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Index 261




INDEX




In classifying entries no account is taken of the letter “ayn, the hamza, and the Arabic
de¬nite article al-.

˜Abbadc, Ammad b. Qasim, 70“71, 72 aqwAl, 124; see opinion
Aranc, Ammad b. ˜Alc, 50
˜Abd al-Wahhab al-Malikc, 151
Abe nafq, Ammad al-Bukharc, 48, 181 arjaM, see tarjCM
aQaMM, see QaMCM
Abe nancfa, 15, 17, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
aQMAb, 3, 79 n., 80, 137, 184
31, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 n., 45, 46,
aQMAb al-imlA ”, 90
47, 54 n., 55 n., 60, 62, 80, 86, 90,
aQMAb al-takhrCj, see takhrCj
91, 92, 99, 105, 107, 108, 109, 110,
aQMAb al-tarjCM, 16
111, 112, 115, 122, 162, 189, 215,
aQMAb al-Suruq, 10, 11
218, 227
aQMAb al-wujEh, 10, 11, 49, 65, 123, 124,
Abe al-Su˜ed, Shaykh al-Islam, 21, 177
136 n., 154, 237; see also wujEh
Abe Thawr, Ibrahcm b. Khalid, 49, 59,
ashbah, 152, 154“55
61
al-ashbAh wal-naUA ”ir, 119
Abe Umama, 106
Ashhab, Abe ˜Amr, 197, 202, 209
Abe Yesuf, 15, 17, 26, 27, 29, 30, 38,
ashhar, see mashhEr
39, 45 n., 47, 80, 90, 91, 92, 99,
Asma™ bt. Abc Bakr, 107, 108
105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111,
Asnawc, Jamal al-Dcn, 72, 73
112, 115, 189, 215, 216, 218, 219,
Aswad, 107
225, 226, 227, 232
Aswanc, Mumammad b. Ammad, 63 n.
Abe Zur˜a, 105“06
˜Asa™ b. Rabam, 105, 107
“Ada, 141, 145, 215“32, 234
˜Assar, Ibn Ibrahcm, 178
Aghnides, N., 220
AMAd, 128 author“jurist, see muQannif and taQnCf
˜f™isha, 99“100, 102 awjah, 152, 154“55
Awza˜c, ˜Abd al-Ramman, 10, 40 n., 197
˜Alamc, ˜hsa b. ˜Alc, 175, 184
aUhar, see UAhir
˜Alqama, 27, 107
fmidc, Sayf al-Dcn, 68“69, 70, 71, 72,
Ba˜alawc, ˜Abd al-Ramman, 84
73, 74, 75, 131
Bafaqch, 84
Anas b. Malik, 105, 107, 199
Baghawc, nusayn b. Mas˜ed, 144, 145
Andalusc, Mumammad b. ˜Uthman, 179
˜Aqclc, Abe Razcn, 100 Baghdadc, Ibn Ghanim, 136, 183
˜Aqqad, Shakir, 220 Bajc, Abe al-Walcd, 67
˜fqelc, talma b. talma, 64 Balkh jurists, 224, 225


261
262 Index
Four Mumammads, 59, 60, 61, 121,
Balkhc, Zakariyya b. Ammad, 49
Bannanc, ˜Abd al-Ramman, 71“72 237 n.
Feranc, ˜Abd al-Ramman al-Marwazc, 50,
Baqrc, Abe al-nusayn, 66“67, 69
Baqrc, nasan, 107, 209 n. 65, 164
furE “, 15, 24, 81, 133, 180, 181, 182,
Baykawc, ˜Abd Allah b. ˜Umar, 72, 73
183, 184, 185, 188, 190, 191, 192,
Bayhaqc, Abe Bakr, 63, 100, 102, 107
194, 202, 206, 215, 217, 234
Bcrc, 223
Bukharan jurists, 218, 219
Bukharc, Abe ˜Abd Allah, 100, 102, 107, gharCb, 64, 122, 137, 138, 190
Ghazalc, Abe namid, 64, 68, 134“35,
108, 197
Bukharc, nusam al-Dcn, 184 140, 144, 145, 178 n.
Bukharc, Mumammad b. Waraqa, 65,
MadCth, 3, 8, 10, 24, 33, 36, 40, 41, 66,
164“65
67, 81, 100“01, 104, 107, 108,
Bulqcnc, Siraj al-Dcn, 163, 167, 182
128“31, 133, 138, 148, 157,
Burzulc, Ammad b. Mumammad, 6, 112,
215 n., 217, 220, 225
182, 183, 184
na™ik, Isma˜cl, 183
najjc Khalcfa, 181
Calder, Norman, 14 n., 56 n.
al-nakam, 28, 107
caliphate, 125
nalabc, Ibrahcm, 93, 160
Companions, 3, 27, 34, 80, 86, 100 n.,
Malaqa, 173
106, 107, 108, 128, 131
namawc, Ammad, 231
consensus, 3, 4, 15, 33, 36, 37, 66, 77,
namawc, Sa˜cd, 219
80, 81, 127, 131, 143, 204, 213,
nammad b. Abc Sulayman, 27, 28, 29,
216, 239
30, 36, 107
counsel, legal, 77, 78
nammal, Mesa b. Haren, 107
nanafc, Ammad b. Mumammad, 98
labbc, Mumammad Abe al-tayyib, 49
nana¬te law, 26, 27, 29, 47, 48, 54, 91,
Dabbesc, Abe Zayd, 40
Ka“Cf, 137, 138, 190, 203, 227, 228 ff.; 104“45, 122, 147, 189, 216“33,
235; see also nana¬te school,
see opinion
nana¬tes, masA ”il al-nawAdir, UAhir
Daraqusnc, 107
KarEra, 142, 144, 160, 212, 227 al-riwAya
nana¬tes, 14, 17, 19, 26, 27, 38, 42, 50,
disagreement, see khilAf
51, 79, 80, 86, 93, 96, 98, 104, 106,
dCwAn, 171, 177
107, 109, 110, 111 ff., 122, 182,
183, 201 n., 218“19, 228; see also
Farisc, Abe Bakr, 58
nana¬te law, nana¬te school,
fAsid, 137, 138; see opinion
schools of law
fatwA, 3, 4, 5, 6, 12, 13, 25 n., 65, 66,
nana¬te school, 29, 80, 93, 111, 112,
67“74, 78, 82, 84, 114, 122, 125,
113, 122, 124, 136, 161, 181, 216,
139, 140, 142, 147, 156, 157, 160,
217“21, 229, 232, 233; see also
161, 166, 169, 174“95, 201,
nana¬te law, nana¬tes, schools of
202“04, 206“08, 219, 221, 224,
law
228, 229, 234, 240
nanbalite law, 44, 47, 60, 90“93,
Fayrazan, ˜Abd al-Ramman Ibn Bassa, 50
96“99, 104“05, 109“12, 115“18,
¬qh, 13, 178, 184, 190
122, 124, 147, 149, 154, 181, 182,
Followers, 3, 27, 28, 80, 86, 108, 128,
215; see nanbalites, nanbalite
131
school
founders of legal schools, see imam
Index 263
Ibn ˜ft, Ammad b. Haren, 88
nanbalites, xiv, 23 n., 40, 47 n., 51, 124,
Ibn al-Athram, Abe Bakr, 40, 41
138 n., 146, 148, 149, 154, 159,
162, 201 n., 215; see also nanbalite Ibn Bashcr, 150
law, nanbalite school, schools of law Ibn Bassa, see Fayrazan
nanbalite school, 41, 44, 49, 51, 61, Ibn Buzayza, 136 n., 151
Ibn Daqcq al-˜hd, Mumammad Taqc
64, 138 n., 146, 147, 159; see also
nanbalite law, nanbalites, schools al-Dcn, 50, 70, 87 n.
Ibn Farmen, Ibrahcm b. Ner al-Dcn,
of law
nanetc, 183 83“84, 111, 149“51, 161
narb al-Kirmanc, 41 Ibn al-Farra™, Abe Ya˜la, 41, 124
narbc, Ibrahcm b. Ismaq, 41 Ibn al-Faqcm, Ammad Fakhr al-Dcn, 16
narmala, Abe nafq al-Tujcbc, 59, 237 n. Ibn al-Furat, Asad, 122
Ibn nabcb, ˜Abd al-Malik, 122, 134
Masan-QaMCM, 100“01
Hashimc, ˜Abd al-Khaliq, 64 Ibn al-naddad, Sa˜cd b. Mumammad, 59
naqkafc, ˜Ala al-Dcn, 147, 149, 217 Ibn al-najib, Jamal al-Dcn, 69, 72, 150,
nassab, Mumammad, 6, 88“89, 112, 151, 203
Ibn al-najj, Mumammad b. Mumammad,
144, 151, 153, 156, 160, 182, 183,
179, 183, 200, 204, 207
184, 186“88, 202“04, 205“07
Ibn nanbal, ˜Abd Allah, 41
Haytamc, Ibn najar, 161, 170
Ibn nanbal, Ammad, 23 n., 39“42, 44,
Heyd, U., 176, 177, 179
49, 55, 58, 60, 100, 102, 107, 124,
Hindc, 223
148, 159, 217
Hinduwanc, Ja˜far, 184
Ibn nanbal, ralim, 41
mukemat, 191
Ibn narbawayh, ˜Alc b. al-nusayn, 49
nulwanc, Shams al-A™imma, 15
Ibn nazm, Mumammad, 87 n.
Ibn ˜Abbas, ˜Abd Allah, 28, 30, 105, 107, Ibn al-Humam, Kamal al-Dcn, 183, 218,
220
130
Ibn Ja˜far, ˜Abd Allah, 28
Ibn ˜Abd al-Barr, Yesuf Abe ˜Amr, 40,
Ibn Kajj, Yesuf b. Ammad, 50
87 n., 158
Ibn ˜Abd al-nakam al-Miqrc, 237 n. Ibn Kalcl, Abe Bakr Ammad, 60
Ibn ˜Abd al-Salam, al-˜Izz, 20, 69, 112, Ibn Kamal Pashazadeh, Ahmad, 14“17,
18, 19, 20, 21, 23, 26, 48 n., 87,
150, 178 n.
99, 103
Ibn Abc al-Damm, 51, 81“83, 214
Ibn Khalaf, Dawed al-vahirc, 49, 107
Ibn Abc Jamra, 152 n.
Ibn Khuwayz Mindad, Mumammad Abe
Ibn Abc Layla, 28, 29, 38, 92
Bakr, 150, 163
Ibn Abc Shama, Shihab al-Dcn, 87 n.,
Ibn Khuzayma, Mumammad b. Ismaq
123, 163
Ibn ˜fbidcn, Mumammad, 54 n., 139, al-Ncsaberc, 59, 60
Ibn Lahc˜a, 100“01
142, 145, 146, 160, 183, 189,
Ibn Lubaba, Mumammad b. ˜Umar,
216 n., 219“33, 235
88“89
Ibn Amcr al-najj, 183
Ibn Mahdc, ˜Abd al-Rahman, 31
Ibn ˜Aqcl, Abe al-Wafa™, 40 n.
Ibn Maja, 100, 102, 107
Ibn al-˜Arabc, Abe Bakr Mumammad,
Ibn al-Majishen, ˜Abd al-Malik, 197,
150, 151
Ibn ˜Arafa, Mumammad, 113, 202 n., 202, 209, 211
Ibn Mas˜ed, ˜Abd Allah, 27
203, 204
Ibn Arsa™a, najjaj, 100“01 Ibn Maza, al-nusam al-Shahcd, 80
Ibn Miqdam, ralim b. Yamya, 107
Ibn ˜Aqren, 144
264 Index
Ibn al-Mubarak, ˜Abd al-Allah, 31 Ibn Surayj, Abe al-˜Abbas, 17, 46, 47,
49, 61, 62, 95, 154, 162, 167,
Ibn Mu¬‚im, Shams al-Dcn, 146“47
Ibn al-Munaqif, Mumammad b. ˜hsa, 237 n.
Ibn Suwayd, tariq, 140
211“13
Ibn Taymiyya, Majd al-Dcn, 45
Ibn al-Mundhir, see Ncsaberc
Ibn Taymiyya, Taqc al-Dcn, 45, 51
Ibn al-Munkadir, Mumammad, 101
Ibn ˜Ubayd, Fakala, 107
Ibn Muqatil, Mumammad, 48, 181 n.,
Ibn ˜Umar, Ibn ˜Abd al-˜Azcz, 99“100,
184
102
Ibn al-Musayyib, Sa˜cd, 33, 39
Ibn Uways, 34
Ibn al-Najjar, Taqc al-Dcn, 162
Ibn Yamya, Naqcr, 48, 224
Ibn Naqr, see Marwazc, Mumammad
Ibn Yamya, ralim, 107
Ibn Nujaym, Siraj al-Dcn, 226
Ibn Yasar, Salman, 33
Ibn Nujaym, Zayn al-Dcn, 178 n., 182,
Ibn al-Zamalkanc, Kamal al-Dcn, 167
183, 185, 217“19, 220, 222, 223,
Ibn Zayd, nammad, 31
224, 225, 228, 231, 232
Ibn Ziyad, Ammad, 59
Ibn Qakc Shuhba, 50, 144, 148
Ibn al-Qasim, ˜Abd al-Ramman al-˜Utaqc, Ibn Ziyad, al-nasan, 26, 29, 48
Ibn al-Zubayr, ˜Abd Allah, 107
36 n., 122, 149“50, 152, 161, 197,
iftA ”, see fatwA
198, 199, 202, 203, 205, 209,
hjc, ˜Akud al-Dcn, 72
237 n.
ijtihAd, x, xi, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 15, 16,
Ibn al-Qaqq, Abe al-˜Abbas Ammad, 45,
19, 20, 21, 22, 24“38, 43“44,
46, 47, 62
53, 54, 55, 56 n., 62, 63, 66“70,
Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, 87 n.
74“85, 87“88, 99, 103, 120, 125,
Ibn Qudama, Muwaffaq, 51, 136, 147,
127, 163, 164, 192, 202, 236, 238,
159
239; see also mujtahid
Ibn Qutayba, 40
Ibn Rabam, ˜Asa™, 28 ikhtilAf, see khilAf
ikhtiyAr, 140, 152, 160, 162“64, 162 n.,
Ibn Rahawayh, Ismaq, 107
163, 164
Ibn Rashid, Bahlel, 150, 151
“illa, 53, 66, 131, 132, 143, 159, 201 n.
Ibn Rushd, Abe al-Walcd Mumammad
“ilm, 4, 168, 190
(al-Jadd), 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 14, 17,
imAms, x, xi, 8, 11, 13, 15, 24, 25, 41,
18“19, 23, 87, 89, 119 n., 124,
42, 43, 44, 45, 52, 54 n., 55, 57,
136, 151, 163, 175, 178, 179, 182,
60, 81, 86, 152 n., 230, 231, 236;
183, 184, 186“87, 195“208
see also Abe nancfa, Ibn nanbal
Ibn Rustam, Ibrahcm, 48, 181 n.
Ibn al-Sa˜atc, Ammad b. ˜Alc, 16 (Ammad), Malik, schools of law,
Sha¬˜c
Ibn al-rabbagh, Abe Naqr, 50, 159
˜Iqam b. Yesuf, 48
Ibn Sahl, ˜hsa al-Asdc, 210
Isfara™cnc, Abe namid, 123, 237 n.
Ibn Sa˜cd, Yamya, 33
Ibn al-ralam, Abe ˜Amr, 2 n., 7“14, 16, Isfara™inc, Abe Ismaq, 9, 10, 46 n., 63,
123
17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 23, 44, 48 n.,
Isnawc, see Asnawc
64, 84, 87, 103, 112, 133, 134, 143,
Iqsakhrc, Abe Sa˜cd, 49
169, 170, 175, 188
istiftA ”, 114, 173, 174, 176 n., 177, 187
Ibn Salama, Mumammad, 48, 181 n., 224
istiMsAn, 46, 97, 159, 196, 198, 201, 204,
Ibn Sallam, al-Qasim, 48, 181 n.
205, 207, 215, 216
Ibn Salmen al-Kinanc, 6
istiQlAM, 159, 215
Ibn Sama˜a, Mumammad, 48, 181 n.
ittibA “, 38, 87 n., 103; see also taqlCd
Ibn Shalabc, 183
Index 265
madhhab-opinion, 95“96, 105, 118,
Jabir, 100“01, 102, 105, 107, 108
Jamiu, Abe ˜Uthman ˜Amr, 31 124 n., 140, 152, 155“60, 193,
194, 195, 204, 207, 214, 219, 224,
Jarcrite school, 60 n.
Jaqqaq, Ammad b. ˜Alc al-Razc, 77“78, 80, 234, 235
maftC bi-hi, 152, 153, 160“62, 194
93, 173
Mamallc, Jalal al-Dcn, 70, 71, 189
Jennings, R. C., 177
Jclc, ˜Abd al-˜Azcz, 64 Mamamilc, Ammad b. Qasim, 51, 140
Mambebc, radr al-Sharc˜a, 16, 220
judge, see qAKC
Jerc, ˜Alc b. nusayn, 49 Malik b. Anas, 3, 7, 17, 18, 31, 33, 34,
35, 36, 37, 39, 40, 45 n., 60, 62,
jurists™ law, 125
105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 122, 124,
Jurjanc, Mumammad b. Yamya, 50, 65
149, 150, 151“52, 161, 195“200,
Juwaync, Abe Mumammad, 63, 163
205; see also imAms
Juwaync, Imam al-naramayn, 13, 58, 63,
Malikite law, 4, 5, 7, 34, 36 n., 47,
65, 67, 68, 70, 71, 72, 134“35,
88“89, 112“13, 122, 136, 147,
137, 140, 163
149, 161, 196, 200, 202, 204, 208,
Juynboll, G. H., 191
211, 234; see also Malikites, Malikite
Jezajanc, Abe Sulayman, 48, 181 n.
school, schools of law
Malikites, 2, 4, 17, 18, 34, 36, 42, 47,
Karkhc, Abe al-nasan, 15, 16, 21, 93,
51, 59, 106, 107, 113, 124, 125,
110
Kasanc, ˜Ala™ al-Dcn, 155 146, 147, 151, 152 n., 154, 163,
200, 201 n., 203, 209, 211, 215;
Kaysanc, Sulayman b. Shu˜ayb, 91
see also Malikite law, Malikite school,
Khalid b. al-Walcd, 107
schools of law
Khalcl b. Ismaq, 136 n., 163, 182, 202,
Malikite school, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 31, 36,
207
111, 112, 113, 122, 123, 124, 150,
Khallal, Ammad Abe Bakr, 41
152 n., 160, 182, 194, 200, 210;
Kharashc, 202
see also Malikite law, Malikites,
Khaqqaf, Abe Bakr, 15, 77, 80
schools of law
Khassabc, 107, 108
Khawarizmc, ˜Abd Allah, 50 ma“mEl bi-hi, 102 n., 152, 153, 160“62,
Khayyasc, Abe ˜Abd Allah, 178 n. 204, 214
manAqib, 237
khilAf, 3, 8, 24, 33, 37, 40, 57, 80, 125,
Manawc, Sharaf al-Dcn, 167
136, 158, 207
Maqdisc, ˜Abd Allah Abe al-Fakl, 62
Khiraqc, ˜Umar b. al-nusayn, 49, 237 n.
Maqdisc, Ammad b. Sahl, 40
Khushanc, Mumammad, 189“90
marfE “, 100
Kilwadhanc, Abe al-Khassab, 138 n.
Marghcnanc, Burhan al-Dcn, 16, 21,
Kinanc, Ibn Salmen, 183, 186, 204, 206,
27 n., 50, 147, 216 n., 228“29, 232
207, 208
Marredhc, Abe Bakr, 41
Kinanc, Mumammad b. Haren, 179
Marwazc, Abe Bakr al-Qaffal (al-raghcr),
123, 237 n.
Lakhmc, Abe al-nasan, 163
Marwazc, Abe namid, 65
legal theory, see uQEl al-¬qh
Marwazc, Abe Ismaq Ibrahcm, 58
Marwazc, Mumammad b. Naqr, 59, 62,
mabsESAt, 157, 168
madhhab, see nana¬te school, nanbalite 163
masA ”il al-nawAdir, 48, 123, 125, 181,
school, madhhab-opinion, Malikite
182
school, schools of law, Sha¬˜ite
masA ”il al-uQEl, 47
school
266 Index
mustafCK, 128
mashhEr, 84, 85, 128 n., 140, 141, 144,
mustaftC, 175, 176, 177
146“52, 153, 154, 155, 156, 158,
Musarrif b. ˜Abd Allah, 197, 202, 209,
159, 160, 162, 163, 172, 193, 204,
211
207
mutawAtir, 128
ma”thEr, see naQQ al-riwAya
Musawwi˜c, Abe nafq ˜Umar, 2 n.
Mawaq, Mumammad b. Yesuf, 202
mutEn, 15
Mawardc, Abe al-nasan, 51, 67, 78“79,
Muzanc, Ibrahcm, 39, 49, 58, 59, 61,
80, 105, 214
Maymenc, ˜Abd Allah, 41 87 n., 95, 105, 106, 237 n.
Mazarc, Mumammad b. ˜Alc, 83, 84, 85,
Nabulusc, Isma˜cl, 226
124, 136 n., 147, 151, 163
Nakha˜c, Ibrahcm, 27, 28, 29, 30, 36, 107
MiMna, 42
Nasafc, Najm al-Dcn, 178 n., 182
Mihran, 105
Mirdawc, ˜Alc b. Sulayman, 134, 146“47, Nasa™c, 100, 102, 107
Naqrc, ˜Uthman b. ˜Abd al-Ramman, 50
154
naQQ, 153, 218, 222 n.
Mu˜adh b. Jabal, 196
al-naQQ al-madhhabC, 231
muftC, xii, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 18, 20, 23,
naQQ al-riwAya, 200
37 n., 66, 67, 73, 74, 76, 77, 78,
Nasifc, 50, 184
84, 85, 167, 169, 170, 171, 172,
nawAdir, see masA ”il al-nawAdir
173, 174, 176, 177, 178, 180, 182,
Nawawc, Sharaf al-Dcn, 14, 20, 49, 64,
184, 185 n., 191, 192, 208, 220,
71, 84, 85, 96, 99, 101, 102, 103,
223, 231, 233, 234, 235, 240“41;
105, 106, 107, 108, 133, 134, 135,
see also fatwA
136, 137, 138 n., 141, 142, 144,
types of, 8“14, 18, 236
145, 147, 148, 149, 153, 154, 157,
muMAkamAt, 191
158, 161, 163, 175, 178, 182, 184,
mujtahid, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13,
188, 189
15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23,
nawAzil, see wAqi “At
24“26, 28“31, 43, 44“53, 57, 59,
Ncsaberc, Ibn al-Mundhir, 47 n., 59, 60,
62, 63, 66“75, 77, 80, 81, 84, 85,
61, 237 n.
86, 88, 120, 125, 131, 139, 152,
155, 163, 164, 173, 192, 229, 230,
opinion
236, 238; see also ijtihAd
authoritative, see madhhab-opinion,
mukharrijEn, 16, 65; see also takhrCj
mashhEr, QaMCM
mukhtAr, see ikhtiyAr
chosen, see ikhtiyAr
mukhtaQarAt, 157, 168
correct, see QawAb
munAUara, 78
preponderant, see tarjCM
muqallid, 2, 5, 11, 13, 14, 16, 17, 23, 37,
school, see madhhab-opinion
39, 43, 67, 69“74, 75, 84, 86, 88,
stronger, see ashbah, awjah, qawC, zAhir
89, 99, 114, 119, 152; see also taqlCd
used in fatwAs, see maftC bi-hi, ma“mEl
murajjiMEn, see aQMAb al-tarjCM
bi-hi
muQannif, xii, 11, 23, 167“71, 174, 186,
weak, see Ka “Cf, fAsid, gharCb, shAdhdh
191, 195, 208, 213, 215 ff., 220,
widespread, see mashhEr
233, 234, 235, 240“41; see also
taQnCf
Meqilc, ˜Abd Allah b. Mawded, 16, 98, Pazdawc, Fakhr al-Islam, 15
positive law, see furE “
109, 116“18
preponderance, see tarjCM
Meqilc, Abe Mumammad, 123
principles, positive law, see uQEl
Muslim, Abe al-nasan, 100, 102, 108
Index 267
Razc, Ibn Abc natim, 105
professor, 167, 168, 169, 170, 173“74,
risAla, 169, 170, 171, 221, 222
220
riwAya, 41 n., 122, 124
Prophet Mumammad, 27, 34, 52, 100,
roles, legal, 76 n., 170
101, 104, 106, 107, 108, 128, 129,
Reyanc, Abe al-˜Abbas Ammad, 135, 140
130, 196, 197, 225
Prophetic traditions, see MadCth
Sa˜dc Afandc, 226
QaMCM, 63 n., 65, 108, 133“48, 150, 151,
qaKA ”, see qAKC
152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 158, 159,
qAKC, xii, 2, 5, 6, 23, 46, 60, 66, 76“85,
160, 163, 164, 165, 172, 193, 204,
92, 104“05, 147, 148, 149, 164,
207, 219, 223
167“74, 177 n., 182, 183, 191“92,
Samnen, ˜Abd al-Salam b. Sa˜cd al-
194, 208“13, 223, 233, 234, 241
Qakc nusayn al-Marwazc, 50, 140 n., 141 Tanekhc, 35, 36 n., 113, 122, 209
Sa˜cd b. Jubayr, 107
Qakckhan, Fakhr al-Dcn, 15, 181, 182 n.,
Sajzc, Da˜laj b. Ammad, 60
184, 188, 189
Samarqandc, Abe al-Layth, 181, 184
Qakc al-Nu˜man, 40
Samarqandc, ˜Ala™ al-Dcn, 40, 93, 110
Qaffal, see Marwazc, Abe Bakr
Sarakhsc, Mumammad Abe Sahl, 29, 30,
al-Qaffal al-Shashc (al-Kabcr), 135, 237 n.
48, 92, 104“05, 107, 216, 219,
Qarafc, Shihab al-Dcn, 43 n.
222, 232
Qalqashandc, Ammad, 148
Sarakhsc, Rakc al-Dcn, 181
Qassan, Ammad b. Mumammad, 64
qawA “id, 15, 119, 193 Sarakhsc, Shams al-A™imma, 15, 110
Sarakhsc, vahir, 49
qawC, 138 n., 146
QawAb, 138 n., 144, 152, 154“55
Qayrawanc, Ibn Abc Zayd, 112
raymarc, ˜Abd al-Wamid, 2 n., 64, 65
Qaysc, ˜Abd al-Ramman, 179
Schacht, Joseph, 56 n., 191
qiyAs, 12, 15, 16, 46, 52, 66, 77, 81, 82,
schools of law, x, xi, xii, xiii, xiv, 1, 2, 11,
128, 131, 132, 155, 159, 196, 198,
12, 13, 15, 17, 21, 22“23, 34, 42,
201, 205, 207, 224, 225
49, 51, 52, 54, 55, 57“65, 68, 69,
Quderc, Abe al-nasan, 16, 50, 92“93,
70, 75, 77 n., 78, 79, 80, 81, 82,
225
83, 84, 87, 98, 103, 104, 107“09,
Quran, 3, 4, 8, 15, 24, 30, 31, 38, 52,
111, 118, 121, 122, 125, 136, 142,
66, 77, 80, 81, 98, 100, 107, 108,
143, 144, 155, 156, 157 n., 159,
127, 128, 131, 153, 154, 196,
163, 164, 165, 171, 172, 193, 233,
198“99, 204, 206, 212, 219, 220,
236 ff.
232
Selim III, Sultan, 220
quwayl, 138 n.
Shabramallisc, Ner al-Dcn, 182
raf “, see marfE “ shAdhdh, 122 n., 137, 138, 229
Sha¬˜c, Mumammad b. Idrcs, 10, 13, 15,
Ra¬˜c, Abe al-Qasim, 58, 59, 84, 85, 134,
17, 36“39, 40 n., 45, 46, 47 n., 52,
136, 138 n., 140, 141, 142, 143,
53, 55, 58, 59, 60, 62, 66, 77, 78,
144, 147, 158, 188, 189
96, 99, 100“01, 102, 103, 104,
rAjiM, see tarjCM
105, 112, 123, 124, 125, 140, 141,
Ramlc, Khayr al-Dcn, 142, 189
148, 149, 153, 154, 157, 163 n.,
Ramlc, Mumyc al-Dcn, 189
173, 197; see also imams
Ramlc, Shihab al-Dcn, 143, 153, 160,
Sha¬˜ites, 7, 10, 18, 42, 46, 47, 51, 63,
161, 182, 183, 184, 188, 189, 193
93, 112, 123, 134, 143, 144, 147,
ra”y, 215 n.
Razc, ˜Alc b. Ammad, 16 148, 149, 154, 161“62, 167, 182,
268 Index
tabarc, Mumammad b. Jarcr, 40, 59, 60,
214, 228; see also schools of law,
237 n.
Sha¬˜ite law, Sha¬˜ite school
tAbi “En, see Followers
Sha¬˜ite law, 14, 47, 58, 78, 93“96,
tadrCs, 168 n., 169
99“103, 105“06, 107“08, 108,
tafarrudAt, 58, 59, 60, 64, 138 n.
123, 147, 219; see also schools of
Taftazanc, Sa˜d al-Dcn, 72
law, Sha¬˜ites, Sha¬˜ite school
tamawc, Abe Ja˜far, 15, 40, 90, 91, 92,
Sha¬˜ite school, 17, 18, 46, 49, 50, 54,
110, 111, 112, 115, 116“18
60, 61, 64, 81, 85, 96, 111, 113,
taMqCq, 136
124, 134, 147, 152 n., 153, 154,
taMrCr, 146
158, 182; see also schools of law,
tajrCd, 185“88, 206
Sha¬˜ites, Sha¬˜ite law
takhayyur, see ikhtiyAr
Shah Walc Allah, 112
takhrCj, 10, 11 n., 12, 16, 19, 22, 41 n.,
Shashc, Abe Bakr Mumammad, 93“96,
43“56, 65, 75, 81, 123, 124, 125,
99, 154
136 n., 226, 229, 237
Shaybanc, Mumammad b. al-nasan, 15,
al-takhrCj wal-naql, 44, 45
17, 26, 27, 38, 45 n., 46 n., 48, 62,
ta”lCf, 168 n.
80, 90, 91, 93, 99, 105, 106, 107,
ta“lCqa, 90 n., 168
108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 115, 189,
talkhCQ, 185“88, 206
218, 227
tanqCM, 185
al-Shaykh al-Niuam, 175, 184
Tanekhc, Abe tahir, 50
Shiblc, Mumammad b. ˜Abd Allah, 98
Shcrazc, ˜Abd al-Wamid, 64 Taqiyya b. al-Walcd, 107
taqlCd, ix, xi, 9, 16, 21, 22, 23, 27,
Shcrazc, Abe Ismaq, 46 n., 52“53, 67, 95,
38, 55 n., 66, 67, 69“74, 84, 85,
100“01, 102, 103, 105, 106, 137,
86“88, 98, 99, 102, 103, 104,
177, 182
107, 109, 113, 114, 115, 118“20,
Shcrazc, Majd al-Dcn, 87 n.
121, 236, 238, 239; see also
Shirbcnc, Ammad, 72
muqallid
Shuraym, Qakc, 107
SarCqa, 123, 124, 125, 142
sijill, see dCwAn
tarjCM, 22, 84, 102 n., 127“32, 133, 134,
Subkc, Taj al-Dcn, 63 n., 65, 70“71, 134,
135, 142, 143, 148, 152, 153, 154,
138 n., 143, 170, 182
157, 161, 163, 193, 204, 228
Subkc, Taqc al-Dcn, 20, 40, 134, 138 n.,
tashhCr, see mashhEr
142, 144, 158“59, 167, 171, 175,
taQMCM, see QaMCM
182, 184, 228, 229, 232
taQnCf, 23, 168, 169, 185 n.; see also
Sufyan al-Thawrc, 31
QuMba, see aQMAb muQannif
tawAtur, see mutawAtir
Sunna, 4, 15, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 37, 66,
tawes, 105
77, 80, 81, 98, 131, 142, 153, 154,
Tilimsanc, Abe ˜Abd Allah, 152 n.
196, 197, 204, 227, 232
Tirmidhc, Abe ˜hsa, 100“01, 102
Suyesc, Jalal al-Dcn, 14
Thaljc, Mumammad b. Shuja˜, 93, 184,
Suwayd b. Gha¬‚a, 107
215 n., 237 n.
SabaqAt, 1, 2, 15, 46 n., 50“51, 55, 60, Thawrc, 105
tefc, Najm al-Dcn, 40, 44, 45, 47 n., 50,
66, 77, 168
tabarc, Abe ˜Alc, 135 53, 102 n., 161
turseshc, Abe Bakr, 79 n.
tabarc, Abe al-tayyib, 2 n., 51, 65,
Two Brothers, 202
140 n., 141, 162
Index 269
“urf, see “Ada Yamya al-Laythc, 35
uQEl (positive law), 55, 89“99, 121 n., 222
uQEl al-¬qh, 8, 11, 13, 15, 16, 24, 55, 67, Zahidc, Najm al-Dcn, 218, 219, 223
UAhir, 152, 153“54, 155, 160, 163
77, 81, 86“87, 99, 121 n., 127, 135,
vahcr al-Dcn, Abe Bakr Mumammad,
178, 192, 193, 215 n., 217, 220
˜Utbc, Abe ˜Abd Allah Mumammad, 122 218
UAhir al-naQQ, 154
Wa™il b. najar, 140“41 UAhir al-riwAya, 26, 47, 48 n., 123, 125,
wajh, see wujEh 154, 181, 182, 189, 221, 223, 229,
Wansharcsc, Ammad b. Yamya, 6, 175, 184 230, 231, 232
wAqi “At, 48, 55, 123, 125, 181 vahirite school, 207 n., 210
Wazzanc, Mahdc, 6 Zarkashc, Shams al-Dcn, 87 n., 148
wujEh, 65, 124, 134, 137, 140, 141, 146, Zarnajrc, Bakr b. Mumammad, 64
Zayla˜c, ˜Uthman b. ˜Alc, 188
149, 154, 157, 164; see also aQMAb
al-wujEh Zufar, 26, 48, 99, 110, 111, 112
wuqE “, 74 Zuhrc, Ibn Shihab, 33, 39

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