Late Nineteenth
Century New York, 4 GEO. J. ON FIGHTING POVERTY 403 (1997). . . . . . . . . . . . . 88, 102
Schneyer, Ted, Legal Process Scholarship and the Regulation of Lawyers, 65 FORDHAM
L. REV. 33, 34 (1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Scott, Elizabeth S., The Legal Construction of Adolescence, 29 HOFSTRA L. REV. 547
(2000). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Scott, Elizabeth S. & Thomas Grisso, The Evolution of Adolescence: A Developmental
Perspective On Juvenile Justice Reform, 88 J. CRIM. L. & CRIMINOLOGY 137(1977). . . . . . 5
Sha¬roff, Ira L., What Evil Lurks: Client Con¬dentiality Should Not Trump the Life
of an Innocent Person, L.A. DAILY J., January 29, 2003, p. 6, cols. 3“5. . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Other Authorities 245

Shoot, Brian J., “Don™t Come Back Without A Reasonable Offer”: The Extent of, and
Limits on, Court Power to Foster Settlement, 76 N.Y. ST. B.J. 10, 11 (2004). . . . . . . . . . 93
Simon, Paul, Foreword: Ethics in Law and Politics, 28 LOY. U. CHI. L. REV. 221,
225 (1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Smith, Kenneth Cruce, A Pro¬le of Juvenile Court Judges in the United States,
JUV. JUST., Aug. 1974, at 27“29 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Solomon, Richard C., Wearing Many Hats: Con¬dentiality and Con¬‚icts of Interest
Issues for the California Public Lawyer, 25 SW. U. L. REV. 265, 272 (1996); CAL.
EVID. CODE §175. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
The Bounds of Advocacy, 9 J. AM. ACAD. MATR. LAW. 1, 2 (1992). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
The Bounds of Advocacy, Preliminary Statement (American Academy of Matrimonial
Lawyers). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Thoennes, Nancy, Child Sexual Abuse: Whom Should a Judge Believe? What Should
a Judge Believe, 27 NO. 3 JUDGES J. 14 (1988). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Thompson, Peter H., Enforcing Rights Generated in Court-Connected Mediation “ The
Tension between the Aspirations of a Private Facilitative Process and the Reality of
Public Adversarial Justice, 19 OHIO ST. J. DISP. RESOL. 509, 512, 533 (2004). . . . . . 98, 106
Tocqueville, Alexis de, DEMOCRACY IN AMERICA 275“276 (Phillips Bradley, ed.,
1987) (1835). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Toker, John A., CALIFORNIA ARBITRATION AND MEDIATION PRACTICE GUIDE:
COURT-ORDERED ADR 457 (Lawpress 2003). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, ADMINISTRATION
FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
AND FAMILIES CHILDREN™S BUREAU (JANUARY 2003).
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, NATIONAL CLEARINGHOUSE
ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT INFORMATION, FOSTER CARE NATIONAL
STATISTICS (April 2001). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Ventrell, Marvin R., The Child™s Attorney, 17 FAM. ADVOC. 73, 73 (1995). . . . . . . . . . . 29
Ver Steegh, Nancy, Yes, No, and Maybe: Informed Decision Making about Divorce
Mediation in the Presence of Domestic Violence, 9 WM. & MARY J. WOMEN & L.
145, 159“160 (2003). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Wagner, Stephen James, The Ethics of Family Law Disclosure: Have You Suborned
Perjury Lately?, 8 CAL. FAM. L. MONTHLY 197, 198 (August 2004). . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Wald, Michael S., State Intervention on Behalf of ˜Neglected™ Children: A Search for
Realistic Standards, 27 STAN. L. REV. 985, 1017, n. 168 (1975). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Waldman, Ellen A., The Challenge of Certi¬cation: How to Ensure Mediator
Competence while Preserving Diversity, 30 U.S.F.L. REV. 723, 723 (1996). . . . . . . . . . 92
Welch, Nancy A., The Place of Court-Connected Mediation in a Democratic Justice
System, 38 WM. & MARY L. REV. 5, 137“138 (2004). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
White, James J., Machiavelli and the Bar: Ethical Limitations on Lying in Negotiation,
in WHAT™S FAIR: ETHICS IN NEGOTIATION 93 (Carrie Mendel-Meadow & Michael
Wheeler eds. 2001). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Wilker, Steven, Child Abuse, Substance Abuse, and the Role of the Dependency Court,
7 1 WEST LAW 7 HARV. BLACKLETTER J. 1 (1990). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Wilkins, David B., How Should We Determine Who Should Regulate Lawyers? “
Managing and Context in Professional Regulation, 65 FORDHAM L. REV. 465,
482“484 (1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Williams, Lesley E., The Civil Regulation of Prosecutors, 67 FORDHAM L. REV. 3441,
3443 (1999). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Wolfram, Charles W., Lawyer Turf and Lawyer Regulation “ The Role of the
Inherent-Powers Doctrine, 12 U. ARK. LITTLE-ROCK L. REV. 1, 4“6 (1989“1990). . . . . 149
246 Other Authorities

Workie, Blaine, Chemical Dependency and the Legal Profession: Should Addiction to
Drugs and Alcohol Ward off Heavy Discipline?, 9 GEO. J. LEGAL ETHICS 1357, 1372
(1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Wright, Claudia, Representation of Children in a Uni¬ed Family Court System in
Florida, 14 U. FLA. J. L. & PUB. POL™Y 179, 189“191 (2003). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
WuDunn, Sheryl, Japan Confronts Child Abuse, N.Y. TIMES, Aug. 15, 1999 at 7A. . . . . . 87
Yagman, Stephen, Longtime Cycle of Bench Bullying, L.A. DAILY J., February 12, 2002
at 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Yarn, Douglas, The Death of ADR: A Cautionary Tale of Isomorphism through
Institutionalization, 108 PENN. ST. L. REV. 929, 929“930 (2004). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Zacharias, Fred, The Professional Discipline of Prosecutors, 79 N.C.L. REV. 721, 726
(2001). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Cases and Ethics Opinions




A. R. v. State, 937 P. 2d 1037 (Utah 1997). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
ABA Ethics Opinion 347 (1981). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
ABA Ethics Opinion 399 (1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
ABA Formal Op. 97-405, April 19, 1997. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
ABA Formal Opinion 94-387. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
ABA Formal Opinion 94-387 (September 26, 1994). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
ABA Informal Op. 1413, June 23, 1978. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
ABA Informal Opinion 929. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Adoption of Hugo, 700 N. E. 2nd 516 (Mass. 1998), cert. denied, 526 U. S.
1034 (1999). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Alabama Bar Association Opinion Number 1995-06. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Alabama Judicial Inquiry Commission, #87293, March 2, 1987. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Alabama State Bar Opinion No. 2002-02. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Alabama State Bar Opinion Number 2003-03. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Alaska Bar Association Ethics Committee, Opinion 92-6 (October 30, 1992). . . . . . 43
Alaska Bar Association Ethics Opinions Nos. 71-1 (April 14, 1971). . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Alaska Commission on Judicial Conduct Opinion #001 (1994). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Alaska State Bar Association, Ethics Opinion No. 85-4 (November 8, 1985). . . . . . . . 34
Archer v. Ogden, 600 P. 2d 1223 (Oklahoma 1979). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
Arizona Supreme Court Judicial Ethics Advisory Committee Opinion 00-02,
April 9, 2000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Arizona Supreme Court Judicial Ethics Advisory Committee, Opinion 96-8,
August 15, 1996. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Arkansas Judicial Ethics Advisory Committee Advisory Opinion No. 94-04,
March 8, 1994. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Arkansas Judicial Ethics Advisory Committee Opinion No. 96-01,
December 29, 1999. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Attorney General of Maryland v. Waldron, 426 A. 2d 929, 933 (Maryland 1981). . . . 156
Attorney Grievance Commission of Maryland v. Alan C. Drew, 669 A. 2d 1344,
1349 (1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Ball v. Roberts, 722 S. W. 2d 829 (Arkansas 1987). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
Baltimore City Department of Social Services v. Bouknight, 493 U.S. 549; 100
S. Ct. 900 (1990). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Bauer v. Bauer, 28 S. W. 3d 877, 885“887 (Missouri 2000). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Blackburn v. Mackey, 131 S. W. 3d 392 (Missouri 2004). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

247
248 Cases and Ethics Opinions

Board of Bar Overseers Of¬ce of the Bar Counsel Massachusetts Bar Disciplinary
Decisions, Admonition 00-68, 2000 WL 34200490 (2000). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Brady v. Maryland, 373 U.S. 83, 87 (1963). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Broadman v. Commission On Judicial Performance, 77 Cal. Rptr. 2d 408,
417“418 (1999). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Broadway v. Kentucky Bar Association, 8 S. W. 3d 572 (Kentucky 2000). . . . . . . . . . 40
Broadway v. Kentucky Bar Association, 997 S. W. 2d 467 (Kentucky 1999). . . . . . . . . 37
Byers v. Byers, 1996 WL 33348581 (Michigan 1996; unpublished). . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
California Compendium on Professional Responsibility, Formal Op. No 1983“71,
at II A-223 (State Bar of California 1983). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Cantillon v. Superior Court, 309 P. 2d 890 (1957). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
Care and Protection of Georgette, 785 N. E. 2d 356 (2003). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Carroll v. Superior Court, 124 Cal. Rptr. 2d 891 (Cal. App. Ct. 2002). . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Carter v. Carter, 470 S. E. 2d 193, 201, fn. 10 (West Virginia 1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Cayan v. Cayan, 38 S. W. 3d 161 (2000). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Chrissy v. Ms. Dept. of Public Welfare, 995 F. 2d 595 (District Court, Fifth
Circuit, 1993). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Christina L. v. Harry J. L., Jr., 1995 WL 788196, at 23 (Delaware Family Court
1995; unpublished). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
City of New York Committee on Professional and Judicial Ethics, in Opinion
Number 1997-2 (March 1997). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Civil Service Commission Of County. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Cohoon v. Cohoon, 770 N. E. 2d 885. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Cohoon v. Cohoon, 784 N. E. 2d 904, 905. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Colorado v. Karen J. Roose, 44 P. 2d 266 (Colorado 2002). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Commonwealth of Virginia Judicial Ethics Advisory Committee Opinion 99-7,
Nov. 17, 1999. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Cuyahoga County Bar Association v. Stafford, 733 N. E. 2d 587 (Ohio 2000). . . . . . . 42
Cynthia D. v. Superior Court, 19 Cal. Rptr. 2d 608 (1993). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Davis v. Wickham, 917 S. W. 2d 414, 416 (Texas 1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
De Los Santos v. Superior Court of Los Angeles County, 27 Cal. 3d 677, 613 P. 2d
233 (1980). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Delaware Judicial Ethics Advisory Committee Opinion 2001-1, May 15, 2001. . . . . . . 83
DeShaney v. Winnebago, 489 U.S. 189 (1989). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Disciplinary Action Against Shirley A. Dvorak, 611 N. W. 2d 147, 150“151
(North Dakota 2000). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Doe V. Lebbos (9th Cir., Nov. 4. 2003; Lexis 22632). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Ex Rel. Nebraska State Bar Association v. Thomas R. Zakrezewski, 560 N. W. 2d 150
(Nebraska 1997). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Fiedler v. Wisconsin Senate, 454 N. W. 2d 770, 772 (1990). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Florida Advisory Opinion No. 94-8, April 21, 1994. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Florida Supreme Court Judicial Ethics Advisory Committee Opinion No. 95-84,
July 28, 1995. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Fox v. Willis, 822 A. 2d 1289 (2003). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Foxgate Homeowners™ Association, Inc. v. Bramalea California, Inc., 108 Cal. Rptr.
2d 642 (2001). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Furey v. Commission On Judicial Performance, 240 Cal. Rptr. 859 (1987). . . . . . . . . 53
Gaston v. Gaston, 954 P. 2d 572, 574 (Alaska 1998). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Gensburg v. Miller, 37 Cal. Rptr. 2d 97 (1994). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Grove v. State Bar of California, 58 Cal. Rptr. 564 (1967). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Cases and Ethics Opinions 249

Guadalupe A. v. Superior Court, 285 Cal. Rptr. 570 (1991). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Harrison v. Mississippi Bar, 637 So. 2d 204 (Mississippi 1994). . . . . . . . . . . . . 38, 42
Harvey v. Harvey, 680 N. W. 2d 835 (Michigan Supreme Court 2004). . . . . . . . . . 103
Hirsch v. Hirsch, 774 N.Y.S. 2d 48, 49“50 (New York 2004). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Hogoboom v. Superior Court, 59 Cal. Rptr. 2d 254, 267 (California 1997). . . . . . . . . 98
Hoopes v. Bradshaw, 80 A 1098 (1911). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Hunte v. Blumenthal, 680 A. 2d 1231 (1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Hustedt v. Worker™s Compensation Appeals Board, 636 P. 2d 1139, 1146 (1981). . . . . 157
Imbler v. Pachtman, 424 U.S. 409, 428“29 (1976). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
In re Celine R., 1 Cal. Rptr. 3d 432 (2003). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
In re Christopher B., 147 Cal. Rptr. 390 (Cal. 1978). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
In re Christopher S., 2002 WL 31033062 (California, September 12, 2002;
unpublished). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
In re Complaint as to the Conduct of the Honorable Ronald D. Schenck, 870
P. 2d 185 (Oregon 1994). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
In re Complaint of Wesley Scott Bridges, 728 P. 2d 863 (Oregon 1986). . . . . . . . . . . 37
In re Conduct of Schenck, 870 P. 2d 185 (Oregon 1994). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
In re Coughlan, 2003 WL 22136814 (Minnesota App. 2003). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
In Re Crate, 273 P. 617 (1928), rv™d, 279 P. 131 (Cal. 1929). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
In re Diane, 494 N.Y.S. 2d 881 (1985). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
In re Hancock, 136 Cal. Rptr. 901 (1977). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
In re Hendel, (Connecticut Judicial Review Counsel, March 6, 1989 [unreported
memorandum of decision] (WestLaw JDDD database). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
In re Hey, 425 S.E. 2d 221, 222“224 (W.Va., 1992). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
In re Honorable James P. Dunleavy, 838 A. 2d 338 (Maine 2003). . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
In re Inquiry Concerning Harrell, 414 S.E. 2d 36 (1992). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
In re Inquiry of Broadbelt, 683 A.2d 543, 546 (N.J., 1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
In re Jeanette H., 275 Cal. Rptr. 9, 15 (1990). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
In re Julian L., 78 Cal. Rptr. 2d 839 (1998). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
In re Lavine, 41 P. 2d 161, 163 (Cal. 1935). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
In re Linda O., 95 Misc. 2d 744, 408 N.Y.S. 2d 308 (Fam. Ct. 1978). . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
In re Lucero L., 96 Cal Rptr. 2d 56 (2000). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
In re Marriage of Timothy E. Slayton, 103 Cal. Rptr. 2d 545, 549“550 (2001). . . . . . 103
In re Michael R., 7 Cal. Rptr. 2d 139 (1992). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
In re Padget, 678 P. 2d 870 (Wyo. 1984). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
In re Paternity of Amber J.R., 557 N.W. 2d 84 (Wisc. 1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
In re Paternity of Stephanie R. N. v. Wendy L. D., 541 N.W. 2d 838;
1995 WL 56300, 56318 (Wisc. 1995; unpublished opinion). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
In Re Paul L. Wood, 686 So. 2d 35, 36 (Louisiana 1997). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
In re R.W.B., 241 N.W. 2d 546 (N.D. 1976). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
In Re Randall B. Kopf, 767 S.W. 2d 20 (Missouri 1989). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
In re Robert J. v. Leslie M., 59 Cal. Rptr. 2d 905 (1997). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
In re Zeth S., 108 Cal. Rptr. 2d 527 (2001). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
In the Interest of A.V., 554 N.W. 2d 461 (North Dakota 1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
In the Interest of J. A. W. N., A., 94 S. W. 3d 119, 121 (Texas 2002). . . . . . . . . . . . 106
In the Interests of David A., 1998 WL 910258 (Conn. Super Ct., Dec. 18, 1998). . . . . 11
In the Marriage of Hanks, 10 P. 3d 42, 47 (Kansas 2000). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
In the Matter of Anonymous Member of the South Carolina Bar, 377 S. E. 2nd 572
(South Carolina 1989). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
In the Matter of Carl S. Black, 941 P. 2d 1380 (Kansas 1997), 114. . . . . . . . . . . . 38, 42
250 Cases and Ethics Opinions

In the Matter of D. Keith Jennings, 50 P. 3d 506, 506“508 (Kansas 2002). . . . . . . . . 107
In the Matter of Daniel L. Swagerty, 739 P. 2d 937 (Kansas 1987). . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
In the Matter of Disciplinary Proceedings Against Curt M. Weber, 579 N.W. 2d 229
(Wisconsin 1998). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
In the Matter of Disciplinary Proceedings Against Daniel R. McNamara, 421
N. W. 2d 513, 367“370 (Wisconsin 1988). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
In the Matter of Disciplinary Proceedings Against Frank X. Kinast, 530 N.W.
2d 387 (Wisconsin 1995). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
In the Matter of H. Children, 608 N.Y.S. 2d 784, 785 (New York 1994). . . . . . . . . . . 10
In the Matter of Kopinski (1994) 2 Cal. State Bar Ct. 716, 728. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
In the Matter of Robert C. Yacavino, 494 A. 2d 801 (New Jersey 1985). . . . . . . . . . . 42
In the Matter of Rodney H. Roberts, 366 S. E. 2d 679, 680 (Georgia 1988). . . . . . . . . 36
In The Matter of Terri Stroh Tweedly, 20 P. 3d 1245, 1247 (Kansas 2001). . . . . . . . . . 36
In The Matter of the Application for Disciplinary Action Against Shirley A. Dvorak,
611 N.W. 2d 147 (North Dakota Supreme Court, May 18, 2000). . . . . . . . . . . . 50
In the Matter of the Application for the Discipline Of Richard W. Curott, 375 N. W.
2d 472, 473“474 (1985). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
In the Matter of the Proceeding Pursuant to Section 44, Subdivision 4, of the
Judiciary Law in Relation to Louis Grossman, A Judge of the Civil Court of the
City of New York and Acting Justice of the Supreme Court, First Judicial District,
Commission on Judicial Conduct State of New York, November 20,
1984 (1984 WL 262214). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Iowa Supreme Court Board of Professional Ethics and Conduct v. Donna Lesyshen,
585 N. W. 2d 281 (Iowa 1998). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
J. A. R. v. Dept. Health & Rehab. Servs., 419 So. 2d 780 (Fla. App. 1982). . . . . . . . . . 81
Jenkins v. County of Orange, 260 Cal. Rptr. 645 (1989). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Jones v. Sieve, 281 P. 2d 898 (1986). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Joni B. v. State, 549 N. W. 2d 411, 413 (1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Kelm v. Kelm, 749 N.E. 2d 299, 225“226 (Ohio 2001). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Kentucky Bar Association v. L.M. Tipton Reed, 814 S. W. 2d 927 (Kentucky 1991). . . . 36
Kentucky Bar Association v. Ronald A. Newcomer, 977 S. W. 2d 20 (Kentucky 1998). . . 14
Klemm v. Superior Court, 142 Cal. Rptr. 509, 512 (1977). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Kniskern v. Kniskern, 80 P. 3d 939, 941 (Colorado 2003). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
L. L. H. v. S. C. H., 2002 WL 1943659, at 3 (Alaska 2002; unpublished). . . . . . . . . 104
Lassiter v. Department of Social Services, 101 S. Ct. 2155 (1981). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Lassiter v. Department of Social Services, 452 U.S. 18 (1981). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Leaf v. Supreme Court of the State of Wisconsin, 979 F. 2d. 589, 592“593 (1992). . . . . 152
Legal Servs. Corp. v. Velazquez, 531 U.S. 533 (2001). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
(Lester v. Lennane, 101 Cal. Rptr. 2d 86 (2000)), and sexual harassment
(In Re Gordon, 53 Cal. Rptr. 2d 788 (1996)). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Lester v. State Bar, 131 Cal. Rptr. 225 (1976). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Littman v. Van Hoek, 789 A. 2d 280, 281“282 (Pennsylvania 2001). . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Lone Wolf v. Lone Wolf, 741 P. 2d 1187, 1190 (Alaska 1987). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Los Angeles County Bar Association Professional Responsibility and Ethics
Committee, Formal Ethics Opinion No. 504, May 15, 2000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Los Angeles County Department of Children and Family Services v. Superior Court,
59 Cal. Rptr. 613 (1997). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Los Angeles County Dept. Children™s Services v. Superior Court, 7 Cal. 4th 525 (1996). . 16
Louisiana Attorney General Opinion, No. 00-446 (February 19, 2001). . . . . . . . . . 20
Cases and Ethics Opinions 251

Mackey v. Mackey, 2001 WL 111267 (Alaska Civil Appeal 2001). . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Marchal v. Craig, 681 N. E. 2d 1160, 1162 (Indiana 1997). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103,112
Martin v. Martin, 734 So. 2d 1133, 1136 (1999). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
75 Maryland Attorney General Opinion 76 (February 8, 1990). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Maryland Bar Association Ethics Opinion 89-53 (1989). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Maryland v. Craig, 110 S. Ct. 3157 (1990). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
(Matter of Ross, 428 A.2d 858 (Maine 1981)). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
McCartney v. Commission on Judicial Quali¬cations, 116 Cal. Rptr. 260, 268
(1974). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
McClure v. Thompson, 323 F. 3d 1233 (9th Cir. 2003). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
McCullough v. Commission on Judicial Performance, 260 Cal. Rptr. 557 (1989). . . . . . 59
Merco Construction Engineers, Inc. v. Municipal Court, 581 P. 2d 636 (Cal 1978). . . . 157
Merrill Lynch, Fenner & Smith, Inc. v. Benjamin, 766 N.Y.S. 2d 1 (2003). . . . . . . . . 104
Michigan Bar Opinion CI-970 (1983). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Michigan State Bar Standing Committee on Professional and Judicial Ethics,
Opinion RI316 (December 13, 1999). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Miller v. Miller, 620 A. 2d 1161, 1165 (Pennsylvania 1993). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Milstein v. County of Los Angeles, 2001 DJDAR 7514, 7515 (2001). . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Minnesota v. White, 536 U.S. 765 (2002). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Mississippi State Attorney General Opinion No. 94-0408 (August 17, 1994). . . . . . . 48
Moeller v. Superior Court (1997). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Montigny v. Montigny, 233 N. W. 2d 463, 467 (Wisconsin 1975). . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Moore v. Moore, 809 P. 2d 261 (Wyo. 1991). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Nashid v. Andrawis, 847 A. 2d 1908, 1101“1102 (Connecticut 2004). . . . . . . . . . . 103
Nevada Standing Committee On Judicial Ethics And Election Practices, Opinion
JE99-002, April 5, 1999. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
New Jersey v. Clark, 735 A. 2d 1, 4-6 (N. J. 1999). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
New Jersey v. T.L.O., 469 U.S. 325 (1985). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
New York Advisory Committee on Judicial Ethics, Opinion 88-150, December 8,
1988 (1988 WL 547000). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
New York Advisory Committee on Judicial Ethics, Opinion 89-104 (September 12,
1989). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
New York Advisory Committee on Judicial Ethics, Opinion 96-34, April 25, 1996
(1996 WL 940912). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
New York Attorney General Informal Opinion No. 88-54 (August 17, 1988). . . . . . . . 20
New York State Bar Association, Committee On Professional Ethics, Opinion 751
(May 6, 2002). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
North Carolina State Bar Opinion Number RPC 175. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
North Carolina State Bar Opinion RPC 14 (October 24, 1986). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
North Carolina State Bar Revised Opinion Number RPC 120 (July 17, 1992). . . . . . . 75
North Dakota Attorney General Opinion (December 9, 1999) [1999 WL 1939465]. . . . 17
Obrien v. Jones, 96 Cal. Rptr. 2d 205 (2000). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Of¬ce of the Attorney General of Kansas, Opinion No. 90-33 (March 19, 1990). . . . . . 49
Oklahoma Attorney General Opinion No. 00-15 (February 23, 2000). . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Oklahoma Bar Association v. Max M. Berry, 969 P. 2d 975 (Oklahoma 1998). . . . . . . 13
Oregon Attorney General Opinion Number OP-5543 (June 12, 1984) at 1“2
[1984 WL 192140). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Paige Kenal. B. v. Molepske, 580 N.W. 2d 289 (Wisconsin 1998). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Panzer v. Doyle, 680 N. W. 2d 666, 684“685 (2004). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
252 Cases and Ethics Opinions

People v. Aron, 962 P. 2d 261 (Colorado 1998). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
People v. Baird, 772 P. 2d 110, 111 (Colorado 1989). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
People v. Barbara J. Felker, 770 P. 2d 402, 404 (Colorado 1989). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
People v. Chappell, 927 P. 2d 829 (Colorado 1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
People v. Dowhan, 951 P. 2d 905, 905“907 (Colorado 1998). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
People v. Finley, 519 N. E. 2d 898 (Illinois 1988). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
People v. Mercer, 35 P. 3d 598 (Colorado 2001). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
People v. Mucklow, No. 00PDJ010 (Colorado, December 16, 2000). . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
People v. Paulson, 930 P. 2d 582, 583 (Colorado 1997). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
People v. Puttman, 61 P. 961, 962 (1902). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
People v. Rolfe (Colorado Case No. 98SA114, August 10, 1998). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Riley v. Erie Lackawanna R. Company, 119 Misc. 2d 619, 463 N.Y.S. 2d 986
(1983). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
River West, Inc. v. Nickel, 234 Cal. Rptr. 33, 41 (1987). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Roberts v. Commission on Judicial Performance, 661 P. 2d 1064 (1983). . . . . . . . . . . 52
Rozmus v. Rozmus, 595 N.W. 2d 893 (Nebraska 1999). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Santa Clara County Counsel Attorneys Association v. Woodside, 7 Cal. 4th 525;
28 Cal. Rptr. 2d 617 (1994). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Santosky v. Kramer, 102 S. Ct. 1388 (1982). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Santosky v. Kramer, 455 U.S. 745 (1982). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Scott v. County of Los Angeles, 32 Cal. Rptr. 643 (1994). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Shaftsbury v. Hannam, 23 English Reports 177, Ch. 1677. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Smith v. Organization of Foster Families, 431 U. S. 816, 834 (1977). . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Smith v. Superior Court, 440 P. 2d 65, 73 (Cal. 1968). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Soliz v. Williams III, 88 Cal. Rptr. 2d 184, 195“196 (1999). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
South Carolina Attorney General Informal Opinion, April 2, 1996 (1996 WL
265508). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
South Carolina Bar Ethics Advisory Committee Opinion 97-15 (December 1997). . . . . 40
South Carolina Bar Ethics Advisory Committee, Advisory Opinion 89-01 (1989),
at 1-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
South Carolina Bar Ethics Advisory Committee, Opinion 85-21 (1985). . . . . . . . . . . 75
State Bar of California Formal Op. 1984-84. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
State Bar of Michigan Standing Committee On Professional and Judicial Ethics,
Opinion Number CI-427. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
State Bar of Michigan Standing Committee On Professional and Judicial Ethics,
Opinion Number JI-76 (December 9, 1993) (1993 WL 566228). . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
State ex. Rel. Fiedler v. Wisconsin Senate, 454 N. W. 2d 770, 773 (1990). . . . . . . . . . 152
State v. Bay¬eld, 531 N. W. 2d 32, 34 (1995). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
State v. Bolin, 922 S. W. 2d 870, 873 (Tenn. 1996). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
State v. Horn, 594 N. W. 2nd 772 (1999). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
State v. Simmons, 299 So. 2d 906 (Louisiana 1974). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Succession of Wallace, 574 So. 2d 348 (Louisiana 1991). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
Tara M. v. City of Philadelphia, 145 F. 3d 625 (3rd Cir. 1998). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Tennenbaum v. New York City, 222 N.Y.L.J. 25, col. 3 (October 15, 1999). . . . . . . . . 87
Tennessee Attorney General Opinion No. 93-10 (February 3, 1993). . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
The Florida Bar v. Charles F. Wishart, 543 So. 2d 1250 (Florida 1989). . . . . . . . . . . 41
The Florida Bar v. Jeffrey Evan Cosnow, 797 So. 2d 1255 (Florida 2001). . . . . . . . . . 16
The Florida Bar v. Susan K. Glant, 645 So. 2d 962 (Florida 1994). . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
The Florida Bar v. Walter Benton Dunagan, 731 So. 2d 1237 (1999). . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Cases and Ethics Opinions 253

U. S. v. Gonzales, 765 F. 2d 1393 (9th Cir. 1985). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Utah Attorney General Opinion No. 77-027, October 14, 1977. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Utah Ethics Advisory Committee Informal Opinion 01-1, January 25, 2001. . . . . . . . 84
Utah Ethics Advisory Committee Informal Opinion 97-4, August 28, 1997. . . . . . . . . 57
Utah Informal Ethics Opinion 99-6, September 23, 1999. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Utah Informal Opinion No. 88-2, April 15, 1988. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Utah State Bar Ethics Advisory Committee Opinion 97-12 (January 23, 1998). . . . . . . 77
Utah State Bar Ethics Opinion Number 95-06 (July 28, 1995). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Veasey v. Veasey, 560 P. 2d 382 (Alaska 1977). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Virginia Ethics Advisory Committee Opinion 00-3, March 27, 2000. . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Virginia Judicial Ethics Advisory Committee in Opinion 99-7, November 17, 1999. . . . 84
Virginia Judicial Ethics Advisory Committee Opinion 00-4, May 8, 2000. . . . . . . . . . 57
Virginia Judicial Ethics Advisory Committee Opinion 01-04, March 28, 2001. . . . . . . 83
Virginia State Bar Opinion 1076 (1988). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Vitakis-Valcine, 793 So. 2d 1094, 1099 (Florida 2001). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Vogt v. Vogt, 455 N. W. 2d 471, 474“475 (Minnesota 1990). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Wayno v. Wayno, 756 So. 2d 1024, 1025 (Florida 2000). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Wenger v. Commission on Judicial Performance, 175 Cal. Rptr. 420 (1981). . . . . . . . . 56
West Virginia Judicial Investigation Commission Opinion, November 25, 1997. . . . . . 84
Wisconsin Judicial Conduct Advisory Committee in Opinion 99-3, April 14, 1999. . . . . 84
Wisconsin Judicial Conduct Advisory Committee Opinion 01-1, January 8, 2002. . . . . 83
Wisniewski v. Clary, 120 Cal. Rptr. 176, 179 (Cal. Ct. App. 1975). . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
Index




age, 2, 4, 8, 9, 30, 31, 87, 227 competence, 27, 37, 43, 49, 50, 81, 91, 124,
competence to decide, 30, 31 125, 127, 153, 159, 162, 163
alternative dispute resolution, 116, 117, 119, con¬‚icts of interest, 7“15, 18, 20, 22, 23,
145 74, 126, 135, 137
advantages, 93, 95, 100, 103 right to counsel, 61, 62, 65, 66, 89, 123,
bad faith, 110, 111 136, 154
bias, 97
binary solutions, 92, 93 best interest, 8, 9, 11, 17“19, 29, 30, 33“35,
binding arbitration, 102, 104 48, 52, 54, 59, 68, 72, 76, 81, 87, 91, 94,
con¬dentiality, 93, 105, 108, 110“117 95, 101“104, 118, 123, 128“130, 132,
disadvantages, 95 133
discretion to review, 103 burden of proof, 25
domestic violence, 96, 98, 99, 105
duty of candor, 107“109 characteristics, 92
evolution, 100 children
family law cases, 89, 90. See attorney, 103, 106, 108, 109, 119, 121,
formal training, 91 128“131, 133, 134, 159
good faith, 106, 107, 109, 110 competence, 4, 30, 31
litigation critics, 92 con¬dentiality, 47, 68“70, 72“74, 77, 81,
mediation, 50, 89, 90“100, 104“106, 82
109“119, 145 con¬‚icts of interest, 2, 7, 9
neutrality, 93, 94, 97, 106, 110, 112, 117, crime or bodily harm, 72, 147
118, 125 custody, 1“6, 8, 10, 11, 13“16, 19, 23, 25,
overloaded systems, 88 28“31, 33, 35“43, 50, 51, 53“55, 68, 73,
prejudice, 97 75“77, 88“90, 92“108, 111, 113, 114,
pressures to informally resolve, 89 117“122, 124“127, 129, 140, 141, 147,
pro se, 89 148, 151, 152, 158, 163
public trials, 100 dependency, 1, 2, 5“10, 12, 13, 16, 18“20,
puf¬ng, 107, 108 23“26, 28, 29, 31, 33, 35, 37“40, 42“44,
self-determination, 118 46, 48“52, 54“56, 59“68, 74“76, 81, 82,
tribunal, 42, 46, 92, 107“109, 137, 139 85“88, 90“96, 98“102, 106“108, 111,
voluntary, 90, 94, 96, 98, 111, 117 114, 115, 117“132, 134“138, 140“143,
waiver, 50, 65, 66, 112, 115, 125“127, 147, 148, 151“154, 156, 158, 159,
135 161“163
appearance of impropriety, 20, 23, 24 due process, 44, 51, 59“61, 65, 77, 78, 81,
attorney-client relationship, 14, 71, 72, 92, 93, 97, 100, 110, 115, 116, 121“123,
78 137

255
256 Index

children (cont.) informal, 3, 40, 43, 51, 63, 90, 94
siblings, 2, 8“13, 87, 135 disquali¬cation, 10, 22, 26, 34, 55
standing, 4, 5, 13, 27, 39, 80, 94, 120,
123“125, 154, 161 evidence, 3, 7, 24, 32, 38, 41, 44, 45, 47, 48,
competency, 4, 5, 27“32, 43, 49, 73, 74, 120, 51, 52, 54“56, 64, 70, 76“81, 87, 94, 97,
124, 125, 127, 161, 163 107, 112“116, 128“132, 134, 138, 141,
American Academy of Matrimonial 146, 150
Lawyers, 27, 31, 70 ex parte communications, 38, 57
Fordham Conference Report, 31, 32 judges™ fact investigation, 56
illegal conduct, 38
inexperience, 37, 42 family law, 1, 2, 4, 26, 27, 49, 55, 88“90, 95,
Jean Koh Peters, 32 121, 123
parents™ attorneys, 13, 35“38, 40, 42, 43, custody, 25, 36, 39, 40, 41
74, 76 dispute resolution, 3, 50
separation of powers, 24, 25, 148, fraud, 52, 105, 108, 109, 137
151“154, 156“163 alternative dispute resolution, 105
con¬dentiality, 2, 9, 10, 14, 17, 19, 33, 34, 47, con¬dential data, 8, 10, 14, 68, 69, 71, 78,
68“70, 72“74, 77, 81, 82, 93, 105, 108, 80
110“117, 127, 134, 135, 147 con¬dential facts, 81
death or substantial bodily harm, 69, 70 duty to disclose, 47, 139
dual role, 23“25, 33, 75, 133, 134 silence as fraud, 22, 155
Fifth Amendment, 25, 78, 79 frivolous actions, 27, 130, 131, 140
guardian ad litem, 2, 18, 19, 29, 30, 33, future crimes/threats, 113
39“41, 53, 57, 72“74, 76, 132, 133 harm to clients, 138, 147
inadvertence, 80
mandated child abuse reporters, 71, 75 government or department attorneys, 6,
posttraumatic stress, 69 49
privileged, 41, 79“81 best interest of children, 2“4
con¬‚icts of interest, 2, 7“16, 18, 20, 22“24, competence, 27, 31, 35
74, 126, 134, 135, 137 counseling, 6
appearance of impropriety, 20, 23, 24 criminal cases distinguished, 25, 54
caseworker, 21, 206 justice versus zealous advocate, 3, 6, 29, 33,
child clients, 69, 74 42, 48, 57, 137
collateral proceedings, 14, 114 government or department attorneys
continuance, 25, 52, 59 justice versus zealous advocate, 34
disquali¬cation of attorney, 22, 34 guardian ad litem, 18, 33, 39“41, 57, 72“74,
dual role, 23, 24, 33, 75, 133, 134 76, 132, 133, 141
government attorney, 49 differences from attorneys, 2, 19, 29, 33,
immunity, 25, 45 40
membership in organizations, 26 duties, 18, 29, 30, 33
multiple representation, 8, 9, 12 guardian ad litem, 40
parents™ attorney, 13
part-time, 23, 75, 76 incompetency, 30, 31, 35, 38, 61, 74, 125,
recuse, 24, 26, 56 126, 138, 139
separate proceedings, 15 children, 31, 126
siblings, 9“13, 87, 135, 177, 197
contempt, 28, 68, 78, 138, 146, 150, 159 judges, 6, 23“26, 28, 35, 52, 54, 56, 58“60,
counseling clients, 47, 117 74, 82, 83, 85“87, 92, 103, 107, 108,
cross-examination, 50 117, 118, 136, 148, 150, 153, 154,
157“159
discovery, 40, 50, 51, 90, 93 appearance of impropriety, 23, 24
exculpatory information, 45, 47, 51, 52, bias, 55, 56
114, 115 disquali¬cation, 26
Index 257

duty to educate the public, 6, 60 executive, 2, 24, 25, 145, 146, 148,
ex parte communications, 38, 57 150“152, 155, 156, 158, 163
fee schedule, 154, 155
legal Education, 85, 120, 146, 152, 153, 161, history, 44, 65, 70, 148, 151, 152
163 inherent power, 101, 148, 151, 153“156,
loyalty, 2, 8“10, 14, 17, 34, 47, 73, 74, 77, 81, 159, 160
127, 134, 135, 137, 139, 159, 163 Megan™s laws, 147
multivariate test, 153
right to counsel, 62, 89, 121, 123, 154 Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, 146
children, x the public, 6, 8, 26, 28, 45, 60, 68, 75, 83,
competence, 5, 35, 37, 43, 62, 81, 91 85, 86, 117, 145, 146, 150, 153
due process, 44, 51, 59“61, 65, 78, 81, 92, wisconsin, 71, 95, 151“155
93, 97, 100, 110, 115, 116, 121“123, 137
parents, 61, 62, 65, 66, 136, 154 third Parties, 100, 102
counsel, 2“4, 6“8, 10, 12, 13, 15, 18“23,
separation of powers, 24, 25, 148, 151“154, 28, 33, 36, 37, 39“41, 43, 44“49, 51, 53,
156“163 61“67, 78“80, 82, 83, 89, 99, 105, 106,
administrative agencies, 146, 151, 163 109, 120“142, 146, 150, 153“155, 157,
attorney-client relationship, 9, 22, 61, 62, 159, 161, 163
145, 146, 148, 158, 159, 162, 163
bar associations, 92, 146, 151 withdrawal of counsel, 14, 73, 76, 162
California Judicial Council, 127, 160 witnesses, 15, 23, 41, 48, 50, 52, 53, 89, 115,
Catch-22, 5, 22, 63, 76, 130, 146, 159 127
comity, 149, 151, 152, 155, 156, 160, 161 access to, 41
competent counsel, 49, 61, 64, 122, 159,
161, 163 zealousness, 27, 28, 33, 37, 43, 47, 81, 127,
concurrent jurisdiction, 148“150, 156, 134, 159, 163
157, 159, 160 children™s attorneys, 7, 28“30, 35, 69, 72
delegation of power, 151 civility, 42

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