<<

. 12
( 13)



>>

Press, 1985). See also my “Liberalism, Autonomy, and Self-Transformation.”
A similar argument is made by Bernard Williams concerning moral princi-
18.
ples; see “Styles of Ethical Theory” in Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985), 71“92.
These kinds of distortions are merely more speci¬c instances of the kind of
19.
disconnect that critics have noted about the requirement of second-order re-
¬‚ection on ¬rst-order aspects of the self for autonomy. See Marilyn Friedman,
“Autonomy and the Split-Level Self,” Southern Journal of Philosophy, vol. 24
no. 1 (1986): 19“35, and Irving Thalberg, “Hierarchical Analyses of Unfree
Action,” reprinted in The Inner Citadel, 123“136.
For an overview, see Morris Eagle, “Psychoanalytic Conceptions of the Self”
20.
in Jane Strauss and George Goethals, eds., The Self: Interdisciplinary Approaches
(New York: Springer-Verlag, 1991), 49“65.
For discussion of recent social psychological work on the self that re¬‚ects
21.
this tradition, see Roy Baumeister, “The Self,” in Handbook of Social Psychology,
Daniel T. Gilbert, Susan T. Fiske, and Gardner Lindzey, eds., vol. I (Boston,
John Christman
354

MA: McGraw-Hill, 1991), 680“740. For discussion of the historical develop-
ment of theories of the self, see Susan Harter, “Historical Roots of Contem-
porary Issues Involving Self-Concept,” in Bruce A. Bracken, ed., Handbook of
Self-Concept: Developmental, Social, and Clinical Considerations (New York: John
Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1996), 1“38, and Kenneth J. Gergen The Concept of Self
(New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1971), 1“12.
See Baumeister, 690ff for overview and discussion of these observations.
22.
See Richard Nisbett and Lee Ross, Human Inference: Strategies and Shortcomings
23.
of Social Judgment (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1980), 120ff. For a
discussion of the relation between such errors and moral philosophy, see
Gilbert Harman, “Moral Philosophy Meets Social Psychology: Virtue Ethics
and the Fundamental Attribution Error,” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society
1998“99 (1999), 315“31.
See Daryl J. Bem, “Self-Perception Theory” in L. Berkowitz, ed., Advances in
24.
Experimental Social Psychology, vol. 6 (New York: Academic Press, 1972). For
discussion, see Ross and Nisbett, Human Inference, 195“227.
This is shown in experiments in which subjects are given arti¬cial stimuli
25.
inducing certain emotions but will mis-identify both the source and the na-
ture of that emotion (ignoring, for example, the readily apparent arti¬cial
source): See Ross and Nisbett, Human Inference, 199“210, for an overview.
See, for example, Judith Butler, The Psychic Life of Power (Stanford, CA: Stan-
26.
ford University Press, 1997. For discussion, see Diana Meyers, Subjection and
Subjectivity.
This is not to say that liberalism, by de¬nition, is anti-perfectionist. There
27.
are plenty of perfectionist liberal views around: see, for example, Joseph Raz,
The Morality of Freedom (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986); Will Kymlicka, Lib-
eralism, Community, and Culture, (Oxford: Clarendon, 1989); and William
Galston Liberal Purposes (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).
For further discussion of the contours of liberalism, see my Social and Po-
litical Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction (New York: Routledge, 2002),
chapter 4.
This is meant to express the principle of liberal legitimacy: see Rawls, Justice
28.
as Fairness: A Restatement (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001),
41.
See Rawls, Political Liberalism, 25“35, for discussion.
29.
This formulation is meant to be neutral about the fundamental grounds for
30.
this respect, leaving open the possibility that such ground is ultimately “po-
litical” rather than metaphysical. For discussion, see Rawls, Justice as Fairness:
A Restatement; Charles Larmore, Patterns of Moral Complexity. (Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 1987); and John Gray, Post-Liberalism: Studies in
Political Thought. New York: Routledge, 1993).
Kymlicka, Liberalism, Community and Culture, 10“12. Kymlicka sees this con-
31.
straint on the view of value that is assumed in liberal theory, since he claims
that liberalism rests on this unique conception of value rather than the
assumption of the “priority of the right over the good” claimed here. For
discussion of this difference, see Christman, Social and Political Philosophy, 97.
Also, Gerald Gaus (Chapter 12 in the present volume) claims that liberalism
Autonomy, Self-Knowledge, and Liberal Legitimacy 355

should be de¬ned as the tradition of political philosophy that puts ulti-
mate value on individual liberty (conceived as a presumptive right to non-
interference). I will only mention in passing here the reason that moves me
in another direction “ that “liberty” cannot function in this way as a basic
value since it is an essentially contested and, more importantly, derivative,
political value (derivative from the conception of the “right,” or justice, oper-
ative in the society). For discussion of the concept of liberty, see my The Myth
of Property, chapter 4, and Ronald Dworkin, Sovereign Virtue (Cambridge, MA:
Harvard University Press, 2000), chapter 3.
See Joseph Raz, The Morality of Freedom; Will Kymlicka, Liberalism, Community,
32.
and Culture; and Ronald Dworkin, Sovereign Virtue.
See, for example, Steven Wall, Liberalism, Perfectionism and Restraint (New
33.
York: Cambridge University Press, 1998); Thomas Hurka, Perfectionism (New
York: Oxford University Press, 1993); and George Sher, Beyond Neutrality:
Perfectionism and Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).
A paradigm case of this approach can be found in David Gauthier, Morals By
34.
Agreement (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986), but see also Jan Narve-
son The Libertarian Idea (Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1988),
chapter 14.
This variant is seen most clearly in Rawls, A Theory of Justice (Cambridge,
35.
MA: Harvard University Press, 1971), but it survives in the view developed
in Political Liberalism “ that is, according to “political” liberalism “ where
principles of justice are established via an overlapping consensus among
reasonable comprehensive moral views “ citizens are able to “af¬rm” the
principles from “within their own comprehensive views” (Political Liberalism,
Lecture IV) “ that is morally. To do otherwise is to adopt the view that justice
is a mere modus vivendi. Also making much use of the kind of distinction
described in the text (or at least one parallel to it) is Habermas, especially
in the distinction he makes between “strategic” and “communicative” social
interaction. See Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action (Cambridge,
MA: MIT Press, 1991), 58. For a similar distinction in approaches to political
justi¬cation, see Gerald Gaus, “Liberalism,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
(http://plato.stanford.edu), p. 5. See also Michael Sandel, Liberalism and the
Limits of Justice, 1“7.
This is an explication of a Kantian conception of the grounds of justice,
36.
utilizing the views of several writers in this tradition, most notably Rawls
and Habermas (about whom more will be said later). But the call for in-
cluding a sense of empathic respect is motivated by the arguments of Susan
Moller Okin in Justice, Gender and the Family (New York: Basic Books, 1989),
187.
This is compatible, it should be repeated, with perfectionist brands of liberal
37.
thought, as long as such perfectionism retains this “endorsement constraint”
and admits of a pluralism of (allegedly objective) values.
Rawls, Political Liberalism, 35ff.
38.
This point is stressed in Kant (in¬‚uenced, no doubt, by Rousseau): see “On
39.
the Common Saying that It May Be True in Theory but Not in Practice,” in
Practical Philosophy, Mary Gregor, trans. (Cambridge: Cambridge University
John Christman
356

Press, 1996), 273“310. See also Jeremy Waldron, The Dignity of Legislation
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), 47“52 (see especially p. 52,
n. 43). This point, and its importance, is overlooked in much recent liberal
theory: see, for example, Gerald Gaus, “Liberalism.”
The Theory of Communicative Action, vols. I and II, Thomas McCarthy trans.
40.
(Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1984, 1987). See also Moral Consciousness and
Communicative Action, 43“194.
Habermas, “Moral Development and Ego Identity,” in Communication and
41.
the Evolution of Society, Thomas McCarthy, trans. (Boston, MA: Beacon Press,
1979), 69“94.
See “Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action,” 120“22, and Between
42.
Facts and Norms, 107. In the truncated version here, I combine what Habermas
calls a rule of “argumentation” (principle “D”) with the principle of univer-
salization he labels “U.” Habermas, Between Facts and Norms, trans. William
Rehg (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1996), p. 107.
This view of normativity and personal individuation is controversial, and cer-
43.
tainly much more complex than this. For critical discussion, see for example,
Seyla Benhabib, “The General and Concrete Other,” in Eva Feder Kittay and
Diana T. Meyers, eds., Women and Moral Theory (Totowah, NJ: Rowman and
Little¬eld, 1987) 154“77; and Allison Weir, “Toward A Model of Self-Identity:
Habermas and Kristeva,” in Feminists Read Habermas (New York: Routledge,
1995), 263“82.
To say that political principles will be “¬‚eshed out” is to align oneself with
44.
Rawlsian political liberalism, understood a certain way, where the justi¬ca-
tion of principles is hypothetical (even via the use of public reason): these
principles are justi¬ed if an overlapping consensus involving them could be
established. For other theorists, actual social deliberation and democratic
communication constitutes the justi¬cation of principles. See, for example,
Habermas, Between Facts and Norms.
For arguments along these lines, see Iris Marion Young, Justice and the Politics
45.
of Difference (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990); Nancy Fraser,
Justice Interruptus (New York: Routledge, 1997); and Jurgen Habermas, The
¨
Inclusion of the Other (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998). Even Rawls even-
tually claimed that the dynamics of public reason “ real world, ongoing,
interaction among persons and groups provides the ultimate anchor for the
overlapping consensus on which justice is grounded: see “The Idea of Public
Reason Revisited,” in The Law of Peoples (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University
Press, 1999), 129“180.
See, for example, Jeremy Waldron, The Dignity of Legislation.
46.
For discussion of epistemic authority over one™s own desires and motives,
47.
see Gerald Gaus, Justi¬catory Liberalism (New York: Oxford University Press,
1996), Part I.
It is in this way that autonomy can be seen to involve a level of self-trust, as
48.
has been pointed out by several writers. See, for example, Paul Benson,
“Free Agency and Self-Worth,” Journal of Philosophy 91 (1994), 650“68;
Trudy Govier, “Self-Trust, Autonomy, and Self-Esteem,” Hypatia 8 (Winter,
1993), 99“120; Carolyn McLeod and Susan Sherwin, “Relational Autonomy,
Autonomy, Self-Knowledge, and Liberal Legitimacy 357

Self-Trust, and Health Care for Patients Who are Oppressed,” in Mackenzie
and Stoljar, eds., Relational Autonomy, 259“79; and Anderson and Honneth™s
Chapter (6) in this volume.
For a defense of the Hobbesean approach, as I am using that label, see
49.
Gauthier, Morals By Agreement. For an argument that purely instrumental
rationality (on which the Hobbesean model is predicated) cannot adequately
account for social stability and political authority, see Jon Elster, The Cement
of Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), chapter 3, and
Solomonic Judgments (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989), chapters
1 and 4. For criticism of a different type, which strikes at the heart of the
Hobbesean framework, see Donald Green and Ian Shapiro, The Pathologies
of Rational Choice Theory (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1994). For
general discussion of this issue, see Habermas, The Theory of Communicative
Action, Vol. II, 119“52.
For a speci¬c argument of this sort, see Thomas Christiano, “The Incoher-
50.
ence of Hobbesian Justi¬cations of the State,” American Philosophical Quar-
terly 31 (1994), 23“38. For a general discussion, see my Social and Political
Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction, chapter 2.
Though arrived at from a different direction, the claims being defended here
51.
involving the relation between autonomy and a persons being designated as
speaking for herself resemble closely Paul Benson™s views: see his Chapter 5
in the prevent volume.
And I rely greatly on the detailed and powerful analysis of “public justi-
52.
¬cation” and its role in political legitimacy developed by Gerald Gaus in
Justi¬catory Liberalism.
Assuming some quali¬ed internalism for the purposes of political philosophy
53.
is not the same as claiming this as the best epistemic account, period. How-
ever, for an argument against strict externalism as an epistemic standard,
see John Pollock, Contemporary Theories of Knowledge (London: Hutchinson,
1987), 133“49. Also, what is meant by “hermeneutic” here is that a coherent
interpretation could be applied to the belief (or value set) that includes the
contested element.
Bibliography




This bibliography contains works cited in the chapters of this book and so should
serves as a useful reference guide for those interested in work on autonomy and
liberalism (and related topics).

Ackerman, Bruce. (1980) Social Justice in the Liberal State. New Haven: Yale
University Press.
Addelson, Kathryn. (1994) Moral Passages: Toward a Collectivist Moral Theory. New
York: Routledge.
Allison, Henry E. (1990) Kant™s Theory of Freedom. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
Anderson, Joel. (1966) “A Social Conception of Personal Volatility: Volitional
Identity, Strong Evaluation, and Intersubjective Accountability.” Ph.D disserta-
tion, Northwestern University.
(1994) “Wunsche zweiter Ordnung, starke Wertungen und intersubjektive
¨
Kritik: Zum Begriff ethische Autonomie.” Deutsche Zeitschrift f¨ r Philosophie 42:
u
97“119.
(2001). “Competent Need-Interpretation and Discourse Ethics,” in James
Bohman and William Rehg, eds., Pluralism and the Pragmatic Turn: The Transfor-
mation of Critical Theory. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press: 193“224.
(2003). “Autonomy and the Authority of Personal Commitments: From
Internal Coherence to Social Normativity,” Philosophical Explorations: An Inter-
national Journal for the Philosophy of Mind and Action 6, 90“108.
with Warren Lux (2004). “Knowing Your Own Strength: Accurate Self-
Assessment as a Requirement for Personal Autonomy” (with Warren Lux),
Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 ( June).
Appiah, Anthony K., and Amy Gutmann. (1996) Color Conscious: The Political Moral-
ity of Race. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Arendt, Hannah. (1985) “What is Freedom?” in Arendt, Between Past and Future.
Harmondsworth: Penguin.



359
Bibliography
360

Arendt, Hannah. (1985) Between Past and Future. Harmondsworth: Penguin
Books.
Aristotle. (1996) The Politics and the Constitution of Athens. 2nd edition, Stephen
Everson, ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Arneson, Richard. (1985) “Freedom and Desire.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy
15: 425“48.
(1991) “Autonomy and Preference Formation,” in Jules Coleman and Allen
Buchanan, eds., In Harm™s Way: Essays in Honor of Joel Feinberg (Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press), 42“73.
Arpaly, Nomi, and Timothy Schroeder. (1999) “Praise, Blame, and the Whole
Self,” Philosophical Studies 93: 161“88.
Babbitt, Susan. (1993) “Feminism and Objective Interests: The Role of Transfor-
mation Experiences in Rational Deliberation” in Linda Alcoff and Elizabeth
Potter, eds., Feminist Epistemologies. New York: Routledge: 257“59.
Barber, Benjamin. (1984) Strong Democracy. Participatory Politics for a New Age.
Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Baumeister, Roy (1998) “The Self,” in Daniel T. Gilbert, Susan T. Fiske and
Gardner Lindzey, eds., Handbook of Social Psychology, Vol. I, Boston, MA:
McGraw-Hill.
de Beauvoir, Simone. (1952) The Second Sex, trans. and ed., H. M. Parshley. New
York: Vintage Books.
Beckett, Christopher. (2003) “Autonomy, Liberalism, and Conjugal Love,” Res
Publica 9: 285“301.
Bell, Daniel. (1975) The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism. New York: Basic
Books.
Bell, Daniel. (1993) Communitarianism and its Critics. Oxford: Clarendon.
Bellah, Robert N., et al. (1985) Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment
in American Life. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Bem, Daniel J. (1972) “Self-Perception Theory,” in L. Berkowitz, ed., Advances in
Experimental Social Psychology Vol. 6. New York: Academic Press.
Benhabib, Seyla. (1987) “The General and Concrete Other,” in Eva Feder Kittay
and Diana T. Meyers, eds., Women and Moral Theory. Totowah, NJ: Rowman &
Little¬eld: 154“77.
(1992) Situating the Self: Gender, Community, and Postmodernism in Contemporary
Ethics. New York: Routledge.
ed. (1996) Democracy and Difference. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
(1997) “On Reconciliation and Respect, Justice and the Good Life: Response
to Herta Nagl-Docekal and Rainer Forst,” Philosophy and Social Criticism 23.
(1999) “Sexual Difference and Collective Identities: The New Global Con-
stellation.” Signs 24: 335“61.
Benn, Stanley. (1976) “Freedom, Autonomy and the Concept of a Person,” Pro-
ceedings of the Aristotelian Society 66: 109“30.
(1986) with G.F. Gaus, “Practical Rationality and Commitment,” American
Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 23: 255“66.
(1988) A Theory of Freedom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Benson, Paul (1994) “Free Agency and Self-Worth,” Journal of Philosophy 91(12):
650“68.
Bibliography 361

(1990) “Feminist Second Thoughts About Free Agency,” Hypatia 47“64.
(1991) “Autonomy and Oppressive Socialization,” Social Theory and Practice
17: 385“408.
(1987) “Freedom and Value,” Journal of Philosophy 84: 465“86.
(2000) “Feeling Crazy: Self-Worth and the Social Character of Responsibil-
ity,” in Mackenzie and Stoljar, eds. (2000a): 72“80.
Bentley, Russell and David Owen. (2001) “Ethical Loyalties, Civic Virtue and the
Circumstances of Politics,” Philosophical Explorations IV/3: 223“39.
Berkowitz, L., and C. Turner (1972) “Perceived Anger Level, Instigating Agent,
and Aggression,” in H. London and R.E. Nisbett, eds., Cognitive Alteration of
Feeling States. Chicago: Aldine: 174“89.
Berlin, Isaiah. (2002/1969) “Two Concepts of Liberty,” in Four Essays on Liberty,
Henry Hardy, ed. London: Oxford University Press, 118“72.
Berofsky, Bernard. (1995) Liberation from Self. New York: Cambridge University
Press.
Bobbio, Norberto. (1974) Politica e cultura. Turin: Einaudi.
Bordo, Susan. (1993) “Are Mothers Persons? Reproductive Rights and the Poli-
tics of Subjectivity,” in Unbearable Weight. Berkeley, CA: University of California
Press.
Boxill, Bernard. (1976) “Self-Respect and Protest,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 6:
58“69.
Bratman, Michael. (1996) “Identi¬cation, Decision, and Treating as a Reason,”
Philosophical Topics 24: 1“18.
(2000) “Re¬‚ection, Planning, and Temporally Extended Agency,” Philosoph-
ical Review 109: 35“61.
Brenkert, George G. (1991) Political Freedom. London and New York: Routledge.
Brennan, Geoffrey and Loren Lomasky. (1993) Democracy and Decision: The Pure
Theory of Electoral Preference. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brighouse, Harry. (1996) “Is there a Neutral Justi¬cation for Liberalism?” Paci¬c
Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 77 (September): 193“215.
van den Brink, Bert. (2000) The Tragedy of Liberalism: An Alternative Defense of a
Political Tradition. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Brison, Susan. (1996) “Outliving Oneself: Trauma, Memory, and Personal
Autonomy,” in Meyers (1996): 12“39.
(2003) Aftermath: Violence and the Remaking of a Self (Princeton: Princeton
University Press.
Brodt, S.E., and P. Zimbardo. (1981) “Modifying Shyness-Related Social Behavior
Through Symptom Misattribution,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 41:
437“49.
Brothers, Dorothy. (1995) Falling Backwards: An Exploration of Trust and Self-
Experience. New York: Norton.
Brown, Wendy. (1995) States of Injury: Power and Freedom in Late Modernity.
Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Brugger, Bill. (1999) Republican Theory in Political Thought: Virtuous or Virtual?
London: Macmillan.
Buchanan, Allan. (1989) “Assessing the Communitarian Critique of Liberalism,”
Ethics 99: 852“82.
Bibliography
362

Burtt, Shelley. (1990) “The Good Citizen™s Psyche: On the Psychology of Civic
Virtue,” Polity, 23 (Fall).
(1993) “The Politics of Virtue Today: A Critique and a Proposal,” American
Political Science Review, 87 ( June): 360“8.
Bushnell, Dana, ed. (1995) Nagging Questions. Lanham, MD: Rowman &
Little¬eld.
Buss, Sarah. (1994) “Autonomy Reconsidered,” in Peter A. French, et al. eds.
Midwest Studies in Philosophy, vol. 19. South Bend, IN: University of Notre Dame
Press: 95“121.
Butler, Judith. (1990) Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New
York: Routledge.
(1997) The Psychic Life of Power. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Calhoun, Chesire. (1995) “Standing for Something,” Journal of Philosophy 92:
235“60.
Chapman, John. (1956) Rousseau“Totalitarian or Liberal? New York: Columbia
University Press.
Chodorow, Nancy. (1989) “Toward a Relational Individualism: The Mediation of
Self through Psychoanalysis,” in Feminism and Psychoanalytic Theory. New Haven:
Yale University Press.
Christiano, Thomas. (1994) “The Incoherence of Hobbesian Justi¬cations of the
State,” American Philosophical Quarterly 31: 23“38.
Christman, John. (1988) “Constructing the Inner Citadel: Recent Work on the
Concept of Autonomy,” Ethics 99, 1: 109“24.
ed. (1989) The Inner Citadel: Essays on Individual Autonomy. New York: Oxford
University Press.
(1991a) “Autonomy and Personal History,” Canadian Journal of Philosophy
21: 1“24.
(1991b) “Liberalism and Individual Positive Freedom,” Ethics vol. 101 no. 2:
343“59.
(1995) “Feminism and Autonomy,” in Bushnell (1995): 17“39.
(1995) The Myth of Property: Toward an Egalitarian Theory of Ownership, chap-
ter 4. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
(1998) “Autonomy, Independence, and Poverty-Related Welfare Policies,”
Public Affairs Quarterly 12, 4: 383“406.
(2001) “Liberalism, Autonomy, and Self-Transformation,” in Social Theory
and Practice 27: 185“206.
(2002) Social and Political Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction. London:
Routledge.
(2002) “Autonomy in Moral and Political Philosophy,” Stanford Encyclopedia
of Philosophy (http:/ /plato.stanford.edu/contents.html).
Cochran, David. (1999) The Color of Freedom. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Code, Lorraine. (1991) “Second Persons,” in What Can She Know? Feminist Theory
and the Construction of Knowledge. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Little¬eld.
Cohen, Joshua. (1997) “The Arc of the Moral Universe,” Philosophy and Public
Affairs 26: 91“134.
Connolly, William. (1991) Identity/Difference. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Constant, Benjamin. (1988) Political Writings, trans. and ed. Biancamaria Fontana.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bibliography 363

Copp, David. (1995) Morality, Normativity and Society. New York: Oxford University
Press.
Cowen, Tyler. (1998) In Praise of Commercial Culture. Cambridge, MA: Harvard
University Press.
(2002) Creative Destruction. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Crittenden, Jack. (1992) Beyond Individualism: Reconstituting the Liberal Self. New
York: Oxford University Press.
Dagger, Richard. (1997) Civic Virtues: Rights, Citizenship, and Republican Liberalism.
New York: Oxford University Press.
(2002) “Republicanism Refashioned: Comments on Pettit™s Theory of Free-
dom and Government,” The Good Society, 9, 3: 50“3.
(1999) “The Sandelian Republic and the Encumbered Self,” The Review of
Politics, 61 (Spring): 181“208.
Davidson, Donald. (1980) Essays on Actions and Events. Oxford: Oxford University
Press.
Dennet, Daniel. (1989) “The Origins of Selves,” Cogito 3: 163.
(1991) “The Reality of Selves,” in Consciousness Explained. Boston: Little,
Brown, chapter 13.
(1992) “The Self as a Center of Narrative Gravity,” in Frank S. Kessel, Pamela
M. Cole, and Dale L. Johnson, eds., Self and Consciousness: Multiple Perspectives.
Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates:103“15.
(1998) with Nicholas Humphrey, “Speaking for Ourselves,” reprinted
in Brainchildren: Essays on Designing Minds. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press: 31“
58.
Dillon, Robin. (1997) “Self-Respect: Moral, Emotional, Political,” Ethics 107: 226“
49.
Double, Richard (1992) “Two Types of Autonomy Accounts” Canadian Journal of
Philosophy 22: 65“80.
Dutton, D. and S. L. Painter, (1981) “Traumatic Bonding: The Development
of Emotional Attachments in Battered Women and Other Relationships of
Intermittent Abuse.” Victimology 6: 139“55.
Dworkin, Gerald. (1989) “The Concept of Autonomy,” in Christman, ed. (1989):
54“62.
(1988) The Theory and Practice of Autonomy. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press.
Dworkin, Ronald. (1978) “Liberalism.” Public and Private Morality, S. Hampshire,
ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(1985) A Matter of Principle. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
(2000) Sovereign Virtue: The Theory and Practice of Equality. Cambridge, MA:
Harvard University Press.
Eagle, Morris. (1991) “Psychoanalytic Conceptions of the Self,” in Jane Strauss
and George Goethals, eds., The Self: Interdisciplinary Approaches. New York:
Springer-Verlag.
Eberle, Christopher. (2002) Religious Convictions in Liberal Politics. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
Ellison, Ralph. (1952) Invisible Man. New York: Random House.
Elster, Jon. (1989a) The Cement of Society. New York: Cambridge University Press.
(1989b) Solomonic Judgments. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Bibliography
364

Feinberg, Joel. (1980) “The Nature and Value of Rights,” in Rights, Justice, and the
Bounds of Liberty. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
(1986) Harm to Self. New York: Oxford University Press.
(1989) “Autonomy” in Christman, ed. (1989): 27“53.
Fink, Zera. (1945) The Classical Republicans: An Essay in the Recovery of a Pattern of
Thought in Seventeenth Century England. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University
Press.
Fischer, John Martin, ed. (1986) Moral Responsibility. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University
Press.
Fischer, John Martin, and Mark Ravizza (1998) Moral Responsibility and Control: A
Theory of Moral Responsibility. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Foot, Phillippa. (1978) Virtues and Vices. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Forst, Rainer. (1999) “The Basic Right to Justi¬cation: Toward a Constructivist
Conception of Human Rights,” Constellations 6, 1: 35“60.
(1999) “Die Rechtfertigung der Gerichtigkeit. Rawls™ Politischer Liberalis-
mus und Habermas™ Diskurstheorie,” in Das Recht der Republik, section 4, Hauke
Brunkhorst and Peter Niesen, eds. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
(2001a) “Tolerance as a Virtue of Justice,” Philosophical Explorations 2.
(2001b) “The Rule of Reasons: Three Models of Deliberative Democracy,”
Ratio Juris 14.
(2001c) “Towards a Critical Theory of Transnational Justice,” in T. Pogge,
ed., Global Justice. Oxford: Blackwell.
(2002) Contexts of Justice: Political Philosophy Beyond Liberalism and Communi-
tarianism, trans. John M. Farrell. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
German original 1994.
(2003a) Toleranz im Kon¬‚ikt. Geschichte, Gehalt und Gegenwart eines umstrittenen
Begriffs. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
(2003b) “A Tolerant Republic?” in Jan-Werner Muller, ed., German Ideologies
¨
Since 1945. New York: Palgrave.
Foucault, Michel. (1970) The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences,
trans. A. M. Sheridan Smith. New York: Pantheon Books.
(1980) “Truth and Power,” in Foucault, Power/Knowledge: Selected Inter-
views and Other Writings, 1972-1977, Colin Gordon, ed. New York: Pantheon
Books.
(1995) Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, trans. Alan Sheridan. New
York: Vintage Books.
Frank, Robert H. (1999) Luxury Fever. New York: The Free Press.
Frankena, William K. (1976) “Obligation and Motivation in Recent Moral Phi-
losophy,” in K. E. Goodpaster, ed., Perspectives on Morality: Essays by William K.
Frankena. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press: 49“73.
Frankfurt, Harry G. (1987) “Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person,”
in The Importance of What We Care About. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press.
(1992) “The Faintest Passion” Proceedings and Addresses of the Aristotelian Society
vol. 49: 113“45.
(1999) Necessity, Volition, and Love. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bibliography 365

Fraser, Nancy. (1989) Unruly Practices: Power, Discourse, and Gender in Contemporary
Social Theory. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
(1997) Justice Interruptus. New York: Routledge.
Friedman, Marilyn. (1986) “Autonomy and the Split-Level Self,” Southern Journal
of Philosophy. vol. 24 no. 1: 19“35.
(1989) “Autonomy in Social Context,” in Creighton Peden and James P.
Sterba, eds., Freedom, Equality, and Social Change. Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen,
158“ 69.
(1993) What Are Friends For? Feminist Perspectives on Personal Relationships and
Moral Theory. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
(1997) “Autonomy and Social Relationships: Rethinking the Feminist Cri-
tique,” in Meyers, ed.: 40“61.
(1998) “Feminism, Autonomy, and Emotion,” in Joram Graf Haber, ed.,
Norms and Values: Essays on the Work of Virginia Held. Lanham, MD: Rowman &
Little¬eld.
(2000a) “Autonomy, Social Disruption, and Women,” in Mackenzie and
Stoljar, eds. (2000a): 35“51.
(2000b) “Feminism in Ethics: Conceptions of Autonomy,” in The Cambridge
Companion to Feminism in Philosophy, Miranda Fricker and Jennifer Hornsby,
eds., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(2000c) “John Rawls and the Political Coercion of Unreasonable People,”
in Victoria Davion & Clark Wolf, eds., The Idea of a Political Liberalism: Essays on
Rawls. New York: Rowman & Little¬eld: 16“33.
(2003) Autonomy, Gender, and Politics. New York: Oxford University Press.
Galbraith, John Kenneth. (1976) The Af¬‚uent Society. Boston: Houghton Mif¬‚in.
Galston, William A. (1991) Liberal Purposes: Goods, Virtues, and Diversity in the Liberal
State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gaus, Gerald F. (1990) Value and Justi¬cation: The Foundations of Liberal Theory.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(1994) “Property, Rights and Freedom,” Social Philosophy & Policy, vol. 11
(Summer): 209“40.
(1996) Justi¬catory Liberalism. New York: Oxford University Press.
(1997) in “Does Democracy Reveal the Will of the People? Four Takes on
Rousseau,” Australasian Journal of Philosophy, vol. 75 ( June): 141“62.
(1998) “Why All Welfare States (Including Laissez-Faire Ones) Are Unrea-
sonable,” Social Philosophy and Policy, vol. 15 ( June): 1“33.
(1999)Social Philosophy. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe.
(2001) “What is Deontology?” Parts 1 and 2, Journal of Value Inquiry, vol. 35:
27“42, 179“93.
(2002) “Goals, Symbols, Principles: Nozick on Practical Rationality,” in
David Schmidtz, ed., Robert Nozick. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 83“
130.
(2003a) “Backwards into the Future: Neorepublicanism as a Postsocialist
Critique of Market Society,” Social Philosophy and Policy, 20 (Winter): 59“91.
(2003b) “Dirty Hands,” in R. G. Frey and Christopher Heath Wellman, eds.,
A Companion to Applied Ethics. Oxford: Basil Blackwell: 167“79.
Bibliography
366

(2003c) Contemporary Theories of Liberalism: Public Reason as a Post-
Enlightenment Project. London: Sage Publications.
(forthcoming) “The Limits of Homo Economicus,” in Gerald F. Gaus, Julian
Lamont, and Christi Favor, eds., Values, Justice, and Economics (Amsterdam:
Rodopi.
Gauthier, David. (1986) Morals By Agreement. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Geertz, Clifford. (1973) The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books.
Gergen, Kenneth J. (1971) The Concept of Self. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and
Winston.
Geuss, Raymond. (1995) “Freedom as an Ideal,” in Proceedings of the Aristotelian
Society, suppl. vol. LXIX.
(2001) “Liberalism and Its Discontents,” Political Theory vol. 30 no. 3: 320“
39.
Gey, Stephen G. (1993) “The Unfortunate Revival of Civic Republicanism,” Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania Law Review, 141: 801“98.
Gilligan, Carol. (1982) In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women™s Devel-
opment. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Goldsmith, M. M. (2000) “Republican Liberty Considered,” History of Political
Thought, 21 (Autumn).
Gosepath, Stephan. (1999) Motive, Gr¨ nde, Zwecke. Theorien praktischer Rationalit¨ t.
u a
Frankfurt am Main: Fischer.
Govier, Trudy, (1993) “Self-Trust, Autonomy, and Self-Esteem,” Hypatia 8: 99“120.
Gray, John. (1993) Post-Liberalism: Studies in Political Thought. New York: Routledge.
(1995) Enlightenment™s Wake. Politics and Culture at the Close of the Modern Age.
London: Routledge.
Gray, Tim (1990) Freedom. London: Macmillan.
Green, Donald, and Ian Shapiro (1994) The Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory.
New Haven: Yale University Press.
Grovier, Trudy. (1993) “Self-Trust, Autonomy, and Self-Esteem.” Hypatia 8: 99“
120.
Gunther, Klaus. (1992) “Die Freiheit der Stellungnahme als politisches Grund-
¨
recht,” Archiv f¨ r Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie, No. 54.
u
Guyer, Paul. (2000) Kant on Freedom, Law and Happiness. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
Habermas, Jurgen. (1966) Between Facts and Norms, trans. William Rehg. Cam-
¨
bridge, MA: MIT Press.
(1979) “Moral Development and Ego Identity,” in Communication and the
Evolution of Society, trans. Thomas McCarthy. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
(1984/87) The Theory of Communicative Action, Vols. I and II. trans. Thomas
McCarthy, Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
(1990) Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action, trans. Christian
Lenhardt and Shierry Weber Nicholsen. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
(1991) The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. Cambridge, MA: MIT
Press.
(1992) “Individuation through Socialization: On George Herbert Mead™s
Theory of Subjectivity,” in Habermas, Postmetaphysical Thinking, 149“204, trans.
William Hohengarten. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992.
Bibliography 367

(1996) Between Facts and Norms, trans. William Rehg. Cambridge, MA: MIT
Press.
(1998) The Inclusion of the Other: Stories in Political Theory. Ciaran Cronin and
Pablo De Greiff, eds., Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Hardcastle, Valerie Gray, and Owen Flanagan. (1999) “Mupltiplex vs. Multiple
Selves: Distinguishing Dissociative Disorders,” The Monist 82: 645“57.
Hare, R. M. (1952) The Language of Morals. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Harman, Gilbert. (1999) “Moral Philosophy Meets Social Psychology: Virtue
Ethics and the Fundamental Attribution Error,” Proceedings of the Aristotelian
Society 1998“99: 315“31.
Harter, Susan. (1996) “Historical Roots of Contemporary Issues Involving Self-
Concept” in Bruce A. Bracken, ed., Handbook of Self-Concept: Developmental, Social,
and Clinical Considerations. New York: Wiley.
Harvey, David. (1989) The Condition of Postmodernity. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Haworth, Lawrence. (1986) Autonomy: An Essay in Philosophical Psychology and
Ethics. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Harvey, J. (1999) Civilized Oppression. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Little¬eld.
Haslanger, Sally. (2000) “Gender and Race: (What) Are They? (What) Do We
Want Them To Be?” Noˆ s 34: 31“55.
u
Hegel, G. W. F. (1805“06/1983) “Jena Lectures on the Philosophy of Spirit,” in
Leo Rauch, ed. and trans., Hegel and the Human Spirit: A Translation of the Jena
Lectures on the Philosophy of Spirit with Commentary. Detroit: Wayne State University
Press.
Herman, Judith. (1997/1992) Trauma and Recovery. New York: Basic Books.
Hill, Thomas. (1987) “The Importance of Autonomy” in Kittay and Meyers, ed.
(1987): 129“38.
(1989) “The Kantian Conception of Autonomy,” in Christman, ed. (1989):
91“105.
(1991) Autonomy and Self Respect. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hobbes, Thomas. (1651) Leviathan. Richard Tuck, ed. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 1996.
Holmes, Stephen. (1985) Passions and Constraint: On the Theory of Liberal Democracy.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Honneth, Axel. (1995a) The Struggle for Recognition: The Moral Grammar of Social
Con¬‚ict, trans. Joel Anderson. Cambridge, MA: Polity Press.
(1995b) “Decentered Autonomy: The Subject After the Fall,” in Charles
Wright, ed., The Fragmented World of the Social: Essays in Social and Political Philos-
ophy. Albany, NY: SUNY Press: 261“72.
(1999) “Postmodern Identity and Object-Relations Theory: On the Sup-
posed Obsolescence of Psychoanalysis,” Philosophical Explorations 3: 225“
42.
(2000) Suffering from Indeterminacy: An Attempt at a Reactualization of Hegel™s
Philosophy of Right. Assen: Van Gorcum.
(2001) “Invisibility: The Moral Epistemology of ˜Recognition™,” The Aris-
totelian Society, supp. vol. LXXV: 111“26
(2002) “Grounding Recognition: A Rejoinder to Critical Questions,” trans.
Joel Anderson, Inquiry 45: 499“519.
Bibliography
368

¨
(2003a) “Gerechtigkeit und kommunikative Freiheit. Uberlegungen im An-
schluss an Hegel,” in B. Merker, G. Mohr, and M. Quante, eds., Subjektivit¨ t und
a
Anerkennung: Festschrift Ludwig Siep. Paderborn: Mentis Verlag.
with Nancy Fraser (2003b) Redistribution or Recognition? A Political-Philo-
sophical Exchange, trans. J. Golb, J. Ingram, and C. Wilke. New York: Verso.
Honohan, Iseault. (2002) Civic Republicanism. London and New York: Routledge.
Horney, Karen. (1945) Our Inner Con¬‚icts: A Constructive Theory of Neurosis. New
York: Norton.
Hurka, Thomas. (1993) Perfectionism. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hutt, William Harold. (1936) Economists and the Public: A Study of Competition and
Opinion. London: Jonathan Cape.
Isaac, Jeffrey. (1988) “Republicanism vs. Liberalism? A Reconsideration,” History
of Political Thought, 9 (Summer): 349“77.
Jaggar, Alison. (1983) Feminist Politics and Human Nature. Totowa, NJ: Rowman &
Allanheld.
James, Susan. (2000) “Feminism in Philosophy of Mind: The Question of
Personal Identity,” in Miranda Fricker and Jennifer Hornsby, eds., The Cam-
bridge Companion to Feminism in Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press.
Johnston, David. (1994) The Idea of a Liberal Theory. Princeton: Princeton Univer-
sity Press.
Kant, Immanuel. (1959) Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, trans. Lewis White
Beck. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, pp. 60ff [pp. 442ff of the Prussian Academy
edition].
(1970) “On the Common Saying: This May be True in Theory, But it Does
Not Apply in Practice,” in Hans Reiss, ed., Kant™s Political Writings. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
(1996) Practical Philosophy, trans. and ed. Mary J. Gregor. Cambridge: Cam-
bridge University, Press.
Kaufman, Alexander. (1999) Welfare in the Kantian State. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Kittay, Eva Feder, and Diana T. Meyers. (1987) Women and Moral Theory. Lanham,
MD: Rowman & Little¬eld.
(1999) Love™s Labor: Essays on Women, Equality, and Dependency. New York:
Routledge.
Kleinig, John. (1983) Paternalism. Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Little¬eld.
Kneller, Jane, and Sidney Axin, eds. (1998) Autonomy and Community: Readings in
Contemporary Kantian Social Philosophy. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Kohlberg, Lawrence. (1981) The Philosophy of Moral Development. New York: Harper
& Row.
Korsgaard, Christine M. (1989) “Personal Identity and the Unity of Agency: A
Kantian Response to Par¬t,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 18: 101“32.
(1996) The Sources of Normativity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(1996a) The Sources of Normativity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(1996b) Creating the Kingdom of Ends. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press.
(1999) “Self-Constitution in the Ethics of Plato and Kant,” Journal of Ethics
3: 1“29.
Bibliography 369

Krakauer, Jon. (1997) Into Thin Air. New York: Villard, pp. 69“72.
Kristinsson, Sigur°ur. (2000) “The Limits of Neutrality: Toward a Weakly Sub-
stantive Account of Autonomy,” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 30, 2: 257“86.
Kymlicka, Will. (1989) Liberalism, Community and Culture. Oxford: Clarendon.
(1995) Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights. Oxford:
Oxford University Press.
(2001) Politics in the Vernacular. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Larmore, Charles. (1987) Patterns of Moral Complexity. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
(1994) The Morals of Modernity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lindley, Richard. (1986) Autonomy. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press
International.
Locke, John. (1960) Second Treatise of Government, in Two Treatises of Government,
section 4, p. 287, Peter Laslett, ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lugones, Mar´a. (1987) “Playfulness, ˜World™-travelling, and Loving Perception,”
±
Hypatia 2: 3“19.
(1990) “Hispaneando y Lesbiando: On Sarah Hoagland™s Lesbian Ethics,”
Hypatia 5, 138“46.
(1991) “On the Logic of Pluralist Feminism,” in Claudia Card, ed., Feminist
Ethics. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas: 35“44.
Luther, Martin. Speech at the Diet of Worms, April 18, 1521.
Macedo, Stephen (1990). Liberal Virtues: Citizenship, Virtue, and Community in Lib-
eral Constitutionalism. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
(2000) Diversity and Distrust. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Machiavelli, Niccolo. (1513) In Modern Moral and Political Philosophy, Robert C.
Cummins and Thomas D. Christiano, eds. London: May¬eld, 1999.
MacIntyre, Alasdair. (1984) After Virtue. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre
Dame Press.
(1987) Whose Justice? Which Rationality? Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre
Dame Press.
(1995) “Is Patriotism a Virtue?” in Ronald Beiner, ed., Theorizing Citizenship.
Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
(1999) Dependent Rational Animals: Why Human Beings Need the Virtues.
Chicago: Open Court.
Mackenzie, Catriona, and Natalie Stoljar, eds. (2000a) Relational Autonomy: Fem-
inist Perspectives on Autonomy, Agency, and the Social Self. New York: Oxford Uni-
versity Press.
(2000b) “Introduction: Autonomy Re¬gured,” in Mackenzie and Stoljar
eds. (2000a): 3“31.
Macleod, Christine. (1995) “The Politics of Gender, Language and Hierarchy in
Mamet™s ˜Oleanna™,” Journal of American Studies 29: 199“213.
Mamet, David. (1994) A Whore™s Profession: Notes and Essays. London and Boston:
Faber.
Margalit, Avishai. (1996) The Decent Society, trans. Naomi Goldblum. Cambridge,
MA: Harvard University Press.
May, Thomas. (1994) “The Concept of Autonomy,” American Philosophical Quarterly
31: 133“44.
Bibliography
370

McDowell, John. (1994) Mind and World. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University
Press.
McKinnon, Catriona, and Dario Castiglione, eds. (2003) The Culture of Toleration in
Diverse Societies: Reasonable Tolerance. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Mead, George Herbert. (1955) Mind, Self, and Society. Chicago: University of
Chicago Press.
Mele, Alfred R. (1993) “History and Personal Autonomy,” Canadian Journal of
Philosophy 23: 271“80.
(1995) Autonomous Agents: From Self-Control to Autonomy. New York: Oxford
University Press.
Meyers, Diana T. (1987a) “The Socialized Individual and Individual Autonomy,”
in Women and Moral Theory, E. Kittay and D. Meyers, eds. Lanham, MD: Rowman
and Little¬eld: 239“54.
(1987b) “Personal Autonomy and the Paradox of Feminine Socialization,”
Journal of Philosophy 84: 619“28.
(1989) Self, Society, and Personal Choice. New York: Columbia University Press.
(1994) Subjectivity and Subjection: Psychoanalytic Feminism and Moral Philosophy.
New York: Routledge.
ed. (1997) Feminists Rethink the Self. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
(2000a) “Feminism and Women™s Autonomy: The Challenge of Female
Genital Cutting,” Metaphilosophy vol. 31 no. 5 (October): 469“91.
(2000b) “Intersectional Identity and the Authentic Self: Opposites Attract,”
in MacKenzie and Stoljar (2000a): 151“80.
(2002) Gender in the Mirror: Cultural Imagery and Women™s Agency. New York:
Oxford University Press.
(2003) “Narrative and Moral Life,” in Cheshire Calhoun, ed., Setting the
Moral Compass. New York: Oxford University Press: 288“308.
Mill, John Stuart. (1956) On Liberty, ed. Currin V. Shields. Indianapolis: Bobbs-
Merrill.
Mill, John Stuart. (1859/1989) On Liberty and Other Writings, Stefan Collini, ed.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Miller, David, ed. (1983) “Constraints on Freedom,” Ethics 94: 66“86.
(1993) Liberty. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mills, Charles. (1997) The Racial Contract. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Moon, J. Donald. (1993) Constructing Community: Moral Pluralism and Tragic Con-
¬‚icts. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Moran, Richard. (2001) Authority and Estrangement: An Essay on Self-Knowledge.
Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Mullin, Amy. (1995) “Selves, Diverse and Divided: Can Feminists Have Diversity
without Multiplicity?” Hypatia 10: 1“31.
Nagel, Thomas. (1979) The Possibility of Altruism. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Narveson, Jan. (1988) The Libertarian Idea. Philadelphia: Temple University
Press.
Nedelsky, Jennifer. (1989) “Reconceiving Autonomy: Sources, Thoughts, and
Possibilities,” Yale Journal of Law and Feminism, vol. 1 no. 7: 7“36.
Nelson, Hilde. (2001) Damaged Identities, Narrative Repair. Ithaca, NY: Cornell
University Press.
Bibliography 371

Nisbett, Richard, and Lee Ross. (1980) Human Inference: Strategies and Shortcomings
of Social Judgment. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Noddings, Nel. (1984) Caring: A Feminist Approach to Ethics and Moral Education.
Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Noggle, Robert. (1999) “Kantian Respect and Particular Persons,” Canadian Jour-
nal of Philosophy 29: 449“77.
Nozick, Robert. (1974) Anarchy, State and Utopia. New York: Basic Books.
(1993) The Nature of Rationality. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Nussbaum, Martha. (2000) Women and Human Development: A Capabilities Approach
New York: Cambridge University Press.
Okin, Susan Moller. (1989) Justice, Gender and the Family. New York: Basic
Books.
O™Neill, Onora. (1989) Constructions of Reason: Explorations in Kant™s Practical Phi-
losophy. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Oshana, Marina A. L. (1998) “Personal Autonomy and Society,” The Journal of
Social Philosophy 29: 81“102.
Owen, David. (1995) Nietzsche, Politics and Modernity. London/Thousand Oaks,
CA: Sage.
Packard, Vance. (1957) The Hidden Persuaders. New York: David McKay.
Pateman, Carole. (1988) The Sexual Contract. Stanford: Stanford University
Press.
Patten, Alan. (1996) “The Republican Critique of Liberalism,” British Journal of
Political Science, 26: 25“44.
Patterson, Orlando. (1982) Slavery and Social Death. Cambridge, MA: Harvard
University Press.
Pelczynski, Zbigniew, and John Gray, eds. (1984) Conceptions of Liberty in Political
Philosophy. London: Athlone Press.
Pettit, Philip. (1997) Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government. Oxford:
Clarendon Press.
(1993) The Common Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
(2001) A Theory of Freedom: From the Psychology to the Politics of Agency. Oxford:
Oxford University Press.
(2002) “Keeping Republican Freedom Simple: On a Difference with
Quentin Skinner,” Political Theory, 30 ( June): 339“356.
Pogge, Thomas. (1989) Realizing Rawls. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Pollock, John. (1987) Contemporary Theories of Knowledge. London: Hutchinson.
Pratto, Felicia. (1996) “Sexual Politics: The Gender Gap in the Bedroom, the
Cupboard, and the Cabinet,” in David Buss and Neil M. Malamuth, eds., Sex,
Power, Con¬‚ict. New York: Oxford University Press: 179“ 230.
Rawls, John. (1971) A Theory of Justice. Revised edition (1999) Cambridge, MA:
Harvard University Press.
(1993a) Political Liberalism. New York: Columbia University Press.
(1993b) “The Domain of the Political and Overlapping Consensus,” in D.
Copp, J. Hampton, and J. Roemer, eds., The Idea of Democracy. Cambridge: Cam-
bridge University Press: 245“69.
(1999a) Collected Papers, Samuel Freeman, ed. Cambridge, MA: Harvard
University Press.
Bibliography
372

(1999b) The Law of Peoples. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
(2000) Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard
University Press.
(2001) Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University
Press.
Raz, Joseph. (1986) The Morality of Freedom. Oxford: Clarendon.
(1994) Ethics in the Public Domain: Essay in the Morality of Law and Politics.
Oxford: Clarendon: 339“53.
(2001) Value, Respect, and Attachment. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press.
Richards, David, A. J. (1971) A Theory of Reasons for Action. Oxford: Oxford Uni-
versity Press.
Richardson, Henry. (2001) “Autonomy™s Many Normative Presuppositions,”
American Philosophical Quarterly 38: 287“303.
Robbins, Caroline. (1959/1985) The Eighteenth-Century Commonwealthman. Cam-
bridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Rorty, Amalie O., and David Wong. (1990) “Aspects of Identity and Agency,” in
Identity, Character, and Morality: Essays in Moral Psychology. Cambridge, MA: MIT
Press.
Rorty, Richard. (1986) “Freud and Moral Re¬‚ection,” in Joseph Smith and
William Kerrigan, eds., Pragmatism™s Freud. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University
Press.
Rosen, Alan D. (1993) Kant™s Theory of Justice. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
R¨ ssler, Beate. (2001) Der Wert des Privaten. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
o
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. (1966) Du Contract Social. Paris: Garnier-Flammarion.
Sandel, Michael J. (1982) Liberalism and the Limits of Justice. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 2nd edition 1999.
(1996) Democracy™s Discontent: America in Search of a Public Philosophy. Cam-
bridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Sartre, Jean-Paul. (1956) Being and Nothingness, trans. Hazel Barnes. New York:
Philosophical Library.
Scanlon, Thomas. (1998) What We Owe to Each Other. Cambridge, MA: Harvard
University Press.
Scarry, Elaine. (1985) The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Schachter, S., and Singer, J. E. (1962) “Cognitive, Social and Physiological Deter-
minants of Emotional States,” Psychological Review 69: 379“99.
Schechtman, Marya. (1996) The Constitution of Selves. Ithaca NY: Cornell University
Press.
Schef¬‚er, Samuel. (1992) Human Morality. New York: Oxford University Press.
Scheman, Naomi. (1993) Engenderings. New York: Routledge.
Schneewind, J. B. (1998) The Invention of Autonomy. A History of Modern Moral
Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schudson, Michael. (1986) Advertising, The Uneasy Persuasion. New York: Basic
Books.
Scitovsky, Tibor. (1962) “On the Principle of Consumer Sovereignty,” American
Economic Review, 52: 262“68.
Bibliography 373

Sellers, M. N. S. (1998) The Sacred Fire of Liberty: Republicanism, Liberalism, and the
Law. London: Macmillan.
Selznick, Philip. (1993) The Moral Commonwealth: Social Theory and the Promise of
Community. Berkeley: University of California Press.
(2001) “Civilizing Civil Society,” in Anton van Harskamp and Albert W.
Musschenga, eds., The Many Faces of Individualism. Leuven: Peeters, 171“85.
Sen, Amartya. (1987) The Standard of Living, ed. G. Hawthorne. Cambridge: Cam-
bridge University Press.
(1992) Inequality Reexamined. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
(1999) Development as Freedom. New York: Knopf.
Sen, Amartya, and Bernard Williams, eds. (1982) Utilitarianism and Beyond.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Shapiro, Ian, and Casiano Hacker-Cord´ on, eds. (1999) Democracy™s Value.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Shapiro, Tamar. (1999) “What is a Child?,” Ethics 109: 715“38.
Sher, George. (1995) “Liberal Neutrality and the Value of Autonomy,” Social
Philosophy and Policy 12: 136“59.
(1997) Beyond Neutrality: Perfectionism and Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
Sie, Maureen, Marc Slors, and Bert van den Brink, eds. (2004) Reasons of One™s
Own. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Skinner, Quentin. (1998) Liberty Before Liberalism. Cambridge: Cambridge Univer-
sity Press.
Smith, Michael. (1994) The Moral Problem. Oxford: Blackwell.
Spinner-Halev, Jeff. (2000) Surviving Diversity: Religion and Democratic Citizenship.
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Spragens, Thomas. (1999) Civic Liberalism: Re¬‚ections on Our Democratic Ideals.
Lanham, MD: Rowman & Little¬eld.
Steiner, Hillel. (1994) An Essay on Rights. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.
Stoljar, Natalie. (2000) “Autonomy and the Feminist Intuition,” in Mackenzie
and Stoljar, eds. (2000a): 94“111.
Sullivan, Roger J. (1989) Immanuel Kant™s Moral Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
Sunstein, Cass. (1988) “Beyond the Republican Revival,” Yale Law Journal, 97
( July): 1539“91.
(1990) After the Rights Revolution. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Taylor, Charles. (1985) “What is Human Agency?” in Taylor, Human Agency and
Language. Philosophical Papers I. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(1985) “What™s Wrong with Negative Liberty,” in Philosophy and the Human
Sciences, vol. 2 of Philosophical Papers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
211“29.
(1989) Sources of the Self: The Making of Modern Identity. Cambridge, MA:
Harvard University Press.
(1991a) The Ethics of Authenticity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
(1991b) “The Dialogical Self,” in The Interpretive Turn: Philosophy, Science, Cul-
ture, David R. Hiley, James F. Bohmann, and Richard Shusterman, eds. Ithaca:
Cornell University Press, 1991, 304“14.
Bibliography
374

Terchek, Ronald. (1997) Republican Paradoxes and Liberal Anxieties. Lanham, MD:
Rowman & Little¬eld.
Thalberg, Irving. (1989) “Hierarchical Analyses of Unfree Action,” reprinted in
Christman (1989): 123“36.
Thomas, Laurence. (1993) Vessels of Evil: American Slavery and the Holocaust.
Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Thomson, Judith Jarvis. (1976) “Killing, Letting Die and The Trolley Problem,”
The Monist 59: 204“17
(1971) “A Defense of Abortion,” Philosophy & Public Affairs 1: 47“ 66.
Tomasi, John. (2001) Liberalism Beyond Justice. Princeton: Princeton University
Press.
Tooley, Michael. (1980) “An Irrelevant Consideration: Killing versus Letting Die,”
in B. Steinboch, ed., Killing and Letting Die. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall:
56“62.
Tully, James. (1995) Strange Multiplicity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(1999) “The Agonic Freedom of Citizens,” Economy and Society, 28/2:
161“82.
Tushnet, Mark. (1983) “Following the Rules Laid Down: A Critique of Interpre-
tivism and Neutral Principles,” Harvard Law Review 96 (February): 781“827.
Twitchell, James. (1999) Lead Us into Temptation. New York: Columbia University
Press.
Veblen, Thorstein. (1979) The Theory of the Leisure Class. New York: Penguin.
Velleman, J. David. (1989) Practical Re¬‚ection. Princeton: Princeton University
Press.
(2000a) The Possibility of Practical Reason. New York: Oxford University Press.
(2000b) “From Self-Psychology to Moral Philosophy,” in Action Theory and
Freedom, Philosophical Perspectives 14: 349“77.
(2002) “Identi¬cation and Identity,” in Sarah Buss and Lee Overton, eds.,
Contours of Agency: Essays on Themes from Harry Frankfurt. Cambridge, MA: MIT
Press, 91“123.
(2003) “Narrative Explanation.” The Philosophical Review 112: 1“25.
Viroli, Maurizio. (2002) Republicanism, trans. Antony Shugaar. New York: Hill &
Wang.
Walker, Margaret. (1998) Moral Understandings. New York: Routledge.
(1999) “Getting Out of Line: Alternatives to Life as a Career,” in Mother Time.
New York: Rowman & Little¬eld, 97“106.
Waldron, Jeremy, ed. (1984) Theories of Rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
(1989) “Autonomy and Perfectionism in Raz, “The Morality of Freedom,”
Southern California Law Review, 62 (1989), 1097.
(1992) “The Irrelevance of Moral Objectivity,” in Robert George, ed., Natural
Law Theory: Contemporary Essays. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 158“78.
(1993) Liberal Rights: Collected Papers 1981“1991. New York: Cambridge Uni-
versity Press.
(1997) The Dignity of Legislation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(1999) Law and Disagreement. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wall, Steven. (1998) Liberalism, Perfectionism and Restraint. New York: Cambridge
University Press.
Bibliography 375

Waller, Bruce. (1993) “Natural Autonomy and Alternative Possibilities,” American
Philosophical Quarterly vol. 30, no. 1 ( January), 73“81.
Watson, Gary. (1975) “Free Agency,” Journal of Philosophy 72: 205“20.
(1987) “Free Action and Free Will,” Mind 96: 145“72.
(1996) “Two Faces of Responsibility,” Philosophical Topics 24: 227“ 48.
Weir, Allison. (1995) “Toward A Model of Self-Identity: Habermas and Kristeva,”
in Johanna Meehan, ed., Feminists Read Habermas. New York: Routledge, 263“
82.
Wellmer, Albrecht. (1990) “Models of Freedom in the Modern World,” in Michael
Kelly ed., Hermeneutics and Critical Theory in Ethics and Politics. Cambridge, MA:
MIT Press.
Wike, Victoria. (1994) Kant on Happiness in Ethics. Albany: State University of New
York Press.
Wildt, Andreas. (1992) “Recht und Selbstachtung im Anschluss an der Anerken-
nungslehren von Fichte und Hegel,” in Michael Kahlo, Enst A. Wolf, and Rainer
Zaczyk, eds., Fichtes Lehre von Rechtsverh¨ ltnis. Frankfurt: Klosterman.
a
Williams, Bernard. (1983) Moral Luck. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(1985) Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press.
(1993) Shame and Necessity, Berkeley: University of California Press.
Winnicott, Donald. (1965) The Maturational Processes and the Facilitating Environ-
ment. London: Hogarth Press.
Wolf, Susan. (1990) Freedom within Reason. New York: Oxford University Press.
Wolff, Robert Paul. (1970) In Defense of Anarchism. 3rd ed. Berkeley, CA: University
of California Press.
Wood, Gordon. (1969) The Creation of the American Republic, 1776“1787. Chapel
Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
Young, Iris Marion. (1990) Justice and the Politics of Difference. Princeton: Princeton
University Press.
Young, Robert. (1986) Personal Autonomy: Beyond Negative and Positive Liberty. New
York: St. Martin™s Press.
Zillman, D. (1978) “Attribution and Misattribution of Excitatory Reactions,” in
John H. Harvey, William Ickes, and Robert F. Kidd, eds., New Directions in Attri-
bution Research, Vol. 2, Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum: 335“68.
Zillman, E., R. C. Johnson, and K. D. Day (1974) “Attribution of Apparent Arousal
and Pro¬ciency of Recovery for Sympathetic Activation Affecting Excitation
Transfer to Aggressive Behavior,” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 10:
503“15.
Index




Ackerman, Bruce, 328 autobiography, 58, 62, 65, 70, 72
adaptive preferences, 159“61 autonomy
Addelson, Kathryn, 53 agonistic, 16
advertising, 212“4 capacities, 127, 132
agency competency (conditions), 3, 12, 49,
agential authority, 112 55, 168
agential unity, 60, 71 conception vs. concept of, 230
agential ownership, 101“10, 113 conceptual conditions of, 332“6
and authority, 106“17 democratic, 195
discursive dimension of, 109 and denigration, 131
identi¬cation theories of, 103, 104, dialogical model of, 13
107 (see also identi¬cation) ethical, 15, 232“4
agentic power, 35 global, 120, 198
agentic skills 9, 10, 28, 36“40, 47, historical account of, 41“2, 103“4,
48, 130 (see also competency) 333
agonistic politics, 255, 257 identity-based accounts of, 112
agreement, 4, 7, 246“66 individualistic conception of, 128,
alienation, 54, 83“90, 93, 94, 112, 130
legal, 15, 224, 234“6
334“5
Allen, Anita A., 95“6 liberal conceptions of, 10“11,
Anderson, Joel, 172, 240 272“300, 251“4
Anderson, Joel, and Axel Honneth, local, 2, 94, 120
moral, 2, 15, 17, 18, 163, 167, 196,
7“8, 12“13, 270
Appiah, K. Anthony, 4, 89, 91, 97, 123 230“1, 256, 276“88, 296“9,
Aristotle, 179 307“26
Arendt, Hannah, 255 personal, 2, 17, 18, 163, 164, 166,
Arpaly, Nomi, 103, 106 167, 196, 198, 228, 229, 293“9,
attribution effect, 66 307“26
authenticity, 3, 5“6, 9, 11, 12, 27, 32“6, personal style theories of, 43“5
political, 15, 236“7, 251“7
77, 84, 86“90, 93“4, 105

377
Index
378

Calhoun, Cheshire, 105
autonomy (cont.)
Chodorow, Nancy, 53, 54
and polyvocality, 134
Christiano, Thomas, 357
recognitional, 129“32, 137, 142“4
Christman, John, 6, 18“19, 41“2,
relational, 8, 14, 130, 145
retrospective, 41“2 54, 104, 106, 123, 155“6, 259,
and self-conception, 90“4 301
civic endurance, 16, 262“3
and self-respect, 132, 133
civic responsiveness, 16, 262“5
and semantic resources, 136
civic virtue, 178“81, 260“6
and semantic-symbolic
and corruption, 178“9
environment, 137
Code, Lorraine, 23
social, 12, 15, 130, 237“8
coercion, 9, 17
social conditions for, 129“30,
commodity fetishism, 211
156
communitarianism, 4, 5, 8
social dimensions of, 118, 151
community, 237
value of, 17, 167“9
competencies, 260, 336
compulsion, 35
Babbitt, Susan, 53
Connolly, William, 22
Baumeister, Roy, 353
conscience, 18, 323“5
Beckett, Christopher, 148
consciousness, 60
Bell, Daniel, 210
false, 211“14
Bellah, Robert, 353
self-transparent, 7, 133“5
Benhabib, Seyla, 22, 55, 94, 146, 239,
consent, 250
356
Constant, Benjamin, 181“2
Benn, Stanley, 274, 275, 293, 294
constraint, 229, 242
Benson, Paul, 5, 6, 8, 11“14, 51
consumer sovereignty, 15“16, 204“24
Bentham, Jeremy, 313“14
consumerism, 205, 218, 220
Berkowitz, L., 75
contractualism, 4, 292
Bentley, Russell, 263, 270
critical re¬‚ection, 317, 333“40,
Berlin, Isaiah, 23, 35, 183, 185, 188,
345“51
227“9, 311
Crittenden, Jack, 22
Berofsky, Bernard, 20, 352
cultural homogenization, 215“17
body, as locus of control, 52 (see also
embodiment)
Dagger, Richard, 8, 14, 122, 149
Bordo, Susan, 51
de Beauvoir, Simone, 160“3
Bosanquet, Bernard, 292
de Tocqueville, Alexis, 182
Boxill, Bernard, 125
deliberation, 16, 29, 344
Bratman, Michael, 73, 103, 121, 125
democracy, 7, 257, 348
Brighouse, Harry, 301
Dennett, Daniel, 10“11, 56“73
Brink, Bert van den, 7, 16“17, 147
desire, 20“1, 148
Brison, Susan J., 51, 53, 148
-formation, 42
Brodt, S. E., 75
Dewey, John, 186
Brothers, Dorothy, 148
Dillon, Robin, 123
Brown, Wendy, 22
domination, 13, 51, 153, 157
Burtt, Shelley, 201
Double, Richard, 5, 43“5, 352
Buss, David M., 169
Dutton, Donald G., 154
Buss, Sarah, 121, 146
Index 379

Galbraith, John Kenneth, 207“8,
Dworkin, Gerald, 3, 20, 81, 119“20,
218“20
172, 301, 305, 316, 353
Gaus, Gerald, 2, 16“17, 196, 240, 354
Dworkin, Ronald, 240, 313“14, 316,
Gauthier, David, 277, 279
318, 353
Geertz, Clifford, 294
Geuss, Raymond, 23, 239
Ellison, Ralph, 111“13, 116, 119“20
Gey, Steven G., 200
Elster, John, 159
Gilligan, Carol, 22
embodiment, 156
good, conception of, 18, 320“5
enculturation, 51
Govier, Trudy, 54, 148
endorsement, 5, 6, 9, 11, 16, 18, 84,
Gray, John, 22
87, 103
Green T.H., 183
endorsement constraint, 340, 350
Guyer, Paul, 310, 312
epistemic authority, 344, 347
evaluations, strong, 232
Habermas, Jurgen, 21, 23, 145, 146,
¨
externalism, 277, 278
externalities, 219 241, 343, 355“6
happiness, 78
Kantian account of, 311
Feinberg, Joel, 120, 132, 147, 274
pursuit of, 309“14
feminism, 4, 8, 12, 31, 37, 40, 128
Hardcastle, Valerie Gray, 74
Fischer, John Martin, 125
Hardy, Thomas, 337
Flanagan, Owen, 74, 75
Harman, Gilbert, 354
Forst, Rainer, 2, 8, 14“15, 202“24,
Harrington, James, 179
275, 296
Harter, Susan, 354
Foot, Philippa, 281
Harvey, David, 22
Foucault, Michel, 22, 39“40, 136, 255
Harvey, J., 154
Frank, Robert, 221, 222
Haslanger, Sally, 123
Frankena, William, 302
Hawkins, Jennifer, 87
Frankfurt, Harry, 3, 10“11, 20“22, 51,
Haworth, Lawrence, 20, 120
73, 80“2, 87“9, 95, 101, 103, 106,
Hayes, Sharon, 305
113, 146, 316, 320
Heath, Joseph, 8, 15“16
Fraser, Nancy, 136, 147, 149
Hegel, G. W. F., 131, 138, 140, 146
free-rider problem, 218
Herman, Judith, 153“4, 171
freedom, 13“15, 17, 128, 138, 181, 291,
heteronomy, 36, 155 (see also
309
as non-domination, 23, 183, 184, nonautonomy)
and male dominance, 155“9
188“93
Hobbes, Thomas, 19, 159, 206, 218,
as non-interference, 183
Kant™s principle of, 310, 319 279
Hohfeld, Wesley, 286, 288
of religion, 241
Honneth, Axel, 7, 8, 12“13
of the will, 20
Horney, Karen, 352
republican, 192
Humboldt, Willhelm von, 312
(see also liberty)
Humphrey, Nicholas, 61“2
Friedman, Marilyn, 12“14, 245, 268
Hurka, Thomas, 21
fundamental attribution error, 338
Hutt, William Harold, 207“8
fundamental liberal principles, 272,
hypothetical agreement, 344
274, 277, 279, 280, 284, 287
Index
380

liberalism
identi¬cation, 3, 20, 96, 316, 335
agreement-based, 251, 254, 256,
identity, 11, 15, 28, 30, 35, 77
traits, 78, 79 259
Hobbesean, 341“6
politics, 4, 8, 138
and individualism, 118, 120
practical, 102“6
Kantian, 341“5, 347
racial, 11, 88“92
without agreement, 16, 245“71
scripted, 91
liberty, 14, 16, 20, 129, 178“9, 240,
impartiality, 139, 140
individualism, 2, 8“9, 128“30 274, 301
intersubjective conception of, 14,
hyper-, 4, 8
rights-based, 132 226
of the ancients and the moderns,
individuality, 54
instrumental reason, 276, 279 181“3
of the moderns, 14
integration, 9, 10
negative and positive conception of,
internalism, 278, 281“2
intersubjectivism, 140 182, 188, 227“9, 238, 254
political, 229, 236
Lindley, Richard, 20
James, Susan, 55
Locke, John, 186, 275
John Paul II, 209
locus of control, 71
Johnston, David, 321
Lugones, Maria, 105“6, 122
justice, 4, 5, 11, 13, 14, 16, 18, 97, 128,
129, 133, 137, 138, 242, 247, 252,
MacCallum, Gerald, 229
340
Macedo, Stephen, 306
as fairness, 141
Machiavelli, Niccolo, 150, 183
justi¬cation of principle of, 16
MacIntyre, Alasdair, 22, 149
proceduralist, 127, 139“44
Mackenzie, Catriona, 20, 22, 145
republican, 14
Macleod, Christine, 171
justi¬cation,
majoritarianism, 199
justi¬catory regress, 2, 5“6
Mamet, David, 154
public, 236
Margalit, Avishai, 147
market failure, 217“20
Kant, Immanuel, 2, 17“18, 20, 27, 128,
market neutrality, 215
145, 160“3, 261, 282“3, 287, 289,
Marx, Karl, 211
291“2, 308“14
McDowell, John, 133“6, 148
Kaufman, Alexander, 326
Mead, George Herbert, 131, 146
Kittay, Eva F., 23, 146, 172
Mele, Alfred, 20, 148, 352
Kohlberg, Lawrence, 295“7
Meyers, Diana Tietjens, 6“10, 94, 121,
Korsgaard, Christine, 73, 122, 283,
148, 171
313
Mill, John Stuart, 200, 206, 312
Kristinsson, Sigur°ur, 21, 165
Miller, David, 202
Kymlicka, Will, 21, 22, 149, 240, 354
Mills, Charles, 21
Moon, Donald, 22, 267
Larmore, Charles, 303
moral power, 141, 143
legitimacy, 247“66, 330“51
Moran, Richard, 148
legitimation, 5“7, 16“19, 21“2
multiple personality disorder,
hierarchical conceptions of, 5“6
political, 5, 6 61“3
Index 381

priority of the right, 16
Nagel, Thomas, 83, 95“6
property rights, 285
narrative, 10, 64
psychoanalysis, 31, 134, 135, 338
coherence, 69, 70
public reason, 257“60, 287“91, 298,
module, 67“9
narrativity, 21“2 348
Narveson, Jan, 284
rape, 170
Nedelsky, Jennifer, 54, 145
rationality, 53, 141, 290
Nelson, Hilde, 55
Ravizza, Mark, 125
Nisbett, Richard, 354
Rawls, John, 2, 8, 14“16, 18“19, 22, 51,
Noddings, Nell, 22
Noggle, Robert, 121 132“6, 138“45, 147, 186, 245,
nonautonomy, 27 (see also 247“9, 251“3, 257, 269, 289,
317“20, 324, 325, 342, 343, 347

<<

. 12
( 13)



>>