<<

. 12
( 12)







[391]
Picture credits


Constellation maps by Wil Tirion Brahe, Tycho: Tycho Brahe, Mechanica
absorption nebula: Atlas Image mosaic brown dwarf: NASA/IPAC/R. Hurt
courtesy of 2MASS/UMass/ Bubble Nebula: NASA, Donald Walter
IPAC-Caltech/NASA/NSF, image (South Carolina State University),
mosaic by S. Van Dyk (IPAC) Paul Scowen and Brian Moore
accretion disk: NASA/CXC/A. Hobart (Arizona State University)
active galaxy: NASA/CXC/SAO Bug Nebula: NASA, ESA and A.Zijlstra
active optics: J. Mitton (UMIST, Manchester, UK)
Allen Telescope Array: UCBerkeley/Isaac Gary butter¬‚y diagram: David Hathaway/
ALSEP: NASA NASA
ALMA: NRAO/AUI and ESO Callisto: NASA/JPL-Caltech
Amalthea: NASA/JPL-Caltech Calypso: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute
Andromeda Galaxy: T. A. Rector and Carina Nebula: Nathan Smith, University of
B. A. Wolpa/NOAO/AURA/NSF Minnesota/NOAO/AURA/NSF
Antennae Galaxies: NASA/JPL-Caltech/ Cartwheel Galaxy: NASA/JPL/Caltech/
Harvard-Smithsonian CfA/NOAO/ P.Appleton et al.//CXC/A. Wolter and
AURA G. Trinchieri et al.
Arecibo Observatory: NAIC/Arecibo Cassini-Huygens: NASA/JPL
Observatory, a facility of the NSF Cassiopeia A: X-ray: NASA/CXC/SAO;
Apollo program: NASA Optical: NASA/STScI; Infrared: NASA/
Ariel: NASA/JPL-Caltech JPL-Caltech
armillary sphere: Tycho Brahe, Mechanica Cat™s Eye nebula: NASA, ESA, HEIC, and The
astrolabe: J. Mitton Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)
atmospheric window: CXC Centauarus A: European Southern
aurora: SOHO EIT and LASCO consortia/ Observatory
ESA/NASA/Jan Curtis Chandrasekhar, S.: AIP/CXC
Australia Telescope National Facility: CSIRO Chandra X-ray Observatory: CXC/NGST
Barnard™s Galaxy: 2MASS/Umass/IPAC- circumstellar disk: NASA, ESA, and P. Kalas
Caltech/NASA/NSF (University of California, Berkeley)
barred spiral galaxy: ESO cluster of galaxies: NASA/CXC/Columbia
Beta Pictoris: NASA, ESA, D. Golimowski U./C. Scharf et al.
(Johns Hopkins University), D. Ardila Coma cluster: Isaac Newton Group of
(IPAC), J. Krist (JPL), M. Clampin Telescopes, La Palma/Duncan A.
(GSFC), H. Ford (JHU), and G. Forbes (Swinburne University, Aus-
Illingworth (UCO/Lick) and the ACS tralia)
Science Team comet: NASA, ESA, H. Weaver (JHU/APL),
bipolar out¬‚ow: NASA, ESA and The Hubble M. Mutchler and Z. Levay (STScI)
Heritage Team (STScI/AURA) Cone Nebula: NASA, H. Ford (JHU), G.
Black-eye galaxy: NOAO/AURA/NSF Illingworth (UCSC/LO), M. Clampin


[392]
Picture credits


(STScI), G. Hartig (STScI), the ACS Elysium Planitia: NASA/JPL/Malin Space
Science Team, and ESA Science Systems/NSSDC
Copernicus: John Caldwell Emission nebula: NASA, ESA, and A. Nota
(York University, Ontario), Alex (STScI/ESA)
Storrs (STScI) and NASA Enceladus: NASA
corona: NSO/AURA/NSF Epimetheus: NASA/JPL/Space Science
coronal mass ejection: SOHO LASCO Institute
consortium/ESA/NASA Eros: NASA and APL (Johns Hopkins
Crab Nebula: NASA, ESA and Allison Loll/ University)
Jeff Hester (Arizona State University). Eskimo Nebula: NASA, A. Fruchter and the
crater: NASA ERO Team (STScI)
Crescent Nebula: T.A. Rector (NRAO/AUI/ Eta Carinae: Jon Morse (University of
NSF) and NOAO/AURA/NSF Colorado), and NASA
Cygnus A: NRAO/AUI Etched Hourglass: Raghvendra Sahai and
Cygnus X-1: ESA/Martin Kornmesser John Trauger (JPL), the HST WFPC2
Deep Impact: NASA/JPL-Caltech/UMD science team, and NASA
diamond ring effect: Bill Livingston/NSO/ Europa: NASA/JPL-Caltech
AURA/NSF ¬‚are: SOHO EIT consortium/ESA/NASA
Dione: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute Fomalhaut: NASA/JPL-Caltech/K. Stapelfeldt
Draper, Henry: Yerkes Observatory (JPL)
Dumbbell Nebula: Michael Pierce, Robert galactic center: NASA/JPL-Caltech/S. Stolovy
Berrington (Indiana University), (Spitzer Science Center/ Caltech)
Nigel Sharp, Mark Hanna (NOAO)/ Galaxy: NASA/CXC/M.Weiss
WIYN/NSF Galilei, Galileo: Yerkes Observatory
Eagle Nebula: Bill Schoening/NOAO/AURA/ Galilean moons: NASA/JPL-CalTech
NSF Ganymede: NASA/JPL-CalTech
Earth: NASA Gaspra: NASA/JPL-Caltech
Eclipse: NASA-KSC Gemini Telescopes: Gemini Observatory
EGG: Jeff Hester and Paul Scowen (Arizona globular cluster: NASA and the Hubble
State University), and NASA Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)
Egg Nebula: Raghvendra Sahai and John globules: NASA and the Hubble Heritage
Trauger (JPL), the HST WFPC2 science Team (STScI/AURA)
team, and NASA gravitational lens: NASA, Andrew Fruchter
`
Einstein, A.: AIP Emilio Segre Visual (STScI), and the ERO team (STScI,
Archives ST-ECF)
Einstein Cross: NASA/ESA granulation: Royal Swedish Academy of
Einstein Rings: NASA, ESA, and the SLACS Sciences
Survey team: A. Bolton (Harvard/ Great Dark Spot: NASA/JPL
Smithsonian), S. Burles (MIT), L. Great Red Spot: Hubble Heritage Team
Koopmans (Kapteyn), T. Treu (UCSB), (STScI/AURA/NASA) and Amy Simon
and L. Moustakas (JPL/Caltech) (Cornell University)
Elliptical galaxy: NOAO/AURA/NSF Greenbank Telescope: NRAO/AUI
Electromagnetic radiation: CXC/S. Lee Hadley Rille: NASA



[393]
Picture credits


h and chi Persei: N. A. Sharp/NOAO/AURA/ Jupiter: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona
NSF Keck Observatory: NASA/JPL
Hale“Bopp, Comet: European Southern Kennedy Space Center: NASA
Observatory Kepler, Johannes: Courtesy of the Archives,
Halley, Comet: ESA California Institute of Technology
Halley, Edmond: J. Mitton Kepler™s Supernova: NASA/ESA/JHU/R.
Hellas Planitia: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin Sankrit and W. Blair
(G.Neukum) Keyhole Nebula: 2MASS/G. Kopan
Helix Nebula: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SSC Kitt Peak: J. Mitton
Herbig“Haro object: NASA/JPL-Caltech/A. Kuiper, Gerard: Yerkes Observatory
Noriega-Crespo (SSC/Caltech), Digital Kuiper Belt Object: NASA, ESA, and A. Feild
Sky Survey (STScI)
Hertzsprung“Russell diagram: Michael Lagrangian points: NASA
Perryman et al. data as published in Laplace, S.-P.: J. Mitton
Astronomy & Astrophysics, 1997, vol. Large Binocular Telescope: Max Planck
323, L49 Institute for Astronomy
Horsehead Nebula: European Southern La Silla Observatory: ESO
Observatory lenticular galaxy: NASA, ESA, and The
Hoyle, Fred: S. Mitton Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)
Hubble classi¬cation: STScI Leverrier, U.-J.-J.: Yerkes Observatory
Hubble Space Telescope: STScI and NASA light echo: NASA, ESA, and The Hubble
Hyperion: NASA/JPL/Space Science Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)
Institute Little Dumbbell: N.A.Sharp, NOAO/AURA/
Iapetus: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute NSF
Ida: NASA/JPL-Caltech Loki: NASA/JPL/USGS
infrared astronomy: 2MASS/J. Carpenter, Lowell, Percival: Lowell Observatory
M. Skrutskie, R. Hurt Lunar Roving Vehicle: NASA
interacting galaxies: ESO Lunik: NASA
INTEGRAL: ESA Magellanic Clouds: NASA/JPL-Caltech/
International Space Station: STS-115 Shuttle M. Meixner (STScI) and the SAGE
Crew/NASA Legacy Team
Io: NASA/JPL-Caltech magnetosphere: NASA/CXC/M. Weiss
ion drive: ESA mare: NASA
irregular galaxy: ESO Mariner: NASA/JPL
Itokawa: JAXA Mars: NASA and the Hubble Heritage
James Clerk Maxwell Telescope: Joint Team (STScI/AURA)
Astronomy Center, Hawaii Mars Exploration Rovers: JPL
James Webb Space Telescope: ESA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter: NASA/JPL
Jansky, Karl: Bell Telephone Laboratories. Mathilde: Mark Robinson, Northwestern
Janus: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute University, and Scott Murchie, Johns
Jewel Box: NOAO/AURA/NSF Hopkins University Applied Physics
Jodrell Bank Observatory: Jodrell Bank, Laboratory.
University of Manchester/Anthony Mauna Kea Observatory: Copyright 1999,
Holloway Neelon Crawford “ Polar Fine Arts,


[394]
Picture credits


courtesy of Gemini Observatory and Pandora: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute
National Science Foundation Parkes Observatory: CSIRO
McMath“Pierce Solar Telescope Facility: Pavonis Mons: Credits: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin
J. Mitton (G. Neukum)
Mercury: NASA/JPL-CalTech Payne-Gaposchkin, C.: Yerkes Observatory
meteor: Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes, Pele: NASA/JPL
La Palma/Alan Fitzsimmons Pelican Nebula: John Bally (University of
Meteor crater: NASA Colorado), NOAO/AURA/NSF
meteorite: J. Mitton Phobos: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum)
Mice: NASA, H. Ford (JHU), G. Illingworth Phoebe: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institut
(UCSC/LO), M.Clampin (STScI), Pinwheel galaxy: George Jacoby, Bruce
G. Hartig (STScI), the ACS Science Bohannan, Mark Hanna/NOAO/
Team, and ESA AURA/NSF
Mimas: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute Pioneer: NASA
Mir: STS-89 Crew/NASA Pistol Star: Don F. Figer (UCLA) and NASA
Mira: X-ray: NASA/CXC/SAO/M. Karovska planetary nebula: NASA and the Hubble
et al.; Illustration: CXC/M. Weiss Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)
Miranda: NASA/JPL-Caltech Pleiades: NASA, ESA and AURA/Caltech
Mitchell, Maria: J. Mitton Pluto: Gemini Observatory
Moon: NASA polar cap: NASA
Neptune: NASA, L. Sromovsky, and P. Fry polar-ring galaxy: NASA and the Hubble
(University of Wisconsin-Madison) Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)
New Horizons: Johns Hopkins University Prometheus: NASA/JPL/Space Science
Applied Physics Laboratory/ Institute
Southwest Research Institute prominence: SOHO EIT consortium/ESA/
(JHUAPL/SwRI) NASA
Newton, Isaac: Yerkes Observatory proplyd: C.R. O™Dell/Rice University; NASA
nova: NASA/CXC/M. Weiss Ptolemaic system: Peter Apian, Cosmographia
Oberon: NASA/JPL-Caltech (1539)
Olympus Mons: NASA/USGS quasar: NASA/CXC/SAO
Omega Centauri: 2MASS/UMass/ radio astronomy: Image courtesy of NRAO/
IPAC-Caltech/NASA/NSF AUI
Omega Nebula: 2MASS/Umass/ radio galaxy: NRAO/AUI
IPAC-Caltech/NASA/NSF Ranger: NASA
open cluster: Heidi Schweiker/NOAO/AURA/ regolith: NASA
NSF re¬‚ection nebula: ESO
Orientale Basin: NRAO/AUI and Bruce Rhea: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute
Campbell/Smithsonian Institution ring galaxy: NASA and the Hubble Heritage
Orion Nebula: NASA, ESA, M. Robberto Team (STScI/AURA)
(Space Telescope Science Institute/ Ring Nebula: The Hubble Heritage Team
ESA) and the Hubble Space Telescope (AURA/STScI/NASA)
Orion Treasury Project Team ring system (Jupiter): NASA/JPL-Caltech
Owl Nebula: Nordic Optical Telescope/ ring system (Saturn): NASA/JPL
Magnus Galfalk Rosetta: ESA


[395]
Picture credits


Rosette Nebula: N. A. Sharp/NOAO/AURA/ Stephan™s Quintet: Gemini Observatory/
NSF AURA/Travis Rector, University of
Russell, H. N.: Yerkes Observatory Alaska, Anchorage
Sagittarius A: NRAO/AUI stellar evolution: NASA/CXC/M. Weiss
Saturn: NASA, ESA and E. Karkoschka Sun: NASA/CXC/M. Weiss
(University of Arizona) sunspot: SOHO MDI consortium/ESA/
Schroter™s Valley: NASA
¨ NASA
Seyfert galaxy: NASA, Andrew S. Wilson supernova: N. A. Sharp, G. J. Jacoby/NOAO/
(University of Maryland), Patrick L. AURA/NSF
Shopbell (Caltech), Chris Simpson supernova remnant: NASA, ESA, HEIC, and
(Subaru Telescope), Thaisa The Hubble Heritage Team
Storchi-Bergmann and (STScI/AURA)
F. K. B. Barbosa (UFRGS, Brazil) and Sombrero Galaxy: European Southern
Martin J. Ward (University of Observatory
Leicester, UK). Sudbury Neutrino Observatory: Ernest
Seyfert™s Sextet: NASA, J. English (University Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National
of Manitoba), S. Hunsberger, Laboratory.
S. Zonak, J. Charlton, S. Gallagher Surveyor: NASA
(PSU), and L. Frattare (STScI) synchrotron radiation: CXC/S. Lee
shepherd satellite: NASA/JPL/Space Science Syrtis Major Planum: NASA/MGS/MSSS
Institute Tarantula Nebula: ESO
Shoemaker-Levy 9: The HST Comet Team Taurus-Littrow valley: NASA, ESA, and
Sirius: NASA/SAO/CXC J. Garvin (NASA/GSFC)
Skylab: NASA tektites: J. Mitton
Slipher, Vesto: Lowell Observatory Tethys: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute
SMART-1: ESA Tharsis Ridge: NASA/MGS/MSSS
solar activity: SOHO EIT consortium/ESA/ Titan: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute
NASA Titania: NASA/JPL-Caltech
solar cycle: ISAS Tombaugh, Clyde: Lowell Observatory
solar system: ESA Toutatis: NASA
solar tower telescope: J. Mitton TRACE: M. Aschwanden et al. (LMSAL),
Southern Cross: ESO TRACE, NASA
Space Shuttle: NASA transit: J. Mitton
spectral type: NOAO/AURA/NSF Trapezium: NASA; K.L. Luhman
spiral galaxy: NASA/JPL-Caltech/S. Willner (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for
(Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Mass.) and
Astrophysics) G. Schneider, E. Young, G. Rieke,
Spitzer, Lyman: Denise Applewhite/ A. Cotera, H. Chen, M. Rieke,
Princeton University R. Thompson (Steward Observatory,
starburst galaxy: ESO University of Arizona, Tucson, Ariz.)
star cloud: Vanessa Harvey, REU program/ Triangulum Galaxy: N. Caldwell, B. McLeod,
NOAO/AURA/NSF and A. Szentgyorgyi (SAO)
star cluster: ESA and NASA Tri¬d Nebula: Gemini Observatory/GMOS
Stardust: NASA/JPL-Caltech Image


[396]
Picture credits


Triton: NASA/JPL-Caltech Very Large Telescope: European
Tsiolkovskii: NASA SouthernObservatory
47 Tuc: ESO Very Long Baseline Array: NRAO/AUI
Uranus: Erich Karkoschka (University of Virgo A: NASA and the Hubble Heritage
Arizona) and NASA Team (STScI/AURA)
Utopia Planitia: NASA/JPL Virgo cluster: Atlas Image mosaic courtesy
vacuum tower telescope: of 2MASS/UMass/IPAC-Caltech/
J. Mitton NASA/NSF. Image mosaic by T. Jarrett
Valles Marineris: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (IPAC)
(G. Neukum) Voyager: NASA/JPL
Van Allen belts: NASA Westerbork Observatory: J. Mitton
Veil Nebula: T. Rector/University of Alaska Whirlpool galaxy: NASA and the Hubble
Anchorage and WIYN/NOAO/AURA/ Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)
NSF white dwarf: ESA/NASA
Vela pulsar: NASA/CXC/PSU/G. Pavlov et al. Wild 2: NASA/JPL-Caltech
Venera: Russian Space Agency William Herschel Telescope: PPARC, Nik
Venus: NASA/JPL-CalTech Szymanek and Ian King
Venus Express: ESA XMM-Newton: ESA
Very Large Array: NRAO/AUI X-ray binary: NASA/CXC/M. Weiss




[397]

<<

. 12
( 12)