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I eiiiaiee PORTAL Engineering


Oaio? niaaenoaey i?aai?eyoeyi ieiiiiai aeciana "PORTAL Engineering" niaoeaeece?oaony ia
ieacaiee eiinaeoeiaiauo oneoa eiiiaieyi?o?anoieeai ieiiiiai ?uiea. Aanu eiiieaen oneoa
?acaaeyaony ii neaao?uei iai?aaeaieyi:


Io?aneaaua i?iaeou
I?iaeou, i?aaiacia?aiiua aey oe?ieiai e?oaa eeo. ?acoeuoaou ii?ao i?eia?anoe e?aia caei?
oa?aniaaiiia eeoi.

• Enneaaiaaiey ieiiiiai ?uiea a ?a?eia iiieoi?eiaa: noieiinou aioiauo eiino?oeoee, ioaiea
ea?anoaa ianeo?eaaiey, i?aaiecaoey e oneiaey ?aaiou ieiiiuo eiiiaiee, oneiaey i?aainoaa?
eyaiua aeea?ai, e i?.;
• A?aaiaiia io?aneaaia ni?aai?iia ecaaiea "Ieiiiue aecian. Aaeay ieia…" + I?eei?aiea,
aee??a?uaa a naay i?iecaiaeoaeae aioiauo eiino?oeoee;
• I?aaiecaoey ?acaeaa?ueo oaiaoe?aneeo aecian ? naieia?ia aey i?iecaiaeoaeae, iai?aaeai?
iuo ia iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe aeciana, oaeaiai?aaeaiiue iaiai iiuoii;
• Aaie aioiauo iaoiaee: noaiaa?ou ea?anoaaiiiai ianeo?eaaiey eeeaioia, nenoaia aaaioaoee,
eco?aiea iiaiey eeeaioia e iiiaia a?oaia. Aieoiaiou, ieaiu enneaaiaaiee, aieaou.


Eiaeaeaoaeuiua i?iaeou
I?iaeou, iai?aaeaiiua ia ?aoaiea eiaeaeaoaeuiuo caaa?, noiyueo ia?aa i?aaiecaoeyie ia
?aciuo yoaiao ?acaeoey. ?acoeuoaou aaiiiai aeaa i?iaeoia eiioeaaioeaeuiu.

• Ia?eaoeiaiaua enneaaiaaiey aiaoiae e aioo?aiiae n?aau i?aaiecaoee, iai?aaeaiiua ia au?
yaeaiea iacaaaenoaiaaiiuo ?ano?nia ?acaeoey e ?ac?aaioee no?aoaaee;
• I?iaae?aiea i?iaoeoee e eiiiaiee ia ?uiea (io auiieiaiey ioaaeuiuo ia?ii?eyoee, iai?e?
ia?, ?ac?aaioee ?aeeaiii?eioi?iaoeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia, ?aciauaiey eo a i?anna (a oii ?en?
ea e a ieiiiie), ai anaai eiiieaena ia?ii?eyoee ii i?iaae?aie?);
• Niaoeaeuiia i?aaei?aiea ii i?aaiecaoee eiaiiie (ia eiy ?oeiaiaeoaey eiiiaiee) aa?aniie
ii?oiaie ?annueee ? direct?mail. Eiiiaiee iaeaaaao aeooaeuiie Aacie Aaiiuo ieiiiuo eii?
iaiee ii anae ?O, niaa??auay aiea 2500 aa?ania;
• Ia?niiae: iiaai?, nenoaia iioeaaoee, ioaiea

Aey i?aaiecaoee, n eioi?uie caee??ai aiaiai? ia eiaeaeaoaeuiue i?iaeo, ia a?aiy aaenoaey
aiaiai?a ?acoeuoaou io?aneaauo i?iaeoia i?aainoaaey?ony aanieaoii.



I?eioeiu e iniaaiiinoe ?aaiou Oaio?a
Aieiaoaeuiia eiaeaeaoaeuiia ioiioaiea: o?ao niaoeoeee, o?aaeoee, ei?ii?aoeaiie eoeuoo?u
i?aai?eyoey;
Eiiieaeniinou: auiieiaiea i?iaeoa io ia?aea e ai eiioa;
Nenoaiiinou: o?ao aeeyiee ieaie?oaiie aayoaeuiinoe ia a?oaea nenoaiu i?aaiecaoee;
Aeaeinou iiaoiaa: aicii?iinou auai?a oi?iu niaianoiie ?aaiou;
Auiieiaiea iaycaoaeunoa e aiaiai?aiiinoae.



Aoaai ?aau ieacaou niaaenoaea a iienea aiiieieoaeuiuo aicii?iinoae aey i?ioaaoa ?
iey Aaoaai aeciana!




4 Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
Oaa?aaiua eieeaae, a?ocuy!

Aio e auoei a naao aoi?ia ecaaiea eaoaeiaa?ni?aai?ieea "Ieii?
iue aecian. Aaeay ieia…". Eae au aeaeoa, ia oieuei iacaaiea i?a?
oa?iaei eciaiaiea. Aue o?oai iiuo ia?aiai ecaaiey, auneooaiu
e ?aaeeciaaiu ii?aeaiey eieeaa, o?anoieeia. Aio ?oi a eoiaa ii?
eo?eeinu. Ni?aai?iee noae iieiaa, eioa?aniaa, i?a?aa anaai ca
n?ao eiee?anoaaiiiai e ea?anoaaiiiai ninoaaa eiiiaiee?o?anoie?
eia, a oae ?a aeaaiaa?y iaiiaeaiiie no?oeoo?a ?aciauaiey ei?
oi?iaoee. Anee ia?aia ecaaiea auei iino?iaii ii naaiaioa?ii?
io i?eciaeo, oi nae?an i?eioei ?aciauaiey eioi?iaoee ? oaia?
oe?aneee. 2?a ecaaiea eaoaeiaa ? ni?aai?ieea ninoieo ec o?ao ?a?
noae: eioi?iaoeiiiie, eaoaeiaa i?iaoeoee, eaoaeiaa eiiiaiee.
Ana ?acaaeu niaaeiaiu ia?ae?anoiuie nnueeaie, eioi?ua iicai?
ey?o iieo?eou eioi?iaoe? a iieiii iauaia i?e ieieioia one?
eee e a?aiaie.

A nayce n oniaoii ia?aiai ecaaiey auei ?aoaii oaaee?eou oe?a?
ai 5000 yecaiiey?ia.

Oaeu iaoae niaianoiie n eiiiaieyie ?aaiou ? nicaaou ni?aai??
iia ecaaiea, eioi?ia noaiao ?aai?ei eino?oiaioii, ianoieuiie
eieaie aey ?oeiaiaeoaeae, oaoie?aneeo niaoeaeenoia eiiiaiee?
i?iecaiaeoaeae naaoii?ic?a?iuo eiino?oeoee. Iiyoiio a ni?a?
ai?ieea ? eaoaeiaa iu iinoa?aeenu nia?aou eioi?iaoe? iai
anai, ?oi iaiaoiaeii aey iaania?aiey iieiioaiiiai i?ioanna
i?iecaianoaa, oi anou iaeaieaa iieii i?aanoaaeou eiiu?ieoo?o
?uiea. Yoi ia oieuei iinoaaueee iai?oaiaaiey, i?iecaiaeoa?
ee/iinoaaueee eiiieaeoo?ueo, ii e annioeaoee, o?aaiua oaio?u,
niaoeaeece?iaaiiua io?aneaaua ecaaoaeunoaa ? ana, ?oi iiii?ao
iiii?u a i?iecaianoaa e i?iaae?aiee aioiaie i?iaoeoee e a ni?
i?iai?aa?uae yoe i?ioannu aayoaeuiinoe.

Iu oaa?aiu, ?oi eaoaeia iiii?ao eiiiaieyi?o?anoieeai ?anoe?
?eou e?oa naieo ia?oia?ia, eeeaioia. A i?iecaiaeoaeyi aioiauo
eiino?oeoee ? iieo?eou iieio? e ainoiaa?io? eioi?iaoe?.

Oioei iiaeaaiaa?eou ca iiiiuu a nicaaiee eaoaeiaa iaoeo oaa?
?aaiuo niiini?ia. Yoi oniaoiua, ecaanoiua ia ?uiea eiiiaiee
"Veka Rus" e a?oiia i?aai?eyoee "Funke". A oae?a niaoeaeece?i?
aaiiua ieiiiua ecaaiey "Ana ieia…", "Ieiiiia iaic?aiea",
"OKNA.bz", "Naaoii?ic?a?iua eiino?oeoee", eioi?ua ieacaee iai
eioi?iaoeiiio? iiaaa??eo.

Iai auei eioa?anii e i?eyoii ?aaioaou n Aaie! Nianeai, ca ii?
iiuu a nicaaiee ni?aai?ieea!

Eoae, ?aaioa iaa aoi?ui ecaaieai caeii?eeanu, ii o?a iinea ia?
i?iaie?eoaeuiiai ioauoa iu ia?iai ?aaioo iaa o?aouei ecaaie?
ai. Iaauaai iiaua eaae, iai?eaaiiua ?aoaiey. Aoaai ?aau
eiiiaioa?eyi, ii?aeaieyi, niaaoai.
?aaaeoeiiiue Eieeaeoea
Aia?i ii?aeiaaou ia no?aieou aoi?iai ecaaiey ni?aai?ieea?ea?
oaeiaa "Ieiiiue aecian. Aaeay ieia… 2005/06"!


N oaa?aieai,
eieeaeoea Oaio?a niaaenoaey i?aai?eyoeyi ieiiiiai aeciana
"PORTAL Engineering"
NOAOU? I NOAOU?O


Eioi?iaoeiiiue ?acaae ? yoi ia?aay ?anou ni?aai?ieea "Ieiiiue aecian. Aaeay ieia...". A i?i
nia?aiu i?aeoe?aneea ?aeiiaiaaoee o?anoieeia ?uiea, Aaoeo eieeaa, ii aii?inai caia?a,
iiioa?a e ooiaa ca ieiaie, noaoue i eiiieaeoo?ueo e aioiauo eiino?oeoeyo.

?acaae ia i?aoaiaoao ia aanie?oiinou e iaen?a?iaaiinou eioi?iaoee, ii yoi ia?aei. A aaeu?
iaeoai ii aoaao ?acaeaaouny, e ?anoe, eae iu iaaaainy n Aaoei o?anoeai.


?aciauay naie noaoue, aaoi?u iieo?a?o neaao?uea auaiau:
1. Aanieaoiia oiiieiaiea i naaa e i naiae eiiiaiee a eaoaeiaa, oi anou ?enoue, iieiioaiiue PR




EIioi?iaoey
2. Iiceoeiie?iaaiea naay, eae noi?ie?iaaaoaainy i?aeoeea ieiiiiai aeciana, aioiaiai iiaa?
eeouny naiei iiuoii

E?iia oiai, aaiiue ni?aai?iue ?acaae eiae?anee aiiieiyao iineaao?uea: eaoaeia i?iaoeoee
e eiiiaiee. Oi anou, ioaeeeoy eioa?aniue iaoa?eae, Au ii?aoa naaeaou nnueeo ia nai? eiiia?
ie? eee i?iaoeoe? ?aciauaiiua a a?oaeo ?acaaeao ni?aai?ieea.

I?enueaeoa naie iaoa?eaeu ia aa?an catalog@portal?e.ru, iu iaycaoaeuii ?anniio?ei e iioa?
eeeoai eo, anee iie aoaoo niioaaonoaiaaou neaao?uei o?aaiaaieyi:
1. I?eeeaaiie oa?aeoa? iienaiiuo iaoiaee
2. Ionoonoaea i?yiie ?aeeaiu
3. ?aeiiaiaoaiia eiee?anoai ciaeia n i?iaaeaie ? 5000 ciaeia (2 iieinu)
Aoaai ?aau nio?oaie?anoao!

Eoae, ia?aia, n ?aai ia?eiaaony ?acaae, "Neiaa?u oa?ieiia". Yoi iiii?ao iiae?eai eaa?a i?e?
aioe?iaaouny a eaoaeiaa. Aaeaa i?aanoaaeaiu noaoue ii iai?aaeaieyi ieiiiiai aeciana: Eiii?
eaeoo?uea, aioiaua eiino?oeoee e ia?eaoeia.
Iaeioi?ua ec noaoae iaienaiu niaoeaeuii aey aaiiiai eaoaeiaa, iaeioi?ua iaeaaiu iaie a Ei?
oa?iaoa e a a?oaeo enoi?ieeao, nnueee oeacaiu a eiioa ea?aie noaoue.

A caaa?oaiea, oiiiyiai i oaeyo nicaaiey aaiiiai ?acaaea. ?aoea nicaaou aaiiue ?acaae, iu
i?aneaaiaaee 2 iniiaiua oaee:
1. Iiiiuu ?oeiaiaeoaeyi eiiiaiee a iieo?aiee iauaeoeaiie e i?eeeaaiie eioi?iaoee, ei?
oi?ay aoaao nia?aia a iaiii ianoa
2. Niaaenoaea eiiiaieyi a iaeaieaa auno?ii iao?aiee iiauo nio?oaieeia

?aai, Aaoeo i?aaei?aiee ii oniaa?oainoaiaaiey eaoaeiaa e, eiia?ii, iaoa?eaeu aey ioaeeeaoee!




N oaa?aieai,
Eieeaeoea Oaio?a niaaenoaey i?aai?eyoeyi ieiiiiai aeciana
"PORTAL Engineering",
catalog@portal?e.ru


9
Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
NEIAA?U OA?IEIIA


A?ie?o?uee i?ioeeu Noaeuiie (eae i?aaeei, ioeieiaaiiue) oneeeoaeuiue yeaiaio, ia?
oiayueeny aioo?e IAO ? i?ioeey e iaiaoiaeiue aey i?eaaiey
?anoeinoe ieiiiie eiino?oeoee
Aenoaioeiiiay ?aiea Yeaiaio noaeeiiaeaoa, neo?auee ?anii?eie ia?ao ioaaeuiuie
noaeeaie. Iau?ii aenoaioeiiiay ?aiea naaeaia ec ae?ieiey, ?a?
?a ec noaee, IAO eee a?oaeo iaoa?eaeia. A aieuoeinoaa neo?aaa
ia?oi?e?oaony n aioo?aiiae noi?iiu aey ainooia aicaooa e ino?
oeoae?, iaoiayuaiony aioo?e ?aiee. ?aiea ne?aieyaony ia iean?
oeeiauo oaieeao eee naeaaaony
EIioi?iaoey




Eiiino I?ioeeu ei?iaee, neo?auee aey i?eoai?a noai?ie e iaaanee
noai?ie a o?ao? e aieaa noai??aouo ieiao
Eiioo? oieioiaiey Iaeanou i?eiueaiey ii ia?eiao?o noai?ee ieia, ia?aciaaiiay ?a?
ceiiaui oieioieoaeai e ieanoeeii (aey IAO ? ieii). Auaaao 2, 3
e 4 eiioo?a oieioiaiey. Aaoo eiioo?ia oieioiaiey ainoaoi?ii aey
i?aeoe?anee iieiie aa?iaoe?iinoe ieia
Eiyooeoeaio oaieiia?aaa?e Eiyooeoeaio, ii?aaaey?uee oaieioece?aneea naienoaa
eiino?oeoee (ieia). ?ai auoa ENI, oai eo?oa eiino?oeoey oaa??
?eaaao oaiei. O noa?uo aa?aayiiuo ieii aac noaeeiiaeaoa k=0,3?
0,35 i2 °N/Ao. Ii nia?aiaiiui o?aaiaaieyi, ieii aie?ii eiaou
eiyooeoeaio aieaa 0,55 i2 °N/Ao. Yoi iaania?eaaaony aaooeaia??
iui noaeeiiaeaoii n k? eee i?noaeeii. Ii iaeioi?ui ioaieai, a
aee?aeoea aiau o?aaiaaiey e oaieinii?ioeaeaie? ieia i?eaee?
cyony e 1 i2 °N/Ao
Eaieie?iaaiea IAO i?ioeey I?ioann iaianaiey eaieiaoa (aaei?aoeaiie ieaiee) ia i?ioeeu.
Eaieiao iaiinyo ia i?ioeeu n iaiie eee aaoo noi?ii aey i?eaa?
iey aio aaei?aoeaiuo naienoa ieaiee (oaao, oaeoo?o), a oae ?a ai?
iieieoaeuiuo caueoiuo naienoa
Iaeaeoey?iia neoi (neeeeaaaeu) Ni?aaiou, ecae?aoaeuii iiaeiua?uea ec ie?o?a?uae n?aau aa?
uanoaa, iieaeoeu eioi?uo ia i?aauoa?o ii?aaae?iiuo ?acia?ia.
Oaeea ni?aaiou eae au ionaeaa?o e?oiiua iieaeoeu io iaeeeo.
?acee?a?o ieia?aeuiua (iai?aaie?aneea) e i?aaie?aneea
Ioein IAO Ieineee e oe?ieee i?ioeeu, eniieucoaiue aey ?enoiaie ioaae?
ee aieiauo iiaa?oiinoae ieiiiiai i?iaia. Ioeinu auaa?o i?i?
oeee?iaaiiuie eee ec aniaiaiiiai IAO (eniieucoaony a aiiao n
oienouie noaiaie)
Ioeea Ieineee e oe?ieee i?ioeeu, onoaiaaeeaa?ueeny nia?o?e ieia
e i?aaiacia?aiiue aey ioaiaa ai?aaaie aiau e a?oaeo inaaeia
io ieia. Auaaao noaeuiie?ioeieiaaiiue, ae?ieieaaue n iie?u?
oeai eee IAO
Iianoaai?iue i?ioeeu E?aieouny e ?aiiiio i?ioee? a ie?iae ?anoe ieia, i?aaiacia?ai
aey onoaiiaee iia ?aiie ieia iiaieiiieea e ioeeaa. Iiiiaaao ec?
aa?aou iiiaaaiey aiau a iiioa?iue oia
?aia Iaiiaae?iay ieanoeeiaay (aey IAO ? ieii) ?anou ieia, e eioi?ie
iiaoo e?aieouny noai?ee
?aiiue i?ioeeu Eniieucoaony aey nicaaiey iniiaiie eiino?oeoee (?aiu), iau?ii
eaao ii eiioo?o anaai ieia


10 Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
NEIAA?U OA?IEIIA


?ieunoaaie Caueoiua ?ae?ce, nai?a?eaa?ueany a ?oeii. I?eiaiyaony aey ca?
ueou ieii, aaa?ae, aaeeiiia, aa?a?ae, aeo?ei eeineia io aceiia.
Naa?i?iue noaiie Noaiie aey naa?eaaiey IAO i?ioeey. Auaa?o iaiiaieiai?iuie,
aaooaieiai?iuie e ?aou?aoaieiai?iuie. I?ioann naa?eaaiey
aee??aao neaao?uea yoaiu: i?e?ei i?ioeey, iaa?aa oi?oia n ii?
iiuu? ?acia?aoie ieanoeiu, iie?uoie oaoeiiii (aey enee??aiey
i?eeeiaiey), aaoiiaoe?aneiai i?e?eiaiey i?ioeeae ia?ao niaie
Noai?ea Ioe?uaa?uayny ?anou ieia
Noai?i?iue i?ioeeu I?ioeeu, ec eio?iai ecaioaaeeaa?ony noai?ee e a?oaea ioe?uaa??




EIioi?iaoey
ueany yeaiaiou
Noaeeiiaeao Ecaaeea ec aaoo eee aieaa noaeie, aa?iaoe?ii, niaaeiaiiuo a?oa n
a?oaii i?e iiiiue aenoaioeiiiie ?aiee, a oae ?a aioo?aiiaai e
aiaoiaai aa?iaoeea, ia?aco?ueo caieiooo? iieinou, caiieiai?
io? inooaiiui aicaooii eee eia?oiuie aacaie. A caaeneiinoe
io oiai, neieuei noaeie eniieucoaony, ?acee?a?o iaiieaia?iue
(aaa noaeea e iaia eaia?a ia?ao ieie) e aaooeaia?iue (o?e noae?
ea e aaa eaia?u) noaeeiiaeaou
Oi?ea ?inu Oaiia?aoo?a, ai eioi?ie aie?ai ioeaaeouny aicaoo i?e aaiiii
aaaeaiee, aey oiai, ?oiau niaa??aueeny a iai ia? ainoea ianu?
uaiey e ia?ae eiiaaine?iaaouny, oi anou iiyaeeanu ?ina
O?eieaen, eaieie?iaaiiia noaeei A?oeoaeoo?iia noaeei, ninoiyuaa ec aaoo eee aieaa noaeie, eaieie?
?iaaiiuo aianoa n iiiiuu? eaieie?o?uae ieaiee eee niaoeaeu?
iie eaieie?o?uae ?eaeinoe. Iniiaiay caaa?a o?eieaena ? i?aiy?
onoaiaaou ianeeunoaaiiiio aoi??aie?. Eaieie?iaaiea ia oaaee?
?eaaao iaoaie?aneo? i?i?iinou noaeea, iaiaei i?e ?ac?ooaiee ea?
ieie?iaaiiia noaeei inoaaony "oaeui" aeaaiaa?y eaieie?o?uae
ieaiea, o. a. ineieee noaeea inoa?ony i?ee?aieaiiuie e ieaiea
Oci??aoia noaeei Eenoiaia noaeei, iiaa?oiinou eioi?iai eiaao aaei?aoeaio? ia?aaioeo
Oni?aciue noaiie Noaiie aey ?anieea i?ioeey (IAO, ae?ieiee, aa?aai) iia "on" aey
aaeuiaeoaai niaaeiaiey (iau?ii iia 45 a?aa.). Auaa?o iaiiai?
eiai?iuie e aaooaieiai?iuie. Aaooaieiai?iue noaiie ?a?ao
i?ioeeu iia "on" iaiia?aiaiii n aaoo noi?ii
O?aca?iai?iue noaiie O?aca?iaea aiaiioaiayueo eaiaeia i?iecaiaeony n iiiiuu?
niaoeaeuiiai o?aca?iai?iiai noaiea. Iinea oiai, eae ieanoeeiaue
i?ioeeu ?anieeai, a iai o?aca?o?ony niaoeaeuiua ioaa?noey ai?
aiioaiayuea e aaioeeyoeiiiua eaiaeu. Aneaa ca yoei ia o?aca?
?iai?iue noaiie iinooia?o caaioiaee aey eiiinoa, ?oiau "iiaia?
iaou" aai oi?ou iia oi?io ?aiu
Oo?ieoo?a ?o?ee, oieiaaeaou, caii?iua iaoaieciu e i?i?ea ono?ienoaa,
iaania?eaa?uea ioe?uaaiea noai?ie, eo oeenaoe? a eaeii?eeai
iiei?aiee eee caie?aiea
Ooaiee Ieanoeeiaay (aey IAO ? ieii) ?aeea, oaa??eaa?uay noaeeiiaeao
a ieia

A ?aaioa iaa neiaa??i auee eniieuciaaiu iaoa?eaeu n naeoa a?oiiu eiiiaiee I?IIEAEN, www.proplex.ru



11
Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
IEIA E A?OEOAEOO?IUA NOEEE


Nia?aiaiiia ?acaeoea eiaono?ee ieanoeeiauo i?ioeeae oaeiai, ?oi a?oeoaeoo?iua aicii??
iinoe IAO ?ieii i?inoi oaeaeoaeuiu.

?aciauaiea ieii ia iiaa?oiinoe noai, ?acia?u i?iaiia, oi?ia ia?aiu?ae e ia?aieaou anaa?
aa inoaaaeenu aa?iuie caaa?aie a?oeoaeoi?a a i?ioanna i?iaeoe?iaaiey. Oae nicaaaaeenu oa?
naau, eioi?ua aeaaiaa?y iauaio aa?iiie?iiio aia?aoeaie? io?a?aee aeon a?aiaie, a a iaoeo
naaiaiyoieo iiiyoeyo i?aanoaaey?o ii?aaaeaiiue noeeu. E?iia neeuiiai aeeyiey ia iaeee
caaiey ieia ?aoa?uei ia?acii aicaaenoao?o ia ea?anoai eioa?ua?a e eiioi?oiinou ?eeuy.
Ea?aue noeeu, a oii ?enea e a no?ieoaeunoaa, yaeyaony i?iaoeoii naiaai a?aiaie, ii a oi ?a
EIioi?iaoey




a?aiy ii ?acaeaaaony ia iniiaa iiuoa i?ioeiai. Noeee, naycaiiua n ii?aaaeaiiie yiioie, nea?
aoao ?anniao?eaaou a eiioaenoa iauaai enoi?e?aneiai i?ioanna.

Aey "aa?ieei" (XVIII ? ia?aay ?aoaa?ou XIX aaea) oeie?ii eniieuciaaiea iuoiuo aaei?aoeaiuo
oi?i. Niioaaonoaaiii aiaaoui auei ?aciiia?acea aaiiao?e?aneeo oi?i ieii: a?i?iua, e?oa?
eua, yeeeiniaeaiua e o. a. N oaeu? oe?ieiai ioe?uaaiey ieii noaee i?eiaiyouny ?aniaoiua
(oooeuiiaua) eiino?oeoee. Ieia eiaee iaeeea ?eaiaiey, ?oi auei naycaii n iaaicii?iinou?
i?iecaiaeou aieuoea noaeea. Oeie?iia ieii a noeea aa?ieei ? aieuoia, iiiaie?aoii ?acaaeai?
iia ia?aieaoaie ?aciie oieueiu e eiino?oeoee (aa?aai, naeiao). Ia?aiia?aeuii eniieuciaa?
einu iaeia?iia inoaeeaiea, a ia ceio a i?iaiu anoaaeyeenu aoi?ua ?aiu.

"Eeanneoeci" (i?eia?ii ai 1870a.) oa?aeoa?ecoaony ecuneaiiuie oi?iaie. Iniaui ioee?e?
oaeuiui i?eciaeii ioooeaoo?aiiuo oanaaia noaiiayony e?anoiia?aciua ieia n aieuoie
ie?iae e iaeaiueie aa?oiae ia?ie ia?aieaoia. Ai?eciioaeuiay ia?aeeaaeia auiieiyeanu eae
n?aaiee eiiino, a aa?oeeaeuiay, ?aua anaai, eae i?eoai?iay ieaiea (oooeui). I?eiaiyeenu
ieia n ai?aueueaie (oceea aaei?aoeaiua ia?aai?iaee, aaeyuea ieii) ia ie?ieo noai?eao eee
aac ieo. Oeie?iuie aey eeanneoecia yaey?ony oae?a eciaiooua ieiiiua ia?aiu?ee ni no?a?
eie iiauaia 1/7 oe?eiu ieia. A ia?eia eeanneoecia aue ?acaeo eiaiii oio aa?eaio ieii n
?acaaeuiuie ia?aieaoaie, eioi?ue noae aiieie?o?uei ia i?ioy?aiee iineaao?ueo ii?oe
noa eao.

A noeea "yeeaeoeea" no?iyo iinea 1872a. e ai ia?aea XX noieaoey. Ieia inoa?ony aa?oeeaeuii oa?
eeiaiiuie, iaiaei aa?oiyy o?aioaa ii?oe anaaaa auiieiyaony a aeaa oaeuiiai noaeea, ia ?ac?
aaeaiiiai ia?aieaoii. Ieii, oaeei ia?acii, i?eia?aoaao O?ia?aciue ia?aieao n ai?eciioaeu?
iui n?aaieeii e aa?oeeaeuiui oooeuiii a ie?iae ?anoe. aa?eaioii yoiai ?enoiea ia?aieaoa
yaey?ony ieia n oi?oi?eie, ea?auae iia n?aaieeii, e oiaaa ieii iieo?aao aua iaei ai?ecii?
oaeuiue, aieaa oiieee ia?aieao. Aey yeeaeoeee oa?aeoa?ii oae?a eiie?iaaiea oi?i ieii eiuo,
i?ioaaoeo enoi?e?aneeo noeeae.

Ia?eiay n 1900 aiaa oanaau iiiaeo ?eeuo aiiia ia?eiaao ii?aaaeyou noeeu "iiaa?i".Ini?
aui i?eciaeii iiaiai noeey a ?enoiea eae ieii, oae e aaeeiiiuo aaa?ae, noaei eniieuci?
aaiea o?aioa n iaeeie ?acaeaeie ai?aueueaie, a oi a?aiy eae ie?iea noai?ee eiaee aieu?
oo?, ia?acaaeaiio? ieiuaau noaeie. Aieuoia ?ani?ino?aiaiea iieo?a?o o?aonoai??aoua
ieia ni n?aaieeaie, n oe?ieie n?aaiae iiai?ioiie noai?eie e n oceeie, eae i?aaeei, aeo?
oeie, aieiauie. A noeea iiaa?i eiaiii ieia noaee yeaiaioii a?oeoaeoo?u, eioi?ue ya?
eyeny ai iiiaii au?a?aieai oeeinioee enoi?e?aneiai a?aiaie : ia?iiiia ?aciiia?acea
oi?i ieii ia iaiii oanaaa au?a?aei no?aieaiea e naiaiaa, auei neiaieii nia?aiai?
iinoe e ?ane?aiiuaiiinoe aooa. ?anoi auaaao oae, ?oi ia iaiii oanaaa iao aaoo iaeiaei?
auo ieii.


12 Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
IEIA E A?OEOAEOO?IUA NOEEE


I?eia?ii n 1910a. a no?ieoaeunoaa iiyaeyaony "ooieoeiiaeeci" (yoi iai?aaeaiea noeey iacu?
aa?o oae?a "iiaa?ieciii"). A yoii noeea, a ia?ao? i?a?aau, i?eieiaeenu ai aieiaiea ooie?
oey caaiey. Ooieoeiiaeuiia iacia?aiea i?iyaeyeinu a ono?ienoaa ianeiiao?e?iuo ieii n
aieuoie e iaeaiueie noai?eaie. Eae iaei ec a?oeoaeoo?iuo noeeae ooieoeiiaeeci ?ani?ino?
?aiai ai ianoiyuaai a?aiaie. Eeou a iineaaiea aaa aanyoeeaoey caiaoii no?aieaiea a i?iae?
oe?iaaiee e i?iecaianoaa ieii niiaa, a aieuoae noaiaie, enoiaeou ec eo ynoaoe?aneeo ea?anoa.
Oae iacuaaaiue "iinoiiaa?ieci" e ?aciiia?aciua iineaao?uea nia?aiaiiua noeee yaey?ony
ioeacii io i?eioeiia ooieoeiiaeecia.




EIioi?iaoey
Enoi?iee: http://ujutstyle.narod.ru/calendar.html




13
Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
N?AAIEOAEUIUE AIAEEC IAOA?EAEIA AE? I?IOEEAE


Nia?aiaiiua ieia ioee?a?ony aunieie aa?iaoe?iinou?, iaeaaa?o ieceie oaieii?iaiaiinou?
e aunieie caoeiecieyoeae. E?iia oiai, iie iaaa?iua, aieaiaa?iua, oaiaiua a yenieoaoaoee e,
yaey?ony oe?aoaieai aiia, anee niioaaonoao?o iauaio a?oeoaeoo?iiio caiuneo.

I?aeoe?anee ana iaoa?eaeu, eniieucoaiua a i?iecaianoaa i?ioeeae aey nia?aiaiiuo ieii,
iicaiey?o nicaaaaou e?aua oi?iu.

Naaiaiy iiieii o?aaeoeiiiuo aa?aayiiuo, ii?ii aua?aou ieia, naaeaiiua ec IAO i?ioeey,
ae?ieiey, noaeeiieanoeea. Ano?a?a?ony e eiiaeie?iaaiiua ieiiiua i?ioeee.
Ea?aue ec iaoa?eaeia aey i?iecaianoaa ieiiiuo i?ioeeae eiaao naie i?aeiouanoaa, e naie
EIioi?iaoey




iaainoaoee.

Nia?aiaiiua aa?aayiiua ieia i?iecaiayony ii niaoeaeuiui nia?aiaiiui oaoiieiaeyi, aea?
aiaa?y ?aio i?eia?aoa?o iaaa?io? caueoo io aicaaenoaey ie?o?a?uae n?aau. Iaiaei, i?ia?
eeou n?ie neo?au aa?aayiiuo i?ioeeae, ii?ii oieuei ouaoaeuii ca ieie ooa?eaay.
Ianiio?y ia oi, ?oi ieia ec aa?aaa e iaeaaa?o ieceie oaieii?iaiaiinou? e aunieie caoeieci?
eyoeae, a neeo naieo i?e?iaiuo naienoa, aaiiua iieacaoaee ana?oaee ianeieuei ie?a, ?ai o
ieanoeeiauo eiino?oeoee.

Iaiei ec nouanoaaiiuo iaainoaoeia aa?aayiiuo i?ioeeae yaeyaony eo ioiineoaeuii aunieay
noieiinou, ii n?aaiaie? n i?ioeeyie IAO.

Ieia ec ae?ieieaaiai i?ioeey ?aua i?eiaiyeenu ia iauaeoao i?iiuoeaiiiai iacia?aiey
eee a iauanoaaiiuo caaieyo, ?ai a ?eeuo aiiao. Naaiaiy iaae?aaaony oaiaaioey ?anoe?aiey
iaeanoe i?eiaiaiey ae?ieieaauo ieii a aiiao, ?oi iaoneiaeaii aiaa?aieai iiauo oaoiiei?
aee (ecia?aoaiea "oaieiai" ae?ieiey).

Iaiei ec i?aeiouanoa ae?ieieaauo eiino?oeoee yaeyaony aieaee n?ie neo?au (aieaa 80 eao)
e ooia, ia o?aao?ueo niaoeaeuiuo iaaueia.

Nouanoaaiiui iaainoaoeii ae?ieieaauo i?ioeeae yaeyaony eo aieuoay oaieii?iaiaiinou.
Eiaiii iiyoiio, ae?ieieaaua i?ioeee ia oae iiioey?iu a inoaeeaiee ?eeuo iiiauaiee.
I?iecaianoai "oaieuo" i?ioeeae ? yia?aiaieee, ai?iainoiyuee i?ioann, e eae neaanoaea yoe
ieia a 2?3 ?aca ai?i?a, ?ai, iai?eia?, ieia ec IAO.

Ieia ec IAO (iieeaeieeoei?eaa) iiyaeeenu a ?innee ieiei iieoaaea iacaa, e naaiaiy caieia?
?o eeae?o?uea iiceoee ia ?uiea ieiiiuo oaoiieiaee.

?acoeuoaou iiiai?eneaiiuo enneaaiaaiee niaoeaeenoia iieacaee, ?oi n?ie neo?au IAO i?i?
oeeae ninoaaeyao ia iaiaa 40 eao yenieoaoaoee.

Ieiiiua i?ioeee ec IAO ia iiaaa??aiu ?ac?ooaie? e ei??icee, onoie?eau e aoiinoa?iiio
aicaaenoae?, a oae ?a ii?a?ionoie?eau. Ieanoeeiaua ieia i?inou a yeonieoaoaoee e ia o?aao?
?o ?anoiai e ouaoaeuiiai ooiaa. Ii niioiioaie? oaia?ea?anoai ieanoeeiaua ieia yaey?ony ii?
oeiaeuiui aa?eaioii.

Ana ?anniio?aiiua iaoa?eaeu aey ieiiiuo i?ioeeae ninoaaey?o a?oa a?oao ainoieio? eiieo?
?aioe? ia ?uiea ieiiiuo oaoiieiaee.

Enoi?iee: http://www.td?profit.ru/articles.htm



14 Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
ENOI?E? E OA?AEOA?ENOEEE IAOAEEIIEANOEEIAIAI IEIA


Iaiiiai enoi?ee
Iieeaeieeoei?ea (IAO) yaeyaony iaiei ec naiuo ?aiieo eneonnoaaiiuo iaoa?eaeia, nicaai?
iuo o?aiuie. Aia?aua ii aue iieo?ai oeieeii ?aaiaeuaii a 1835 aiao. N 1912 aiaa ia?aeenu
iienee aicii?iinoae i?iiuoeaiiiai auionea IAO, a a 1931 aiao eiioa?iii BASF auee auio?
uaiu ia?aua oiiiu yoiai iaoa?eaea.

A ia?aea 50?o aiaia, nia?aea a NOA, a caoai e a Aa?iia, ia?aeinu eniieuciaaiea IAO a ea?ano?
aa iaoa?eaea aey ieiiiuo ?ai. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy ieia ecaioaaeeaa?ony ec yeno?oae?iaaiiuo
IAO?nenoai. Yeno?ocey (io iicaiaeaoeineiai extrusio ? auoaeeeaaiea) caee??aaony a iai?a?ua?




EIioi?iaoey
iii auaaaeeaaiee ?aciya?aiiiai iaoa?eaea ?a?ac ioaa?noey ii?aaaeaiiiai na?aiey. Ii?ii
neacaou, ?oi yeno?oaa?u ?aaioa?o ii i?eioeio "iyni?oaee": a iiaia?aaaaiii oeeeia?a a?aua?
?ony iaei eee ianeieuei oiaeia e iai?a?uaii iiaa?o nianu ec IAO, noaiiayuo?ny ana aieaa
ieanoe?iie ca n?ao oaaee?aiey iiaia?aaa. Caoai i?ioeee ioea?aa?ony a aaeooiiuo eaeea?a?
oi?ao, aaa ei i?eaaaony ieii?aoaeuiay oi?ia e ea?anoai iiaa?oiinoe.
Ninoaa e naienoaa
Iieeaeieeoei?ea (IAO) ? Aauanoai, iieo?aaiia a ?acoeuoaoa noniaiceiiiie iieeia?ecaoee
aeieeoei?eaa. Oeie?aneia iaeiaiiaaiea: Ethylene ?, Chloro ?, polymer.
Oeie?aneay oi?ioea: (Ch2 ? H3 ? Cl)x.
IAO ? yoi iaoa?eae, ioiinyueeny e a?oiia oa?iiieanoia. Oa?iiieanou ? yoi ieanoiannu, eioi?
?ua iinea oi?iiaaiey ecaaeey nio?aiy?o niiniaiinou e iiaoi?iie ia?a?aaioea. ?enoue IAO
ia 43% ninoieo ec yoeeaia (i?iaoeoa iaooaoeiee) e ia 57% ec naycaiiiai oei?a, iieo?aaiiai
ec iiaa?aiiie niee. IAO i?iecaiaeony a aeaa ii?ioea. Aey i?iecaianoaa ieiiiuo i?ioeeae a
ii?ioeiia?aciue IAO aiaaaey?o noaaeeecaoi?u, iiaeoeeaoi?u, ieaiaiou e aniiiiaaoaeuiua
aiaaaee.

A ea?anoaa noaaeeecaoi?ia aeaaiui ia?acii eniieucoaony naeiao, eee aua aieaa aaca?aaiia
niaaeiaiea eaeuoey e oeiea.

Aey iiauoaiey oaa?iie ayceinoe (niiniaiinoe iaoa?eaea iiaeiuaou iaoaie?aneo? yia?ae? a
i?ioanna aaoi?iaoee e ?ac?ooaiey iia aaenoaeai oaa?iie iaa?ocee) a iieeia?iua iaoa?ea?
eu, eaouea ia ecaioiaeaiea nenoaiiuo i?ioeeae, aiaaaey?o iiaeoeeaoi?u, eioi?ua iiauoa?
?o i?i?iinou ieiiiuo aaoaeae i?e eo ia?aaioea. Iiyoiio eiiaaa IAO, eniieuco?ueeny aey
i?iecaianoaa ieiiiuo i?ioeeae, iacuaa?o "iiaeoeoe?iaaiiui".

Oae?a iaiaoiaeii ioiaoeou, ?oi niaa??aiea aeieeoei?eaiuo iiiiia?ia a 1ea i?ioeey ia
i?aauoaao 1ia e eo auaaeaiey i?e e?aie ia?aaioea ia i?ienoiaeo.

IAO onoie?ea e aicaaenoae? eeneio, uaei?ae, aoiinoa?iui aicaaenoaeyi.

I?iaiaeeinu ia?iiiia eiee?anoai enneaaiaaiee iiaaaaiey iaoa?eaeia ec IAO a iaia. A ?a?
coeuoaoa yoeo enneaaiaaiee auee iieo?aiu iniiaiua oa?aeoa?enoeee IAO i?e ai?aiee: IAO ia
ainieaiaiyaony e ia iiaaa??eaaao i?ioann ai?aiey i?e ionoonoaee enoi?ieea iaiy; eiee?anoai
oaiea, auaaeyaiia i?e ai?aiee IAO, cia?eoaeuii iaiuoa, ?ai o iiiaeo a?oaeo iaoa?eaeia,
iai?eia?, a?aaaneiu. Neaaiaaoaeuii, i?eiaiaiea IAO oiaiuoaao aa?iyoiinou ii?a?a e
oiaiuoaao nei?inou ?ani?ino?aiaiey iaiy, anee ii?a? ana ?a ia?aeny.
Niaa??aiea oei?a a IAO nicaaao i?ioeaiaaenoaea ?ani?ino?aiaie? iaiy. Yoi yaeyaony aa?iie
i?e?eiie noieu oe?ieiai i?eiaiaiey ieanoeea a no?ieoaeuiie eiaono?ee.

15
Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
ENOI?E? E OA?AEOA?ENOEEE IAOAEEIIEANOEEIAIAI IEIA


IAO ? iaoa?eae, eniieucoaiue aey ecaioiaeaiey ieanoeeiauo ieii, oae ?a n oniaoii i?eiaiy?
aony a ea?anoaa no?ieoaeuiiai iaoa?eaea a aeaa aaa?ae, ioeniuo e a?. ia?aai?iaie, iiaieii?
ieeia, iaee?ieeia, ieeioonia, iieiauo iie?uoee, noaiiauo e iioiei?iuo iaiaeae, ieanoeeiauo
o?oa, iaoae e o. a.

Enoi?iee: http://ujutstyle.narod.ru/calendar.html
EIioi?iaoey




16 Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
NIINIAU IE?ANEE I?IOEEAE EC IAO


Oaaoiua i?ioeee noiyo a n?aaiai ia 10?15 % ai?i?a, ?ai aaeua. Nouanoaoao ianeieuei nii?
niaia ie?anee i?ioeeae ec IAO:
• I?ioeee, ie?aoaiiua a ianna (aaeua e ei?e?iaaua)
Ieiiiua i?ioeee, ecaioaaeeaaaiua ec iaii?iaii ie?aoaiiiai oaaoiiai IAO, a iniiaiii,
eia?o aaeue e ei?e?iaaue oaaoa, e iacuaa?ony iie i?ioeeyie n ie?aoaiiie iannie. O i?i?
oeeae oaiiuo oaaoia anou iaeioi?ua iniaaiiinoe ii n?aaiaie? n aaeuie i?ioeeyie.

1. Iiaa?oiinou oaiiuo i?ioeeae iaycaoaeuii aie?ia auou iie?uoa ae?eeiauie ieaieaie,
?oi naycaii n iaonoie?eainou? oaaoiuo e?aneoaeae e aicaaenoae? ie?o?a?uae n?aau (i?e




EIioi?iaoey
ie?aoeaaiee IAO a ianna)
2. Oaiiay ie?anea i?eaiaeo e ai?acai aieuoaio iiaeiuaie? oaiea, e oaeea i?ioeee iaia?
?o?eaa?o iaeioi?ua ooieoeiiaeuiua ia?ooaiey, ?oi ieaaee?oaony i?eiaiaieai oneee?
oaeuiuo aeeaauoae. Enoiay ec yoiai, neaaoao aua ?ac ioiaoeou, ?oi i?eiaiaiea oneee?
oaeuiuo aeeaauoae iaycaoaeuii aey anao i?ioeeae, eioi?ua ie?aoaiu a ianna a oaiiua
oaaoa, oae eae yoi iicaieyao ecaa?aou aicieeiiaaiey aaoi?iaoee/i?iaeaia yoeo i?ioe?
eae iia aicaaenoaeai iiauoaiiuo oaiia?aoo?.

• Eiyeno?oceiiiue niinia. Iicaieyao iieo?eou ae?eeiaia iie?uoea ia eeoaaie noi?iia i?i?
oeeae a ?acee?iuo oaaoiauo oiiao (iiii ? oaaoa).
Naiue iaaa?iue e aieaiaa?iue niinia ie?anee i?ioeeae. ?aeyaony ?acoeuoaoii niaianoiie
yeno?ocee ieaeneaeana (ae?eea) e IAO. Yeno?ocey iieeia?ia ? niinia ecaioiaeaiey i?ioeee?
?iaaiiuo ecaaeee aieuoie aeeiu ec ieanoiann e ?acei, eioi?ue caee??aaony a iai?a?uaiii
auaaaeeaaiee ?aciya?aiiiai iaoa?eaea ?a?ac ioaa?noey ii?aaaeaiiiai na?aiey. Yoio niinia
iicaieyao iieo?eou ae?eeiaia iie?uoea ia eeoaaie noi?iia i?ioeeae a ?acee?iuo oaaoiauo
oiiao (n aioo?aiiae noi?iiu i?ioeee eia?o aaeue oaao). Oaeie neie eiaao oieueio 0,5 ii,
onoie?ea e oa?aiaiu?, iaeaaaao aieuoie noieeinou? e aoiinoa?iui aicaaenoaeyi, aio ia
a?icyo eieaeuiue iaa?aa, a oii ?enea iia eioaineaiui nieia?iui eceo?aieai, ioneiaiea eee
?ano?aneeaaiea. Anee ia oaeie iiaa?oiinoe aicieeioo oa?aieiu, oi eo ii?ii eaaei ono?aieou
oeeoiaaieai. Iacia?eoaeuiay ?oanoaeoaeuiinou e oaieo i?aeoe?anee naiaeo "ia iao" i?iaea?
iu, naycaiiua n oaiia?aoo?iui ?anoe?aieai eiino?oeoee.

• Eaieie?iaaiiua ae?eeiaie ieaieie, eae iaiioiiiie, oae e n ?enoieaie, iai?eia?, "iia aa?
?aai". Eaieiao, a iniiaiii, aini?iecaiaeo no?oeoo?o aa?aaa: eieoaoey oaenoo?u aoaa iaoo?
?aeuiiai, naaoeiai e oaiiiai, a oae?a e?aniiai aa?aaa, iaiaei eniieuco?ony e a?oaea naiua
?aciiia?aciua ?anoaaoee ae?eeiauo ieaiie. I?ioeee IAO iiaoo auou eaieie?iaaiu ae?e?
eiauie ieaieaie eae n iaiie, oae e n aaoo noi?ii. Ia?o?iay noi?iia ieaiee auniei onoie?e?
aa e aoiinoa?iui aicaaenoaeyi, a oae?a e oeuo?aoeieaoiaui eo?ai e iaaieai nio?aiyao y??
einou ?anoaaoee.

• Eaee?iaaiea eee ioaaeea iiaa?oiinoe ae?eeiaui eaeii. Ioaaeea ae?eeiaui eaeii eee eaee?
?iaaiea ? yoi aua iaei niinia ioaaeee iiaa?oiinoe i?ioeeae IAO. A ?acoeuoaoa eaee?iaaiey
iiaa?oiinou i?ioeey noaiiaeony iaoiaie, aa?oaoenoie ia aea. Auiieiyaony eaee?iaaiea nii?
niaii iaianaiey ia iiaa?oiinou i?ioeey eaea ia?iie nooee. I?aaeaaaaiay oaaoiaay aaiia
ainoaoi?ii oe?iea, e eiaiii yoio niinia ioaaeee iicaieyao iieo?eou ianoaiaa?oiua ?anoaao?
ee iiaa?oiinoe i?ioeeae IAO ? aaeue oa?ioiaaoue eee no?oeoo?e?iaaiiue.
• Iaiueaiea. I?e iiiiue iaiueaiey ii?ii ie?aoeaaou i?ioeee IAO a ?acee?iua oaaoa. Aey
iaiueaiey eniieuco?ony aaooeiiiiiaioiua ae?eeiaua eaee.

http://www.win?dows.ru/stat/stat8.html



17
Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
IAEIOI?UA ?AEIIAIAAOEE II IAIA?O IEIIIIAI
E AAA?IIAI I?IAIIA


Iao aieaa i?inoiai e a oi ?a a?aiy aieaa ioaaonoaaiiiai yoaia ?aaiou, ?ai i?aaeeuiue i?eai
caeaca e iaia?, oae eae ioeaea ia aaiiii yoaia i?eaiaeo e cia?eoaeuiiio oua?ao.
Oaee auacaa ianoa?a ia caia?:
1. Niaeaniaaou n caeac?eeii eiioeao?aoe? ea?aiai a ioaaeuiinoe ecaaeey n caiieiaieai noa?
iu ?aniiei?aiey eo ia iauaeoa (i?e yoii aunooiay ia eae "i?eaiuee", i?aanoaaey?uee ei?
oa?anu naiae oe?iu, a eae niaao?ee, eniieuco?uee naie ciaiey e iiuo aey aieaa ?aoei?
iaeuiiai ?aoaiey eioa?ania caeac?eea)
2. I?aaeeuii niyou iaia?u n i?iaiia
EIioi?iaoey




3. I?e niaeaniaaiee eiioeao?aoee iaiaoiaeii ia?aoeou aieiaiea ia aaaa?eoiua ?acia?u ec?
aaeee e aicii?iinou eo ainoaaee ia ianoi iiioa?a, iaee?ea e eni?aaiinou eeooia, aicii??
iinou iiaiyoey ecaaeey ia yoa? ii aiaoiae noi?iia caaiey n iiiiuu? e?aia?a e aa?aaie,
ioiaoeou iaiaoiaeiia a eenoa iaia?a
4. Aacioeai?ii ?ann?eoaou aaaa?eoiua e aioo?aiiea ?acia?u ieii e aaa?ae, o?anou ?acia?u
iiaieiiieeia, ioeeaia, iineeoiuo naoie, ?ieunoaaiae
5. I?iecaanoe oieoeeaoe? aaaa?eoiuo ?acia?ia ecaaeee
6. Ca?aiaa ooi?ieou e iaicia?eou iooe iiauacaa e iauaeoo
7. Aeeo?aoii caiieieou eeno iaia?a n yneecaie. Oeacaou ana iniaaiiinoe iiioa?a e ii?aeaiey
caeac?eea.
Aey i?iaaaaiey iaia?ia iaiaoiaeii eiaou:
1. Ecia?eoaeuio? 5 ? iao?iao? ?oeaoeo
2. Iaaieuoie iieioie
3. Ooio? noaianeo aey oaaeaiey neiy oooeaoo?ee n oaeu? ooi?iaiey enoeiiiai ?acia?a i?iaia
4. Iaeaiueee ieioieoeee o?iaaiu
5. Aeaiee eenoa iaia?a ia ieaioaoa
6. Aiaiai? e eanniaue aiia?ao (a neo?aa i?aainoaaeaiey oneoae "iiaeeuiue ioen").
Ieiiiue i?iai ii?ao auou n ?aoaa?oyie e aac ieo (?aoaa?oe ? aunooiu aioo?u i?iaia ia?o??
iie ?anoe noaiu, eioi?ua a noa?eio aaeaee a 1/4 ee?ie?a). Oi?iinou caia?a, eae i?aaeei, 10 ii.
Oe?eia i?iaia ecia?yaony a ie?iae ?anoe, aunioa ? 2 ?aca (neaaa e ni?aaa). Iaiaoiaeii oaa?
aeouny n iiiiuu? o?iaiy e ioaana a aa?oeeaeuiinoe e ai?eciioaeuiinoe eiioo?ia i?iaia e i?e
iaiaoiaeiinoe nei??aeoe?iaaou ?an?aou.
?acia?u ieia eee aaa?e a i?iaia aac ?aoaa?oae aoaoo ia 20 ? 40 ii iaiuoa niioaaonoao?ueo
?acia?ia i?iaia aey caiieiaiey ooaieeoaeai, i?e?ai aa?oeeaeuiue ?acia? io?ii iinea yoi?
ai oiaiuoeou ia oieueio aoaouaai iiaieiiieea (iaoy?eaoa).
Caia?u ieia eee aaa?e a i?iaia n ?aoaa?oyie onei?iy?ony i?e iaee?ee noa?iai iaaaiiioe?i?
aaiiiai ieia.
Caia?u oe?eiu e auniou i?iaiayony: ieineinou "a") ii ?aoaa?oyi, "a") ii aioo?aiiae iein?
einoe ieia.
Oe?eia aoaouaai ieia eee aaa?e ?aaia oe?eia i?iaia a ieineinoe "a" ie?n 30 ? 90 ii (a n?aa?
iai 60 ii) e ?aaia oe?eia i?iaia a ieineinoe "a" ieion 30 ? 40 ii. A oao neo?ayo, eiaaa ?ac?
ia? a ieineinoe "a" ieion oe?eia ieia aieuoa 60 ii oaeaniia?acii i?aaoniio?aou i?eiaia?
iea aa?aayiiuo aiai?ia eee ?anoe?eoaeuiiai i?ioeey.
Caia? auniou i?iaia oaaee?eaaaony ia oieueio iaaaiiioe?iaaiiiai iiaieiiieea e oiaiuoa?
aony ia oieueio aoaouaai. Aunioa aoaouaai ieia ?aaia aunioa i?iaia a ieineinoe "a" ie?n 30
? 60 ii e ?aaia aunioa i?iaia a ieineinoe "a" ieion 30 ? 40 ii, ie?n oieueia noa?iai iiai?
eiiieea, ieion oieueia aoaouaai. ?aia ieia ii?ao ooaieeaaouny a ie?i?? ?aoaa?ou ia aieaa,
?ai ia 20 ii, ?oiau aiaoiea a?aia?iua ioaa?noey inoaeenu iaa ioeeaii.


18 Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
IAEIOI?UA ?AEIIAIAAOEE II IAIA?O IEIIIIAI
E AAA?IIAI I?IAIIA


A oao ?aaeeo neo?ayo, eiaaa ionoonoaoao iaia aa?oeeaeuiay eee aa?oiyy ?aoaa?ou, i?iaeoe?oaony
caoia a nouanoao?uo? aa?oeeaeuio? ?aoaa?ou ia 15 ? 45 ii (a ie?i?? ? ia 20 ii), a ?annoi?
yiea io noaiu aac ?aoaa?oe onoaiaaeeaaaony 10 ? 20 ii iia ooaieeoaeu.
I?e iaia?a ieia n aaeeiiiie aaa?u? ecia?y?ony neaao?uea aaee?eiu: Iauay oe?eia ieia n
aaa?u? (x); Oe?eia aaa?e (y); Aunioa aaa?e (z); Aunioa ieia (h);
Oe?eia ieia ia ecia?yaony, a au?eneyaony iooai x ? y

Caci? ia?ao ie?iei oi?oii aaa?iie ei?iaee e eaiai?
iui iniiaaieai inoaaeyaony 15 ? 20 ii aey ?aciauaiey




EIioi?iaoey
ooaieeoaey.




Aey o?aiaoaeaaeuiuo ieii oeacuaaaony o?e aaaa?eoiuo ?acia?a ? 2 auniou (h1, h2) e oe?eia (m).

Aunioa a?i?iuo ieii eee aaa?ae ecia?yaony ?a?ac ea?aua
100 ? 150 ii io e?ay ia iaiie noi?iia e ii oaio?o. Aaee?
?eia oaaa i?e yoii caaeneo io oe?eiu ieia (?ai iia
iaiuoa, oai iaiuoa oaa). Ii yoei ?acia?ai iaoiayo ?a?
aeon ecaeaa aey i?aaeeuiie a?ee eee ecaeaa?o i?ioeeu
oi?ii ii e?eaie i?iaia aey iai?aaeeuiie oi?iu a?ee.
Iaiaoiaeii oae?a iiia?eou oe?eio iniiaaiey i?iaia
a?ee. I?ioeeu ia ii?ao auou eciaioo i?e aeaiao?a (oe?
?eia) a?ee iaiaa 520 ii.

A i?ioanna oieoeeaoee ?acia?u ieii e aaa?ae, i?aaiacia?aiiuo aey caiaiu, anee iie ioee?
?a?ony ia aieaa, ?ai ia 60 ii ii oe?eia e 30 ii ii au?
nioa, caiaiy?ony ia n?aaiaa a?eoiaoe?aneia, au?eneai?
iia n oi?iinou? ai 10 ii.




Enoi?iee: http://ujutstyle.narod.ru/calendar.html




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IAOAEEIIEANOEEIAUO EIINO?OEOEE

Oi?ioei yaeyaony ia i?inoi oi?ioi ecaioiaeaiiia, ii e i?aaeeuii niiioe?iaaiiia ieii. Iai?
?aaeeuiay onoaiiaea ea?anoaaiiiai ecaaeey ii?ao naanoe ia iao ana aai i?aeiouanoaa.
Ii?yaie iiioa?a ieanoeeiauo ieii.
1. Iiaaioiaeou ?aio e i?aaaa?eoaeuiie onoaiiaea a i?iai: niyou n iaa noai?ee, a ianoa aeooiai
inoaeeaiey, niyou ooaiee e auioou noaeeiiaeao, n ia?o?iie noi?iiu niyou caueoio? ieaieo
2. ?aio n i?euaeeiooui nieco iaoy?eaoii anoaaeou ia eeeiuy a i?iai (ii?ii eniieuciaaou
eeeiuy ec a?oneia nooiai oaa?aie ii?iau aa?aaa eee eniieuciaaou niaoeaeuiua oaoiieiae?
?aneea eeeiuy, eee niaoeaeuiua no?oaoeiu aey IAO ?ieii);
3. Naaeaay ?aio ii ai?eciioaee, aiaeouny ?aaiiai caci?a ii aieai. Ii o?iai? e n iiiiuu?
EIioi?iaoey




eeeiuaa aunoaaeou ?aio a ai?eciioaeuiie ieineinoe;
4. Iiaia?aou oieueio ianoueo iiaeeaaie (ii?ii eniieuciaaou iiaeeaaee iia noaeeiiaeao);
5. Naaeaou ia ?aia ioiaoee aey naa?eaiey ioaa?noee iia a?aaeu a ianoao caeeaaiuo aa?aayi?
iuo i?iaie. N aiaoiae noi?iiu ioiaoeou ia ?aia ii ia?eiao?o a?aieoo ?aoaa?oe;
6. Auioou ?aio, ii ioiaoeai i?inaa?eeou ioaa?noey iia a?aaey, i?e?ai ?oiau ia ?acaeaaou io?
aa?noey, naa?eeou nia?o?e aioo?u ?aiu;
7. Ii aieai e naa?oo ia ?aio ni noi?iiu oeeou ii ioiaoeai iaeeaeou i?aaaa?eoaeuii n?aoo? oi?
eioieoaeuio? eaioo. Anee oieioieoaeuiay eaioa ia eniieucoaony, oi i?aaoniio?aou ia?ao ?a?
iie e ?aoaa?ou? caci? 5 ? 7ii, eioi?ue a aaeuiaeoai caiaieaaaony e neeeeiieony nia?o?e;
8. Ieiiio? ?aio anoaaeou a i?iai. I?iaa?eou o?iaiai ai?eciioaeuiia iiei?aiea e cae?aieou
a i?iaia eeeiuyie;
9. Ii eia?ueiny ioaa?noeyi canaa?eeou noaio iia a?aaey. Onoaiiaeou a?aaey. I?e caoy?ea en?
iieuciaaou oo?oiiaa?o n oa?e?iaaiiui iiiaioii e ai ecaa?aiea ene?eaeaiey ?aiu, n i?i?
oeaiiiei?iie noi?iiu oie?aou eiiaoeo eee eeei. Eaaaeuii eniieuciaaiea a yoeo neo?ayo
niaoeaeuiuo aenoaioeiiiuo i?ieeaaie;
10. Caiaieou ii aieai e naa?oo oia ia?ao ?aiie e noaieie. O?eouaaou naienoai iaiu ?anoe?
?youny.
11. Ii aieai e naa?oo anoaaeou aooiai?iue oio?. Caaeoaeou aai ia iieiaeio oe?eiu oaa ia??
ao ?aiie e noaiie e yoi oaeoaeaiea i?ineeeeiieou;
12. Iiaieiiiee onoaiaaeeaaaony ia iaio. A ?aeiia eiioaeoa n ?aiie ia?aa onoaiiaeie iaiineo?
ny iieinea neeeeiia, caoai iiaieiiiee caaiaeony iia ?aio ii o?iai? e iiaaeaaaony eeeiu?
yie nieco e i?e iaiaoiaeiinoe ?anie?aaony naa?oo. Iiaieiiiee aie?ai auou aunoaaeai n
iaaieuoei oeeiiii io ieia, ?oiau iiiaaoay ia iaai neo?aeii aiaa noaeaea n iiaieiiieea,
i?e yoii iocu?ae aicaooa ia ea?auai o?iaia ia
aie?ai auoiaeou ca i?aaaeu ia?aie?eoaeuiie ee?
iee. Anee ?annoiyiea ia?ao iiaieiiieeii e ie??
iae ?anou? i?iaia aaeeei, aai ii?ii nie?aoeou ai
5?10 ii oaiaioiui ?anoai?ii. Iaia cae?uaaaony
neeeeiiii;
13. Ioeea e?aieou oo?oiaie e iaoy?eaoo ?a?ac oi?
eioieoaeuio? eaioo, ianoeeo eee neeeeii. ?a?
eaoaeuii i?eiaiaiea iaiu eee oieioieoaeuiie
eaiou nieco ioeeaa;
14. Anoaaeou aeooia inoaeeaiea, iaaaneou noai?ee.
iinea ioaaeee ioeinia ecioo?e ii?ii eniieu?
ciaaou naiieea?ueany iaee?ieee.
Iaiaoiaeii ciaou.
1. Aa?iaoecaoey oaia ni noi?iiu iiiauaiee aie?ia auou aieaa "ieioiie", ?ai nia?o?e. Iii?
oa?iue oia aie?ai eiaou o?e neiy : n?aaiee ? ooaieeoaeu (eae i?aaeei, iaiiiieeo?aoaiiaay
no?ieoaeuiay iaia); ia?o?iue, i?aiyonoao?uee i?iieeiiaaie? aoiinoa?iuo inaaeia
aioo?u oaa, ii i?iionea?uee ia?o?o aiayiua ia?u (INOE ? i?aaaa?eoaeuii n?aoay oieio?
ieoaeuiay eaioa); aioo?aiiee ? i?aiyonoao?uee i?iieeiiaaie? aea?iiai eiiiaoiiai aicao?

20 Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
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IAOAEEIIEANOEEIAUO EIINO?OEOEE

oa aioo?u iiiauaiey, o.e. a oieiaiia a?aiy aiaa aioo?e oaa iia aaenoaeai ieceeo oaiia?a?
oo? i?ienoiaeo eiiaainaoey aiau (eae i?aaeei, iai?a?uaiue oiieee neie neeeeiia). Aioo?
?aiiee neie aie?ai iaania?eaaou ainoaoi?io? oaieiecieyoe?, ii anee a ?acoeuoaoa iai?a?
aeeuiie caaaeee iiioa?iiai oaa aiionoeou iaeiieaiea a iai aeaae, oaieiecieyoeiiiua
naienoaa ?acei nie?a?ony e ia?aco?ueeny "iinoee oieiaa" i?eaiaeo e ioea?aaie? e ia?a?
ciaaie? eiiaainaoa ia aioo?aiieo ioeinao e ?aia ieia.
2. Eiino?oeoey oceia i?eiueaiey aie?ia iaania?eaaou ioaia ai?aaaie aiau e eiiaainaoa ia?
?o?o. Ia aiioneaaony i?iieeiiaaiea aeaae aioo?u iiioa?iiai oaa e noaiiauo eiino?oeoee;
3. Eiino?oeoey oceia i?eiueaiey aie?ia i?aiyonoaiaaou ia?aciaaie? iinoeeia oieiaa, i?eai?
ayueo e ia?aciaaie? eiiaainaoa ia aioo?aiieo iiaa?oiinoyo ieiiiiai i?iaia a oieiaiia




EIioi?iaoey
a?aiy aiaa;
4. I?e auai?a caiieiaiey iiioa?iuo caci?ia neaaoao o?eouaaou yenieoaoaoeiiiua oaiia?a?
oo?iua eciaiaiey aaaa?eoiuo ?acia?ia ecaaeee : aey ecaaeee ec IAO ?i?ioeeae aaeiai
oaaoa ? 1,6ii ia 1 i.i., aey ecaaeee ec IAO ?i?ioeeae a?oaeo oaaoia ? 2,4ii ia 1 i.i., o. e.
oaaoiua i?ioeee iiaeiua?o oaieiao? yia?ae? a aieuoae noaiaie, ?ai aaeue e oaiia?aoo?
?a eo iaa?aaaiey auoa. Oaiia?aoo?iua caci?u iaiaoiaeii o?eouaaou iniaaiii aieiaoaeuii
i?e i?iaeoe?iaaiee e?oiii?acia?iuo yeaiaioia inoaeeaiey, oaeeo eae y?ea?u, aeo?eiu, in?
oaeeaiey ia an? aunioo yoa?a e o. a.;
5. A ea?anoaa e?aia?iuo yeaiaioia aey iiioa?a ecaaeee neaaoao i?eiaiyou aeaeea aiea?iua
ieanoeiu a eiiieaeoa n oo?oiaie e a?aaeyie, aiea?iua aieou, niaoeaeuiua iiioa?iua
oo?oiu e iiioa?iua nenoaiu. Ia aiioneaaony eniieuciaaiea aey e?aieaiey ecaaeee aa?ia?
oeeia, eeaaa, iaiiooaieeoaeae, no?ieoaeuiuo aaicaae;
6. ?annoiyiea ia?ao e?aia?iuie yeaiaioaie i?e iiioa?a ecaaeee aaeiai oaaoa ec i?ioeeae,
oneeaiiuo noaeuiuie aeeaauoaie, ia aie?ii i?aauoaou 700ii, a a a?oaeo neo?ayo (oaao?
iie i?ioeeu) ? ia aieaa 600ii. ?annoiyiea io e?aeieo e?aia?iuo yeaiaioia ai ai aioo?ai?
ieo oaeia ei?iaie e eiiinoiuo niaaeiaiee aie?ii auou ia iaiaa 150ii;
7. Aey ia?aaa?e iaa?ocie (aana) ecaaeey ia no?ieoaeuio? eiino?oeoe? i?eiaiy?o eieiaee ec
iieeia?iuo iaoa?eaeia eee ec a?aaaneiu oaa?auo ii?ia.
Niiniau e?aieaiey ieiiiuo aeieia a i?iaia.
Iaeaieuoo? nei?iinou i?e ?aoaiee aii?ina i cae?aieaiee ieiiiiai aeiea i?aanoaaey?o ie?
ia ec IAO. Aunieee eiyooeoeaio oaiia?aoo?iiai ?anoe?aiey IAO a ni?aoaiee n iaeie iauae
?anoeinou? ?aiu ca n?ao ionoonoaey niaaeiaiey aioo?aiieo a?ie?o?ueo yeaiaioia iaoneiaee?
aaao iaiaoiaeiinou aieaa i?iaoiaiiiai eo e?aieaiey ii n?aaiaie? n ieiaie a?oaeo nenoai.
Ooieoey nenoaiu e?aieaiey caee??aaony a ia?aaa?a oneeee, aini?eieiaaiuo ieiiiie
eiino?oeoeae, ia eiino?oeoe? ia?o?iie noaiu. I?e yoii iaoa?eae e?aia?a e ecieyoeiiiue
oia aie?iu nio?aiyou naie naienoaa ai anai ?an?aoiii ia?eiaa a?aiaie.

1. Aiea?iue aieo (?aiiue a?aaeu). Iaeanoui?eiaiaiey aiea?iiai aieoa ? i?eiueaiea ieiiiie
eiino?oeoee iaiin?aanoaaiii e ianouae ?anoe noaiu ii aieai e naa?oo i?iaia. Anee aai en?
iieuco?o a ie?iae ai?eciioaeuiie ?anoe ?aiu, iaiaoiaeii i?ecaanoe ia?ii?eyoey ii aa?ia?
oecaoee ioaa?noee a ?aiiii i?ioeea ca n?ao oieioiaiey aa?iaoeeii, IAO ?eeaai, o.e. a i?i?
oeaiii neo?aa aicii?ii iiiaaaiea aeaae aioo?u i?ioeey e aaeaa ? a eiino?oeoe? noaiu.
I?e ieieiaeuiuo ?annoiyieyo ia?ao ?aiie e noaiie a?aaeu ?aaioaao i?aeiouanoaaiii ia
n?ac, a i?e iaeneiaeuiuo ? ia ecaea (o.e. ii ?ann?eoai ia oaa??eaaiea eiino?oeoee ai o?ii?
oaeuiie ieineinoe; aieiaua iaa?ocee aini?eieia?ony iii?iuie i?ieeaaeaie). I?e?ai ?ai
aieuoa oieueia iiioa?iiai oaa, oai iaiuoa ianouay niiniaiinou a?aaey a eiino?oeoee. Ii?
yoiio i?eiaiaiea ?aiiiai a?aaey, iiuiiai e?aia?iiai n?aanoaa eae oaeiaiai, iioeiaeuii i?e
iaeie oieueia iiioa?iiai oaa.

I?e ?aaioa a?aaey ii ia aie?ai aini?eieiaou auaa?aeaa?ueo oneeee, eioi?ua iiaoo aiciee?
ioou i?e oa?ie?aneeo aaoi?iaoeyo i?ioeey ?aiu. Iiyoiio i?e iiioa?a ieia ia aiioneaaony
eceeoiyy caoy?ea a?aaeae, iniaaiii a eaoiee ia?eia aiaa. A i?ioeaiii neo?aa i?e ioea?aa?

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iee IAO ?i?ioeey ceiie i?iecieaao ?acoieioiaiea ieiiiie eiino?oeoee ca n?ao oaa??eaaiey
?aiu a?aaeyie. ?oiau yoiai ia i?ienoiaeei e ?oiau i?ioeeu ?aiu eiae aicii?iinou nai?
aiaii ia?aiauaouny a ieineinoe ieia, ?aeiiaiaoaony inoaaeyou caci? 3 ? 5ii ia?ao aieiaeie
a?aaey e iiaa?oiinou? a?ie?o?uaai i?ioeey ?aiu. Iniaaiii yoi aeooaeuii i?e iiioa?a
ieii aieuoie oe?eiu.

A?aaeu i?aaiacia?ai aey ?aaiou a aaoiia, eeaaea ec iieiioaeiai, ea?aie?aneiai a oae?a ion?
oioiiai ee?ie?a i?e oneiaee aiea?iaee a ?anoai?iua oau, iaiiaeie, aaciaaoii, anoanoaaiiue
eaiaiu.
EIioi?iaoey




Iiiaieeaoo?a ?aiiuo a?aaeae ia?aie?eaaaony a?aaeyie n aeaiao?ii 8 e 10ii. I?e ii?a?
aaeaiiuo oneiaeyo ianouae niiniaiinoe, eae i?aaeei, oaaoaao aey inoaeeaiey oeiiauo ieii?
iuo i?iaiia. Eiino?oeoey eaioi?iiai inoaeeaiey e aa e?aieaiea o?aao?o i?iaaaaiea noaoe?
?aneiai ?an?aoa, iineieueo aaiiao?e?aneea ?acia?u yoiai inoaeeaiey ioee?a?ony io aaiiao?
?e?aneeo ?acia?ia iau?ii eniieucoaiuo eiino?oeoee. Yoi ioiineony e yeaiaioai, ieiuaau
eioi?uo aieaa, eeai ?aaia 9i2 e iaeiaiuoay aeeia aieiaie noi?iiu aieaa, eeai ?aaia 2i.

Ii aeao iaoa?eaea iaiei?ee a?aaey iia?acaaey?ony ia iaoaeee?aneea e ieanoianniaua. In?
iiaiia ioee?ea ? a aeoaeia aiea?iaee, eioi?ay aey iaoaeee?aneiai a?aaey ninoaaeyao 30ii ia?
caaeneii io aeaiao?a, a aey ieanoianniaiai ? 40ii i?e eniieuciaaiee a?aaey 8ii e 50ii i?e
10ii a?aaea.

Ii niiniao i?eiueaiey aieiaee a?aaey e i?ioee? ?aiu ?acee?a?o ne?uoia e ioe?uoia
i?eiueaiea. I?e ne?uoii i?eiueaiee auaa??eaaaony oaiia?aoo?iue caci? ia?ao aieia?
eie e a?iaoo?ie. Aunaa?eaiiia ioaa?noea a noaiea i?ioeey iinea onoaiiaee ieia cae?uaa?
aony niaoeaeuiui eieia?eii ia eea?, eioi?ue i?aeoe?anee ia aunooiaao iaa iiaa?oiinou?.
I?e ioe?uoii i?eiueaiee io?ia aieaa oi?iay onoaiiaea a?aaey aac nouanoaaiiuo ia?aei?
nia n auaa??aiiui oaiia?aoo?iui caci?ii. Ia aieiaeo a?aaey oae?a iiioe?oaony eieia?
?ae.

Iaiaoiaeii i?eaa??eaaouny ?aeiiaiaiaaiiuo ecaioiaeoaeai ?annoiyiee io e?ay ?aiu e ia??
ao inyie a?aaeae n o?aoii no?ieoaeuiiai iaoa?eaea, o.e. a i?ioanna e?aieaieya?aaey a ciia
aiea?iaee ia?acoaony nei?iia iai?y?aiii?aaoi?ie?iaaiiia ninoiyiea.

2. Iiioa?iay ieanoeia. Iaeanou i?eiaiaiey iiioa?iuo ieanoei ? o?aoneieiua nenoaiu ia?
?o?iuo noai, i?eiueaiea aieco ieia. I?eiaiaiea a aaiiii neo?aa a?oaeo e?aia?iuo n?aanoa,
oaeeo eae a?aaeu, iaiaa i?aaii?oeoaeuii ec?ca iianiinoe i?iieeiiaaiey ai?aaaie aiau ?a?
?ac iiioa?iua ioaa?noey aioo?u i?ioeey ?aiu e aaeaa ? a iiioa?iue oia.

Iaii ec oneiaee i?eiaiaiey iiioa?iuo ieanoei ? aaeuiaeoay ioaaeea ioeinia ieiiiiai i?i?
aia ioooeaoo?eaaieai eee iaeeoiaeie "nooei" niiniaii. Oioy, a ioee?ea io a?aaeae, ieanoeiu
aieaa oaoiieiae?iu a iiioa?a ca n?ao iniaaiiinoae naiaai no?iaiey. Iie iiaoo naiaiaii ii?
ai?a?eaaouny aie?oa ine, ia?aciaaiiie a ianoa i?eniaaeiaiey e i?ioee?, ?oi aaao aieuoa
naiaiau a auai?a ianoa e?aieaiey, ?oi iniaaiii aeooaeuii a eeaaea ec ionoioaeiai ee?ie?a, aaa
e?aieaiea ii aicii?iinoe i?iecaiaeony a ?anoai?iue oia.

Iiioa?iay ieanoeia ecaioaaeeaaaony ec noaee iaoiaii ooaiiiaee n aaeuiaeoei iaianaieai
aioeei??iceiiiiai oeieiaiai iie?uoey. Iia eiaao ianeieuei e?oaeuo ioaa?noee (iaii i?iaie?
aiaaoia) aey e?aieaiey e no?ieoaeuiie eiino?oeoee a io?iii iiei?aiee, a oae?a aaa iai?aa?
ey?uea iana?ee a ii?aaaeaiiuo ianoao, ii eioi?ui inouanoaeyaony i?aaiiioa?iue ecaea ia
oieueio iiioa?iiai oaa.



22 Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
I?AAEEUIUE IIIOA?
IAOAEEIIEANOEEIAUO EIINO?OEOEE

E?aia? iiioa?iie ieanoeiu inouanoaeyaony iin?aanoaii aaoo aiea?ia, a ea?anoaa eioi?uo ii?
aoo i?eiaiyouny oo?oiu n ieanoianniauie a?aaeyie eeai no?ieoaeuiua oo?oiu?naii?acu.
Ieanoeia yaeyaony i?ioeeaia?aco?uei yeaiaioii, a ianoa i?eniaaeiaiey e i?ioee? ?aiu
iia eiaao oae iacuaaaiua "eaiee" n coa?aoie iiaa?oiinou? , eioi?uie anoaaeyaony a niaoeaeu?
iua aunooia?uea i?ioeeuiua ?anoe, aaa i?i?ii oeene?oaony. Aiiieieoaeuii ieanoeia e?a?
ieony i?e iiiiue naiiia?aca?uaai ieiiiiai oo?oia.

Iiioa?iay ieanoeia aini?eieiaao oneeey, iai?aaeaiiua ia?iaiaeeoey?ii ieineinoe ieia, i?e
yoii iia ia aini?eieiaao oneeey iai?aaeaiiua a ieineinoe ieia, iicaieyy ?aia niaa?oaou ia?
?aiauaiey, iaoneiaeaiiua oaiia?aoo?iuie aaoi?iaoeyie. E?eoa?eyie ianouae niiniaiinoe




EIioi?iaoey
ieanoeiu yaey?ony ?anoeinou e?aieaiey ia i?ioeea ?aiu e ?anoeinou i?e ecaeaa a caaaiiii
ianoa. I?e?ai iia niiniaia auaa??eaaou ainoaoi?ii aieuoea iaa?ocee i?e ?acee?iie oieue?
ia iiioa?iiai oaa.
Ia?aaa?a iaa?ocee.
I?e i?iaeoe?iaaiee e?aieaiey iaiaoiaeii ?acee?aou iaa?ocee, aaenoao?uea a ieineinoe ieia
(nianoaaiiue aan ieia, aan ioe?uoie noai?ee n aiiieieoaeuiie iaa?oceie i?e iaeuo oaeao ioe?
?uaaiey io 0* ? ai 45*, aan ?aeiaaea ? aey aaeeiiiuo aaa?ae) e ec ieineinoe ieia (neea aao?a,
aan ioe?uoie noai?ee i?e aieuoeo oaeao ioe?uaaiey io 45* ? ai 90*, iaa?ocee eioaineaiiai
aae?aiey e?aae a iaeanoe ieia), a oae?a o?eouaaou aaoi?iaoee, iaoneiaeaiiua oa?ie?aneei
?anoe?aieai i?ioeey. Any niaieoiiinou iaa?ocie e aicaaenoaee ia?acoao neeu, aaenoao?uea
ia ieii. Yoe neeu aie?iu ioaiaeouny n ieia, eae aieaa neaaiai yeaiaioa, ia noaio, eae aieaa
?anoeee yeaiaio a eiino?oeoee ieii ? noaia.

Neeu, aaenoao?uea ec ieineinoe ieia, aini?eieia?ony iaoaeee?aneeie e?aia?iuie yeaiai?
oaie (a?aaey, ieanoeiu, no?ieoaeuiua oo?oiu). Aey aini?eyoey e ia?aaa?e oneeee n?aoey,
aaenoao?ueo a ieineinoe ieia i?eiaiy?ony ianouea e aenoaioeiiiua iiaeeaaee.

Ianooea iiaeeaaee (iieacaiu ?a?iui) aini?eieia?o e ia?aaa?o oneeea n?aoey io nianoaai?
iiai aana ieia ia eiino?oeoe? caaiey. Iie noaayony ii oaeai ?aiu iia aa?oeeaeuiua yeaiai?
ou e iia eiiinou aey iaeeo?oae ia?aaa?e iaa?ocee. A iiauaiii??acaae?iie eiino?oeoee ie?
ia eee aaa?ae e?iia yoiai onoaiaaeeaa?ony aiiieieoaeuiua iiaeeaaee aey aini?eyoey nee, ia?
?aciaaiiuo aaaeaieai ?ieeea ia iai?aaey?uo?, onoaiiaeaiio? ii ie?iaio i?ioee? ?aiu.
A aaeeiiiuo aaa?yo n iiai?ioiie oo?ieoo?ie ianouea iiaeeaaee iaiaoiaeii oae?a ?aniiei?
?eou a na?aaeia ie?iaai i?ioeey aey aini?eyoey nee, ia?aciaaiiuo aanii iaiiai ?aeiaaea
i?e iii?a iiaie ia i?ioeeu ?aiu.




Ia?aaa?a iaa?ocee io nianoaaiiiai aana n iiiiuu? ianoueo iiaeeaaie aicii?ia oieuei a
eiino?oeoeyo noai, aaa i?ioeeu ?aiu iaiin?aanoaaiii i?eeaaaao e ianouae ?anoe noaiu (ia?
iineieiay, aaooneieiay nenoaiu). A iiiaineieiuo nenoaiao, a ?anoiinoe, a o?aoneieiie
eiino?oeoee, aaa ieii iaoiaeony a ciia ooaieeoaey, iaa?ocea aie?ia ia?aaaaaouny iin?aanoaii

23
Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
I?AAEEUIUE IIIOA?
IAOAEEIIEANOEEIAUO EIINO?OEOEE

iaoaeee?aneeo eiinieae (iianoaai?iay ieanoeia), eia?ueo ainoaoi?io? i?i?iinou ia ecaea.
Aiea?a, cae?aiey?uea ieanoeio, aie?iu ?ann?eouaaouny ia aaenoaea auaa?aeaa?ueo nee, ?aa?
iuo iieiiio aano ieia.

Aey aini?yoey nee, ia?aciaaiiuo iia aaenoaeai
aana ioe?uoie noai?ee i?e iaeuo oaeao ioe?uaa?
iey, i?eiaiy?ony oae iacuaaaiua aenoaioeiiiua
iiaeeaaee (iieacaiu e?aniui). Iiaeeaaee ?aaioa?
?o ia n?aoea e onoaiaaeeaa?ony a caaeneiinoe io
iai?aaeaiey ?aaeoee nee. I?e yoii iie ia aie?iu
EIioi?iaoey




?aniieaaaouny a iaiii o?iaia ii ai?eciioaee, anee
a yoie ?a ieineinoe iaoiaeony ai?eciioaeuiue
yeaiaio ?aiu, o.e. oaeay iinoaiiaea aoaao i?aiyo?
noaiaaou oaieiaiio ?anoe?aie? ?aiu ieia. I?e?
?ai a aaeeiiiie aaa?e ?aniiei?aiea iiaeeaaie a
iaiii o?iaia aicii?ii ca n?ao ionoonoaey ?eaaey
?aiu e ii?aaaaii iiauoaiiai ?anoeinoe eiino?oeoee. Aaaa?eou iiaeeaaie ii?aaaey?ony oaeei
ia?acii, ?oiau a aaeuiaeoai auiieieou ia?ii?eyoey ii ecieyoee oaa. Ieineinou ecieyoee i?e
yoii ia aie?ia i?a?uaaouny ii anaio ia?eiao?o ieiiiiai i?eiueaiey. Iaoa?eae aey ecaioia?
eaiey iiaeeaaie aie?ai iaania?eaaou noaaeeuio? oi?io, eioi?ay ia aoaao iaiyouny a i?ioanna
yenieoaoaoee e iaeaaaou iacia?eoaeuiie oaieii?iaiaiinou?. Iau?ii i?eiaiyaony aioenaioe?i?
aaiiay a?aaaneia a aicaooii?nooii ninoiyiee, ?a?a IAO. I?e?ai oioaeinu au caiaoeou, ?oi
eeeiiaeaiia oi?ie?iaaiea oaoiieiae?iae e iaaa?iae ca n?ao aieaa ieioiie iiaaiiee.

Enoi?iee: http://ujutstyle.narod.ru/calendar.html




24 Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
?AEIIAIAAOEE II OOIAO CA ECAAEE?IE EC IAO


Ianiio?y ia oi, ?oi ca IAO?ieiaie eaaei ooa?eaaou, iie i?aeoe?anee ia io?aa?ony a einiaoe?aneii ?a?
iiioa e eaeii?eeai niaoeaeuiii ianeo?eaaiee, nouanoao?o iaeioi?ua i?aaeea, niae?aaiea eioi?uo
iicaieeo i?iaeeou eo n?ie neo?au:
1. Iinea iiioa?a ieii neaaoao ia?o?iua e aioo?aiiea ioeinu ioooeaoo?eou eee cae?uou iaiaeyie aey oi?
ai, ?oiau ne?uou i?ino?ainoai oaa e i?aaioa?aoeou i?iieeiiaaiea a iiioa?iue oia oieiaa, oee?iie
aeaae a oae?a aea?iiai eiiiaoiiai aicaooa
2. Ain.noaiaa?oii ?aeiiaiaiaaii iiioa?iue oia "eciee?iaaou" ni noi?iiu iiiauaiey oiieei iai?a?ua?
iui neiai neeeeiia iiaa?o canouaoae iaiu, o.e. iiiaaaiea aioo?u oaa aea?iiai eiiiaoiiai aicaooa
i?eaiaeo a ceiiaa a?aiy e ia?aciaaie? a iai eiiaainaoa e ?acaeoe? aiineaanoaee a?eaeiaie ieanaie
3. Iinea onoaiiaee ieii ana oooeaoo?iua e i?i?ea ?aaiou aie?iu i?iaiaeouny oieuei i?e cae?uouo
noai?eao, o.e. iiiaaaiea ianea e iuee a neieucyuea yeaiaiou noai?i?iie oo?ieoo?u i?eaaaao e ia?o?
oaie? eo iiaae?iinoe




EIioi?iaoey
4. Iinea caaa?oaiey oooeaoo?iuo e i?i?eo ?aaio caueoio? ieaieo iaiaoiaeii niyou
5. Ieanoeeiaua ieia iniauaiu aunieiea?anoaaiiie oo?ieoo?ie. Aey oaaee?aiey n?iea aa eniieuciaaiey
e nio?aiaiey aacoi?a?iiai aiaoiaai aeaa neaaoao ia iaiaa 2 ?ac a aia niacuaaou ana aae?oueany nin?
oaaiua ?anoe ianeii, ia niaa??auei eeneio eee niie
6. Anee ieiiiay ?o?ea ?acaieoaeanu, iaiaoiaeii i?eiiaiyou iaoiayuo?ny iia iae aaei?aoeaio? ieaieo,
iiaa?ioou aa ec aa?oeeaeuiiai iiei?aiey a ai?eciioaeuiia e caoyioou aeiou. Aaoa ?o?ea niiaa ieioii
caoeene?iaaia
7. Aey iuouy ecaaeee ?aeiiaiaoaony i?eiaiyou oaieue iueuiue ?anoai?, cai?auaaony eniieuciaaou
?anoai?eoaee, aaicei, ieo?ininoaau. Iaeucy i?eiaiyou ii?ioeiaua e oeeoo?uea ?enoyuea n?aanoaa,
o.e. ec?ca ieo iiaa?oiinou ieanoeea noaiao oa?ioiaaoie
8. A ea?aii ieanoeeiaii ieia i?aaoniio?aiu aiaiioaiayuea eaiaeu aey auaiaa ia?o?o neaieeaa??
uaeny aioo?e iaai aeaae. Aiaiioaiayuea eaiaeu ?aniiei?aiu a ie?iae ?anoe ?aiu; eo ii?ii eaa?
ei iaia?o?eou, ioe?ua noai?eo. Iaiaoiaeii neaaeou ca ninoiyieai yoeo eaiaeia e a?aiy io a?aia?
ie i?euaou eo io a?yce
9. Oieioieoaee ecaioiaeaiu ec nia?aiaiiiai iaoa?eaea, eioi?ue, oai ia iaiaa, iiaaa??ai anoanoaaiiiio
noa?aie?. Aey i?iaeaiey n?iea aai yenieoaoaoee, o.a. nio?aiaiey yeanoe?iinoe e niiniaiinoe caaa??e?
aaou e?aua neaiciyee e eeaie, iaiaoiaeii iaei?aaa ?aca a aia i?euaou eo io a?yce e i?ioe?aou nia?
oeaeuiuie n?aanoaaie. Iaiaoiaeii eniieuciaaou oi?ioi aieouaa?uo? oeaiu
10. Iaeucy aiioneaou eiioaeoa iaoa?eaea ieia, iiaieiiieea n e?aneoaeyie, eioi?ua iiaoo eciaieou oaao
ecaaeey eee aai iooaiie
11. O?aaoaony ia?aoeou aieiaiea ia iaiaoiaeiinou ?aaoey?iiai i?iaao?eaaiey iiiauaiey. I?e ionoonoaee
i?iaao?eaaiey ia i?ioy?aiee aeeoaeuiiai a?aiaie a aicaooa iiiauaiey iaeaieeaaaony ecauoi?iay
aeaaa ca n?ao eooiiiiai ia?a, auoaiey, enia?aiee ec aaiiie eiiiaou, ?oi i?eaiaeo e "caiioaaaie?" ieii
Oaaeeoa 1. Oeacaiey ii i?aaeeuiie i?enoea IAO?ieii
Oaaeeou I?ioa?aou I?ioa?aou I?ioa?aou IAO
Aea caa?yciaiey n?aaia?anoeei nooie aiaie oaieui iueuiui i?enoeoaeu
oiaoaeai o?yieie ?anoai?ii
Iyoii io ae?ieiey + +
Ea?aiaao + +
Aenia?neiiiay e?anea + +
Oeiianoa? + +
I?aaie?aneea ?e?u + +
Aein, oaiaio + +
Iaoou +
I?iieoea aa?aaa + +
O?aaeaiea aa?aaa +
Ecaanou + +
Caiacea +
Caiacea ec euiyiiai ianea + +
Eeae +
Oa?eeiaay ?o?ea + +
Ianeyiue iae + +
??aa?eia +
Na?a +
Iaoaou?u +
Iae + +
Aine +


Enoi?iee: http://ujutstyle.narod.ru/calendar.html


25
Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
AE?IEIEAAUE I?IOEEU A NO?IEOAEUNOAA


Eaaeee, i?inoie a ia?aaioea ae?ieiee ana oe?a eniieucoaony aey ecaioiaeaiey ?acee?iuo eiino?oeoee.
Aeaaiaa?y aunieei iio?aaeoaeuneei ea?anoaai e ?acaeoe? no?ieoaeuiuo oaoiieiaee i?eiaiaiea yoiai
iaoa?eaea i?e aicaaaaiee ?eeuo e eiiia??aneeo iauaeoia aoaao oaaee?eaaouny.
Naaiaiy a ?innee ae?ieieaaue i?ioeeu i?iecaiaeony 11 caaiaaie. Aanu i?ioeeu, ecaioiaeyaiue
ioa?anoaaiiie i?iiuoeaiiinou? aey no?ieoaeunoaa, ii?ii ?acaaeeou ia o?e a?oiiu
• i?ioeeu iauaai iacia?aiey (o?oaa, oaieie, iieina, i?ooee, oaaeea?u) ? i?eiaiyaony a no?ieoaeu?
noaa iianaianoii;
• eiino?oeoeiiiua i?ioeee ? nenoaiu i?ioeeae, ec eioi?uo niae?a?o oanaaiua, eia?eeiua e aeo?
?a?iua eiino?oeoee, iai?eia? oanaa caaiey ec noaeea e ae?ieiey;
• ?a?oa?iua i?ioeee ? niaoeaeuiua i?ioeee aey eiie?aoiuo caaa?, ca?anoo? oieeaeuiuo.
EIioi?iaoey




N i?ioeeai, ioianaiiui e ia?aie e o?aouae a?oiia, i?iaeai o caeac?eeia, eae i?aaeei, ia aicieeaao.
I?ioeeu iauaai iacia?aiey anaaaa ii?ii eoieou ia niioaaonoao?uai neeaaa. Iio?aaiinoe a iai
(iauai iia eiie?aoiua iauaeou) iau?ii ia auniee. Anee ?a iauai i?eee?iue e i?aauoaao 300?500
ea ii iaiie iiceoee, ii?ii ia?aoeouny ia caaia?i?iecaiaeoaeu. N?ie iinoaaee ninoaaeo io aaoo ia?
aaeu ai 1,5 ianyoaa. Oaia i?e caeaca i?ioeey ia i?aai?eyoee a n?aaiai ia 25% ie?a, ?ai o oi?aia?
oaa iaoaeee?aneeie ecaaeeyie.
?a?oa?iua i?ioeee oi?a aac iniauo i?iaeai ii?ii caeacaou ia caaiaao. ?aciauaou ia ioa?anoaai?
iuo caaiaao iiaiaiua caeacu oaeaniia?acii ? oaiu ?inneeneeo i?iecaiaeoaeae cia?eoaeuii ie?a
eiii?oiuo. Anee oe?ia ia?a?aaaouaaao 1?2 oiiiu yenee?ceaiiai eiii?oiiai i?ioeey a ianyo, yei?
iiie?aneee yooaeo ia?aoiaa ia i?iaoeoe? ioa?anoaaiiiai i?iecaiaeoaey n eeoaie ieoieo ecaioia?
eaiea iao?e?iiai eino?oiaioa e ana aicii?iua ?enee. Naaiaiy, ii ia?a iaaaaaiey ii?yaea ia ioa?a?
noaaiiuo ae?ieieaauo caaiaao e ?inoa i?iecaianoaa a oe?iao?ia?a?aaio?eeao, i?ioann caiauaiey
eiii?oa iaae?aao neeo.
Neaaoao ioiaoeou aa?iue iiiaio: caeac?ee ?a?oa?iiai i?ioeey anaaaa ieacuaaaony a caaeneiinoe io
i?iecaiaeoaey. Caeacuaay ?a?oa?iue i?ioeeu ia eiie?aoiii caaiaa, aa?a eiay nianoaaiiue iao?e??
iue eino?oiaio, ia?aaanoe aai ia a?oaie caaia auaaao i?iaeaiaoe?ii ec?ca iinaai?iuo iano i?annia.
Iiyoiio, anee ia caaiaa i?iecieaao naie, iinoaaee yenee?ceaiiai i?ioeey eeeaioo aoaoo ni?aaiu. A
a?oaii ianoa i?ioeeu ia eoieou, a i?e ecaioiaeaiee iiaie iao?eou ia a?oaii caaiaa a eo?oai neo?
?aa iio?aaoaony iieoi?a ianyoa.
Iniaue eioa?an aey no?ieoaeae i?aanoaaey?o eiino?oeoeiiiua i?ioeee. Iie iicaiey?o eaaei niae?
?aou eiia?iua eiino?oeoee e i?e yoii aa?o aicii?iinou aey oai??anoaa a?oeoaeoi?ia e eiino?oeoi?
?ia. O?a naaiaiy ia aie? eiino?oeoeiiiiai i?eoiaeony aieuoay ?anou ?uiea no?ieoaeuiiai ae?ieie?
aaiai i?ioeey. Iaiaei iaania?eou onoie?eao? nenoaio niaa?aiey ii eiino?oeoeiiiiio i?ioee?
nei?iaa, ?ai ii ?a?oa?iiio e i?ioee? iauaai iacia?aiey. Naaeaa caeac, iieo?eou i?iaoeoe? aia?
?aiy oaaaony ia anaaaa. Ia?aaiiia?iue ni?in e iieiiee iai?oaiaaiey iiaoo, iai?eia?, i?eaanoe e
iaoaaoea iaiiai ec yeaiaioia i?ioeeuiie nenoaiu ia neeaaa, ?oi aaeaao iaaicii?iui nai?eo anae
eiino?oeoee.
?aaioa n eiino?oeoeiiiui i?ioeeai o?aaoao iaee?ey ia oieuei caaiaa?i?iecaiaeoaey, ii e oaeie
eio?ano?oeoo?u nia?iuo i?iecaianoa. Yoi i?iecaiaeoaee ?aceiiauo oieioiaiee, oa?ii?ac?uaiuo
anoaaie, aeaee i?ioeey, ii?ioeiaie iie?anee e o. a.
Eaeia?oi a?aiy iacaa i?ioeeu aue aaoeoeoiui oiaa?ii, e i?eia?anoe aai ii i?eaieaiie oaia au?
ei nei?ii. Nai?ea iauaeoia n eniieuciaaieai eiino?oeoeiiiiai ae?ieieaaiai i?ioeey i?ioiaeea
e?aeia iai?inoi. Iauaeou ?anoi niae?aeenu ec ianeieueeo nenoai ?acee?iuo i?iecaiaeoaeae, ca?an?
oo? ia niaianoeiuo a?oa n a?oaii. Ieceia ea?anoai i?ioeey iauyniyeinu ?aeiaa?aneei oaeoi?ii e
eciioaiiinou? iai?oaiaaiey. Iaii a?aiy iaeioi?ua oe?iu?ia?a?aaio?eee i?ioeey aa??aee a ooa?
oa oaeua a?eaaau, aaeinoaaiiie caaa?ae eioi?uo yaeyeinu niyoea "?a?ieiu" n i?ioeey oeeo?ia?
oeieaie.
Naaiaiy neooaoey ianeieuei oeo?oeeanu. Ea?anoai i?iaoeoee iiauneeinu, i?aaei?aiea i?aauoaao
ni?in. Ai?i?ai, i?aanoaaeoaee oe?i?ia?a?aaio?eeia ioia?a?o, ?oi ia ?uiea aua oaaoaao i?ioeey
iaaunieiai ea?anoaa ia?aaaea, a iinoaaee oa?aeoa?eco?ony iaonoie?eainou?.
A aaenoaeoaeuiinoe iiiaea naaiaiyoiea i?iaeaiu ?aoaaiu. Ioa?anoaaiiue i?iecaiaeoaeu i?e ?a?
eaiee ii?ao ?aaioaou ia oo?a aa?iiaeneiai.


Nayoineaa Aaeyineee, http://www.spbpromstroy.ru/81/14.php


26 Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
IIE?ANEA AE?IEIEAAIAI I?IOEE?


Naaiaiy ae?ieieaaua eiino?oeoee aioee a iaoo iianaaiaaio? ?eciu eae iaiouaieaiue yea?
iaio ai?ianeie a?oeoaeoo?u. Anou iaeioi?ua iieacaoaee, ciay eioi?ua ii?ii iaaciianeou naay
io iiiaeo iai?eyoiinoae. Iaei ec ieo ? ea?anoai iie?anee ae?ieieaaiai i?ioeey, eiino?oe?
oee ec eioi?iai ia iiiaia aiau e aanyoeeaoey noaioo eeoii Aaoaai aiia, ioena, iieacaoaeai
?aaiou Aaoae no?ieoaeuiie eiiiaiee. Aac ea?anoaaiiie iie?anee cayaeyou i naaa, eae i aaao?
uai i?iecaiaeoaea aey no?ieoaeunoaa, i?inoi iaeucy. A nayce n yoei oi?o iia?iaiaa ?anneacaou
?eoaoaeyi yoiai ecaaiey i iaeioi?uo oiieinoyo, eioi?ua nouanoao?o a iaeanoe aaei?aoeaiie ca?
ueou ae?ieieaauo i?ioeeae. Aoia?, yoi iicaieeo iiiaei iiiyou ? ?oi oaeia ianoiyuay iie?
?anea, noi?ioee?iaaou naie o?aaiaaiey e iinoaaueeai yoie oneoae. Eoae:




EIioi?iaoey
Io ?aai ?a caaeneo ea?anoai ie?anee ae?ieieaaiai i?ioeey?

Ea?anoai ie?anee caaeneo io iiiaeo oaeoi?ia, e "i?ieie" a eaeie?eeai oaoiieiae?aneie iia?a?
oee ii?ao naanoe ?acoeuoaou ia iao. Iaei ec aeaaiuo oaeoi?ia ? ea?anoai naiie e?anee. Eo??
oa eniieuciaaou oieuei ea?anoaaiio? e?aneo aaaoueo ie?iauo i?iecaiaeoaeae, oaeeo eae
Bichon, Akzo Nobel...

I?e ie?aoeaaiee i?ioeeae a?oeoaeoo?iiai iai?aaeaiey, iaiaoiaeii auiieiyou eae ieieioi
o?e oneiaey:
1. i?eia?aoaou e?anee oieuei o oe?i, eioi?ua aa?aioe?o?o ea?anoai naiae i?iaoeoee (ii?ii
iiniaaoiaaou a?oiio eiiiaiee, eioi?ua eia?o iiaoaa??aaiea i ea?anoaa i?iaoeoee ni noi?
?iiu iauaaa?iiaeneiai (Qualicoat ? O??eo) e iaoeiiaeuiuo na?oeoeeaoeiiiuo i?aaiia),
2. naiei iiaoaa??aaou aa?aioe?iaaiiia ea?anoai iinoaaueeia i?iaoeoee aoiaiui eiio?ieai
EA?AIE ia?oee e?anee,
3. i?iaiaeou iia?aoeiiiue e i?eaii?iue eiio?ieu oaoiieiae?aneeo iia?aoee e aioiaie i?i?
aoeoee.
Iiaaioiaea iiaa?oiinoe e ie?aoeaaiea.
Ea?anoai ie?anee nouanoaaiii caaeneo io ea?anoaa iiaaioiaee iiaa?oiinoe naiiai i?ioeey. N
iiaa?oiinoe i?ioeey aie?iu auou oaaeaiu ana caa?yciaiey e, oai aieaa, neaau ianae, iiyoi?
io i?e ?acea i?ioeey a i?ioanna aai ecaioiaeaiey iaiaoiaeii eniieuciaaou niaoeaeuiua aac?
ianeyiua NI?. A oao ie?anee i?ioeeu aie?ai iinooiaou i?aeoe?anee aac neaaia ieia?aeuiuo
ianae.

I?e yoii i?aiu aa?ii oi?ii niae?aaou oaoiieiae?aneee oeee iiaaioiaee e ie?aoeaaie?. Ea??
aay noaaey aie?ia auiieiyouny a ioaaeuiie aaiia a oaoa ie?anee.

Ia?aay noaaey ? yoi iaiia?aiaiiia iaac?e?eaaiea e eeneioiia o?aaeaiea, eioi?ia oaaeyao e??
aua neaau io i?eeiniiaaiee, a oae?a ieneaio? ieaieo e eioa?iaoaeeeaiua aee??aiey n iiaa?
?oiinoe.

Aoi?ay noaaey ? yoi nicaaiea eiiaa?neiiiiai neiy. Ii?ii eniieuciaaou o?iiaoio? ia?aaioeo
? oaoiieiae?, eioi?ay ii n?aaiaie? n a?oaeie oeiaie ia?aaioee aaao iaeeo?oaa eiiaa?neii?
iia iie?uoea. Yoi iie?uoea iicaieyao i?i?ii niaaeieou iaiineio? e?aneo n i?ioeeai (oae
iacuaaaiay aaaacey).

Eiio?ieu noaiaie o?aaeaiey ? iaac?e?eaaiey e iia?aoee o?iiaoe?iaaiey (ii oieueia o?iiao?
iiai neiy) aie?ii inouanoaeyouny a niioaaonoaee n o?aaiaaieyie Qualicoat. Yoi iniiaiie ai?
eoiaio, eioi?ue ia aa?iiaeneii o?iaia ?aaeaiaioe?oao iia?aoee iiaaioiaee iiaa?oiinoe e
eiio?iey ea?anoaa iie?uoey aey a?oeoaeoo?iuo i?ioeeae.

27
Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
IIE?ANEA AE?IEIEAAIAI I?IOEE?


Iaeiiao, o?aouy e ?aoaa?oay noaaee ? ioiuaea o?iiaoe?iaaiiiai i?ioeey io inoaoeia nieae ia
aai iiaa?oiinoe e nooea.
Ie?aoaiiua iie?uoey aie?iu auaa??aou ii?aaaeaiiia eiee?anoai oeeeia i?e aicaaenoaee
oaiia?aoo?iuo eciaiaiee ie?o?a?uae n?aau, na?ienoiai aaca e eneonnoaaiiie iiaiau aac ia?
?ooaiey eaeie?ani?iiai iie?uoey.
Oi?iuaiea oaoiieiae?aneiai oeeea iie?anee (iai?eia?, i?ioe?ea iiaa?oiinoe ae?ieieaaiai
i?ioeey ?anoai?eoaeai) aey a?oeoaeoo?iuo nii?o?aiee iaaiionoeii. A iineaaeaiey, iai?e?
ia?, n ea?anoaii aiau aey ieii?aoaeuiie i?iiuaee ia oae caiaoiu, iaiaei iineaanoaey iayca?
oaeuii nea?oony ?a?ac 5?10 eao.
EIioi?iaoey




Iaianaiea iie?uoey ia?aa iie?aneie.
A oaoiieiaee ia?aaioee ae?ieieaaiai i?ioeey nouanoaoao oae iacuaaaiia "aiiae?iaaiea" ?
yoi aiiaii?ieeniia iie?uoea n nicaaieai e?enoaeee?aneiai (aacaaoaeoiiai) iie?uoey yeaeo?
?ioeie?aneeie iaoiaaie. Yoi ? naiia eo?oaa eiiaa?neiiiia iie?uoea aey iineaao?uae ie?
?anee (iii aie?ii auou ii?yaea 5 iei). Aieaa oienoia iie?uoea (oieueiie ieiei 20 iei) ya?
eyaony naiinoiyoaeuiui iie?uoeai, iii caueuaao ae?ieiee ii ianeieueo aanyoeia eao.


Ii?iaoeaiay aaca.
Nouanoaoao ii?aaaeaiiay ii?iaoeaii?oaoie?aneay aieoiaioaoey ia ii?ioeiaua iie?uoey. Ai?
ia?auo, yoi AINO 9.032?74 "Iie?uoey eaeie?ani?iua. A?oiiu, oaoie?aneea o?aaiaaiey e iaic?
ia?aiey" ? ia iie?uoey e?aiai aeaa, a oii ?enea ia ii?ioeiaua, a ?anoe aiaoiaai aeaa. Ai?
aoi?uo, AINO 22233?2001 "I?ioeee i?anniaaiiua ec ae?ieieaauo nieaaia aey naaoii?ic?a??
iuo ia?a?aa?ueo eiino?oeoee", aaa oeacuaa?ony o?aaiaaiey e e ii?ioeiaui iie?uoeyi, a
oae?a iaoiau i?iaa?ee eo ea?anoaa.

E?iia oiai, iio?aaeoaeu aie?ai ciaou, ?oi i?iaa?ea ea?anoaa i?iaoeoee ia i?aai?eyoee oi?a
iia?eiyaony ?anoeei o?aaiaaieyi, yoi: AINO 4765?73 "Iaoa?eaeu eaeie?ani?iua. Iaoia ii?a?
aaeaiey i?i?iinoe ieaiie i?e oaa?a", AINO 6806?73 "Iaoa?eaeu eaeie?ani?iua. Iaoia ii?a?
aaeaiey yeanoe?iinoe ieaiee i?e ecaeaa", AINO 15140?78 "Iaoa?eaeu eaeie?ani?iua. Iaoia
ii?aaaeaiey aaaacee".

Oi?o neacaou, ?oi ii iiei iaae?aaieyi a no?ieoaeuiie iaeanoe iaeiiao?oi ia?ae iaae?aaaony
yaiue eioa?an e ea?anoaaiiui ecaaeeyi. Ana ?aua e ?aua a ieaia aee?aeoeo aunoaaie e na?
ieia?ia ii?ii oaeaaou ia?ii?eyoey, iinayuaiiua oaia ea?anoaaiiuo aaei?aoeaii?caueoiuo
iie?uoee, a?oeoaeoo?iuo iaoaeeieiino?oeoee. Yoi aieacuaaao, ?oi i?iaeaia iai?aaeeuiiai
iaianaiey ii?ioeiaie e?anee yaeyaony ia naaiaiyoiee aaiu i?aiu aeooaeuiie aey oe?i?i?i?
ecaiaeoaeae e?anee.

Aoia?, ?oi oaia?u Aai ynia any ino?ioa yoie oaiu. Aua ?ac oi?o i?ecaaou no?ieoaeae, niaa?ai?
oaa, ia?a?aaio?eeia ? aoauoa aaeoaeuiu e ioaaonoaaiiu, i?eia?aoaeoa aey Aaoeo eiino?oeoee
ae?ieieaaua i?ioeee o iinoaaueeia aioiauo ianoe ioaaonoaaiiinou ca ea?anoai iinoaaeyaiie
i?iaoeoee!


I.E. Aieaiiieia
Caianoeoaeu aaia?aeuiiai ae?aeoi?a
ii eiiia??aneei aii?inai III "Aa?eniaaac"


28 Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
INIIAIUA OEIU NIA?AIAIIIAI NOAEEA


A ianoiyuaa a?aiy nouanoao?o e eniieuco?ony neaao?uea oeiu noaeie: yia?ainaa?aaa?uea,
nieioacaueoiua, eaieie?iaaiiua, a?ie?iaaiiua, oci??aoua, caeaeaiiua, ie?aoaiiua a ian?
na noaeea.

Ea?aue eiie?aoiue oei noaeea aie?ai auiieiyou ii?aaaeaiiua ooieoee: oaieiecieyoey ce?
iie, oaieiecieyoey eaoii, caoeiecieyoey, caueoiua ooieoee, ynoaoe?aneea ooieoee.
Yia?ainaa?aaa?uaa noaeei (oaieiecieyoey). Iioa?e oaiea ?a?ac noaeei neeaauaa?ony ec oai?
eii?iaiaiinoe, eiiaaeoee e oaieiaiai eceo?aiey. Aey oiaiuoaiey iioa?u oaiea io oaieii?i?




EIioi?iaoey
aiaiinoe e eiiaaeoee, i?eiaiy?o aaieiia inoaeeaiea, ii yoi aaao eeou iacia?eoaeuiue yo?
oaeo, o. e. iniiaiay aiey oaieiiioa?u i?ienoiaeo ca n?ao oaieiaiai eceo?aiey. Aey aai oiaiu?
oaiey ?ac?aaioaiu oae iacuaaaiua yia?ainaa?aaa?uea noaeea. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy i?iaeaia
yia?ainaa?a?aiey noieo ??acau?aeii ino?i ai anai ie?a, iiyoiio ana e?oiiaeoea i?iecaiae?
oaee noaeea, oaeea eae Aeaaa?aae, Ieeeeiaoii, Nai Aiaai, IIA, Oioo, Eioa?iaei e a?oaea inaie?
ee auione yia?ainaa?aaa?ueo noaeie.
I?eaaiea yia?ainaa?aaa?ueo naienoa noaeeo naycaii n iaianaieai ia aai iiaa?oiinou ieceiy?
ienneiiiuo iioe?aneeo iie?uoee, a naii noaeei n oaeei iie?uoeai iieo?eei iacaaiea iecei?
yienneiiiiai. Yoe iie?uoey iaania?eaa?o i?ioi?aaiea a iiiauaiea ei?ioeiaieiiaiai nie?
ia?iiai eceo?aiey, ii i?aiyonoao?o auoiao ec iiiauaiey aeeiiiaieiiaiai oaieiaiai eceo?a?
iey, iai?eia? io ioiieoaeuiiai i?eai?a.

• E ? noaeei. Aey i?eaaiey Oeiao ? noaeeo oaieinaa?aaa?ueo naienoa iaiin?aanoaaiii i?e ec?
aioiaeaiee ia aai iiaa?oiinoe iaoiaii oeie?aneie ?aaeoee i?e aunieie oaiia?aoo?a (iaoia
ie?ieeca) nicaaaony oiieee neie ec ieeneia iaoaeeia InSnO2, eioi?ue yaeyaony i?ic?a?iui
e a oi ?a a?aiy iaeaaaao yeaeo?ii?iaiaiinou?.
• i ? noaeea. Iieo?aaony iooai aaeooiiiai iaiueaiey e i?aanoaaeyao ec naay o?aoneieio? (eee
aieaa) no?oeoo?o ec ?a?aao?ueony neiaa na?aa?a aeyeaeo?eea (BiO, AIN, TiO2, e o. i.). Ii yia??
ainaa?aaa?uei naienoaai a 1,5 ?aca i?aainoiaeo E ? noaeei. Iniiaiui iaainoaoeii ii n?aa?
iaie? n E ? noaeeii yaeyaony iiie?aiiay aa?aceaiay noieeinou, ?oi i?aanoaaeyao iaeioi?ua
iaoaianoaa i?e eo o?ainii?oe?iaea, ii o?eouaay, ?oi oaeia iie?uoea iaoiaeony aioo?e noaeei?
iaeaoa, yoi ia neacuaaaony ia aai yenieoaoaoeiiiuo naienoaao.

?acee?ea ia?ao K ?noaeeii e i ?noaeeii caee??aaony a eiyooeoeaioa eceo?aoaeuiie niinia?
iinoe, a oae?a oaoiieiaee aai iieo?aiey. I?e ?aaioa n yoeie aaoiy aeaaie noaeea nouanoaoao
iaiaoiaeiinou ca?enoee iie?uoey a ianoa eiioaeoa n aenoaioeiiiie ?aieie. Yoi iaiaoiaeii
aey i?aaioa?auaiey ei??icee iie?uoey aaieu iiaa?oiinoe a i?ioanna yenieoaoaoee. a oae?a
aey oaaee?aiey aaaacee aooeea e noaeeo.
Nieioacaueoiia noaeei. Noaeei, eioi?ia iaeaaaao niiniaiinou? nie?aou i?iioneaiea naaoiaie
e/eee nieia?iie oaieiaie yia?aee. Nieioacaueoiuie yaey?ony, noaeea, ie?aoaiiua ai anae
ianna, a oae?a iaeioi?ua aeau noaeie n iie?uoeyie.

Ii iaoaiecio aaenoaey ?acee?a?o aaa a?oiiu:
• i?aeiouanoaaiii io?a?a?uea eceo?aiea. Oiieee iaoaeee?aneee neie, iaiineiue a i?ioan?
na i?iecaianoaa, i?aiyonoaoao i?iieeiiaaie? eceo?aiey ?a?ac noaeei. Neaaoao ioiaoeou, ?oi
io?a?a?uea neie iaiia?aiaiii ?anoe?ii iiaeiua?o eceo?aiea.


29
Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
INIIAIUA OEIU NIA?AIAIIIAI NOAEEA


• i?aeiouanoaaiii iiaeiua?uea eceo?aiea. A aaiiii neo?aa ia ?anieaaeaiio? noaeieuio?
ianno iaiinyony eeai e?enoaeeu iaoaeeia, eeai ieeneu iaoaeeia, eioi?ua iaeaaa?o niinia?
iinou? iiaeiuaou ?anou nieia?iiai eceo?aiey. A i?ioanna iiaeiuaiey eceo?aiey noaeea iaa?
?aaa?ony e ioaa?o aieuoo? ?anou iieo?aiiiai ei oaiea a ia?o?iia i?ino?ainoai. ?anou oai?
ea, iaiaei ia?aaaaony aioo?u iiiauaiey, ?oi yaeyaony, ia?aeaoaeuiui yaeaieai.
Eiino?oeoee, ni?aoa?uea a naaa io?a?a?uea iie?uoey e iie?uoey n ieceie eceo?aoaeuiie
niiniaiinou?, yaey?ony iiaui ecaaeeai.
Eaieie?iaaiiia noaeei(o?eieaen). A?oeoaeoo?iia noaeei, ninoiyuaa ec aaoo eee aieaa noaeie,
EIioi?iaoey




eaieie?iaaiiuo aianoa n iiiiuu? eaieie?o?uae ieaiee eee niaoeaeuiie eaieie?o?uae
?eaeinoe. Eaieie?iaaiea ia oaaee?eaaao iaoaie?aneo? i?i?iinou noaeea, iaiaei i?e ?ac?o?
oaiee eaieie?iaaiiia noaeei inoaaony "oaeui" aeaaiaa?y eaieie?o?uae ieaiea, o.a. ineieee
noaeea inoa?ony i?ee?aieaiiuie e ieaiea. E?iia oiai, eniieuciaaiea o?eieaena nie?aao iian?
iinou iia?a?aaiee io ?aceaoa?ueony ineieeia eee iaaa?uaai noaeea (noaeei ?acaeaaaony, ii
inoaaony a ?aia); niinianoaoao caueoa iiiauaiee io a?aaiiai aicaaenoaey oeuo?aoeieaoiauo
eo?ae (i?aaio?aiyao io auai?aiey iaaaeu, iaie e a?.); iaania?eaaao caoeiecieyoe?.

?aciuie aeaaie eaieie?o?ueo ieaiie ii?ii iaania?eou i?aeoe?anee e?aia oiie?iaaiea
noaeea. Eaieie?iaaiiia noaeei i?eiaiyaony i?e inoaeeaiee oanaaia, aaeeiiia, ieii.

A?ie?iaaiiia noaeei. Eenoiaia noaeei n iaoaeee?aneie naoeie, aaciianiia e ii?a?inoieeia,
eioi?ia i?e ii?a?a ia?acoao yooaeoeaio? i?aa?aao i?ioea auia e ai?y?eo aacia. I?e ii?a?a
iii ii?ao o?anioou, iaiaei a?iaoo?a oaa??eaaao aai ia ianoa, i?aaioa?auay oai naiui ?ani?
?ino?aiaiea auia e iaiy. Ineieee noaeea ia auiaaa?o aa?a i?e ia?aciaaiee ianeieueeo ?ac?
eiiia, a oaa??eaa?ony a?iaoo?ie. Ii?ao auou i?eiaiaii i?e inoaeeaiee caaianeeo oaoia,
ieii, oiia?ae, oaoo eeooia e oanaaia.

Oci??aoia noaeei. Oci??aoia noaeei ? eenoiaia noaeei, iiaa?oiinou eioi?iai eiaao aaei?aoea?
io? ia?aaioeo. Iii auaaao ?aciuo oaaoia, ?enoieia, ?acee?iie oieueiu (4 ?6 ii), ii?ao eiaou
?acee?io? naaoii?iioneaaiinou. Oci??aoia noaeei ii?ii caeaeyou e eaieie?iaaou. A iniiaiii
aai i?eiaiy?o i?e aioo?aiiai inoaeeaiee e i?e ecaioiaeaiee aeo?a?ae.

Caeaeaiiia noaeei. Noaeei, o eioi?iai iooai oeie?aneie eee oaiia?aoo?iie ia?aaioee iiauoa?
aony i?i?iinou e oaa?ai e ia?aiaaai oaiia?aoo?u ii n?aaiaie? n iau?iui noaeeii. I?e aai
?ac?ooaiee i?ienoiaeo aai ?aniaa ia iii?anoai iaeeeo aaciianiuo ineieeia. Neaaoao ia?a?
oeou aieiaiea ia oio oaeo, ?oi caeaeaiiia noaeei ia iiaea?eo iaoaie?aneie ia?aaioea, iiyoi?
io iaoaie?aneay ia?aaioea aie?ia i?iaiaeouny ai i?ioanna caeaeeaaiey. Caeaeaiiua noaeea
iiaoo i?eiaiyouny i?e i?iecaianoaa noaeeiiaeaoia eee eaieie?iaaiiuo noaeie.

Ie?aoaiiia a ianna noaeei. Aani?ae?o?uaa (nieioacaueoiia) noaeei, i?e ecaioiaeaiee eioi?
?iai eniieuco?ony ?acee?iua aauanoaa aey iieo?aiey ?aeaaiiai oaaoa. Iii iiaeiuaao aieuoa
nieia?iie e oaieiaie yia?aee, ?ai iau?iua i?ic?a?iua noaeea. Iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiuie
yaey?ony na?ue e caeaiue oaaoa, a oae?a i?iia?ooi?iua ia?ao a?iiciaui e ei?e?iaaui.
Ii?ii ecaioaaeeaaou oae?a noaeea e a?oaeo oaaoia. I?eiaiy?ony i?e ecaioiaeaiee oanaaia ec
noaeea, ia?aai?iaie, ieii e aaa?ae.

30 Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
INIIAIUA OEIU NIA?AIAIIIAI NOAEEA


Aey oiai, ?oiau naaeaou i?aaeeuiue auai?, iaiaoiaeii ?aoei i?aanoaaeyou, a eaeeo oneiaeyo
aoaao yenieoaoe?iaaouny oi eee eiia noaeei. Oae, iai?eia?, eniieuciaaiea oiie?iaaiiiai a ian?
na noaeea, n eiyooeoeaioii i?iioneaiey iaiuoa, ?ai 50% a ea?anoaa iaeeoiai?iiai oanaa?
iiai inoaeeaiey ia ?aeiiaiaoaony. Iineieueo a ?a?eee eaoiee aaiu iaiaee ec iaai iiaoo iaa?
?aaaouny ai oaiia?aoo?u 80 ? 90*N e auoa, ?oi nicaaao aieuoea oaiia?aoo?iua iai?y?aiey,
eioi?ua iiaoo i?eaanoe e ?ac?ooaie? iaiaee ni anaie auoaea?ueie ion?aa iineaanoaeyie. A
yoii neo?aa iaiaoiaeii i?eiaiaiea niaoeaeuiuo caeaeaiiuo, a?ie?iaaiiuo e eaieie?iaai?
iuo noaeie. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy iaae?aaaony iianaianoiia oaea?aiea oiie?iaaiiui (eia?uei




EIioi?iaoey
?acee?io? ie?aneo) inoaeeaieai.

Enoi?iee: http://ujutstyle.narod.ru/calendar.html




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Ieiiiue Aecian. Aaeay ieia... 2005/6
OAOIIEIAE? I?IECAIANOAA NOAEEA


Noaeei ecaanoii o?a ianeieuei ouny?aeaoee. Ia?aua oiiieiaiey i noaeea naycuaa?ony n
iaoiaeaie ec a?aaiaai Aaeioa aaoe?oaiuie 7000 aiaaie ai iaoae y?u ? noaeeyiiuie aonaie
e aioeaoaie. A ia?aua noaeieuiua caaiau ia?aee iiyaeyouny oieuei a XVIII aaea.

Noaeei i?aanoaaeyao niaie iaoiayuo?ny a canouaoai ninoiyiee ?eaeinou. Yoi aii?oiia
aauanoai, eioi?ia ia iaeaaaao a oaa?aii ninoiyiee naienoaaie e?enoaeee?aneiai aauanoaa.
Iniiaiuie eiiiiiaioaie, ia?aco?ueie noaeei, yaey?ony:
EIioi?iaoey




• eaa?oaaue ianie (69 ? 74%),
• niaa (12 ? 16%),
• ecaanoiye e aieiieo (5 ? 12%)
• a iaaieuoeai?ioaioiua niioiioaiey iaeioi?ua a?oaea eiiiiiaiou.

E?iia iniiaiuo nu?uaauo eiiiiiaioia ii?ii aaiaeou ?acee?iua aiaaaee, iai?eia? aey
ie?aoeaaiey noaeea a ?aeaaiue oaao eee aey eciaiaiey a?oaeo naienoa noaeea.
Oaoiieiaey iieo?aiey eenoiaiai noaeea a iniiaiii aace?oaony ia aaoo iniiaiuo niiniaao:
Oo?ei e Oeiao.

A 1902 aiao Yieeu Oo?ei ?ac?aaioae iaoia iaoeiiie auoy?ee noaeea. I?e yoii niiniaa noaeei
auoyaeaaaony ec noaeeiaa?aiiie ia?e a aeaa iai?a?uaiie eaiou ?a?ac i?ieaoiua aaeee,
iinooiaao a oaooo ioea?aaiey, aaa ?a?aony ia ioaaeuiua eenou. Ia naaiaiyoiee aaiu a Aa?iia
iaoia Oo?ei i?aeoe?anee ia i?eiaiyaony, aai auoaniee aieaa niaa?oaiiue Oeiao ? iaoia.
Oeiao ? iaoia aue ?ac?aaioai a 1959 aiao oe?iie "Ieeeeiaoii". I?e yoii i?ioanna noaeei
iinooiaao ec ia?e ieaaeaiey a ai?eciioaeuiie ieineinoe a aeaa ieineie eaiou ?a?ac aaiio n
?anieaaeaiiui ieiaii ia aaeuiaeoaa ioea?aaiea e ia?ea. I?aeiouanoaaie yoiai iaoiaa ii
n?aaiaie? ni anaie i?aauaoueie yaey?ony: noaaeeuiay oieueia noaeea, aunieia ea?anoai
iiaa?oiinoe noaeea, ia o?aao?uaa aaeuiaeoae iiee?iaee, ionoonoaea iioe?aneeo aaoaeoia a
noaeea, aunieay i?iecaiaeoaeuiinou.

Iaeaieuoee ?acia? iieo?aaiiai noaeea, eae i?aaeei, ninoaaeyao 5000?6000ii o 3210ii, a
oieueia eenoa ii?ao auou io 2ii ai 25 ii. A ianna auioneaaiiai noaeea a iineaaiaa a?aiy
cia?eoaeuii aic?anoaao aiey ooieoeiiaeuiiai (n iniauie naienoaaie) e aaei?aoeaiiai noaeea.
Naycaii yoi n oai, ?oi iau?iia noaeei, i?eiaiyaiia a a?oeoaeoo?a, ia ioaa?aao nia?aiaiiui
o?aaiaaieyi. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy e iaio i?aauyaey?ony ??acau?aeii aunieea o?aaiaaiey ii
oaieinaa?a?aie?, iaoaie?aneie i?i?iinoe, niaeo?aeuiiio aeaiaciio i?iioneaaiiai
eceo?aiey e o. a. Oeiao ? iaoia iicaieyao i?eaaaaou noaeeo iaeioi?ua iaiaoiaeiua naienoaa ia
noaaee aai i?iecaianoaa.

Anni?oeiaio auioneaaiiai a ianoiyuaa a?aiy noaeea i?aiu oe?ie. Iiiaea ni?oa noaeea
auionea?ony iia nianoaaiiuie eiaiaie.

Enoi?iee: http://ujutstyle.narod.ru/calendar.html


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