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G
B ARCTIC CIRCLE
Anchorage
Bering Great Nuuk
Reykjavik
Sea Slave Lake
Gulf of
Alaska ICELAND
ds Hudson
Aleutian Islan Bay Labrador
CANADA UNITED
Sea KINGDOM
Dublin
Vancouver Calgary
Seattle Gr IRELAND
ea
on
Island of
Lo n d
Missouri




tL
Newfoundland
C




ak
Ottawa
Toronto




es
NORTH Chicago Madr
New York id
UNITED STATES
San Francisco
Washington
o NORTH
Ohi PORTUGAL
Azores
PaCIFIC SPAIN
Los Angeles
30°N Port.




pi
si p
Atlanta




s
Hous Rabat




ssi
A T L a N T I C Madeira Is.MOROCCO
ton




Mi
Port.




Ri o
OCEaN

Gr
Canary Is.
TROPIC O
D Gulf of P.




an
F CANCER de Sp.




BA
RE
n go
Mexico




HA
OC EaN
i
N WESTERN
MEXICO
om U.S.
CA
Hawaiian




IA
MA
Havana SAHARA
I
o D R IC O
N
Islands Mor.




AN
Guadalajara




S
CUBA
nt TO




I
M
U.S.
SaPUER ST. KITTS & NEVIS
BELIZE




DO




IT
Mexico City HAITI R
CAPE
AU
JAMAICA ANTIGUA & BARBUDA VERDE
GUATEMALA Caribbean Sea M
DOMINICA




I
HONDURAS L
Guatemala City SENEGAL
ST. LUCIA BARBADOS A
GAMBIA
ST. VINCENT & M
NICARAGUA GRENADA
EL SALVADOR THE GRENADINES GUINEA- GUINEA
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO BISSAU
COSTA RICA Caracas
E




G HAN A
OIR E
D 'I V O T E
PANAMA BURKINA FASO
VENEZUELA E
FRENCH ON
Medellin A LE
GUIANA
Bogota IA




GUYAN




C
SIERR




S UR I
ER
Fr.
LIB
COLOMBIA
Christmas Island




NA M
Kir. EQUATOR
0° Neg
Quito



A
Galapagos


ro


E
ECUADOR Manaus
Islands zo n
A ma
Ecua.
PERU
a
ir Recife
de
BRAZIL
U ca




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Ma


F




s
Islands




nci
ya




Lima Salvador



Sao Fra
li




Fr.
(Bahia)
La Paz Brasilia
SAMOA
AMERICAN BOLIVIA SOUTH
SAMOA Sucre
U.S. Rio de
FRENCH POLYNESIA
Fr. Janeiro
PARAGUAY
Sao Paulo
PRICORN ATLaNTIC
TONGA
TROPIC OF CA Asuncion




MERIDIAN OF GREENWICH (LONDON)
G
Parana




Porto Alegre
Cordoba
OCEaN
URUGUAY
Santiago
Buenos Montevideo
30°S CHILE Aires
SOUTH
ARGENTINA

PaCIFIC
H
Falkland Islands
Chatham Is. U.K.
OCEaN
N.Z. South
Tierra del Fuego

WORLD Georgia
n
gella
of Ma ge U.K.
Strait
ssa
Pa
POLITICAL ke
ra
D




Antarctic
0 mi 2000
J 60°S Peninsula
CLE
TIC CIR
ANTARC
0 km 2000
We d d e l l
Sea
WINKEL TRIPEL PROJECTION

Berkner
Island
Ross
Sea

K


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

A2 REFERENCE ATLAS
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

0° 30°E 60°E 90°E 120°E 150°E
A
O C E a N
Franz Josef Severnaya
New Siberian
Land Zemlya Islands
East
Kara Siberian Sea
Barents Laptev Sea
Sea
Svalbard Sea
Novaya
Nor.
Zemlya
n
a ia
S e eg




Len
Y
0°N
a
w




6Bering
Ye
A
FIN




B
or




ni
RW




se Yakutsk
N




y
EN




Ob
LAND




Sea
NO




Sea of Kamchatka
SW E D




R U S S I A Okhotsk Peninsula
Oslo
St. Petersburg
Sea




Ob
EST.
Yekaterinburg
Volga Am
Novosibirsk
LATVIA Sakhalin
Lake
Omsk
ic




DENMARK ur
Moscow
t LITH. Baikal
al Samara
NETH. B Ir tys
POLAND BELARUS Ural
Astana h
Ulan Bator
GERMANY Kiev Harbin
BELG. CZECH
KAZAKHSTAN NORTH
Paris REP. SLOVAKUKRAINE MONGOLIA Hokkaido
C
KOREA Sapporo
AUST. IA MOLD. Aral Sea
SWITZ. SLOV. HUNG. Ta Shenyang
UZB shke Almaty
ROMANIA AZERBAIJAN
C as




FRANCE CROAT. Honshu
YU




EK nt
.




Beijing
Black Sea Pyongyang
&H




Bishkek
pia




ITALY IS
G.




BULGARIA GEORGIA TUR TA




w
Seoul JAPAN
Rome
B.




nS




KYRGYZSTAN
KM
ARMENIA Tianjin
N




Yello
N I A M A C E D. EN NORTH
Tokyo
A LB A Ankara IS TAJIKISTAN
ea




SOUTH
TA
Medi Dushanbe C H I N A
N
Ashgabat
GREECE KOREA Osaka N
TURKEY
ter
30°
ra Tehran
N




Algiers n e a n CYPRUS SYRIA Islamabad
TA Kyushu
ngtze
IS
S e a LEBANON Ya
IRAN Chengdu Shanghai
B ag h AN
N




Lahore Brahmaputra
TUNISIA IRAQ PaCIFIC
da d A F G H
Tripoli ISRAEL JORDAN
TA




Wuhan
AL




The People's Republic
Ga N
Delhi ng EPAL
Cairo BHUTAN
IS




KUWAIT
D
Taipei of China claims Taiwan
Guangzho
K




New
GE




In dus




es
PA




EGYPT QATAR
LIBYA as its 23rd province.
BAHRAIN u
Delhi Dhaka
Karachi TAIWAN
RI




Nile




Riyadh BANGLADESH
Philippine O C E a N
Re




U.A.E.
Hanoi Hong Kong
A




Calcutta MYANMAR
Muscat
SAUDI
d




Sea
AN




(BURMA) LAOS Hainan
INDIA NORTHERN
ARABIA Mumbai
VIMe
Luzon
Se




South
Yangon
M




MARIANA
ETkong
Bay
O Hyderabad
ERITREA
NIGER CHAD China ISLANDS
NA
Sanaa
a




Manila
of THAILAND U.S.
Khartoum Arabian Sea
M
Bengal Bangkok
YEMEN PHILIPPINES
Niamey Sea Bangalore
SUDAN CAMBODIA
Chennai
DJIBOUTI Phnom
N'Djamena MARSHALL
Socotra
Penh Ho Chi Minh
BENIN




ISLANDS
NIGERIA
N
TOGO




E
Addis Ababa Yem.
IA




City PALAU
OO




SRI
CENTRAL
Colombo LANKA Mindanao
AL




Lagos ETHIOPIA
AFRICAN FEDERATED STATES
ER




BRUNEI
REPUBLIC Kuala M A OF MICRONESIA
MALDIVES
M
M




Bangui
CA




LAYSIA
Lumpur
SO




EQ. KIRIBATI
DEM. REP. UGANDA Mogadishu
GUINEA EQUATOR Borneo
Su
GO




OF THE KENYA
ma




SINGAPORE
GABON NAURU
CONGO Nairobi
N




tra




SAO TOME Celebes
Brazzaville
& PRINCIPE C O RWANDA SEYCHELLES
I N D O N E S I A New
BURUNDI
Kinshasa
CABINDA
TUVALU
Guinea PAPUA
Dar es Salaam
Ang. Jakarta Java
TANZANIA NEW GUINEA
Luanda SOLOMON
Surabaya F
ISLANDS
MAL AW




Arafura Sea Port
EAST TIMOR
COMOROS
ANGOLA UN administration
UE




Moresby
ZAMBIA Darwin
Q




Lusaka mbez
I
BI




Za Antananarivo
i
AM




Harare C o r a l VANUATU FIJI
MAURITIUS
NAMIBIA ZIMBABWE
MOZ




MADAGASCAR INDIaN ISLANDS
Sea
Windhoek BOTSWANA Reunion
Fr.
Gaborone
Pretoria Maputo
Orange New Caledonia
OCEaN G
AUSTRALIA
SWAZILAND
SOUTH Fr.
AFRICA S o ut h
LESOTHO Brisbane
Cape Town Perth P ac i f i c
g
lin
ar O ce a n
D Sydney
North
Mu




Canberra Island
ra
r




Melbourne y
Tasman
Sea Auckland
Tasmania
NEW ZEALAND
ABBREVIATIONS H
Kerguelen Islands
Wellington
Fr.
South AUST. ................ AUSTRIA
Island B.&H. ................. BOSNIA &
HERZEGOVINA
BELG. .......................... BELGIUM
CROAT. .............................. CROATIA
CZECH REP. .................. CZECH REPUBLIC
DEM. REP. ......................... DEMOCRATIC
OF THE REPUBLIC OF J
60°S CONGO THE CONGO
EQ. GUINEA ........ EQUATORIAL GUINEA
EST. ........................................... ESTONIA
HUNG. ................................... HUNGARY
LITH. ...................................... LITHUANIA
MACED. ............................. MACEDONIA
ea
sS
Ros MOLD. ................................... MOLDOVA
ANTARCTICA NETH. .............................. NETHERLANDS
SLOV. ...................................... SLOVENIA
K
SWITZ. ............................. SWITZERLAND
U.A.E. ............. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
YUG. .................................. YUGOSLAVIA
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

REFERENCE ATLAS A3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
180° 170°W 160°W 150°W 140°W
RUSSIA




70°N
50°N




6 0 °N
it
tra Arctic
A Point Barrow
gS
rin
St. Lawrence Be
170°E Ocean
Island Seward




Br
Peninsula
Norton




oo
Sound B e a u fo r t




ks
Ra
Sea
ng
on
Yuk e




A
Nunivak




le
Island
40 °N




ti




u
ALASKA
B a
n Fairbanks
Is
la Alaska Rang
nd e
s Bristol
Bay
Anchorage
Alaska
Pe n i n s u l a

Kodiak I.
C Gulf of
Alaska
180°



P
Juneau




Arc hi p e l a g
Ale xa n d e o
a
D




r
c i


E
170°W
f
30°N




Tacoma Seattle




e
Spokane
i




Olympia




ng
WASH.
Portland




Ra
F Salem e Butte




e



ak
c




Eugene




ad




Sn
OREGON IDAHO




sc
Boise




Ca
CAL
Great
Salt Lake
Reno Salt Lake
G City
Sacramento Carson City
O




IF UTAH
NEVADA
San Francisco
Sie
rra
O
Las
Neva
R
c




Vegas
20°N da I A
N

Honolulu ARIZONA
Los Angeles
H HAWAII
e




Phoenix
160°W San Diego
TR
OP
Hilo IC Tucson
OF
CA
NC
ER
a




J
n




10°N
K
150°W 140°W 130°W 120°W 110°W
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

A4 REFERENCE ATLAS
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
130°W 120°W 110°W 100°W 90°W 80°W 70°W 50°W 40°W 30°W
60°W




70°N




6 0° N
GREENLAND
A
20°W
(KALAALLIT NUNAAT)
Den.


N



B



UNITED 30°W

STATES




50° N
ARCTIC CIRCLE

POLITICAL C
0 mi 600

0 km 600
OBLIQUE AZIMUTHAL EQUIDISTANT PROJECTION




40°W
D




C A N A D A
E

40 °N

MAINE
NORTH Superior
ke Augusta
La
MONTANA




n
DAKOTA MINNESOTA
R




Montpelier
S.




50°W F
Portland
M




MIC
Helena Bismarck Lak
iss




NEW
T




Concord, N.H.
HI e
O




YORK VT.
our




ea
Lake
Billings G Boston, MASS.
Hu




M




Minneapolis St. Paul
L. Michigan




OntarioAlbany
i
C




ron
A




Providence, R.I.
SOUTH WISCONSINt
N




troi Buffalo
Pierre Hartford, CONN.
Lansing
Milwaukee
K




De Erie veland PA.
N




DAKOTA New York
Madison e
ClHarrisburg
Casper
L.
Y




Oc
Toledo Trenton, N.J.
A




Sioux City I O WA Chicago
WYOMING Pittsburgh Philadelphia
Des Moines IND.
I




Baltimore
Cheyenne OHIO Dover, DEL.
NEBRASKA ILLINOIS Columbus
Omaha G
H




Annapolis, MD.
M




Indianapolis
Lincoln Dayton W. VA. Washington, D.C.
Denver
C




Kansas City Springfield Cincinnati Charleston Richmond
O




30°N
MISSOURI Frankfort
A




ic


Topeka
COLORADO Virginia Beach
St. Louis Louisville VIRGINIA
y

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