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4 See Peter Lake and Michael Questier, `Prisons, Priests and People', in
Tyacke (ed.), England's Long Reformation.
5 Anne Dillon of Selwyn College, Cambridge, is completing a thesis
which will discuss Ecclesiae Anglicanae Troph±a, the widely disseminated
and frequently copied martyrological engravings taken from the fres-
coes of the Venerable English College, Rome. Other Catholic martyr-
ological material includes William Allen, A Briefe Historie of the Glorious
Martyrdom of XII. Reverend Priests (1582); John Gibbons, Concertatio Ecclesi±
Catholic± in Anglia (1st edn. 1583); Robert Persons, De Persecutione Anglicana
(1582); Pedro de Ribadenyra, Historia Ecclesiastica del Scisma (1st edn.
1588); Nicholas Sander, De Origine ac Progressu (1st edn. 1585); Richard
Verstegan, Theatrum Crudelitatum H±reticorum Nostri Temporis (1st edn.
1587) and Pr±sentis Ecclesi± Anglican± Typus (1582); John Wilson, The
English Martyrologe (1st edn. 1608); Thomas Worthington, A Relation of
Sixtene Martyrs (1601) and A Catalogue of Martyrs in England [1608]; Diego
de Yepes, Historia Particular de la Persecucion de Inglaterra (1599). See J. T.
Rhodes, `English Books of Martyrs and Saints of the Late 16th and
Early 17th centuries', RH, 22 (1994), pp. 7±25; A. G. Petti, `Richard
Verstegan and Catholic Martyrologies of the Later Elizabethan Period',
RH, 5 (1959±60), pp. 64±90; Nicholas Roscarrock, ed. Nicholas Orme,
Lives of the Saints: Cornwall & Devon, Devon and Cornwall Record
Society, n.s., 35 (Exeter, DCRS, 1992); Sullivan, Dismembered Rhetoric, ch.
5; G. F. Nuttall, `The English Martyrs, 1535±1680: A Statistical
Review', JEH, 22 (1971), pp. 191±7. M. J. Rodriguez-Salgado and
Simon Adams, England, Spain and the Gran Armada, 1585±1604 (Edin-
burgh: John Donald, 1991), pp. 274±8, discuss Ribadeneyra's work,
heavily in¯uenced by Sander.
6 Shell, ` ``We Are Made a Spectacle'' '.
7 Shell, `English Catholicism', chs. 3±4.
8 Lake and Questier, `Agency, Appropriation and Rhetoric Under the
Gallows'.
Works frequently cited




In a wide-ranging study limited in length, it has, sadly, not been possible to
include a full bibliography. The vast majority of book and manuscript
sources are referred to in one chapter only (for this purpose, Chapters 3±4
and 5±6 are taken together) and full bibliographical details are given at the
®rst citation. The following list is of works cited in more than one chapter.

Arber, Edward (ed.), A Transcript of the Registers of the Company of Stationers of
London; 1554±1640. 4 vols. London: privately printed, 1875±7; and
Birmingham: 1894.
Allison, Anthony and Rogers, D. M., The Contemporary Printed Literature of the
English Counter-Reformation Between 1558 and 1640. Volume i: works in
languages other than English; Volume ii: works in English. Aldershot:
Scolar Press, 1989±94.
Aston, Margaret, England's Iconoclasts. Volume i. Laws Against Images. Oxford
University Press, 1988.
Camille, Michael, The Gothic Idol. Cambridge University Press, 1989.
Chaney, Edward, The Grand Tour and the Great Rebellion: Richard Lassels and the
`Voyage of Italy' in the 17th Century. Geneva: Slatkine, 1985.
Clancy, Thomas H., S.J., English Catholic Books, 1641±1700: A Bibliography.
Revised edition. Aldershot: Scolar, 1996.
Papist Pamphleteers. Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1964.
Clifton, Robin, `The Popular Fear of Catholics During the English Revolu-
tion', Past and Present, 52 (1971), pp. 23±55.
Crum, Margaret (ed.), First-Line Index of English Poetry, 1500±1800, in
Manuscripts of the Bodleian Library, Oxford. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon,
1969.
Cust, Ann and Hughes, Richard (eds.), Con¯ict in Early Stuart England.
Harlow: Longman, 1989.
Davenport, Arnold (ed.), The Poems of John Marston. Liverpool University
Press, 1961.
Dures, Alan, English Catholicism, 1558±1642: Continuity and Change. Harlow:
Longman, 1983.
Foley, Henry, S.J., Records of the English Province of the Society of Jesus . . . in the

300
List of works frequently cited 301
Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. 7 vols. London: Burns & Oates,
1875±83.
Fowler, Alastair, Kinds of Literature. Oxford: Clarendon, 1982.
Gasper, Julia, The Dragon and the Dove: The Plays of Thomas Dekker. Oxford:
Clarendon, 1990.
Guiney, L. I., Recusant Poets. Volume i (no vol. ii). London: Sheed & Ward,
1938.
Hackett, Helen, Virgin Mother, Maiden Queen: Elizabeth I and the Cult of the
Virgin Mary. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1995.
Healy, Thomas, Richard Crashaw: A Biography. Leiden: E. G. Brill, 1986.
Helgerson, Richard, Forms of Nationhood: The Elizabethan Writing of England.
University of Chicago Press, 1992.
Holmes, Peter, Resistance and Compromise: The Political Thought of the Elizabethan
Catholics. Cambridge University Press, 1982.
Janelle, Pierre, Robert Southwell the Writer. London: Sheed and Ward, 1935.
Kerrigan, John (ed.), Motives of Woe: Shakespeare and the Tradition of Female
Complaint. Oxford: Clarendon, 1991.
Kibbey, Ann, The Interpretation of Material Shapes in Puritanism. Cambridge
University Press, 1986.
Lake, Peter and Questier, Michael, `Agency, Appropriation and Rhetoric
Under the Gallows: Puritans, Romanists and the State in Early
Modern England', Past and Present 153 (1996), pp. 64±107.
Macdonald, James H., S.J., and Brown, Nancy Pollard (eds.), The Poems of
Robert Southwell S.J. Oxford: Clarendon, 1967.
McCoog, Thomas M., S.J. (ed.), The Reckoned Expense: Edmund Campion and
the Early English Jesuits. Essays in Celebration of the First Centenary of
Campion Hall, Oxford. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1996.
Marotti, Arthur, Manuscript, Print and the English Renaissance Lyric. Ithaca:
Cornell University Press, 1995.
Martz, Louis, The Poetry of Meditation. New Haven: Yale University Press,
1954, rev. edn. 1962.
Milton, Anthony, Catholic and Reformed: the Roman and Protestant Churches in
English Protestant Thought, 1600±1640. Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Morrill, John, The Nature of the English Revolution. Harlow: Longman, 1993.
Myers, Robin and Harris, Michael (eds.), Censorship and the Control of Print in
England and France, 1600±1910. Winchester: St Paul's Bibliographies,
1992.
Jones, Emrys (ed.), The New Oxford Book of 16th-Century Verse. Oxford
University Press, 1991.
Parry, Graham, The Trophies of Time: English Antiquarians of the 17th Century.
Oxford University Press, 1995.
Phillips, James Emerson, Images of a Queen: Mary Stuart in 16th-Century
Literature. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1964.
Phillips, J. R., The Reformation of Images: Destruction of Art in England,
1535±1660. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1973.
302 List of works frequently cited
Pollard, A. W. and Redgrave, G. R. comp., A Short-Title Catalogue of Books
Printed in England, Scotland, and Ireland, and of English Books Printed Abroad,
1475±1640. Second edition, revised by W. A. Jackson, F. S. Ferguson and
Katharine F. Pantzer. London: The Bibliographical Society, 1976±91.
Potter, Lois, Secret Rites and Secret Writing: Royalist Literature, 1641±1660.
Cambridge University Press, 1989.
Questier, Michael C., Conversion, Politics and Religion in England, 1580±1625.
Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Rollins, H. E., Old English Ballads, 1553±1625, Chie¯y From Manuscripts.
Cambridge University Press, 1st edn. 1920.
Shell, Alison, `Catholic Texts and Anti-Catholic Prejudice in the Seven-
teenth-Century Book Trade', in Robin Myers and Michael Harris
(eds.), Censorship and the Control of Print (see above), pp. 33±57.
Sullivan, Ceri, Dismembered Rhetoric: English Recusant Writing, 1580 to 1603
(London: Associated University Presses, 1995).
Thurston, Fr Herbert, `Catholic Writers and Elizabethan Readers. ii.
Father Southwell the Euphuist', and `. . . iii. Father Southwell the
Popular Poet', The Month, 83 ( Jan.±Apr. 1895), pp. 231±45 and
383±99.
Tyacke, Nicholas (ed.), England's Long Reformation, 1500±1800. London: UCL
Press, 1998.
Veevers, Erica, Images of Love and Religion: Queen Henrietta Maria and Court
Entertainments. Cambridge University Press, 1989.
Verstegan (alias Rowlands), Richard, Odes (1601).
Walsham, Alexandra, Church Papists: Catholicism, Conformity and Confessional
Polemic in Early Modern England (London: Royal Historical Society/
Boydell Press, 1993.
Watt, Tessa, Cheap Print and Popular Piety, 1550±1640. Cambridge University
Press, 1991.
Weiner, Carol Z., `The Beleaguered Isle: A Study of Elizabethan and Early
Jacobean Anti-Catholicism,' Past and Present, 51 (1971), pp. 27±62.
Wing, Donald, comp., Short-Title Catalogue of Books Printed in England, Scotland,
Ireland, Wales, and British America and of English Books Printed in Other
Countries, 1641±1700. Second edition, revised and edited by John R.
Morrison, Carolyn W. Nelson et al. 3 vols. New York: Modern
Language Association of America, 1982±94.
Woudhuysen, Henry, Sir Philip Sidney and the Circulation of Manuscripts,
1558±1640. Oxford: Clarendon, 1996.

All references to Shakespeare, unless otherwise stated, are from Stanley
Wells and Gary Taylor (eds.), William Shakespeare: The Complete Works,
Oxford University Press, 1st ed. 1988.
For the reader's convenience, all references to the Bible are from the
Authorised Version ± though some of them, at least, should have been from
the much less widely available Douai/Rheims translation.
Index




Abbot, John, 142± 4, 166 Aston, Margaret, 36, 40
Jesus Prae®gured, 142± 4, 166 Astraea, 179
The Sad Condition of a Distracted Kingdom, 166 Audley, Thomas, baron Audley of Walden,
absolutism, royal, chapter 4 passim 215 ±16
Accession Day Tilt, 127± 33 Augustine of Hippo, St, 143, 196, 197
Act of Uniformity, 10 autodidacticism, 157, 226
Adams, Thomas, 48 Austin, John, 16
advice-to-a-painter poems, 30 Aveling, Hugh, 3, 4
agnosticism in critical discourse, introduction
passim, 55, 101 Babington Conspiracy, 117
Ahasuerus, 159 ±60 Bacon, Anthony, 127
Alabaster, William, 14, 58, 88± 94, 98 Bacon, Francis, 60
sonnets, 88± 94 Bacon, George, 170
Aldiberga, queen of Britain, 152 Bale, John, 37
Alexander VI, Pope, 29 ballads, 16, 64, 163 ±4, 195 ± 9
Alfred the Great, 181 Bansley, Charles, 27
allegory, 25 ± 6, 34, 66, 72, 127, 142, 148, Barclay, John, 115, 142 ±6
188 ±93 Argenis, 115, 145 ±6
Allen, William, cardinal, 117, 119 Euphormio, 145
Allison, Anthony, 13 ±14 Series Patefacti, 142
Alpaugh, Davis J., 24 Barnes, Barnabe, 28±30
Ambrose, St, 196, 213 baroque in England, 56, 103
Anglicanism: see Church of England Bartas, Guillaume Salluste du, see du Bartas,
Anglo-Catholicism, 95 Guillaume Salluste
anti-Catholicism, 16± 19, chapter 1 passim, 56, Bassompierre, Marshal de, 153
64, 72, 82, 165; daemonopoiia, 40 Bathsheba, 70
Catholics as mountebanks, 33 ±4 Beast of Revelations, 25
anticlericalism, 42, 48±9 Bellarmine, St Robert, cardinal, 87
anti-Puritanism, 11 Bennett, Joan, 102
antiquarianism, 12 Bernard, Richard, 25, 28
apocalypse, chapter 1 passim Bible:
Book of the Apocalypse, see Bible: Old Testament, 64
Revelation Psalms, 64, 96; penitential psalms, 87
Apostles, the, 142 Jeremiah, 177
Appellants, 109, 115, 133 ± 5 Lamentations of Jeremiah, 69, 177, 184,
Apples of Sodom, 27, 34, 47 195
Aquinas, St Thomas, 2 New Testament, 64
aristocracy, Catholic, 67 Gospels, 64, 68, 89
Armada, 115 Book of Revelation, 24 ±38, 195, 198
Arundel, Earl of: see Howard, Thomas Apocrypha, 37, 64, 161
Arundell, Charles, 167 Biblical paraphrases, 37, 39, 64, 73


303
304 Index
Birrell, T.A., 4 church-papists, 14 ±15, 111, 225
Blacklo, Thomas, see White, Thomas Catholic communities, 107 ±9, 121, 172 ±3
Blackwell, George, 113, 133 deracination of Catholics, 19, 56, 97,
Blackwood, Adam, 121 chapters 5 ±6 passim, 224 ± 5
Blainville, Sieur de, 153 Catholics in exile, 19, 108 ±9, chapters 5 ± 6
Bloody Questions, 111, 113 passim, 224
Bodye, John, 112 as expatriates, 108 ±9, 121
Boleyn, Anne, queen of England, 190, historiography and Catholics, Introduction
216 ±17, 221 ±3 passim;
Bolt, John, 63 paralleled with Jews, 137 ±40, 156 ±62, 174
Bolton, Edmund, 60 recusancy, 14 ± 16, 67, 152, 225
Borgia, Lucretia, 28 Catholic revival, 11
Bossy, John, 15, 108, 224 Catholic seepage, 17± 19, chapter 2 passim,
Bradbrook, Muriel, 54 esp. 63
Bradshaw, Brendan, 4 Catholic texts, 12± 13, 225 ±6
Breton, Nicholas, 79 ± 80, 84 Cato, 134 ±6
Breton, Richard de, 211 Cavendish, George, 175
Brewer, Thomas, 185 Cawood, Gabriel, 62 ±3
Brevis Dialoguismus, 183, 211 Cecil, Robert, earl of Salisbury, 116, 131
Briant, Alexander, 221 Cecil, William, Lord Burghley, 210
Brodwin, L.L., 54 censorship, 63, 223
Brooke, Rupert, 41 expurgation, 17
Brooks-Davies, Douglas, 75 Champernoun, Sir Arthur, 116
Broxup, W., 79 Chaney, Edward, 171
Buchanan, George, 121 chapbooks, 64
Buckland, Ralph, 142 Chapel Royal, Dean of, 95
Busby, John, 62 Charles I, 141, 143 ±60, 165
Butler, Martin, 155 Cheney, Patrick, 74
Byrd, William, 96 Church of England, 3, 39, 101, 136 ±7, 169,
Byzantium, 174, 208 195
episcopal visitations, 10
C., I., author of St Mary Magdalen's Conversion, ideologies fostered by Anglicanism, 3, 101
83 Churchyard, Thomas, 87
C., R., author of Palestina, 137 ±40, 157 Clancy, Thomas, 4, 111

Calderon de la Barca, Pedro, 221± 3 Clark, Kenneth, 32
California, Huntington Library, 170 Clifford, Margaret, countess of Cumberland,
Calvin, John, 145 74
Calvinism, 54, 64, 80 clothes, sinfulness of ®ne, 27 ± 8
Cambridge, Peterhouse, 95 Clotilde, queen of France, 152
Camm, Bede, 4 `Colin Clout', 76 ±7
Campion, Edmund, 111, 184 ±5, 221; Collingwood family, 98
Ambrosia, 213 comedy, 188 ±90
canonicity, 24, chapter 2 passim complaint, 87 ±8, chapter 5 passim
Captiva Religio, 187 ±90, 210 Como, Cardinal, 118
Capucins, 80 Constable, Henry, 17, 107 ± 8, 122± 6, 150, 163,
Caraman, Philip, 4 169 ± 70
Carpenter, Richard, 27 Diana, 108
Cary, Sir Henry, 1st viscount Falkland, 157 ± 8 Catholic Moderator, 123
Cary, Elizabeth, Lady Falkland, 156 ±9; sonnets, 122± 6
Mariam, 156± 60 conversion, 15, 19, 88± 97
Catherine of Aragon, 182, 217 Copley, Anthony, 114, 134 ± 7, 195
Catholic Record Society, 4 Corpus Christi, 11
Catholics: cosmetics, 26± 30
`angry' Catholics, 19 Counter-Reformation, Continental and
catacomb culture, 16 English, 11, 60, 80, 97, 100, 201, 208
Index 305
Cowley, Abraham, 169 ±70 Fawne, Luke, 16
Cranmer, Thomas, 215 ± 16, 218 Feilding, Susan, Countess of Denbigh, 96 ±7
Crashaw, Richard, 2, 15, 19, chapter 2 passim, feminist criticism, 17 ±18
169 Finson, Mr, 190
Crashaw, William, 16 Firbank, Ronald, 50
Cromwell, Thomas, 215 ±16 Fisher, John, St, 194; Roffensis, 214, 216± 19
Cuthbert, St, 181 Fitzurse, Reginald, 212
Fletcher, John, 217
Dante, 174, 188 Fletcher, Giles, 59
Davenant, Sir William, 146, 148 Fletcher, Phineas, The Purple Island, 34 ±6
David the Psalmist, 65, 69 ± 70 Foley, Henry, 4
Davies, John, of Hereford, 86 Fonseca, Jeronimo Osorio da, 138
Decadents, 30 ± 1, 49 ±51 Ford, John, 2; The Broken Heart, 23; Christ's
deceit, chapter 1 passim Bloody Sweat, 82
deconstruction, 17 Forrest, William, 10
dedications, 115, 137 ±8 Foucault, Michel, 103
Dekker, Thomas, 31 Foxe, John, 226
Devereux, Robert, 2nd earl of Essex, 127 ±33, free will, 149; see also predestination
201 French Revolution, 50
disputations, public, 89
Dissolution of the Monasteries, 181 Gage, George, 171
Dodd, Charles, 4 Gardner, Helen, 101
Dollimore, Jonathan, 49 ±50, 55 Garlick, Nicholas, 83
Donne, John, 2, 56, 59, 100 ± 2 Garnet, Henry, 114, 213
Pseudo-Martyr, 135 Gataker, Thomas, 159

Douai, English College at, 173, 181± 2 Gautier, Theophile, 50
drapery, 40, 206 Gee, John, 53
Drury, William, 181±2 gender-roles, blurring of, 49
du Bartas, Guillaume Salluste, 59, 65 ± 7, 73, Genesis, 66
78, 85, 147 ± 8 Giametti, A. Bartlett, 174
Dudley, Anne, countess of Warwick, 74 Gill, Roma, 54
Dudley, Robert, earl of Leicester, 212 Gillow, Joseph, 4
Duffy, Eamon, 4, 7 Godfrey, Sir Edmund Berry, 27
Dyer, Edward, 75 Gotardi, Federico, 190
Greenblatt, Stephen, 201
ecumenism, 150 Grene, Christopher, 4
Edward VI, king of England, 10, 176, Grif®n, Nigel, 192, 206
214 ±15 Grundy, Joan, 62, 107, 125
Edwards, Francis, 4 Guiney, L. I., 2
Egan, Anthony, 33 Gunpowder Plot, 110, 115, 142
Eisenstein, Elizabeth, 13
elegy, 175 ±87, 197 ±8 Habsburgs, 118, 130
Eliot, John, 65 Hackett, Helen, 203
Eliot, T.S., 49, 101 hagiography, 8, 14, 225 ± 7
Elizabeth, mother of John the Baptist, 138 Haigh, Christopher, 5
Elizabeth I, 10 ±11, 39, 110 ±12, 116 ±23, Hall, Joseph, 78, 84 ± 6, 169
128± 41, 146, 163, 176, 179, 184, 190, Hall, Richard, 216
203 ±5, 214 ± 15, 218 Haman, 160
Elizabethan Settlement, 10 ±11 Hammer, Paul, 127
Ellis, G., 79 Harington, Sir John, 120, 161
emblematics, 19, 44, 127 ±133, 171, 206 ±7 Harps®eld, Nicholas, 221
eschatology, 24; see also apocalypse Harsnet, Samuel, 40, 47
Esther, 70, 152, 159 ± 63 Harvey, Gabriel, 84
Eve, 138 Healy, Thomas, 97
exemplarity, 14 Heimann, Mary, 5
306 Index
Helgerson, Richard, 190 Janelle, Pierre, 57
Henri III of France, 121 Jerusalem, 177, 195; hymns on, 173, 195 ±200
Henri IV of France, 125 Jesuits, 9, 109, 113 ±15, 117± 18, 127, 135, 165,
Henrietta Maria, queen of England, 19, 80, 172, 192, 206
107, 146± 63 Jesuit drama, 19, 109, 173± 4, 183, 187 ± 193,
Henry II of England, 211 ±14 chapter 6 passim, 226
Henry VIII of England, 176, 180, 190, 214 ±23 jewels, 29, 34
Heraclitus, 177 Jews: see Catholics, paralleled with Jews
Herbert, George, 56, 58± 60, 78± 9, 100 ±2 Jollet, Thomas, 12
Herbert, Mary, Countess of Pembroke, 64 John, St, the apostle, 80 ± 1
heresy, 34, 85, 178, 182, 207 John the Baptist, St, 138
hermeneutics of suspicion, 17 Jones, Inigo, 146± 7
Herod, 139, 156± 60 Jonson, Ben, 2, 60; Catiline, 142; translation of
Heywood, Jasper, 64 Argenis, 146
hieroglyphics, see emblematics Joseph of Arimathaea, St, 211± 12
Hill, Christopher, 8 ±9, 165 Josephus, 157± 9
Hodgetts, Michael, 4 Jouvancy, Joseph, 188
Hogarde, Myles, 10 Judas, 79
Hoghton, Thomas, 172 Judith, 65, 70, 161
Holland, Robert, 64
Holofernes, 161 Kingsmell, Sir William, 112
Horace, 177 ±8 Knight, G. Wilson, 55
Howard, Henry, Earl of Northampton, Knightley, Robert, 181 ±2
114 ± 15 Kroll, Norma, 41 ±2
Howard, Henry, Earl of Surrey, 219 ±20
Howard, Thomas, 2nd earl of Arundel, 171 Lake, Peter, 27, 32
Howell, Thomas, 168, 186± 87 lamentation, see complaint
Hudson, Thomas, 65 Landau, Jack, 49
Hugo, Hermann, author of Pia Desideria, 81 Lassels, Richard, 171 ±2
Hugo, Victor, 49 Laudianism, 94 ±6, 165
Huguenots, 145 Le Grys, Robert, 146
Huish, Alexander, 95 Lenton, Francis, 160 ± 3; Queen Esther's
Hutchinson, F.E., 78 Halleluiahs, 160 ±2; Great Britain's Beauties,
Huysmans, J.K., 50 162 ±3
hymns, 74 ± 76 Lesly, John, 87
hypocrisy, 26± 36 Lewalski, Barbara, 97, 178
Lewgar, John, 95
iconoclasm, 28 ±32, 174, 201 ±3, 207 ±10 Lille: Benedictine convent, 114
iconodulia, 40, 207 ±10 Lindley, Keith, 165
iconography, 30 ± 3, 44 Lisbon, 29
idolatry, chapter 1 passim, 73, 85, 110 liturgy, 16, 24, 26
ignis fatuus, 29, 35 use of incense, 198
imagery, chapter 1 passim, 192 liturgy of the Madonna Vulnerata, 203
images, chapter 1 passim, 74 Magni®cat, 205
imprese, 127 ±33 the Mass, 179, 198, 201
imprisonment, 89 use of monstrances, 40
information networks, 15 Prayer Book, 10, 204
Inquisition, 167, 173 Lodge, Thomas, 77, 84, 93, 157, 186
interludes, 31, 188 edition of Josephus, 157
Isaac, 159 Prosopopoeia, 77, 84
Isabella, Infanta, of Spain, 110 `Truth's Complaint over England',
178 ±80, 184
Jacobitism, 168, 171, 224 London:
James VI of Scotland and I of England, 59, Covent Garden, 48
65, 85, 123, 125 ±26, 141± 6, 152, 190 Lambeth Palace Library, 121
Index 307
Somerset House Chapel, 147 ±8 The Changeling, 53
Stationers' Hall, 80 A Game at Chess, 27, 144 ±5
Long, Kingsmill, 146 The Revenger's Tragedy, 23 ±4, 43 ±6, 49 ±52
Loreto, 85, 169 ± 70; Litany of Loreto, 163, The Wisdom of Solomon Paraphrased, 37 ±44,
205 52, 79
Louis XIII of France, 152 Women Beware Women, 46, 54
Louvain, Porc College, 182 Milton, John, 9, 56, 172
loyalism, Catholic, 10, 19, chapters 3± 4 Paradise Lost, 166
passim Milward, Peter, 4
Lucretius, 42 misogyny, 30, 78
Ludlam, Robert, 83 monarchy, chapters 3± 4 passim
Luna, B.N. da, 142 Monica, St, 143
Luther, Martin, 164 Montague, Walter, 146 ±7
Lynch, Michael, 116 moralistic verse, 64, 73, 87
More, Thomas, St, 194
Machiavellianism, 24 S. Thomas Morus and Morus, 214 ± 21
Macintyre, Alastair, 112 Morris, John, 4
Madonna Vulnerata, 195, 201± 7 Morville, Hugh de, 212
madrigals, 87 Munday, Anthony,
manuscript culture, 12 Discovery of Edmund Campion, 221
Margaret, queen of Spain, 203 ±4 English Roman Life, 110, 220 ± 1
Maria, Infanta, of Spain, 143 Sir Thomas More, 218 ±21
Marie de Medici, queen of France, 153
Marino, Giovanni Battista, 98 Narcissus, 44
Markham, Gervase, 79 ± 80 Nashe, Thomas, 84
marriage, 141 ±2, 150 ±64 nationalism, 109, 195
Marston, John, Malcontent, 23; Metamorphosis Englishness, 101
of Pygmalion's Image, 38; Certain Satires, Nemoianu, Virgil, 6
85 ± 6 neo-Latin writing, 56, chapters 5 ± 6 passim
martyrologies, 19, 112, 183, 226± 7 neoplatonism, 73, 148, 151
Martz, Louis, 2, 57 ±9 neutralism, 165
Mary, the Blessed Virgin, 10, 11, 123 ± 6, 148, Nevell, Edmund, 119
151, 163, 170, 180 ±1, 186± 7, 196, 203 ±6 Nicoll, Allardyce, 49 ±52
(see also Madonna Vulnerata) Niobe, 175
Mary Magdalen, St, chapter 2 passim, 193, Northern Rising, 117, 172
196
Mary Stuart of Scotland, 115 ± 22, 124, 142, Oates, Titus, 33
152 Oath of Allegiance, 113, 142
Mary I of England, 9 ± 10, 112, 117, 175 ±6 Oath of Succession, 218 ±19
masques, 147 ± 51, 155 ± 63 obedience, chapter 4 passim
Chloridia, 148 Oldisworth, Nicholas, 170
Luminalia, 147, 150 ±1 orality, 11, 20
Salmacida Spolia, 151 ornament, 26, 34, 192
Tempe Restored, 148 Orpheus, 147
The Temple of Love, 147 ±51 Osorius: see Fonseca, Jeronimo Osorio da
Mathew, Toby, 107, 170 ±1 othering, 55, 100
Mavericke, Radford, 26 Ovid, 174
Mayo, John, 29 Owen, John, 29
McCoog, Thomas, 4 Owen, Lewis, 206
medievalising, 12 Oxford, Bodleian Library, 191± 2
meditational practice, 80 ±1
Ignatian meditation, 58, 198 Pallotta, Giovanni Battista, Cardinal, 99
memento mori, 30, 44 Palmer, Sir Thomas, 218
metaphorical clusters, 23, 46 pamphlet debates, 109
Middleton, Thomas, 18, chapter 1 passim Panzani, Gregorio, 147 ±8
308 Index
papacy, 8, 25 ±7, 36, 40, 49, 87, 94 ±5, 110 ± 15, Ridol® Plot, 117
147 ±52 Robinson, Thomas, 29
Parliament, 95, 153, 165 ± 8 Rogers, D.M., 13± 14
parody, sacred, 75, 99 Roman Catholicism: see Catholicism
Parr, Catherine, queen of England, 82 Rome, 33, 38, 173
Parry, William, 117 ± 19 Venerable English College, 88, 188± 90,
Paul, St, 141, 155 211 ±17, 220 ±1
Paul IV, pope, 49 Roper, Margaret, 219
Paulson, Ronald, 24 Rops, Felicien, 50
Peckham, Robert, 173 rosaries, 34, 81
Perron, Cardinal, 13 Rowlands, Richard: see Verstegan, Richard
Persons, Robert, 88, 110, 117, 137, 210, 213 Rowland, Samuel, 79
Peter, St, chapter 2 passim, 193 royalists, 165 ± 8, 171, 175, 186
Peter Damian, St, 196
Petrarch, 174 St Omer, English College at, 173, 205
Petrarchan sonnet, 122 ±6 Sackville, Lady Margaret, 70
Petti, Anthony G., 170 Salluste du Bartas, Guillaume: see du Bartas,
Philip II of Spain, 117 ±18, 124 Guillaume Salluste
Philip III of Spain, 203 Salve Regina, 187, 200
Pine-Cof®n, R.S., 173 Samson, 71
Pius V, pope, 111 Sander, Nicholas, 121
pigmentation, 28± 30 Santa Gadea, Count and Countess of, 201
Pilgrimage of Grace, 10 Scarisbrick, J. J., 4, 7
Plaidy, Jean, 154 Schwob, Marcel, 49
polemic, 16 ±18, chapter 1 passim, 73, 82, 95, secular priests, 113, 133, 172
110, 188 sermons, 87, 183
Potter, Lois, 146 Seville, English College at, 173
Potts, Abbie, 177 Shacklock, Richard, 138
Poulton, Thomas, 88 Shakespeare, William, 2
predestination, 40, 54, 149: see also free will Henry VIII, 217 ±18, 223
Pritchard, Arnold, 115 Macbeth, 142
prostitutes, chapter 1 passim, esp. 43 ±9 associated with Sir Thomas More, 221
Protestantism, 8 ±9, 16 ±17, 80; Protestant The Taming of the Shrew, 154
poetics, 54 ±5, chapter 2 passim; visual Sharpe, Kevin, 203
imagination of Protestant, 32; Protestant Shaw, W. David, 177
readers of Catholic poetry, 63 Sherburne, Sir Edward, 98
Proteus, 191 Sherwin, Ralph, 221
Prynne, William, 146, 163 Shirley, James, 2
Psyche et Filii Eius, 187± 8, 191 ±5, 200 ±1, 210 Short-Title Catalogue, 13
psychoanalytical criticism, 100 shrines, 180 ± 1
Puritanism, 8 ±9, 24, 30 Sidney, Lady Mary, see Herbert
Puttenham, George and Richard, 65 Sidney, Sir Philip, 59, 64 ±5, 67 ±70, 72
Astrophil and Stella, 68
Questier, Michael, 15, 113 Defence of Poetry, 65, 67, 177
Quilligan, Maureen, 139 similitudes, 25
Silvester, Josuah, 65
Raleigh, Walter, 35 Simeon, 196
Rebecca, 159 Simons, Joseph, 207 ± 10
religious orders, 12: see also Jesuits; Capucins Sin®eld, Alan, 55
resistance theory, 165 Sixtus V, pope, 49
revenge tragedy, 18, chapter 1 passim Smith, Richard, 133, 166
Revett, Eldred, 98 Smyth, Richard, 108
Rex, Richard, 4 Society of Jesus: see Jesuits
Rheims, 173 Solomon, Wisdom of: see Middleton,
Rich, Penelope, 68 ±70 Thomas
Index 309
Somers, William, 190
Southern, A. C., 4 Valladolid, English College at, 173, 191, 195,
Southwell, St Robert, 2, 14, 17, 19, chapter 2 200 ± 7
passim, 121± 2, 147 ±8, 193, 195, 199, 213 Vanitas, 30
Spenser, Edmund, 37, 56, 59, 67, 72± 7, 84 ± 5, Vashti, 160 ±1
135 ±6, 139 Vaughan, Henry, 56, 59 ±60
Amoretti, 73 Vautrollier, T., 65
Faerie Queene, 135 ±6 Veevers, Erica, 147, 150 ± 1
Four Hymns, 74 ± 6 Verstegan, Richard, 2, 15, 79, 121
Tears of the Muses, 72 Vernulaeus, Nicholas, 182
speratory verse, 197 vestments, 26, 34
Stabat Mater, 81, 86 Villiers, George, 1st duke of Buckingham,
Stafford, Anthony, 162 143, 153
Stapleton, Thomas, 214 Villiers, Mary, countess of Buckingham, 154
Starn, Randolph, 174, 194 Virgil, 76, The Aeneid, 84; Eclogue IV, 214
Sternhold, Thomas, 85 virgins, 45, 182, 196
Strong, Roy, 127 virtuosi, 171± 2
survivalism, 11
Swinburne, A. C., 49, 52 W. F., author of a poem on heaven, 60
Sympson, Richard, 83 Walpole, St Henry, 213
Walsham, Alexandra, 15
Tabori, Paul, 194 `Walsingham', 173, 180 ±1
Talbot, George, 4th earl of Shrewsbury, 219 Walton, Isaac, 78
Talbot, Mary, countess of Shrewsbury, 123± 5 Warnke, Frank J., 100
Tansillo, Luigi, 62, 81, 98 Watson, Robert N., 55
Tartt, Donna, 23 Weber, Max, 3
Taylor, Jeremy, 186 Webster, John, 18, chapter 1 passim
tears-poetry, chapter 2 passim The Duchess of Mal®, 34, 50, 53 ±5
Tertullian, 30 The White Devil, 24, 34, 36, 46 ±9, 54 ± 5, 223
Theodosius, emperor, 213 Weiner, Carol, 31
Thimelby, Edward, 98 ±100 Wentworth, Thomas, 1st earl of Strafford,
Thomas Becket, St, 194, St Thomas Cantuar, 165
211± 14 Weston, William, 142
Thompson, E.P., 17 White, Rowland, 132 ±3
Thurston, Herbert, 103 White, Thomas, 166
Tilney, Sir Edmund, 219, 221 Whore of Babylon, 25, 31± 2, 38± 42, 47 ± 9
Tootell, Hugh: see Dodd, Charles `Why do I use my paper, ink and pen?',
Topcliffe, Richard, 221 184 ± 5
Tourneur, Cyril, chapter 1 passim, esp. 38± 9, Wilde, Oscar, 50
49, 52 (see also Middleton, Thomas) Wilks, John, 53
Tracy, William de, 212 Williams, George Walton, 97
tragedy, chapter 1 passim, 187 ±90 Williamson, George, 101
tragicomedy, 187± 93 Wisbech Stirs, 133
Traherne, Thomas, 56 witchcraft, 34, 47
Trent, Council of, 97 Wolfe, John, 62, 65, 84
Tresham, Thomas, 116 ±17 Wolsey, Thomas, cardinal, 175
Wright, Thomas, 122, 126± 33
Urania, the heavenly muse, 65 ± 7, 72, 147
Urban VIII, pope, 145, 160 Zachary, 196

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