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s 100 ..................................................438
s 54 ....................................................432
s 101(1) .............................................439
s 55(7) ...............................................343
s 101(3) .....................................441, 442
Criminal Justice Act 1993.....................163
s 103 ..........................................439, 442
Criminal Justice Act 2001
s 103(1) .............................................440
s 131 ..................................................279
s 104(1) .............................................440
Criminal Justice Act 2003........18, 152“53,
s 105 ..................................................440
205, 210, 294, 308“10,
s 106 ..................................................440
340, 667“68
s 112 ..................................................439
s 4(3) .................................................275
s 114 ............................................455“56
s 6(1) .................................................279
s 114(1)(d) ................................457, 458
s 7 ......................................................209
s 116 ..........................................456, 458
s 10 ....................................................224
s 117 ..........................................456, 458
s 11 ....................................................151
s 118 ..................................................456
s 13(1) ...............................................279
s 119 ..................................................456
s 14 ....................................................278
s 120 ..................................................456
s 16 ....................................................284
s 121 ..........................................457, 458
s 16(3) ...............................................280
s 123 ..................................................457
s 17 ....................................................284
s 124 ..................................................457
s 18 ....................................................284
s 125 ..................................................457
s 22 ....................................................258
xxxiii Table of statutes


Criminal Justice and Public Order Act
Criminal Justice Act 2003 (cont.)
1994 (cont.)
s 126 ..................................................457
s 25 ......................................278, 366“67
s 137 ..................................................434
s 26 ....................................................278
s 137(1) .............................................457
s 27 ....................................................276
s 139 ..................................................457
s 29 ....................................................276
s 154 ....................................................30
s 32(1) ...............................................461
s 154(1) .............................................321
s 33 ....................................................461
s 155 ..................................................321
s 34 ....................................170, 171, 172
s 172 ..................................................332
s 34(1) ...............................................170
s 174 ..................................................422
s 34(2) ...............................................170
s 282 ..................................................321
s 35 ............................................171, 465
s 306 ..................................................212
s 36 ....................................................171
s 309 ..................................................350
s 37 ....................................................171
s 313 ..................................................728
s 38(3) ...............................................171
s 315 ..................................................727
s 43 ............................................376, 518
Sch 2..................................................249
s 44 ..............................................343“44
para 2(2) .......................................211
s 48 ....................................................330
para 3 ............................................276
s 60 ....................................................197
Sch 3..................................................367
s 81 ....................................................197
para 5 ............................................331
Sch 2..................................................344
para 6 ............................................331
Sch 4..................................................343
para 18 ..........................................345
Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1980...164
para 19 ..........................................374
s 2 ......................................................209
para 23 ..........................................321
Criminal Law Act 1967.........................201
para 26 ..........................................345
s 2 ......................................................201
Sch 3 para 23.............................331, 345
s 2(6) .................................................226
Sch 4..................................................668
s 4 ......................................................165
Sch 5..................................................669
Criminal Law Act 1977.........................317
Sch 33................................................488
s 62 ............................................182, 183
para 3 ............................................490
Criminal Procedure and Investigations
para 15 ..................................488, 489
Act 1996 ..........................287“88, 292
Sch 36 para 21...................................296
s 3(1) .................................................296
Criminal Justice and Court Services
s 3(8) .................................................296
Act 2000
s 4 ......................................................416
s 57 ....................................................224
s 5 ......................................................305
Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001
s 5(5) .................................................312
ss 50-66 .............................................240
s 5(7) .................................................306
s 74 ....................................................183
s 6 ......................................................310
s 76 ....................................................186
s 6(2) .................................................306
s 79 ....................................................222
s 6A(1)...............................................309
s 80(1) ...............................................223
s 6A(4)...............................................310
s 82 ....................................................224
s 6B....................................................310
s 129 ..................................................281
s 6C....................................................309
Sch 1..................................................240
s 6D ...................................................308
Sch 2..................................................240
s 6E(2) .......................................308, 312
Criminal Justice and Public Order Act
s 6E(4) ...............................................310
1994.................................166, 170“72
xxxiv Table of statutes


Enterprise Act 2002 ..............................779
Criminal Procedure and Investigations
Act 1996 (cont.)
Fair Trading Act 1973
s 7(2) .................................................296
s 2 ......................................................778
s 7A....................................................296
Family Law Act 1996
s 8(2) .................................................297
s 8 ......................................................142
s 8(5) .................................................297
s 13 ....................................................142
s 11(2)(e) ..........................................308
s 27 ....................................................142
s 11(2)(f)...........................................308
s 29 ....................................................142
s 11(3) ...............................306, 308, 512
Financial Services Act 1985..........163, 164
s 11(5) ...............................................310
Financial Services and Markets Act
s 12 ....................................................296
2000...............................143, 818, 829
s 13(1) ...............................................296
Firearms Act 1968.................................195
s 13(3) ...............................................297
s 21A..................................................309
Government of Wales Act 1998
s 29 ....................................................350
s 109 ..................................................663
s 30 ....................................................350
Sch 8..................................................663
s 39(3) ...............................................350
para 29 ..........................................663
s 40 ............................................350, 351
para 32 ..........................................663
s 44 ....................................................344
para 33 ..........................................663
s 45 ............................................344, 416
Greater London Council (General
s 49 ............................................289, 337
Powers) Act 1968..........................226
s 49(1) ...............................................319
s 52(2) ...............................................283
Human Rights Act 1998 ..........33, 53, 162,
s 54 ............................................495, 667
704“05
Sch 1 ..........................................344, 416
Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act Insolvency Act 1986..............................164
1995.........................................164“65 s 236 ..................................................163
s 13 ....................................................164 s 237 ..................................................163
s 13(1) ...............................................194 Insurance Companies Act 1982 ...........164
s 13(7) ...............................................194 s 43A..................................................163
s 194C................................................727 Interception of Communications Act
Crown Prosecution Act 1985 ...............246 1985...............................................234
s 23 ....................................................246
Judicature Act 1873 ..............................761
Data Protection Act 1984 .......................96 Juries Act 1825 ......................................487
Data Protection Act 1998 Juries Act 1974 ..............................486, 487
s 8(2) ...................................................96 s 9(1) .................................................490
Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Sch 1 ..........................487, 488, 489, 490
Act 2004 ........................................548 Justice Statute Law Amendment Act
s 17 ....................................................541 2002 (Ontario) .............................646
s 18 ............................................541, 549 s 20.1 .................................................646
s 19 ....................................................541 s 28.1 .................................................646
s 20 ....................................................541 s 28.8 .................................................646
Drug Tra¬cking O¬ences Act 1986 ....240 Justices of the Peace Act 1997 ..........31, 38
Drugs Act 2005 .....................................224
Legal Aid Act 1949................................586
s 3 ......................................................222
Legal Aid Act 1982........................606, 610
s 5 ......................................................222
xxxv Table of statutes


Legal Services Bill 2007 (cont.)
Legal Aid Act 1988................586, 606, 610
para 19(1) .....................................826
s 15(2) ...............................................591
Sch 6..................................................826
s 15(3) ...............................................591
Sch 7..................................................826
s 18 ....................................................578
Sch 8..................................................826
s 21(7) ...............................................605
Schs 10“14 ........................................832
s 22 ....................................................604
Sch 11
Legal Profession and Legal Aid
para 11 ..........................................833
(Scotland) Bill 2006......................841
para 13 ..........................................833
Legal Services Bill 2007 ........................784
Sch 13
cl 1 .....................................................824
para 3 ............................................833
cl 1(3) ................................................833
para 4 ............................................833
cl 2 .....................................................824
para 6 ............................................833
cl 3(2) ................................................824
Sch 15 para 1.....................................829
cl 8 .....................................................825
Sch 16 para 74...................................832
cl 11 ...................................................833
Limited Liability Partnerships Act
cl 12 ...................................................825
2000...............................................814
cl 17 ...........................................825, 826
Litigants in Person (Costs and
cl 25 ...................................................826
Expenses) Act 1975 ................579“80
cl 27(3) ..............................................825
cl 30 ...................................................826
Magistrates Court Act 1980 .................416
cl 31 ...................................................826
s 1(1) .................................................200
cl 31(3)(b).........................................826
s 6 ......................................................416
cl 34 ...................................................826
s 6(1) .........................................342, 344
cl 36 ...................................................826
s 6(2) .........................................342, 344
cl 38 ...................................................826
s 8(4) .................................................374
cl 40 ...................................................826
s 19 ....................................................337
cl 54 ...................................................826
s 19(2)(a) ..........................................331
cl 56 ...................................................827
s 20(3) ...............................................331
cl 57 ...................................................827
s 20(4) ...............................................331
cl 58 ...................................................827
s 20A(3).............................................331
cl 58(4) ..............................................827
s 43(1) ...............................................208
cl 60(1) ..............................................827
s 43(4) ...............................................208
cll 70“108..........................................832
s 102 ..........................................416, 452
cl 94 ...................................................826
s 111(1) .............................................677
cll 109“157........................................828
s 127 ..................................................366
cl 123 .................................................829
Metropolitan Police Act 1839
cl 135 .................................................828
s 66 ....................................................195
cl 158 .................................................826
Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 ....................195
cl 166 .................................................827
Sch 1..................................................824
NHS Redress Act 2006 .....................57“58
para 1 ............................................825
Northern Ireland Act 1998
para 2 ............................................825
s 11 ....................................................663
Sch 2..................................................825
s 79 ....................................................663
Sch 3..................................................825
s 82 ....................................................663
Sch 4..................................................825
Sch 10................................................663
para 16 ..........................................825
para 32 ..........................................663
para 17(1)(a) ................................825
xxxvi Table of statutes


Police and Criminal Evidence Act (cont.)
O¬cial Secrets Act 1911
s 24 ....................................................201
s 6 ......................................................162
s 24(5) ...............................................164
s 24A..................................................202
Police Act 1997
s 25 ....................................................201
s 91 ....................................................238
s 25(3) ...............................................164
s 91(2) ...............................................236
s 27 ....................................................218
s 92 ....................................................235
s 28 ....................................................205
s 93 ....................................................236
s 29 ....................................................200
s 93(2) ...............................................235
s 30 ............................................205, 275
s 94 ....................................................236
s 30B..................................................275
s 95 ....................................................236
s 32 ............................................221, 231
s 96 ....................................................236
s 34 ....................................................210
s 97 ....................................................236
s 36 ....................................................187
s 103(2) .............................................236
s 37 ....................................................249
Police and Criminal Evidence Act
s 37(1) ...............................................210
1984...............................................151
s 37(2) ...............................208, 209, 276
s 1 ......................................................196
s 37(7) ...............................................210
s 2 ......................................................198
s 37(7)(d) ..........................................211
s 3 ......................................................199
s 37D .................................................276
s 4 ......................................................182
s 38(1) ...............................................211
s 8 ......................................................182
s 38(1)(a) ..........................................276
s 8(1A)...............................................231
s 39 ....................................................210
s 8(1C)...............................................231
s 39(1) ...............................................188
s 8(1D) ..............................................231
s 39(6) ...............................................188
s 8(1)(d) ............................................229
s 41 ....................................................209
s 9 ......................................................182
s 42 ............................................182, 209
s 10 ............................................229, 466
s 43 ............................................182, 209
s 11 ............................................228, 229
s 43(4) ...............................................210
s 12 ............................................228, 229
s 43(4)(b) ..........................................210
s 13 ....................................................229
s 43(12) .............................................210
s 15 ....................................................231
s 44 ....................................182, 209, 210
s 15(2A).............................................231
s 46(2) ...............................................211
s 16(4) ...............................................234
s 51(3) ...............................................161
s 16(5) ...............................................232
s 51(d) ...............................................210
s 16(5)(a) ..........................................233
s 55 ....................................................222
s 16(9) ...............................................231
s 55A..................................................222
s 16(10) .............................................231
s 56 ....................................182, 183, 188
s 17(1) ...............................................226
s 56(1) ...............................................183
s 17(5) ...............................................226
s 56(5) ...............................................183
s 17(6) ...............................................226
s 56(6) ...............................................183
s 18(1) ...............................................221
s 56(8) ...............................................183
s 19 ....................................222, 231, 239
s 58 ....................................................182
s 19(6) ...............................................239
s 58(1) ...............................................176
s 21(1) ...............................................240
s 58(2) ...............................................176
s 21(3) ...............................................240
s 58(4) ...............................................176
s 21(8) ...............................................240
s 58(8) .......................................177, 178
s 22(2) ...............................................239
xxxvii Table of statutes


Prevention of Terrorism Act
Police and Criminal Evidence Act (cont.)
2005.........................................214“15
s 60A..................................................186
s 1(4) .................................................215
s 61(1A).............................................218
s 2(1) .................................................215
s 61(1B).............................................218
s 3(2) .................................................215
s 61(3) ...............................................217
s 4(7) .................................................215
s 61(4) ...............................................218
Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary
s 61(6) ...............................................218
Provisions) Act 1974
s 61A..................................................218
s 11 ..............................................162“63
s 62 ....................................................223
Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary
s 63 ....................................................224
Provisions) Act 1976
s 63B..................................................224
s 11 ..............................................162“63
s 63C..................................................224
Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary
s 64 ....................................................224
Provisions) Act 1989 ....................178
s 64A..........................................218, 219
s 18 ....................................................163
s 65 ....................................................223
Proceeds of Crime Act 1995.................240
s 67(1) ...............................................151
Proceeds of Crime Act 2002.........240, 335
s 67(8) ...............................................152
s 327 ....................................................91
s 67(10) .............................................152
s 328 ....................................................91
s 67(11) .............................................152
s 329 ....................................................91
s 68 ............................................452, 453
s 338(4) ...............................................91
s 69 ....................................................454
Prosecution of O¬ences Act
s 76 ............................468, 474, 475, 476
1985.......................................151, 245
s 78 .....................178, 441, 479“81, 483,
s 2 ......................................................366
698“99
s 6(2) .................................................269
s 80 ....................................................462
s 16 ....................................................577
s 81 ....................................................302
s 18 ....................................................576
s 116 ..................................................182
s 19B..................................................374
Sch 1 ..................................182, 230, 233
s 22 ....................................................368
Sch 1A ...............................................201
s 23 ....................................................269
Sch 2
para 1 ............................................452
Regulation of Investigatory Powers
para 2 ............................................452
Act 2000 ........................................237
Sch 5..................................................182
s 17 ....................................................469
Police and Magistrates™ Courts Act
s 26(2) ...............................................237
1994.........................................31, 152
s 28 ....................................................238
Police Reform Act 2002 ................203, 240
s 29 ....................................................238
Sch 4..................................................203
s 32 ....................................................238
Sch 5..................................................203
s 35 ....................................................238
Powers of Criminal Courts
s 36 ....................................................238
(Sentencing) Act 2000
s 62 ....................................................238
s 3A....................................................321
s 80 ....................................................238
s 3C....................................................345
Road Tra¬c Act 1972
s 5A....................................................345
s 159 ..................................................193
Sch 9 para 198...................................256
Road Tra¬c Act 1988
Prevention of Crime Act 1953
s 4 ......................................................226
s 1 ......................................................196
s 163 ..........................................193, 226
s 1(9) .................................................196
xxxviii Table of statutes


Solicitors Act 1974 (cont.)
Scotland Act 1998
s 39 ....................................................809
s 32 ....................................................663
Special Immigration Appeal
s 33 ....................................................663
Commission Act 1997..................214
s 98 ....................................................663
s 23 ....................................................214
s 103 ..................................................663
Summary Jurisdiction Act 1879...........316
Sch 6..................................................663
Supreme Court Act 1981..............656, 660
para 32 ..........................................663
s 15(3) ...............................................671
Security Services Act 1989
s 33 ......................................................95
s 1(2) .................................................235
s 34 ......................................................96
s 1(3) .................................................235
s 37 ....................................................102
Security Services Act 1996....................235
s 37(1) ...............................................102
Serious Organised Crime and Police
s 37(3) ...............................................102
Act 2005 ........................................182
s 51 ..............................................11, 556
s 62 ....................................................164
s 54(2) ...............................................656
s 63 ....................................................164
s 69(1) ...............................................503
s 64 ....................................................164
s 69(3) ...............................................503
s 65 ....................................................164
s 72 ....................................................104
s 71(1) ...............................................336
Sch 3 para 8.........................................11
s 73 ....................................................335
s 110 ..................................164, 201, 202
Terrorism Act 2000 .......................163, 185
s 113(4) .............................................231
s 19 ....................................................163
s 113(7) .............................................231
s 32 ....................................................195
s 114(2) .............................................231
s 33 ....................................................195
s 114(8)(a) ........................................231
s 34 ....................................................195
s 116 ..................................................218
s 35 ....................................................195
s 117(2) .............................................218
s 36 ....................................................195
s 118 ..................................................218
s 37 ....................................................228
s 120 ..................................................187
s 44 ....................................................198
s 121 ..................................................187
s 89 ....................................................194
Sch 7..................................................182
Sch 5 ..........................................230, 233
para 43(3) .....................................221
para 6 ............................................228
para 43(6) .....................................221
Sch 8
para 43(7) .....................................209
para 29 ..........................................212
para 43(8) .....................................210
para 36 ..........................................212
para 43(10) ...................................177
Terrorism Act 2006
para 43(13) ...................................230
s 23(7) ...............................................212
Sex O¬ences Act 1997 ..........................256
Theft Act 1968
Sexual O¬ences Act 1956 .....................461
s 12 ....................................................284
Sexual O¬ences (Amendment) Act
s 12A..................................................284
1976
Transport Act 1981
s 2 ......................................................468
s 5 ......................................................225
Sexual O¬ences (Amendment) Act
s 25 ....................................................225
1992...............................................377
Sch 8..................................................225
Solicitors Act 1972 (Ontario)...............646
Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement
Solicitors Act 1974 ................563, 630, 820
Bill 2006 ....................................44“46
s 20 ....................................................794
Sch 6....................................................45
s 23 ....................................................819
xxxix Table of statutes


Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act
1999 1999 (cont.)
s 9 ......................................................164 s 41 ....................................................469
s 16 ............................................433, 434 s 44 ....................................................378
s 17 ....................................................434 s 46 ....................................................378
s 21(5) ...............................................433 s 53 ....................................................444
s 23 ....................................................432 s 54(5) ...............................................444
s 24 ....................................................432 s 55 ....................................................444
s 25 ....................................................432 s 55(6) ...............................................445
s 25(3) .......................................425, 432 s 55(8) ...............................................445
s 26 ....................................................432 s 58 ....................................................171
s 27 ....................................................432 s 59 ....................................................708
s 27(2) ...............................................433 s 60 ....................................................454
s 28 ....................................431, 432, 434 Sch 3 ..........................................164, 708
s 29 ....................................................432
Table of cases




A, Re [2006] EWCA Crim 4, [2006] 2 All ER 1 .............................................................423
A v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2004] UKHL 56, [2005]
2 AC 68, [2005] 2 WLR 87............................................................................214
A v Secretary of State for the Home Department (No 2) [2005] UKHL 71, [2006]
1 All ER 575 ................................................................................................................481
AB v Leeds Teaching Hospital NHS Trust [2003] EWHC 1034, QB......567, 568
Abse v Smith [1986] QB 536...........................................................................................784
Afrika v Cape Plc; X v Schering Healthcare Ltd; Sayers v Merck, SmithKline
Beecham Plc [2001] EWCA Civ 2017, [2002] 1 WLR 2274 ......................................574
A-G for New South Wales v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd [1955] AC 457.........................260
A-G v Associated Newspapers Ltd [1994] 1 All ER 556 ................................................537
A-G v Birmingham Post and Mail Ltd [1998] 4 All ER 49............................................373
A-G v Blake [1998] 1 All ER 133.....................................................................................240
A-G v Leveller Magazines [1979] AC 440, HL .......................................................423, 428
A-G v MGN Ltd [1997] 1 All ER 456 .............................................................................373
A-G v New Statesman and Nation Publishing Co Ltd [1980] 1 All ER 644 .................536
A-G v News Group Newspapers Plc [1998] 2 All ER 906..............................................371
A-G v Scotcher [2005] UKHL 36, [2005] 3 All ER 1 .....................................................534
A-G v Scriven, 4 February 2000, unreported, CA..........................................................421
A-G v Sports Newspapers Ltd [1992] 1 All ER 503 .......................................................371
A-G v Times Newspapers (1983) Times, 12 February...................................................372
Agassi v Robinson [2005] EWCA Civ 1507....................................................................581
A-G™s Reference (No 1 of 1975) [1975] 3 WLR 11 ........................................................667
A-G™s Reference (No 1 of 1990) [1992] QB 630.............................................................368
A-G™s Reference (No 3 of 1999), Re [2000] 4 All ER 360 ..............................................224
A-G™s Reference (No 2 of 2001) [2003] UKHL 68. [2004] 1 All ER 1049 ....................369
A-G™s Reference (No 1 of 2004) R v Edwards Note [2004] EWCA Crim 1025,
[2004] 4 All ER 457 .....................................................................................................350
A-G™s Reference (No 5 of 2002) [2004] UKHL 40, [2004] 4 All ER 901 ..............237, 238
A-G™s Reference (No 14 and 15 of 2006) French and Webster [2006] EWCA Crim
1335..............................................................................................................................332
Ahmed v Powell [2003] EWHC 9011 (Costs)................................................................636
Aiden Shipping Co Ltd v Interbulk Ltd, The Vimeira [1986] 2 All ER 409 .................573
Air Canada v Secretary of State for Trade [1983] 1 All ER 910...............................94, 383
Albert v Lavin [1981] 3 All ER 878.................................................................................165
Alderson v Booth [1969] 2 QB 216 ........................................................................203, 204
xli Table of cases


Alfred Crompton Amusement Machines v Customs and Excise Commissioners
(No 2) [1974] AC 405 .............................................................................................92, 94
Allen v Sir Alfred McAlpine & Sons Ltd [1968] 2 QB 229 ............................................119
Anderton v Clwyd County Council [2002] EWCA Civ 933, [2002] 1 WLR 3174 .........75
Anton Piller KG v Manufacturing Processes Ltd [1976] 1 All ER 779, CA ..................103
Arab Monetary Fund v Hashim (No 5) [1992] 2 All ER 911 ..........................................97
Aratra Potato Co Ltd v Taylor Joynson Garrett [1995] 4 All ER 695, Div Ct...............631
Arbuthnot Latham Bank Ltd v Trafalgar Holdings Ltd [1998] 2 All ER 181 ...............119
Arkin v Borchard Lines Ltd [2005] EWCA Civ 655, [2005] 3 All ER 613 ............575, 576
Arthur HS Hall & Co v Simons[2002] 1 AC 615, [2000] 3 All ER 673.........................571
Ashworth Hospital Authority v MGN Ltd [2002] UKHL 29, [2002] 1 WLR 2033,
[2002] 4 All ER 193 .......................................................................................................97
Assicurazioni Generali Spa v Arab Insurance Group (BSC) [2002] EWCA Civ
1642, [2003] 1 WLR 577 .....................................................................................672, 691
Averill v United Kingdom (2001) 31 EHRR 839............................................................171
Awwad v Geraghty & Co [2000] 1 All ER 608 ...............................................................641

Balfour v Foreign and Commonwealth O¬ce [1994] 1 WLR 681, [1994] 2 All ER
588..................................................................................................................................94
Bankers Trust Co v Shapira [1980] 1 WLR 1274, [1980] 3 All ER 353...........................97
Banks v Cox [2000] CA transcript 1476...........................................................................53
Bannister v SGB Plc [1997] 4 All ER 129 .......................................................................122
Barclay-Johnson v Yuill [1980] 1 WLR 1259 .................................................................102
Barclays Bank Plc v Eustice [1995] 4 All ER 511, CA ......................................................93
Bayer AG v Winter [1986] 1 All ER 733 .........................................................................104
Beck v Ministry of Defence [2003] EWCA Civ 1043.....................................................114
Beckles v United Kingdom (2003) 36 EHRR 13 ............................................................173
Begum v Klarit [2005] EWCA Civ 210...........................................................................638
Benmax v Austin Motor Co Ltd [1955] AC 370 ............................................................689
Bentley v Brudzinski [1982] Crim LR 825 .....................................................................193
Bevan Ashford v Geo¬ Yeandle (Contractors) Ltd [1998] 3 All ER 238 ......................634
Biguzzi v Rank Leisure Plc [1999] 1 WLR 1926, [1999] 4 All ER 934 ....................53, 131
Biogen Inc v Medeva Plc [1997] RPC 1..........................................................................689
Birkett v James [1978] AC 297................................................................................119, 123
Blackshaw v Lord [1983] 2 All ER 311 ...........................................................................690
Bostock v Bostock [1950] P 154 .......................................................................................60
Boston v Bagshaw & Sons [1966] 1 WLR 1135n ...........................................................532
Bowman v Fels [2005] EWCA Civ 226, [2005] 4 All ER 609 ..........................................91
Bradford City Metropolitan Council v K and K [1990] Fam 140.................................450
Brazil v Chief Constable of Surrey [1983] 3 All ER 537................................................220
Briscoe v Briscoe [1966] 1 All ER 465, Div Ct ...............................................................382
British Coal Corpn v Dennis Rye Ltd (No 2) [1988] 1 WLR 1113, [1988] 3 All ER
816..................................................................................................................................93
British Steel Corpn v Grenada Television Ltd [1981] AC 1096.......................................97
Brits-Mat Ltd v Elcombe [1988] 1 WLR 1350 ...............................................................392
Brogan v United Kingdom (1989) 11 EHRR 117 ..........................................................212
Brooks v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [2005] UKHL 24, [2005] 2 All ER
489................................................................................................................................262
xlii Table of cases


Brown v Stott (Procurator Fiscal Dunfermline) [2001] 2 All ER 97, PC .....................162
Buckland v Watts [1970] 1 QB 27, CA ...........................................................................579
Budgen v Andrew Gardner Partnership [2002] EWCA Civ 1125...................................86
Bullivant v A-G of Victoria [1901] AC 196 ......................................................................93
Burchell v Bullard [2005] EWCA Civ 358 ......................................................................146
Burmah Oil Co Ltd v Bank of England [1980] AC 1090, [1979] 3 All ER 700,
HL ..................................................................................................................................94

Cable & Wireless Plc v IBM European Union Ltd [2002] EWHC 2059, [2002]
1 All ER (Comm) 104 .................................................................................................145
Calcraft v Guest [1898] 1 QB 759.....................................................................................93
Calderbank v Calderbank [1975] 3 All ER 333................................................................83
Callery v Gray [2001] EWCA Civ 117, [2001] 3 All ER 833, [2001] 1 WLR 2112 .......636
Callery v Gray [2002] UKHL 28, [2002] 3 All ER 417, [2002] 1 WLR 2000................637
Callery v Gray (No 2) [2001] EWCA Civ 1246, [2001] 4 All ER 1, [2001] 1 WLR
2142..............................................................................................................................637
Campbell v MGN (No 2) [2005] UKHL 61, [2005] 4 All ER 793 ........................632, 634
Campbells Cash and Carry Property Ltd v Fosti¬ Property Ltd [2006] HCA 41........576
Carlson v Townsend [2001] EWCA Civ 511, [2001] 3 All ER 663 ...............................111
Castle v Cross [1985] 1 All ER 87 ...................................................................................447
Causton v Mann Egerton [1974] 1 All ER 453 ..............................................................382
CC v United Kingdom [1999] Crim LR 228 ..................................................................278
Chappell v United Kingdom [1989] FSR 617 ................................................................392
Chic Fashions (West Wales) Ltd v Jones [1968] 2 KB 299 ............................................239
Chief Constable of Gwent v Dash [1985] Crim LR 674................................................198
Chief Constable of Hampshire v A Ltd [1984] 2 All ER 385 ........................................240
Chief Constable of Kent v V [1982] 3 All ER 36............................................................240
Chief Constable of Leicestershire v M [1988] 3 All ER 1015 ........................................240
Chief Constable of Thames Valley Police v Hepburn [2002] EWCA Civ 1841,
[2002] 147 Sol Jo LB 59...............................................................................................232
Chilton v Saga Holidays Plc [1986] 1 All ER 841...........................................................385
Christie v Leachinsky [1947] AC 573 .....................................................................204, 206
CIBC Mellon Trust Co v Stolzenberg (No 3) [2005] EWCA Civ 628 ...........................575
Clark (Inspector of Taxes) v Perks [2001] 1 WLR 17 ....................................................660
Clark v Chief Constable of Cleveland Constabulary (1999) 21 LS Gaz 38 ..................687
Clarke v Chief Constable of North Wales Police (4 April 2000, unreported) ..............204
Clarke v Malborough Fine Art (London) Ltd (Amendments) [2002] 1 WLR 1731,
Ch D...............................................................................................................................69
Clibbery v Allen [2002] 1 All ER 865 .....................................................................423, 427
Closwer v Chaplin, Finnigan v Sandford [1981] Crim LR 643, HL .............................225
Cockerill v Tambrands Ltd [1998] 3 All ER 97 ..............................................................123
Codent Ltd v Lyson Ltd [2005] EWCA Civ 1835.............................................................83
Collier v Hicks (1831) 2 B & Ad 663 ..............................................................................408
Collins v Wilcock [1984] 1 WLR 1172 ...........................................................................193
Columbia Picture Industries Inc v Robinson [1986] 3 All ER 338...............................103
Compagnie FinanciËre du Paci¬que v Peruvian Guano Co (1882) 11 QBD 55............86
Condron v United Kingdom (No 2) [2001] 31 EHRR 1, [2000] Crim LR 679...173, 529,
705
xliii Table of cases


Connolly v Dale [1996] QB 120 .....................................................................................100
Conway v Hotten [1976] 2 All ER 213 ...........................................................................472
Conway v Rimmer [1968] AC 910....................................................................................94
Cosgrove v Pattison [2001] CP Rep 68, (2001) Times, 13 February ............................113
Crane v DPP [1921] 2 AC 299 ........................................................................................715
Cran¬eld v Bridegrove Ltd [2003] EWCA Civ 656, [2003] 3 All ER 129 .......................76
Crawford v Washington (2004) 541 US 36 ............................................................458, 459
Crouch v King™s Healthcare NHS Trust [2004] EWCA Civ 1332, [2005] 1 All ER 207.......85
Cullen v Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary [2003] UKHL 29,
[2003] 1 WLR 1763 .....................................................................................................177
Culver v Beard [1937] 1 All ER 301................................................................................690
Customs and Excise Commissioners v Barclays Bank Plc [2006] UKHL 28................102
Cutts v Head [1984] Ch 290 .............................................................................................83

D v National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children [1978] AC 171 ...........94
Dallison v Ca¬ery [1964] 2 All ER 610 ..........................................................................290
Daniel v Morrison [1980] Crim LR 181.........................................................................195
Daniels v Walker [2000] 1 WLR 1382 ..............................................................53, 111, 113
Darmalingum v Mauritius [2000] 1 WLR 2303 ............................................................369
Davies v Eli Lilly [1987] 3 All ER 94...............................................................................573
Davis v Lisle [1936] 2 KB 434 .........................................................................................225
Dawes v DPP [1995] 1 Cr App Rep 65 ...................................................................200, 203
Days Healthcare UK Ltd v Pihsiang Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd [2006]
EWHC 1444, QB, [2006] 4 All ER 233.......................................................................559
Derby & Co Ltd v Weldon (No 2) [1989] 1 All ER 1002, CA........................................102
Dering v Uris [1964] 2 QB 669 .......................................................................................582
Designers Guild Ltd v Russell Williams (Textiles) Ltd [2001] 1 All ER 700.................690
Dial v State of Trinidad and Tobago [2005] 1 WLR 1660.............................................718
Dian AO v Davis Frankel & Mead [2004] EWHC 2662 (Comm), [2005] 1 All ER
1074..............................................................................................................................426
Director of Revenue and Customs Prosecutions (R) v Criminal Cases Review
Commission [2006] EWHC Admin 3064..................................................................726
Dixon v Dixon (1983) 133 NLJ 305................................................................................710
Donnelly v Jackman [1970] 1 All ER 987.................................................................192“93
Dosoruth v Mauritius [2004] UKPC 51, [2005] Crim LR 474 ...............................711“12
DPP v Blake [1989] 1 WLR 432......................................................................................476
DPP v Hawkins [1988] 3 All ER 673 ..............................................................................205
DPP v M [1997] 2 All ER 749 .........................................................................................444
DPP v Morrison [2003] EWHC Admin 683, (2003) Times, 21 April ..........................195
DPP v Ping Lin [1975] 3 All ER 175...............................................................................473
DPP v Stonehouse [1978] AC 55 ....................................................................................525
DPP v Wilson [2001] EWHC Admin 198, [2002] RTR 37 ...........................................162
Dubai Bank Ltd v Galadari (No 7) [1992] 1 All ER 658..................................................92
Dunnett v Railtrack Plc [2002] EWCA Civ 303, [2002] 1 WLR 2434, [2002] 2 All
ER 850 ..........................................................................................................................145

E (SA), Re [1984] 1 WLR 156 .........................................................................................389
Eagil Trust Co Ltd v Pigott-Brown [1985] 3 All ER 119................................................690
xliv Table of cases


Edward and Lewis v United Kingdom (2003) 15 BHRC 189........................................298
Edwards v Edwards [1986] 1 FLR 187............................................................................450
Electrolux Northern Ltd v Black and Decker [1996] FSR 595 ......................................392
Elgindata Ltd, Re [1993] 1 All ER 232............................................................................557
Elguzouli-Daf v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1995] 1 All ER 833, CA ...........269
Elias v Passmore [1934] 2 KB 164...................................................................................239
Ellis v Deheer [1922] 2 KB 113 .......................................................................................533
EMI Records Ltd v Wallace Ltd [1982] 2 All ER 980 .....................................................562
Emmanuel v Emmanuel [1982] 12 Fam Law 62............................................................104
English and Scottish Co-op Properties Mortgage and Investment Society Ltd v
Odhams Press Ltd [1940] 1 KB 440 ...........................................................................690
Entick v Carrington (1765) 2 Wils 275 ..................................................................233, 239
Esso Petroleum Co Ltd v Southport Corpn [1956] AC 218............................................69
Evans v Chief Constable of Surrey [1988] QB 588, [1989] 2 All ER 594 .......................95

F (an infant) v Chief Constable of Kent [1982] Crim LR 682 ..............................467, 468
Fisher v Oldham Corpn [1930] 2 KB 364, 46 TLR 390 .................................................260
Fitt v United Kingdom (2000) 30 EHRR 441, [2000] Crim LR 586 .............................298
Flowers v Jamaica [2000] 1 WLR 2396...........................................................................369
Forbes v Smith [1998] 1 All ER 973 .......................................................................425, 427
Ford v GKR Construction Ltd [2000] 1 WLR 1397, [2000] 1 All ER 802 ......................85
Foster v Attard [1986] Crim LR 627...............................................................................226
Frank Truman Export Ltd v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1977] 3 All ER
431................................................................................................................................239

G (Chambers Proceedings: McKenzie Friend), Re [1999] 1 WLR 1828.......................409
G (Children) (Care Proceedings: Wasted Costs), Re [2000] 2 WLR 1007, [1999]
4 All ER 371 .................................................................................................................570
G v DPP [1997] 2 All ER 755 ..........................................................................................444
G v G (Minors: Custody Appeals) [1985] 1 WLR 647...................................................691
Gaming Board for Great Britain v Rogers [1973] AC 388 ..............................................94
Gar¬nkel v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1972] Crim LR 44 ...........................239
Garratt v Saxby [2004] EWCA 341...................................................................................53
Garrett v Halton Borough Council and Myatt v National Coal Board [2006]
EWCA Civ 1017...........................................................................................................640
General Mediterranean Holdings v Patel [2000] 1 WLR 272, [1999] 3 All ER
673..........................................................................................................................91, 383
General of Berne Insurance Co v Jardine Reinsurance Management Ltd [1998]
2 All ER 301 .................................................................................................................581
Ghani v Jones [1969] 3 All ER 1700 ...............................................................................239
Giambrone v JMC Holdings Ltd [2002] EWHC 2932, QB, [2003] 1 All ER 982 ........561
Gibbs v Rea [1998] AC 786 .............................................................................................232
Giles v Thompson [1993] 3 All ER 321..........................................................................630
Gleaner Co Ltd v Abrahams (2003) Times, 22 July .......................................................509
Goddard v Nationwide Building Society [1987] QB 670 ................................................93
Godwin v Swindon Borough Council [2001] EWCA Civ 1478, [2002] 1 WLR
997............................................................................................................................53, 75
Goodwin v United Kingdom (1996) 22 EHRR 123.........................................................98
xlv Table of cases


Goswell v Metropolitan Police Commissioner, Legal Action, September 1998 ............207
Grainger v United Kingdom (1990) 12 EHRR 469........................................................608
Grant v Gorman [1980] RTR 119...................................................................................204
Grant v The State [2006] UKPC 2, [2006] Crim LR 837 ..............................................458
Greaves v D [1980] Crim LR 435....................................................................................472
Gregory v Turner [2003] EWCA Civ 183, [2003] 2 All ER 1114...........................563, 664
Gregory v United Kingdom (1988) 25 EHRR 577.........................................................535
Greig Middleton & Co Ltd v Denderowicz (No 2) [1997] 4 All ER 181 ......................122
Grobelaar v News Group Newspapers Ltd [2001] EWCA Civ 33, [2001] 2 All ER
437................................................................................................................................689
Grobelaar v News Group Newspapers Ltd [2002] UKHL 40, [2002] 4 All ER 732 .....689
Guardian Newspapers Ltd, Re [2004] EWHC 3092, Ch ...............................................426
Guinness Peat Properties Ltd v Fitzroy Robinson Partnership [1987] 1 WLR 1027,
[1987] 3 All ER 816 .......................................................................................................93
Gundry v Sainsbury [1910] 1 KB 645 ............................................................................581

H v H; K v K [1990] Fam 86 ...........................................................................................450
Haggis v DPP [2003] EWHC 2481, [2004] 2 All ER 382 ..............................................683
Haiti v Duvalier [1990] 1 QB 202, CA ...........................................................................102
Halford v United Kingdom (1997) 24 EHRR 523 .........................................................234
Halloran v Delaney [2002] EWCA Civ 1258, [2003] 1 All ER 775, [2003] 1 WLR
28..................................................................................................................................637
Halsey v Milton Keynes General NHS Trust [2004] EWCA Civ 576, [2004] 4 All
ER 920 ..................................................................................................................145, 149
Hamilton v Al-Fayed (2001) Times, 16 January, CA.....................................................708
Hamilton v Al-Fayed (No 2) [2002] EWCA Civ 932 .....................................................575
Hanlon v Law Society [1980] 2 All ER 199 ....................................................................593
Harmony Shipping Co SA v Davis [1979] 3 All ER 177..........................................93, 100
Harrington v North London Polytechnic [1984] 3 All ER 666.......................................98
Harris v DPP [1952] AC 694...........................................................................................478
Hart v Aga Khan Foundation (UK) [1984] 1 WLR 994 ................................................580
Hart v Chief Constable of Kent [1983] Crim LR 117....................................................225
Hashtroodi v Hancock [2004] EWCA Civ 652 ................................................................53
Hellewell v Chief Constable of Derbyshire [1996] 1 WLR 804.....................................219
Henry v BBC [2005] EWHC 1034, QB ..........................................................................559
Henry v BBC [2005] EWHC 2503, QB, [2006] 1 All ER 154........................................568
Hertfordshire Investments Ltd v Bubb [2000] 1 WLR 2318 .........................................708
Hertsmere Primary Care Trust v Administrators of Balasubranamium™s Estate
[2005] EWHC 328, [2005] 3 All ER 274 ....................................................................392
Hickman v Blake Lapthorn [2006] EWHC 12, QB .......................................................145
Hickman v O™Dwyer [1979] Crim LR 309 .....................................................................201
Hill v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire [1989] 1 AC 53, [1988] 2 All ER 238...262, 263
HIV Haemophiliacs Litigation, Re [1990] NLJR 1349 ....................................................95
Hodges v Harland and Wol¬ Ltd [1965] 1 All ER 1086, CA.........................................505
Hodgson v Imperial Tobacco Ltd [1998] 2 All ER 673 .........................................427, 576
Holgate-Mohammed v Duke [1984] AC 437, [1984] 1 All ER 1054 ............................207
Hollington v F Hewthorn & Co Ltd [1943] KB 587 ......................................................442
Hollins v Russell [2003] EWCA Civ 718, [2003] 4 All ER 590 ..............638, 639, 640, 642
xlvi Table of cases


Holmes v SGB Services Plc [2001] EWCA Civ 354....................................................48, 49
Honeywell Ltd v Alliance Components Ltd, 22 February 1996, unreported ...............392
Hope v Great Western Rly Co [1937] 2 KB 130.............................................................503
Hoskyn v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1978] 2 All ER 136 .............................462
Howells v Dominion Insurance Co Ltd [2005] EWHC 552, QB..............................63, 66
Hsu v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1997] 2 All ER 262 ...................................207
Huck v Robson [2002] EWCA Civ 398, [2002] 3 All ER 263..........................................86
Hurst v Leeming [2001] EWHC 1051, [2003] 1 Lloyd™s Rep 379, Ch ..........................145
Hurwitt v Hurwitt [1979] 3 FLR 194 .............................................................................450

IJL v United Kingdom (2000) 9 BHRC 222 ...................................................................708
Ikarian Reefer [1993] 2 Lloyd™s Rep 68...........................................................................390
Ikarian Reefer [1995] 2 Lloyd™s Rep 455.........................................................................689
Independent Publishing Co Ltd v A-G of Trinidad and Tobago [2004] UKPC 26,
[2005] 1 All ER 499 .....................................................................................................373
Independiente Ltd v Music Trading On-Line (HK) Ltd [2003] EWHC 470, Ch...........63
Ingleton v Dibble [1972] 1 All ER 275 ...........................................................................165
Interbrew SA v Financial Times [2002] EWCA Civ 274, [2002] 2 Lloyd™s Rep
229..................................................................................................................................97
Iraqi Ministry of Defence v Arcepey Shipping Co SA [1981] QB 65n .........................102
IRC v Rossminster Ltd [1980] 1 All ER 80.....................................................................231

Jackson v Marley Davenport Ltd [2004] EWCA Civ 1225 ..............................................93
James Cramp v Hastings Borough Council; Rainbow Phillips v London Borough
of Camden [2005] EWCA Civ 1005, [2005] 4 All ER 1014.......................................665
Jasper v United Kingdom (2000) 30 EHRR 1, [2000] Crim LR 586.............................298
Je¬rey v Black [1978] 1 All ER 555 .........................................................................239, 478
John v Mirror Group Newspapers Ltd [1996] 2 All ER 35............................................508
John v Rees [1970] Ch 345................................................................................................63
Jones v National Coal Board [1957] 2 QB 55, CA .................................................380, 381
Jones v University of Warwick [2001] EWCA Civ 535, [2001] All ER (D) 135
(Apr) ............................................................................................................................557
Jones v Whalley [2006] UKHL 41, [2007] Crim LR 74.................................................256

Keegan v Chief Constable of Merseyside Police [2003] EWCA Civ 936.......................232
Keegan v United Kingdom, Application No 28867/03 [2006] All ER (D) 235 ............232
Kelley v Corston [1997] 4 All ER 466 .............................................................................571
Kenlin v Gardiner [1967] 2 QB 510........................................................................192, 193
Khan (Sultan) v United Kingdom (2000) 32 EHRR 1016, [2000] Crim LR 684 .........483
Khan v Armaguard Ltd [1994] 3 All ER 545..................................................................106
Khan v Lord Chancellor [2003] EWHC 12, QB, [2003] 2 All ER 367..........................580
Kinetics Technology International v Cross Seas Shipping Corpn (The Mosconici)
[2001] 2 Lloyd™s Rep 313...............................................................................................86
King v Telegraph Group Ltd [2004] EWCA Civ 613, [2005] 1 WLR 2282...556, 569, 634
King v Telegraph Group Ltd [2005] EWHC 90015 (Costs) ..........................................559
KU v Liverpool City Council [2005] EWCA Civ 475 ............................................637, 638
Kuruma, Son of Kaniu v R [1955] AC 197...............................................................477“78
xlvii Table of cases


L (a minor), Re [1997] AC 16, [1996] 2 All ER 78, HL ...................................92, 101, 389
Ladd v Marshall [1954] 1 WLR 1489, CA ......................................................708, 709, 711
Lambert v Roberts [1981] 2 All ER 15 ...........................................................................225
Lawrie v Muir 1950 JC 19 ...............................................................................................482
Leigh v Michelin Tyres Plc [2003] EWCA Civ 1766 ......................................................561
Lewis v Chief Constable of South Wales Constabulary [1991] 1 All ER 206 ...............205
Lewis v Daily Telegraph Ltd [1964] AC 234...................................................................690
Liliy Icos v P¬za Ltd (No 2) [2002] EWCA Civ 2, [2002] 1 WLR 2253..........................99
Lilley v Pettit [1946] KB 401 ...........................................................................................450
Lindley v Rutter [1981] QB 128......................................................................................220
Linton v Ministry of Defence (1983) 133 NLJ 1103 ......................................................711
Livesey v Jenkins [1985] AC 424.....................................................................................389
Lloyds Bank Plc v Parker Bullen [2000] Lloyd™s Rep PN 51............................................86
Lodwick v Sanders [1985] 1 All ER 577 .........................................................................194
London Scottish Bene¬t Society v Chorley (1884) 13 QBD 872 ..................................579
Lownds v Home O¬ce [2002] EWCA Civ 365, [2002] 1 WLR 2450 ...........................560
Lucas v Barking, Havering and Redbridge Hospital NHS Trust [2003] EWCA Civ
1102, [2003] 4 All ER 720 .............................................................................................93
Ludlow v Burgess [1971] Crim LR 238 ..........................................................................192

M v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2004] EWCA Civ 324, [2004]
2 All ER 863 .................................................................................................................214
McGlinn v Waltham Contractors [2005] EWHC 1419, [2005] 3 All ER 1126, TCC.......61
McGuinness v Kellogg Co of Great Britain Ltd [1988] 2 All ER 902............................106
McIntyre Estate v Ontario [2002] 61 OR (3d) 257, CA ................................630, 644, 645
McKenzie v Mckenzie [1971] P 33, CA ..........................................................................408
McLeod v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1994] 4 All ER 553 ............................226
McLeod v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1999] Crim LR 155 ...........................226
McLorie v Oxford [1982] QB 1290.........................................................................220, 239
MConnell v Chief Constable of Greater Manchester Police [1990] 1 WLR 364..........226
McPhilemy v Times Newspapers Ltd [1999] 3 All ER 775..............................................71
McPhilemy v Times Newspapers Ltd (No 2) [2001] EWCA Civ 933, [2001] 4 All
ER 861, [2002] 1 WLR 934 .........................................................................................562
Mainwaring v Goldtech Investments Ltd [1997] 1 All ER 467 .....................................579
Makanjuola v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1992] 3 All ER 617 ........................94
Malkinson v Trim [2002] EWCA Civ 1273, [2003] 2 All ER 356..................................579
Malloch v Aberdeen Corpn (No 2) [1973] 1 All ER 304 ...............................................579
Malone v United Kingdom (1985) 7 EHRR 14......................................................234, 470
Mareva Cia Naviera SA v International Bulk Carriers SA [1980] 1 All ER 213n,
[1975] Lloyd™s Rep 509, CA ........................................................................................102
Marks v Beyfus (1890) 25 QBD 494 ...............................................................................468
Markt and Co Ltd v Knight Steamship Co Ltd [1910] 2 KB 1021..................................63
Maxwell v DPP [1935] AC 309 .......................................................................................700
Medcalf v Weatherill [2002] UKHL 27, [2003] 1 AC 120 .............................................570
Mole v Mole [1951] P 21...................................................................................................60
Momodou v Liman [2005] EWCA Crim 177, [2005] 2 All ER 571, [2005] Crim
LR 588 ..........................................................................................................................418
xlviii Table of cases


Monnell and Morris v United Kingdom (1987) 10 EHRR 205.....................................675
Moore v Green [1983] 1 All ER 663 ...............................................................................165
Morris v Bank of America National Trust [2000] 1 All ER 954, CA.............................118
Morris v Beardmore [1981] AC 446, HL........................................................................225
The Mosconici, Kinetics Technology International v Cross Seas Shipping Corpn
[2001] 2 Lloyd™s Rep 313...............................................................................................86
Mulholland v Mitchell [1971] AC 666 ...........................................................................713
Murray (John) v United Kingdom (1996) 22 EHRR 29................................................171
MV Yorke Motors v Edwards [1982] 1 All ER 1024 ......................................................682
Myers v DPP [1965] AC 1001 .................................................................................447, 452

Neave v Neave (No 2) [2003] EWCA Civ 325 ..................................................................84
Neilson v Laugharne [1981] 1 All ER 829 ........................................................................94
Nembhard v R [1987] 1 All ER 183 ................................................................................449
New Zealand Maori Council v A-G of New Zealand [1994] 1 AC 466 ........................583
Nizami v Butt [2006] EWHC 159, QB ...........................................................................640
Noor Mohamed v R [1949] AC 182 ...............................................................................478
Norwich Pharmacal Co v Customs and Excise Commissioners [1973] AC 133............97

O (Disclosure Order), Re [1991] 1 All ER 330...............................................................463
O¬cial Solicitor to the Supreme Court v K [1965] AC 201..................................389, 450
O™Hara v Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary [1997] AC 286, [1997]
1All ER 129 ..................................................................................................................202
Ohio v Roberts (1981) 448 US 56...................................................................................459
Osman v United Kingdom (2000) 29 EHRR 245 ..........................................................263
Oxfordshire County Council v M [1994] Fam 151, [1994] 2 All ER 269.....................389

P v BW [2003] EWHC Fam 1541, [2003] 4 All ER 1074...............................................429
P v P (Ancillary Relief Proceeds of Crime) [2003] EWHC Fam 2260, [2003] 4 All
ER 843 ............................................................................................................................91
Painting v University of Oxford [2005] EWCA Civ 161..................................................86
PCW (Underwriting Agencies) v Dixon [1983] 2 All ER 697.......................................102
Peach v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1986] 2 All ER 129 ..................................93
Pedro v Diss [1981] 2 All ER 59..............................................................................192, 204
Peet v Mid-Kent Healthcare NHS Trust [2000] EWCA Civ 1703, [2002] 1 WLR
210, [2002] 3 All ER 688 .............................................................................................112
Perotti v Collier-Bristow [2003] EWCA Civ 1521, [2004] 2 All ER 189.......................408
Persaud v Persaud, Case No AC9500972, CA, 6 March 2003, unreported...................570
Petrotrade Inc v Texaco Ltd [2001] 4 All ER 853.............................................................85
Petursson v Hutchinson 3G UK Ltd [2004] EWHC 2609, TCC...................................568
PG and JH v United Kingdom [2002] Crim LR 308 .....................................................483
Pilbrow v Pearless de Rougemont & Co [1999] 3 All ER 355 .......................................820
Pool v Pool [1951] P 470...................................................................................................60
Popek v National Westminster Bank Plc [2002] EWCA Civ 42 ....................................113
Price v Messenger (1800) 2 Bos & P 158 ........................................................................239
Prudential Assurance Co Ltd v Newman Industries Ltd [1981] Ch 229........................63
Prudential Assurance Co Ltd v Prudential Insurance Co of America [2002]
EWHC 2809, (2003) Times, 2 January.........................................................................60
xlix Table of cases


R v A (No 2) [2002] AC 45, [2001] 3 All ER 1 ...............................................................469
R v Abdroikov [2005] EWCA Crim 1986, [2005] 4 All ER 869 ....................................488
R v Ahluwalia [1992] 4 All ER 889 .................................................................................686
R v Al Khwaja [2005] EWCA Crim 2697 .......................................................................458
R v Alladice (1988) 87 Cr App Rep 380..........................................................................178
R v Andrews [1987] 1 All ER 513 ...................................................................................449
R v Andrews (Tracey) [1999] Crim LR 156 ...........................................................373, 497
R v Argent [1997] 2 Cr App Rep 27................................................................................173
R v Ashton [2002] EWCA Crim 2782 ............................................................................172
R v Ashton [2006] EWCA Crim 794, [2006] Crim LR 1004 .........................................155
R v Askov (1990) 79 CR (3rd) 273, 56 CCC (3rd) 449 (SCC) ......................................366
R v Ataou [1988] 2 All ER 321..........................................................................................90
R v Atkinson [1976] Crim LR 307..................................................................................226
R v Atkinson [1978] Crim LR 238..................................................................................329
R v Att¬eld (1961) 45 Cr App Rep 309...........................................................................521
R v B (1990) Times, 1 March ..........................................................................................443
R v B [2003] 2 Cr App Rep 197.......................................................................................368
R v B [2006] EWCA Crim 417, [2006] Crim LR 745 ....................................................390
R v Badham [1987] Crim LR 202 ...........................................................................221, 222
R v Baggott (1927) 20 Cr App Rep 92 ............................................................................420
R v Bansall, Bir, Mahio and Singh [1985] Crim LR 151........................................498, 499
R v Barry (1991) 95 Cr App Rep 384, CA ......................................................................477
R v Bass [1953] 1 QB 680................................................................................................200
R v Beales [1991] Crim LR 118.......................................................................................475
R v Beckles and Montagu [1999] Crim LR 148, CA......................................................173
R v Beding¬eld (1879) 14 Cox CC 341 ..........................................................................449
R v Benedetto [2003] 1 WLR 1545 .................................................................................461
R v Benja¬eld [2002] UKHL 2, [2003] 1 AC 1099, [2002] 1 All ER 815 ......................727
R v Bentley [1991] Crim LR 620.....................................................................................460
R v Bentley [2001] 1 Cr App Rep 307, [1999] Crim LR 330 .........................................706
R v Berrada (1989) 91 Cr App Rep 131n........................................................................521
R v Betts and Hall [2001] EWCA Crim 224, [2001] 2 Cr App Rep 257 ...............172, 173
R v Binns [1982] Crim LR 522 ...............................................................................498, 499
R v Bird [1978] Crim LR 337..........................................................................................329
R v Blake [1989] 1 WLR 432...........................................................................................477
R v Blastland [1986] AC 41.............................................................................................448
R v Boal [1992] 3 All ER 177 ..........................................................................................686
R v Boodram [2001] UKPC 20, [2002] 1 Cr App Rep 103 ...........................................686
R v Bow County Court, ex p Pelling [1999] 4 All ER 751 .............................................409
R v Bow Street Stipendiary Magistrates, ex p South Coast Shipping Co Ltd [1993]
1 All ER 219 .................................................................................................................269
R v Bowden [1999] 2 Cr App Rep 176....................................................................172, 173
R v Bowers [1998] Crim LR 817, CA..............................................................................172
R v Bowles [1992] Crim LR 726 .....................................................................................382
R v Brasier (1779) East PC 443 .......................................................................................443
R v Brentwood Justices, ex p Nicholls [1990] 3 All ER 516...........................................510
R v Bromley Magistrates, ex p Smith and Wilkins, R v Wells Street Magistrates
Court, ex p King [1995] 4 All ER 146.........................................................................291
l Table of cases


R v Brophy [1981] 2 All ER 705, HL ..............................................................................467
R v Brown (1987) 87 Cr App Rep 52..............................................................................468
R v Brown and Brown [1997] 1 Cr App Rep 112...........................................................382
R v Brown and Routh [1983] Crim LR 38 .....................................................................463
R v Brown (Davina) [2001] Crim LR 675, CA ..............................................................524
R v Brown (Winston) [1997] 3 All ER 769, HL .............................................................302
R v Bryant and Dickson (1946) 31 Cr App Rep 146......................................................290
R v Butcher [1992] 2 NZLR 257 .....................................................................................483
R v Butt [2005] EWCA Crim 805 ...................................................................................422
R v Cain [1976] Crim LR 464 .................................................................................326, 329
R v Cairns [2000] Crim LR 473 ......................................................................................711
R v Caley-Knowles and Jones [2006] EWCA Crim 1611, [2007] Crim LR 61.............526
R v Central Criminal Court, ex p Francis & Francis [1989] AC 346 ............................229
R v Central Criminal Court, ex p Guney [1996] 2 All ER 705......................................281
R v Chaaban [2003] EWCA Crim 1012..........................................................................347
R v Chalkley [1998] 2 Cr App Rep 79, [1998] 2 All ER 155 ..........................236, 703, 704
R v Chandler (No 2) [1964] 1 All ER 761 ......................................................................494
R v Chester¬eld Justices, ex p Bramley [2000] 1 All ER 411 .........................................240
R v Chief Constable of Devon and Cornwall, ex p Central Electricity Generating
Board [1981] 3 All ER 826 ..........................................................................................261
R v Chief Constable of Kent County Constabulary, ex p L and R v DPP, ex p B
(a minor) [1993] 1 All ER 756, Div Ct.......................................................................261
R v Chief Constable of Sussex, ex p International Trader™s Ferry [1999] 1 All ER
129, HL ........................................................................................................................261
R v Chief Constable of the West Midlands Police, ex p Wiley [1995] 1 AC 274,
[1994] 3 All ER 420 .......................................................................................................94
R v Chung (1990) 92 Cr App Rep 314, CA ....................................................................477
R v Churchill [1989] Crim LR 226 .................................................................................222
R v Civil Service Appeal Board, Ex p Cunningham [1992] ICR 816 ............................422
R v Cleary (1963) 48 Cr App Rep 116 ............................................................................470
R v Clemo [1973] RTR 173n...........................................................................................525
R v Clewer (1953) 37 Cr App Rep 37 .............................................................................381
R v Clinton [1993] 2 All ER 998 .....................................................................................686
R v Coleman [1974] RTR 359.........................................................................................194
R v Collister and Warhust (1955) 39 Cr App Rep 100...................................................301
R v Connor and Mirza [2004] UKHL 2, [2004] 1 All ER 925, [2004] Crim LR
1041......................................................................................................................533, 534
R v Cook [1987] Crim LR 402 ........................................................................................448
R v Cooper [1969] 1 QB 267, CA .............................................................................693“94
R v Cowan [1996] QB 373 ......................................................................................173, 466
R v Cox (Andrew Mark) [1995] Crim LR 741 ...............................................................714
R v Coxhead [1986] Crim LR 251, CA ...........................................................................261
R v Crabtree, Foley and McCann [1992] Crim LR 65 ...................................................685
R v Cranwell [2001] EWCA Crim 1216..........................................................................705
R v Criminal Cases Review Commission, ex p Pearson [1999] 3 All ER 498...............726
R v Cronin [1940] 1 All ER 618 ......................................................................................715
R v Crown Court at Guildford [1989] 3 All ER 7 ..........................................................496
li Table of cases


R v Crown Court at Inner London Sessions, ex p Baines & Baines [1987] 3 All ER
1025..............................................................................................................................229
R v Crown Court at Ipswich, ex p Reddington [1981] Crim LR 618 ...........................281
R v Crown Court at Maidstone, ex p Lever [1995] 2 All ER 35 ....................................281
R v Crown Court at Manchester, ex p McDonald (1999) 1 Cr App Rep 409, [1999]
1 All ER 805 .................................................................................................................368
R v Crown Court at Reading, ex p Bello [1992] 3 All ER 353...............................280, 281
R v Crown Court at Wood Green, ex p Howe [1992] 3 All ER 366..............................281
R v Crozier [1991] Crim LR 138.....................................................................................391
R v Cumberwell Green Youth Court, ex p D and G [2005] UKHL 4, [2005] 2 Cr
App Rep 1 ....................................................................................................................433
R v Customs and Excise Commissioners, ex p Popely [1999] STC 1016, Div Ct.........229
R v D [2002] EWCA Crim 990, [2003] QB 90...............................................................444
R v D and J [1996] 1 All ER 881, CA ..............................................................................712
R v Danvers [1982] Crim LR 680 ...................................................................................498
R v Davis, Johnson and Rowe (1993) 97 Cr App Rep 110, CA .....................................297
R v Davis, Johnson and Rowe [2000] Crim LR 1012.............................................703, 705
R v Davis [1979] Crim LR 167........................................................................................329
R v Davis and Ellis [2006] EWCA Crim 1155, [2007] 70..............................................431
R v Davison [1988] Crim LR 442 ...................................................................................475
R v Day [2003] Crim LR 1060 ................................................................................685, 686
R v Delaney (1988) 88 Cr App Rep 338, CA ..........................................................477, 480
R v Derby Magistrates Court, ex p B [1996] AC 487.......................................................90
R v Dervish and Anori [2001] EWCA Crim 2789, [2002] 2 Cr App Rep 105..............172
R v Doolan [1988] Crim LR 747 ....................................................................................476
R v Doolan (1991) 12 Cr App Rep(S) 634, CA ..............................................................477
R v Dorking Magistrates, ex p Harrington [1983] 3 All ER 29 .....................................666
R v DPP, ex p C [1995] 1 Cr App Rep 136 .....................................................................262
R v DPP, ex p Lee (1999) 2 Cr App Rep 304, [1999] 2 All ER 737 ........................289, 297
R v DPP, ex p Manning [2001] QB 330..........................................................................262
R v DPP, ex p Manning and Melbourne [2000] 3 WLR 463 .........................................263
R v DPP, ex p Threadaway (1997) Times, 31 October...................................................263
R v Du Plooy [2003] SCCR 640......................................................................................332
R v Dunford [1991] Crim LR 370 ..................................................................................178
R v Dunlop [2006] EWCA Crim 1354, [2007] 1 All ER 593 .........................................671
R v Edwards (1991) Cr App Rep 48................................................................................301
R v Eel [1983] Crim LR 806............................................................................................220
R v Ensor [1989] 1 WLR 497 ..........................................................................................685
R v Epping and Harlow Justices, ex p Massaro [1973] QB 433.............................289, 341
R v Everett [1988] Crim LR 826 .............................................................................476, 477
R v Evesham Justices, ex p McDonagh [1988] 1 All ER 371 .........................................428
R v Farid (1945) 30 Cr App Rep 168 ..............................................................................700
R v Fergus (1993) 98 Cr App Rep 313 ............................................................................460
R v Fiak [2000] EWCA Crim 2381 .................................................................................204
R v Flower (1965) 50 Cr App Rep 22..............................................................................709
R v Ford (1989) 89 Cr App Rep 278, [1989] 3 All ER 445.............................496, 498, 499
R v Foster [1984] Crim LR 423.......................................................................................720
lii Table of cases


R v Frazer [1987] Crim LR 418.......................................................................................498
R v Fulling [1987] QB 426 ..............................................................................................475
R v Galbraith [1981] 1 WLR 1039, [1981] 2 All ER 1060, CA ......................341, 523, 524
R v Gautam [1988] Crim LR 109....................................................................................685
R v Geen [1982] Crim LR 604 ........................................................................................195
R v General Council of the Bar, ex p Percival [1990] 3 All ER 137...............................261
R v Gibson (1887) 18 QBD 857 ......................................................................................456
R v Gleeson [2003] EWCA Crim 3357, [2004] Crim LR 579........................................390
R v Glennon (1992) 173 CLR 592 ..................................................................................497
R v Goldenberg [1988] Crim LR 678 .............................................................................476
R v Goodyear [2005] EWCA Crim 888, [2005] 3 All ER 117, [2005] Crim LR 659.....333
R v Governor of Canterbury Prison, ex p Craig [1990] 2 All ER 654...........................368
R v Governor of Glen Parva Young O¬ender Institution, ex p G [1998] 2 All ER
295................................................................................................................................280
R v Governor of Pentonville Prison, ex p Osman [1989] 3 All ER 701 ........................341
R v Governor of Winchester Prison, ex p Roddie, [1991] 2 All ER 931 .......................367
R v Gowan [1982] Crim LR 821 .....................................................................................472
R v Grafton [1992] Crim LR 826....................................................................................382
R v Grant [2005] EWCA Crim 1089, [2005] Crim LR 955 ...........................................484
R v Graves [1978] Crim LR 216......................................................................................713
R v Grays Justices, ex p Tetley (1979) 70 Cr App Rep 11.......................................289, 341
R v Gunning (1983) 78 Cr App Rep 23 ..........................................................................380
R v H and R v C [2004] UKHL 3, [2004] 2 AC 134, [2004] 1 All ER 1269 ...291, 298, 299
R v Haddy (1944) 29 Cr App Rep 182............................................................................700
R v Hamilton [1969] Crim LR 486.................................................................................381
R v Hanratty (decd) [2002] EWCA Crim 1141, [2002] 3 All ER 534, [2002] Crim
LR 650 ..................................................................................................................707, 713
R v Hanson, Gilmore and Pickstone [2005] EWCA Crim 824, [2005] 1 WLR
3169......................................................................................................................439, 440
R v Haringey Justices, ex p DPP [1996] 1 All ER 828....................................................382
R v Harris [2005] EWCA Crim 1980..............................................................................390
R v Harrison [2002] EWCA Crim 2309 .........................................................................686
R v Haughton, Case No 589/SI/91, 21 May 1992, unreported................................695“96
R v Hayes [1977] 1 WLR 234 ..........................................................................................443
R v Hennessey (1978) 68 Cr App Rep 426 .....................................................................290
R v Hester [1973] AC 296 ...............................................................................................445
R v Hewitson and Bramwich [1999] Crim LR 307........................................................703
R v Highton, Van Nguyen and Carp [2005] EWCA Crim 1985, [2005] 1 WLR
3472......................................................................................................................440, 441
R v Hircock [1969] 1 All ER 47.......................................................................................522
R v Hoare and Pearce [2004] EWCA Crim 784 .............................................................173
R v Holmes, ex p Sherman [1981] 2 All ER 612 ............................................................208
R v Hooper [2003] EWCA Crim 2427............................................................................368
R v Hopkins-Husson (1949) 34 Cr App Rep 47, CA .....................................................692
R v Horseferry Road Magistrates Court, ex p Bennett [1994] AC 42, [1993] 3 All
ER 138 ..........................................................................................................................484
R v Horsham Justices, ex p Farquharson [1982] QB 762 ..............................................428
R v Houghton and Franciosy (1978) 68 Cr App Rep 197 208 ......................................207
liii Table of cases


R v Howell [1981] Crim LR 697 .....................................................................................201
R v Howell [2003] EWCA Crim 1, [2003] Crim LR 405 ...............................................173
R v Hubbert (1975) 29 CCC (2d) 279 ............................................................................497
R v Hudson (1980) 72 Cr App Rep 163..........................................................................208
R v Hudson [1981] Crim LR 107....................................................................................472
R v Hunjan (1978) 68 Cr App Rep 99 ............................................................................460
R v Inwood [1973] 2 All ER 645 .....................................................................200, 203, 204
R v IRC, ex p Mead [1993] 1 All ER 772 ........................................................................261
R v Irwin [1987] 2 All ER 1085.......................................................................................686
R v Isleworth Crown Court, ex p Clarke [1988] 1 Cr App Rep 257, DC......................284
R v Jasper, 24 April 1994, unreported ............................................................................477
R v Jisl [2004] EWCA Crim 696 .....................................................................................347
R v Johnson [1988] 1 WLR 1377 ....................................................................................468
R v Johnson [2005] EWCA Crim 971, [2006] Crim LR 253 .........................................172
R v Jones (Douglas) (1999) Times, 17 February............................................................529
R v Joyce and Joyce [2005] EWCA Crim 785 .................................................................456
R v K [2005] EWCA Crim 346, [2005] Crim LR 574 ....................................................534
R v K [2006] EWCA Crim 724, [2006] Crim LR 1012 ..................................................348
R v Kansal (No 2) [2001] UKHL 62, [2002] AC 69, [2002] 1 All ER 257 ....................727
R v Keane (1994) 99 Cr App Rep 1 .........................................................................291, 297
R v Kearly [1992] 2 AC 228, [1992] 2 All ER 345, HL...................................................447
R v Kelleher [2003] EWCA Crim 3525...........................................................................526
R v Kennedy [1999] 1 Cr App Rep 54 ............................................................................703
R v Khan [1994] 4 All ER 426 .........................................................................................236
R v Kidd (Canavan) [1998] 1 WLR 604 .........................................................................549
R v King [1969] 1 AC 304, PC ........................................................................................220
R v King [1983] 1 All ER 929 ............................................................................................93
R v Kiri¬ [1992] 2 NZLR 8 .............................................................................................483
R v Kirk [1999] 4 All ER 698...........................................................................................211
R v Kuimba (2005) Times, 17 May.................................................................................675
R v Kulynycz [1970] 3 All ER 881 ...........................................................................205, 206
R v Lam Chi-Ming [1991] AC 212, [1991] 3 All ER 172, PC........................................472
R v Lawson (1990) 90 Cr App Rep 107 ..........................................................................291
R v Leer [1982] Crim LR 310..........................................................................................525
R v Leicester City Justices, ex p Barrow [1991] 2 All ER 437 ................................408, 409
R v Leveller Magazines Ltd [1979] AC 440, HL .....................................................423, 428
R v Leyland Justices, ex p Hawthorn [1979] 1 All ER 209.............................................290
R v Liverpool Juvenile Court, ex p R [1988] QB 1, [1987] 2 All ER 668 ..............468, 474
R v Llewellyn (1978) 67 Cr App Rep 149 .......................................................................329
R v Loizou [2006] EWCA Crim 1719 .............................................................................173
R v Lord Chancellor, ex p Child Poverty Action Group [1998] 2 All ER 755 ........583“84
R v Lord Chancellor, ex p Lightfoot [2000] QB 597........................................................73
R v Lord Chancellor, ex p Witham [1997] 2 All ER 779..................................................73
R v Lyons [2002] UKHL 44, [2002] 4 All ER 1028 ........................................705, 707, 727
R v McCalla [1986] Crim LR 335 ...................................................................................498
R v McCarthy (1980) 70 Cr App Rep 270 ......................................................................474
R v McCay [1991] 1 All ER 232 ......................................................................................151
R v McGovern (1990) 92 Cr App Rep 228 .....................................................................477
liv Table of cases


R v McGowan, O™Donnell [2005] SCCR 497.................................................................332
R v McGrath [1949] 2 All ER 495...................................................................................713
R v McGuiness [1999] Crim LR 318, CA .......................................................................170
R v McKenna [1960] 1 QB 411 .......................................................................................715
R v McKenzie (1992) 96 Cr App Rep 98, CA .................................................................476
R v McVeigh [1988] Crim LR 127 ..................................................................................519
R v Maguire (1989) 90 Cr App Rep 115, CA..................................................................477
R v Makanjuola and Euston [1995] 2 Cr App Rep 469, [1995] 3 All ER 730...............461
R v Malvern Justices, ex p Evans [1988] 1 All ER 371, Div Ct ......................................423
R v Manchester Crown Court, ex p Williams and Simpson [1990] Crim LR
654................................................................................................................................346
R v Mans¬eld (1977) 65 Cr App Rep 276.......................................................................523
R v Martinez-Tobon [1994] 2 All ER 90, CA.................................................................463
R v Marylebone Magistrates Court, ex p Amdrell, trading as ˜Get Stu¬ed,™ and
Robert and Pauline Sclare (1998) 162 JP 719, [1998] NLJR 1230 ............................233
R v Mason [1980] 3 All ER 777.......................................................................................489
R v Maxwell,Transcript of pre-trial ruling, 27 April 1995.............................................497
R v Maynard (1979) 69 Cr App Rep 309 ........................................................................713
R v Metropolitan Police Commissioner, ex p Blackburn [1968] 2 WLR 893, CA .......260
R v Metropolitan Police Commissioner, ex p Blackburn (No 3) [1973] 1 All ER
324................................................................................................................................261
R v Middlesex Quarter Sessions Chairman, ex p DPP [1952] 2 QB 758......................666
R v Mills [1995] Crim LR 884.........................................................................................460
R v Mills (No 2), Poole (No 2) [2003] EWCA Crim 1753, (2003) Times,
26 June .................................................................................................................687, 717
R v Mondon (1968) 52 Cr App Rep 695 ........................................................................420
R v Moore (1972) 56 Cr App Rep 373............................................................................470
R v Moss (1990) 91 Cr App Rep 371, CA .......................................................................477
R v Mount (1934) 24 Cr App Rep 135 ...........................................................................462
R v Mullen [2000] QB 520, [1999] Crim LR 561...................................................703, 704
R v Murray (Kevin Sean) [1994] 1 WLR 1.............................................................172, 173
R v Mushtaq [2005] UKHL 25, [2005] 3 All ER 885 .....................................................475
R v Mussell; R v Dalton [1995] Crim LR 887 ................................................................460
R v Nangle [2002] Crim LR 506 .....................................................................................686
R v Neal [1949] 2 KB 590................................................................................................715
R v Neaven [2006] EWCA Crim 955, [2006] Crim LR 909...........................................712
R v Newton Rose (1981) Times, 11 November..............................................................498
R v Nickolson [1999] Crim LR 61, CA...........................................................................172
R v Northallerton Magistrates™ Court, ex p Dove [1999] Crim LR 760 .......................577
R v Northam (1967) 52 Cr App Rep 97..........................................................................472
R v Nottingham Justices, ex p Davies [1980] 2 All ER 775 ...........................................282
R v Nycander (1982) Times, 7 December ......................................................................208
R v Obellin, Williams and Martin [1997] 1 Cr App Rep 355........................................489
R v O™Brien, Hall, Sherwood [2000] Crim LR 676, CA.................................................707
R v Oliva [1965] 1 WLR 1028 .........................................................................................382
R v Olotu [1997] 1 WLR 328 ..........................................................................................367
R v Oosthuizen [2005] EWCA Crim 1978 .....................................................................333
R v P [2001] 1 AC 146, HL..............................................................................................483
lv Table of cases


R v Paraskeva [1983] Crim LR 186.................................................................................301
R v Paris, Abdullahi and Miller (1992) 97 Cr App Rep 99 ............................................475
R v Parris [1989] Crim LR 214 .......................................................................................177
R v Pendleton [2001] UKHL 66, [2002] 1 All ER 524, [2002] Crim LR 398 ...............716
R v Perks [1973] Crim LR 388 ........................................................................................380
R v Pigg [1983] 1 All ER 56.............................................................................................531
R v Pinfold [1988] 2 All ER 217......................................................................................686
R v Pitman [1991] 1 All ER 468......................................................................................329
R v Pitt [1982] Crim LR 513 ...........................................................................................462
R v Pointer [1997] Crim LR 676, CA .............................................................................170
R v Ponting [1985] Crim LR 318....................................................................................526
R v Poole [2003] EWCA Crim 1753, [2003] Crim LR 60..............................................726
R v Powell [2006] EWCA Crim 3, [2006] Crim LR 71 ..................................................444
R v Prager [1972] 1 WLR 260 .........................................................................................472
R v Preston [1993] 4 All ER 638 .....................................................................................291
R v Ptohopoulos [1968] Crim LR 52..............................................................................381
R v Puddick (1865) 4 F & F 497......................................................................................270
R v Rabbitt (1931) 23 Cr App Rep 112...........................................................................381
R v Ra¬erty [1998] Crim LR 433....................................................................................337
R v Rajcoomar [1999] Crim LR 728...............................................................................703
R v Rampling [1987] Crim LR 823.................................................................................185
R v Randle and Pottle [1991] 1 WLR 1087 ....................................................................526
R v Rankine [1986] QB 861 ............................................................................................468
R v Ras Behari Lal (1933) 50 TLR 1, PC ........................................................................533
R v Rasheed (1994) 158 JP 941 .......................................................................................302
R v Reigate Justices, ex p Argus Newspapers (1983) 5 Cr App Rep (S) 181 .................423
R v Renda [2005] EWCA Crim 2826, [2006] 2 All ER 553 ...........................................442
R v Rennie [1982] 1 All ER 385 ......................................................................................473
R v Renshaw [1989] Crim LR 811 ..................................................................................381
R v Reynolds [1981] 3 All ER 849...................................................................................531
R v Rezvi [2002] UKHL 1, [2003] 1 AC 1099, [2002] 1 All ER 801..............................727
R v Richards [1999] Crim LR 764 ..................................................................................425
R v Robinson [2002] EWCA Crim 2489 ........................................................................535
R v Roble [1997] EWCA Crim 449.................................................................................173

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