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239
INDEX




Abraham, 33 Cleanthes, 9“11, 13, 16, 64, 180, 183
Adams, Douglas, 186 friendship with Philo, 177
af¬rming the consequent, fallacy of, on design, 57, 170, 175
62 Cleanthes™s argument from design,
Alexander, Samuel, 109 170
Anscombe, G. E. M., 94, 100 conscience, origin of, 77“80
anthropic coincidences, 183 Copleston, F. C., 78
Aquinas, Thomas, 19 cumulative-case argument, 59
argument from design, 179, 184 custom, 167, 172
Cleanthes™s version of, 169“170
irregular, 171“175 Darwin, Charles, 183
Lewis™s rejection of, 57“58, Deism, 124, 136, 146
182 Demea, 9, 10, 175, 176, 180
Paul™s defense of, 57 departure of, 176“177
Russell™s rejection of, 182“183 on design, 57
atheistic ethical realism, 87“88 on educating the young, 189“190
´
Augustine, 50“52, 69 Descartes, Rene, 4
on love of evil, 72“74 dirty jokes, 143, 145
Dualism, 12, 68, 92, 151
Bar¬eld, Owen, 17, 104 de¬nition of, 69
basic beliefs, 167, 168 Lewis™s criticism of, 69“76
benevolence. See humanity moral argument for, 75
Beversluis, John, 50, 158, 163 Dworkin, Ronald, 116
on moral argument, 62 Dyson, H. V. V., 17
on pain, 40“43
binding of Isaac, 33 Earman, John, 126
Boswell, James, 1 earthquake
Buss, David, 85 Indonesian, 7, 47
Lisbon, 8, 24
Catholicism, 192 evidentialism, 165
Chesterton, C. K., 17 evolutionary explanation, 84, 86, 91,
Christ. See Jesus Christ 107, 108, 118
Christian society, 199 evolutionary psychology, 5, 84, 87, 115,
Clarke, Samuel, 122 118, 120


241
Index

faith Jesus Christ, 5, 17, 57, 68, 70, 92, 127,
as vice, 153“155 133, 134, 137, 152
as virtue, 155“156, 202 and commanded love, 195, 197
leap of, 153, 191 and Lewis™s Trilemma, 149“151
Fall of Man, 145, 146, 196 and Moloch, 198
fame, love of, 83 atonement for sin, 144
¬tness, sense of, 140, 141 divinity of, 195
Fogelin, Robert, 126 emulation of, 27“29
free thinker, 154 Resurrection of, 120, 122“123, 147,
free will defense, 24, 49 149
Freeman, Charles, 74 salvation by, 199
Joy, 3, 17, 59, 114
Gaskin, J. C. A., 176 and argument from desire, 110
globalization, 190 inductive argument, 111“114
God™s love for humanity, 25, 26, nature of, 108
39 origin of, 115“119
God™s megaphone, 30, 46 “just so” story, 118
government, limits of, 200
Grayling, A. C., 153 Kant, Immanuel, 74
Greene, Graham, 121 Karamazov brothers, 48, 54
Greeves, Arthur, 16, 17 Kennedy, John F., 2
ground and consequent, 95 Kipling, Rudyard, 118
knowledge
habit. See Custom a priori, 61
hell, 45, 53 moral, 60, 61, 77, 89
Holyer, Robert, 59, 114 of character, 44“47
homosexuality, 150, 200 Koestler, Arthur, 119
honesty, intellectual, 202 Kreeft, Peter, 109
Howard-Snyder, Daniel, 161
human nature, 47, 59, 82, 84, 86, 93, late infantile metachromatic
112, 115, 120, 130, 156, 182, 193, leukodystrophy, 49
197 Leibniz, G. W., 8
and Joy, 118“119 Lewis™s argument from desire, 110, 115
humanity, 82“83 Lewisian moral phenomena, 62, 63, 69,
Hume™s argument against miracles, 132, 76, 77, 84, 87
139, 142 explanation of, 91“93
Hume™s conditional, 182, 185 Lewis™s argument from reason, 101, 143
Lewis™s moral argument, 63, 76
Hume™s Deistic argument, 124
Lovell, Steve, 66, 88, 110, 115, 118, 139
Innocent III, Pope, 69
MacDonald, George, 17
intelligent design, 57, 171, 174, 175,
Manicheanism. See Dualism
180, 184
McGinn, Colin, 106
dissappointing results, 187
Mill, John Stuart, 184“185
intentional state, 98
Montaigne, Michel, 1
intentionality, 120, 152
moral law, 71, 74, 76“78, 88, 92
and argument from reason, 103“108
God™s relationship to, 65“68
Ivan Ilyich, 35“39, 42
Mounce, H. O., 166
mysticism, 198
Jefferson, Thomas, 149


242
Index

natural religion, 9, 13, 63, 182, 188, 189 psychopaths, 80“82
results of, 179“181 psychopathy. See psychopaths
natural selection, 97“101
Naturalism, 135, 140, 141, 146 Rapaport, Anatol, 85
de¬nition of, 93 reason, limits of, 165, 180
Lewis™s criticism of, 93“108 religious testimony, 129“134, 139,
Neiman, Susan, 181 146“148
non-victim-improving natural child de¬nition of, 127
suffering, 53“55, 82, 152, 162, Reppert, Victor, 94, 108
163 robot, alien, 150
Norris, Kathleen, 59 round square, 19, 20, 24, 102

O™Connor, David, 165, 177 sense of ¬tness. See ¬tness, sense of
omnipotence, 34, 35, 38, 47, 182, 184, Sessions, William Ladd, 175, 177, 187,
185 188
limits of, 19“21 Sherlock, Thomas, 122
Singer, Peter, 89
pantheism, 17, 136, 146 skepticism, 13, 130, 147, 173, 176“181,
Paul the Apostle, 57, 74, 187 190
Penelhum, Terence, 148 society of souls, 21, 22, 24, 25, 28, 34
Petrik, James, 45, 50 sociopathy. See psychopaths
Philo, 9, 13“16, 18, 39, 64, 93, 179, 186 Socrates, 1
as Hume™s mouthpiece, 9 suffering
compromise position, 178“181, 187, moral, 24
191 natural, 24, 29, 34, 35, 41, 47, 49
criticism of Cleanthes™s design of children, 48, 50, 51
argument, 170“171 of innocents, 31
four circumstances, 14, 15, 23, 39 superstition, 192
four hypotheses, 12
irregular argument, 171“175 Tertullian, 154
on design, 175 theodicy, 52, 53
on evil, 9“13, 18, 58, 180 third commandment, 201
puzzling remark, 188, 190“191 Tolkien, J. R. R., 17
scandalous suggestion, 176 Tolstoy, Leo, 35, 36
surprise reversal, 176“177 Trinity, doctrine of, 193, 194
two-track strategy, 15, 54 truth, passion for, 202
Philo™s hollowed-out argument from tsunami. See earthquake
design, 179
piety, 187 uniformity of nature, 139, 142
Plato, 1, 66
Probability Principle, 128, 131, 132, van Inwagen, Peter, 4, 31
138, 139, 141, 142, 146, 148 Voltaire, 8
problem of evil, 7“9, 14, 15, 24, 180, Vonnegut, Kurt, 186
181
evidential version, 15, 162“163 Woolston, Thomas, 123
logical version, 15 Wright, Robert, 86, 117
problem of not enough pain, 43, 45, 47,
81 Zoroastrianism, 69



243

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