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СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

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8
более свободно.» См. http://www.osce.org/odihr/
item_1_15624.html. Arman 2004.
9


Media News: Appeal to the President of the Kyr-
61
Johannes Linn. Интервью с Зульфирой Ахмедовой
10

gyz Republic, Government of the Kyrgyz Republic, и Дильшодом Ахунджановым из представитель-
People of the Kyrgyz Republic and International ства ЕБРР в Узбекистане, 8 июля 2004 г., и коммю-
Community, см. http://www.internews.kg/modules. нике Rika Ishii, представительство руководителя
php?op=modload&name=News&?le=article&sid= экономического отдела ЕБРР в Лондоне, 7 дека-
1608&mode=thread&order=0&thold=0. См. также бря, 2004.
Saidazimova 2005b.
Blagov 2004.
11

Pashkun 2003a.
62
Blagov 2005a.
12

3 См. Saidazimova 2005a and 2005c, Alibekov 2005.
6
Gleason 2004b.
13

Опрос общественного мнения Всемирного банка.
64
Dorian 2004.
14

Asian Development Bank, n.d., p. 65
65
Gleason 2004b.
15

Там же, стр. 65–66.
66
Там же.
16

См. также Главу 3 данного доклада.
67
Там же.
17

Там же. См также World Bank Indicators of Gover-
68
Economist Intelligence Unit 2005.
18
nance, www.info.worldbank.org/governance.
Как заметила Fiona Hill: «Самый большой вклад
19
См.: Van De Walle 1997, Richard Joseph 1998, Karl
69
России в безопасность на ее южном фланге за
1999, Collins 2004.
последнее десятилетие состоял не в военном
Rotberg 2003, Rotberg 2004.
70
присутствии на базах, в развертывании войск
или заключении пактов о безопасности и прода-
См: Roy 2000, Collins, 2002.
71

же оружия, а в том, что она приняла избыточную
Khamidov 2002 .
72
(преимущественно мужскую) рабочую силу из
International Crisis Group June 2003a. кавказских и центральноазиатских государств,
73

обеспечила рынки для их товаров и переводила
См., например, International Crisis Group 2003b.
74
средства в форме денежных переводов, а не ино-
См. Таблицу 7.4. В отношении Таджикистана и Тур-
75
странной помощи» (2004).
кменистана нет сравнительных данных за этот пе-
Там же.
20
риод.
18 октября, 2004 г. Россия подписала соглашение
21

с Таджикистаном, по которому несколько сотен
Глава 8 тысяч таджикских мигрантов могут официально
зарегистрироваться как работники и получить
Данная глава посвящена в основном отношениям
1

медицинскую страховку. Сообщение BBC от 18
на официальном уровне – между правительства-
октября 2004 г.
ми или между правительствами, с одной стороны,
и международными и региональными организа- Hill 2004.
22

циями – с другой. Вопросы частных инвестиций и
Oxford Analitical Report, 18 октября 2004 г.
23
торговли рассматриваются в Главе 3.
Peimani 2004b.
24
Относительно высокий и растущий уровень по-
2

мощи Казахстану в абсолютных цифрах и даже на Daily 2005.
25

душу населения может показаться удивительным, Россия выдала лидеров оппозиции, попросивших
26
учитывая стремительный рост богатства страны, у нее убежища, правительствам Кыргызстана и
основанный на торговле энергоносителями. Таджикистана. См. Blagov 2003. Россия также удо-
Hill 2004.
3
влетворила просьбу правительства Таджикистана
о передаче лидера оппозиционной Демократи-
Tolipov 2004.
4

ческой партии Таджикистана Махмудрузи Искан-
Gleason 2004a.
5
дарова, который в декабре 2004 г. находился в
Москве. См. Mahmudov 2004. Россия отреагиро-
Россия предоставляла гуманитарную помощь,
6

в особенности Таджикистану. Россия прислала вала на беспорядки в Андижане, Узбекистан, в мае
56 тонн гуманитарных грузов, после того как в 2005 г., возложив вину на исламских террористов
результате оползней и наводнений более 1 000 и поддержав действия узбекского правительства.
таджикских граждан оказались без крова в конце См. McDermott, 2005.


258
Примечания

Wu and Chen 2004, p. 1 064. Oliker et al. 2004, p. 262.
27 60


Oresman 2003, pp. 78–79. Страновое исследование ПРООН по Туркмениста-
28 61

ну.
Китай также решительно поддержал инициативу
29

ЦАРЭС. Khachaturian 2004.
62


Изложение доклада Blaxall 2003, p. 165. IRNA 2004.
30 63


Oresman 2004. Там же.
31 64


Там же. UzReport.com 2005.
32 65


Помимо торговых и энергетических связей, упо- Радио Free Europe / Radio Liberty 2005а, Voice of
33 66

мянутых здесь, потенциально сложным может America 2005.
явиться вопрос о распределении водных ресур- Peimani 2004a.
67
сов между Казахстаном и Китаем, упомянутый в
Khan 2004, pp. 50–51.
68
Главе 4.
Kyrgyz National News Agency 2004.
69
Wu and Chen 2004, p. 1 074.
34

Khwaja 2004, p. 9.
70
Там же.
35

Khan 2004, p. 57.
71
Там же.
36

Alibekov 2003.
72
The Economist 2004b, pp. 46–47.
37

Jawahar 2002.
73
Bransten 2004.
38

Davis and Sweeney 2004, p. 72.
74
При строительстве трубопровода имели место
39

некоторые трения в связи с тем, что обе сторо- Starr 2004, p. 17.
75

ны требовали, чтобы в проекте были заняты их
Khwaja 2004.
76
рабочие. Более того, китайским рабочим платят
Одним из проявлений потенциала для напряжен-
77
почти в три раза больше, чем казахским рабочим.
ности явился призыв лидеров ШОС к США, озву-
Kuanov 2004.
ченный в конце июля 2005 г. на саммите в Астане,
Lelyveld 2004.
40
чтобы США определились со сроками ухода с баз
Kazakhstan News Bulletin 2004.
41
в Центральной Азии. Вслед за этим, также в июле
2005 г., Узбекистан потребовал ухода американцев
Bransten 2004.
42

с воздушной базы в Узбекистане. Реакция Узбеки-
Wu and Chen 2004, p.1 074.
43
стана, по-видимому, была связана с критикой США
Oresman 2004. положения в Узбекистане с правами человека.
44


Интернет-портал правительства Узбекистана, без Davis and Sweeney 2004, pp. 47–78.
45 78

даты Официальный веб-сайт GTZ (www.gtz.de).
79

Oresman 2004.
46
Интервью Johannes Linn с Dr.Wolfgang Armbruster,
80

Otorbaev 2004. 21 февраля 2005.
47


Oxford Analitica Report, 23 сентября 2004. See the SECO website, www.swisscoop.kg/index.
48 81

php?navID=3244&lID=1&userhash=33058255&o?c
Приведено в Asian Development Bank 2005.
49
eID=40.
Bransten 2004.
50
See the SECO website, www.swisscoop.kg/index.
82

Uygyur Information Agency 2004.
51
php?navID=3244&lID=1&userhash=33058255&o?c
eID=40.
Oresman 2004.
52


SWISSINFO, see www.swissinfo.org/sen/swissinfo.
83
Blagov 2005b.
53

html?siteSect=2156&sid=4574256&cKey=10724470
См.http://usinfo.state.gov/usinfo/Archive/2005/Jul/
54
23000.
26-239598.html.
Там же.
84
The Times of Central Asia 2004a.
55

Интервью с Мэри Норрис, должностное лицо
85
Интервью с представителями посольства Респу-
56
ЮСАИД, ответственное за программу по экономи-
блики Узбекистан в Соединенных Штатах, 2003 г., и
ческому росту, Алматы, Казахстан, 4 января 2005 г.
частные разговоры с узбекскими бизнесменами.
DFID 2004.
85
На саммите ШОС в июле 2005 г. было принято
57

USAID 2004.
86
решение о создании «контактной группы ШОС-
Афганистан» для борьбы с незаконным оборотом DFID 2004.
87

наркотиков, «стабилизации социально-экономи-
См. примечание 86.
88
ческой ситуации» и участия в программах восста-
новления Афганистана». См. Socor 2005. Rizaev 2005, p. 1.
89


Smith 2004. US Department of State 2004.
58 90


Afrasiabi 2004, Khan 2004, p.45. The Economist 2004a.
59 91




259
В будущее без барьеров: региональное сотрудничество в области человеческого развития и обеспечения человеческой безопасности

Официальный сайт Europe Aid Cooperation O?ce, Asian Development Bank 2003a, p. ii-iii..
92 106

http://europa.eu.int. World Bank 2004c, Annex 3.
107

DFID 2004, pp. 2 and 16.
93
World Bank 2004e. Большая часть поддержки ре-
108

US Department of State 2004. форм микрофинансирования со стороны Между-
94

народной финансовой корпорации и ЕБРР обе-
Там же.
95
спечивается двусторонними донорами, включая
См. также официальный сайт Europe Aid Coopera-
96
DFID и USAID.
tion O?ce http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_re-
Коммюнике Martin Holtmann из Всемирного банка
109
lations/ceeca/tacis/.
Johannes Linn, 21 декабря 2004.
Интервью Johannes Linn с Hugues Mingarelli, ди-
97
Asian Development Bank 2004c, Appendix 1, p. 58.
110
ректором по Восточной Европе, Кавказу и Цен-
тральной Азии и Constantinos Vardakis, Mark Raym- Там же.
111

aekers, и Pierre Borgoltz из REFLEX, часть Европей- Asian Development Bank 2004c, Appendix 1, p. 59.
112
ской комиссии, которая определяет стратегию и
Там же, p. 59.
113
приоритеты помощи в развитии, 23–24 февраля
2005 г. World Bank 2004e.
114


Europe Aid Cooperation O?ce o?cial website,
98
Asian Development Bank 2004c, p. i
115

http://europa.eu.int.
В настоящий момент вопрос о членстве России
116

Government of Germany 2001, p. 5.
99
рассматривается.
Johannes Linn интервью с Dr. Armbruster, 21 фев-
100
См., например, United Nations Coordination Unit in
117

раля 2005. Tajikistan, n.d.
Там же.
101
Birdsall and Rojas-Suarez (2004) приходят к выводу,
118

что в целом доноры не выделяют достаточные фи-
Reuters News 2004.
102

нансовые средствa на обеспечение доступа к реги-
Asian Development Bank 2004a.
103
ональным общественным благам в целом в мире.
Сюда входит, в частности, исследование Азиатско-
104
Такая база данных по донорам для Юго-Восточной
119
го банка развития для данного отчета (Глава 3 в Европы была создана совместно Европейским со-
данном докладе), которое посвящено региональ- юзом и Всемирным банком; см. see www.seerecon.
ной торговле, транспорту и транзиту в Централь- org.
ной Азии.
До сих пор Туркменистан отклоняет приглашение
120
Asian Development Bank 2004c, Appendix A, p. 57.
105
участвовать в ЦАРЭС.




260
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