. 1
( 2)



>>








A. A. Aoaei, E. I. Aan?iei




I?AEOEEOI
II E?EIEIAEENOEEA



. .




Naieo–Iaoa?ao?a
2001

1
AAE 67.99(2)94
A93
OAE 343.98

Aoaei A. A., Aan?iei E. I.

A93 I?aeoeeoi ii e?eieiaeenoeea / Iia ?aa. i?io. E. A. Aica?eia;
NIaAOAI. NIa., 2001. 68 n: ee.
I?aeoeeoi niaa??eo eiiieaen i?aeoe?aneeo caaaiee ii eo?no «E?eieiaeenoeea», a oae-
?a iaoiae?aneea ?aeiiaiaaoee ii auiieiaie? iaeaieaa cia?eiuo eee nei?iuo caaaiee.
I?aaiacia?ai aey nooaaioia oieaa?neoaoa, ii?ao auou eniieuciaai eiuie o?aaiuie caaa-
aaieyie e eeoaie, eco?a?ueie e?eieiaeenoeeo.



?aoaicaiou:
eaiaeaao ??eae?aneeo iaoe aioaio I. A. Ei?ieaiei (Naieo-Iaoa?ao?aneee einoeooo
Aaia?aeuiie i?ieo?aoo?u ?O); aieoi? ??eae?aneeo iaoe i?ioanni?
A. I. Aia? (eaoaa?a oaieiaiiai i?aaa e e?eieiaeenoeee NIaAOAI)



Ooaa??aaii
?aaaeoeiiii-ecaaoaeuneei niaaoii oieaa?neoaoa
a ea?anoaa o?aaiiai iiniaey

O?aaiia ecaaiea

Aoaei Aeaenae Aeaenaia?iae?
Aan?iei Eaai Ieeieaaae?


I?AEOEEOI
II E?EIEIAEENOEEA


?aaaeoi? A. A. Aaeanoiaa
Eiiiu?oa?iay aa?noea I. N. Noaiaiiaie



Eeoaicey E? ? 020341 io 07.05.97. Naaii a iaai? 20.11.99. Iiaienaii a ia?aou 26.09.01.Oi?iao
60?84 1/16. Aoiaaa oei. ? 1. Ia?aou ionaoiay. One. ia?. e. 4,04. One. e?.-ioo. 4,16. O?.-eca. e. 4,35.
Oe?a? 500 yec. Caeac ? 391



?aaaeoeiiii-ecaaoaeuneee ioaae
Naeoi? eiiiu?oa?iuo ecaaoaeuneeo oaoiieiaee
Ioaae iia?aoeaiie iieea?aoee
NIaAOAI
190000, Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, oe. A. Ii?neay, 67


© NIaAOAI, 2001
© A. A. Aoaei,
E. I. Aan?iei, 2001




2
I?AAENEIAEA


Niaeanii Ainoaa?noaaiiiio iauaia?aciaaoaeuiiio noaiaa?oo aunoaai
i?ioanneiiaeuiiai ia?aciaaiey ii iai?aaeaie? 521400 – «??en-
i?oaaioey», e?eieiaeenoeea yaeyaony iaiie ec iaycaoaeuiuo iauai?ioan-
neiiaeuiuo aenoeieei aey ??eae?aneeo aocia ?inneeneie Oaaa?aoee.
A i?aiiaaaaiee e?eieiaeenoeee aieuoo? ?ieu ea?aao i?aeoe?aneia
iao?aiea, a oiaa eioi?iai nooaaiou aie?iu i?eia?anoe iaiaoiaeiua
oiaiey e iaauee i?eiaiaiey e?eieiaeenoe?aneie oaoieee, oaeoe?aneeo
e iaoiae?aneeo i?eaiia ?aaiou ii ?acee?iui eaoaai?eyi oaieiaiuo aae.
Ianoiyuee i?aeoeeoi yaeyaony o?aaiui iiniaeai ii eo?no «E?eieia-
eenoeea» aey nooaaioia AOAI.
I?aeoeeoi ninoieo ec o?ao iniiaiuo ?acaaeia: e?eieiaeenoe?aneay
oaoieea, e?eieiaeenoe?aneay oaeoeea e e?eieiaeenoe?aneay iaoiaeea
?anneaaiaaiey i?anooieaiee.
Aey auiieiaiey caaaiee i?aeoeeoia neooaoaee e nooaaiou aia?aea
aie?iu eco?eou niioaaonoao?uee o?aaiue iaoa?eae, i?e iaiaoiaeiinoe
i?ieiinoeuoe?iaaouny o i?aiiaaaaoaeae eaoaa?u. Iniiaiua iiei?aiey e
?aeiiaiaaoee niaa??aony a o?aaieeao e?eieiaeenoeee, iaoiae?aneeo
iiniaeyo ii auiieiaie? i?aeoeeoia, eaeoeyo, aiiieieoaeuiie ni?aai?iie
eeoa?aoo?a, ecei?aiiie a i?ia?aiia eo?na e iaoiae?aneeo oeacaieyo.
Neooaoaee oaeoeuoaoa cai?iiai iao?aiey iiaoo ia?auaouny ca eiinoeu-
oaoeyie e nio?oaieeai yenia?oii-e?eieiaeenoe?aneeo e neaanoaaiiuo
iia?acaaeaiee.
I?aeoeeoi aie?ai auiieiyouny naiinoiyoaeuii e a iieiii iauaia.
Iinea auiieiaiey anao caaaiee eee niioaaonoao?uaai ?acaaea i?aeoeeoi
i?aanoaaeyaony a onoaiiaeaiiua n?iee ia eaoaa?o aey i?iaa?ee e ioaiee.




3
I?AEOEEOI II E?EIEIAEENOEEA



A?. ?

Oaieeey

Eiy

Io?anoai




4
?acaae 1

E?EIEIAEENOE?ANEA? OAOIEEA

E?EIEIAEENOE?ANEA? OIOIA?AOE?


Caaaiea ? 1
Noioia?aoe?oeoa ianoi i?ienoanoaey (eee einoaie?iaaiio? aai ianoa-
iiaeo) e ecaioiauoa oioioaaeeoo, iiianoea oioia?aoee ia niioaaonoao?uai
ianoa i?aeoeeoia.

Iaoiae?aneea ?aeiiaiaaoee ii auiieiaie? caaaiey
I?eaioe?o?uee oioinieiie aie?ai aee??aou a naie a?aieou ana ianoi
i?ienoanoaey e i?eaioe?u ie?o?a?uae ianoaiiaee. I?eaioe?o?uay
nuaiea ii?ao auou i?iecaaaaia iau?iui niiniaii, a oae?a niiniaii
iaii?aiiie nuaiee. Oaoieea ecaioiaeaiey iaii?aiu naiaeony e neaao?-
uaio: ea?aue iineaao?uee eaa? aie?ai ianeieuei (10–15 %) ia?ae-
?uaaou i?aauaouee, oioinieiee ?aciaua?ony a iineaaiaaoaeuiinoe,
niioaaonoao?uae i?iecaaaaiiie nuaiea. Ianoa noueiaee neeaeaa?ony ni
noi?iiu iiaei?ee eaeeiieanou?ai, eeaeeie eaioie eee iieineie aoiaae.
Iaci?iue oioinieiie aee??aao a naie a?aieou iauee aea ianoaiiaee
ianoa i?ienoanoaey. ?aeiiaiaoaony ecaioaaeeaaou ianeieuei iaci?iuo
nieieia, oioia?aoe?oy ianoaiiaeo ianoa i?ienoanoaey n ?aciuo noi?ii.
I?e i?iaaaaiee iaci?iie oioinuaiee neaau e i?aaiaou nii?iai?aa?o
oeacaoaeyie a aeaa no?aeie eee iiia?aie.
Ia oceiauo oioinieieao oeene?o?ony iaeaieaa aa?iua eee eioi?-
iaoeaiua yeaiaiou ianoa i?ienoanoaey. Oceiauo oioinieieia iau?ii
ecaioaaeeaa?o ianeieuei, a caaeneiinoe io ianoaiiaee ianoa i?ienoanoaey.
Aaoaeuiua oioinieiee ioia?a?a?o ioaaeuiua aaoaee ianoa i?i-
enoanoaey: i?aaiaou, neaau e i?. Aaoaeuiay nuaiea auiieiyaony n
ianooaaiie eeiaeeie.
Auiieiyy aaiiia caaaiea i?aeoeeoia, iaiaoiaeii ecaioiaeou i?eai-
oe?o?uee nieiie iaii?aiiui niiniaii (e?oaiaay eee eeiaeiay iaii?aia),
aaa iaci?iuo, ianeieuei oceiauo e aaoaeuiuo oioinieieia, ?acia? ea?aiai
oioinieiea aie?ai ninoaaeyou 6 ia 9 ni.
Ia oioioaaeeoa neaaoao naaeaou iiynieoaeuiua iaaiene, a eioi?uo
iaiaoiaeii oeacaou:
iiia? oioioaaeeou; e?aoeia ecei?aiea oaaoeu aaea, oeacaou aaoo e ianoi;
niaa??aiea oioiecia?a?aiey (?oi noioia?aoe?iaaii);
eoi i?iecaiaee oioinuaieo e ecaioiaee oioioaaeeoo;

5
Oioioaaeeoa aie?ia auou caaa?aia iiaienu? eeoa, aa ecaioiaeaoaai, a
oioia?aoee – ne?aieaiu iooeneii ia?aoe eee ooaiia.

Caaaiea ? 2
I?iecaaaeoa ?ai?iaoeoeiiio? oioinuaieo aieoiaioa.




Aiiieieoaeuiay eeoa?aoo?a

1. Aeaaeie?ia A. ?., Aan?iei E. I. Noaaaiay eeiinuaiea e aeaaicaienu:
Eaeoey / NIa?E IAA ?innee. NIa., 1995.
2. Eo?neee E. A., Oaeuaiai ?. A. Eee?no?e?iaaiiia iiniaea ii iao?aie?
oioinuaiea: I?aeoe?aneia iiniaea / AO IAA ?O. I., 1991.
3. Euaiei A. I., Euaiei I. I. Iniiau noaaaiie oioia?aoee, eeiinuaiee e
aeaaicaiene. E?aniiy?ne, 1991.
4. Ii?icia A. I. Eniieuciaaiea e?eieiaeenoe?aneie oioia?aoee i?e ?an-
neaaiaaiee i?anooieaiee: O?aa. iiniaea. Oaoeaio, 1990.
5. Iiaiieuneee A. A., Eunia I. I. Aaaaaiea a e?eieiaeenoe?aneo? oioia?aoe?.
Ai?ueee, 1988.
6. Iniio? ianoa i?ienoanoaey: ni?aai?iee neaaiaaoaey. I.: ??ea. eeo., 1982
(eee ecaaiea a?oaeo eao).
7. Naeeaaiia I. A., Yeniai A. A. Noaaaiay oioia?aoey. I.: ??ea. eeo.,
1965.


6
I?eei?aiea e i?ioieieo iniio?a ianoa i?ienoanoaey:

io «_______»________________________________aiaa




I?eaioe?o?uee nieiie ianoa i?ienoanoaey
(eeiaeiay iaii?aia)




I?eaioe?o?uee nieiie ianoa i?ienoanoaey
(e?oaiaay iaii?aia)




7
Iaci?iua nieiee
(2 oioinieiea)




Oceiaie nieiie




Aaoaeuiue nieiie



8
Eiiaa?o n oioiiaaaoeaaie




Iiynieoaeuiua iaaiene

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.




9
E?EIEIAEENOE?ANEIA O?AIEA I NEAAAO
(O?ANIEIAE?)



NEAAU ?OE

Caaaiea ? 3

1. Ia aeaaeie iiaa?oiinoe inoaauoa neaa iaeuoa ?oee, a caoai auyaeoa
aai iooai ia?aaioee niioaaonoao?uei ii?ioeii.
2. Ecaioiauoa oioinieiie auyaeaiiiai neaaa ?acia?ii 6 ia 9 ni e
i?iaaaeoa ?aciaoeo iaieeey?iiai oci?a.
3. Ia?aeiie?oeoa ioia?a?aiiue neaa ia aaeoiieaieo, i?aaeeuii oaoie-
?anee e i?ioannoaeuii aai ioi?ieoa.
4. Ninoaauoa o?aaiaio i?ioieiea iniio?a ianoa i?ienoanoaey n iie-
naieai ianoa (i?aaiaoa) e iaia?o?aiiuo neaaia ?oe.

Iaoiae?aneea ?aeiiaiaaoee ii auiieiaie? caaaiey

Iioi?e?iaua neaau ?oe iia?acaaey?ony ia aeaeiua e neaai aeaeiua.
Neaaiaeaeiua neaau ?oe iaia?o?eaa?o iooai iniio?a i?aaiaoia iia
ii?aaaeaiiui oaeii c?aiey e inaauaiey (aecoaeuiue niinia).
Iaaeaeiua neaau ?oe auyaey?o oece?aneeie (ie?aoeaaiea ii?ioeaie
eee ia?aie eiaa) eee oeie?aneeie niiniaaie (ia?aaioea ieiaea?eiii).
Aey auyaeaiey neaaia ia naaoeuo iiaa?oiinoyo i?eiaiy?ony oaiiua
ii?ioee, a ia oaiiuo iiaa?oiinoyo – naaoeua.
Oioia?aoe?iaaiea iioi?e?iaiai neiy iaeuoa ?oee i?iaiayo ii i?aaeeai
e?oiiiianooaaiie nuaiee.
N iieo?aiiiai iaaaoeaa neaaoao ecaioiaeou oioinieiie neaaa n oaaee-
?aieai a 3–4 ?aca e i?iaanoe ?aciaoeo aaoaeae iaieeey?iiai oci?a (?anoiuo
i?eciaeia). I?e yoii iaiaoiaeii eiaou a aeao, ?oi ?anoiua i?eciaee
neaaoao ?anniao?eaaou ii oiao ?aniaie no?aeee. I?e ninoaaeaiee o?aaiaioa
i?ioieiea iniio?a auyaeaiiuo neaaia aie?iu auou io?a?aiu:
i?aaiao, ia eioi?ii auyaeaiu neaau, oa?aeoa? iiaa?oiinoe i?aaiaoa;
oi?iia ?aniiei?aiea neaaia e eo ea?anoai;
aea neaaia (iauaiiua, ie?aoaiiua, neaaiaeaeiua e a?.);
?acia? neaaia a aeeio e oe?eio;
niinia auyaeaiey neaaia;
iieiioa ioia?a?aiey iaieeey?iuo oci?ia a neaaao;
oei iaieeey?iuo oci?ia (aoaiaua, iaoeaaua, caaeoeiaua;
niiniau ecuyoey e oiaeiaee neaaia (eaeea i?iecaaaaiu iaaiene ia
oiaeiaea, eaeie ia?aou? iia?aoaii).




10
Caaaiea ? 4
Ia?a?eneeoa iacaaiea yeaiaioia ?aeuaoa ei?e ia eaaiiiie iiaa?oiinoe
?oee, ecia?a?aiiie ia ?enoiea, e iaciaeoa iniiaiua oeiu iaieeey?iuo
oci?ia.

3




1. ______________________

2. ______________________
5
4
3. ______________________
2
2
4. ______________________
6
5. ______________________
1
6. ______________________
7 7. ______________________




Aiiieieoaeuiay eeoa?aoo?a

1. Iaia?o?aiea, oeenaoey e ecuyoea neaaia: Ni?aai?iee neaaiaaoaeae e
iia?aoeaiuo ?aaioieeia i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aae / AIEE IAA NNN?. I., 1969.
2. A?aiianeee A. E. Iaoiau iaia?o?aiey e oeenaoee neaaia ?oe / AIEE IAA
NNN?. I., 1973.
3. E?ueia E. O. E?eieiaeenoe?aneia o?aiea i neaaao. E.: Eca-ai EAO, 1976.
4. Iaeaen E. A., Caoa?ei A. A. I?eiaiaiea oaaoiuo iaaieoiuo ii?ioeia aey
iaia?o?aiey e oeenaoee neaaia ?oe // E?eieiaeenoeea e noaaaiay oioia?aoey.
Eeaa, 1981. Aui. 23. N. 3–41.




11
Iienaiea aaoaeae oci?a
(iaicia?a?ony no?aeeaie)


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.




O?aaiaio i?ioieiea iniio?a ianoa i?ienoanoaey




12
Caaaiea ? 5

1. I?iecaaaeoa aaeoeeineiie?iaaiea ia aeaiea aaeoeeineiie?aneie ea?ou.
2. Ii ioia?aoeai ia aaeoeeineiie?aneie ea?oa ii?aaaeeoa oeiu e aeau
iaieeey?iuo oci?ia.
3. Noaiaoe?anee ca?enoeoa e oea?eoa oei e aea ea?aiai iaieeey?iiai
oci?a.




Ianoi aey eiiaa?oa
n aaeoeeineiie?aneie ea?oie




Noaiaoe?aneay ca?eniaea neaaia i?aaie ?oee




Noaiaoe?aneay ca?eniaea neaaia eaaie ?oee




6. _______________________
1. _______________________
7. _______________________
2. _______________________
8. _______________________
3. _______________________
9. _______________________
4. _______________________
10. _______________________
5. _______________________

13
iie

Aaeoi-
oi?ioea
Oaieeey
Oi?ioea
Eiy
Aiiieieoaeuiay
eeanneoeeaoey
Io?anoai
Aia ?i?aaiey Ianoi ?i?aaiey


I?AAA? ?OEA

3. N?aaiee
2. Oeacaoaeuiue 4. Aacuiyiiue
1. Aieuoie 5. Ieceiao
16 8




1
16 8


EAAA? ?OEA
Eeiey ia?aaeaa
8. N?aaiee
7. Oeacaoaeuiue 9. Aacuiyiiue 10. Ieceiao
6. Aieuoie
1
2
4




1
2
Eeiey ia?aaeaa

EIIO?IEUIUA IOOENEE

Eaaay ?oea Aieuoie
Aieuoie I?aaay ?oea




Iiaienu a?anoiaaiiiai
Ea?oa caiieiaia « « a.

(oeacaou, aaa e a eaeeo i?aaiao IAA)




14
Caaaiea ? 6
Noi?ioee?oeoa aicii?iua aii?inu yenia?oo, anee neaau ecuyou n ianoa
i?ienoanoaey, a iiaic?aaaaiua caaa??aiu.

Aii?inu yenia?oo
1.




2.




3.




4.




5.




Caaaiea ? 7
Oea?eoa eeo (iaaaaeoa e?o?eii), eioi?uo iaiaoiaeii aaeoeein-
eiie?iaaou iinea iniio?a ianoa i?ienoanoaey (eaa?oe?iay e?a?a) a neo?aa
iaia?o?aiey neaaia ?oe.

1. Iioa?iaaoee.
2. ?eaiu naiue iioa?iaaoaai.
3. Ana aeeceea e aaeuiea ?ianoaaiieee iioa?iaaoaai.
4. Ciaeiiua e ninaae iioa?iaaoaai.
5. Iiiyoua.
6. O?anoeiaue.
7. Naeaaoaee, neo?aeii ieacaaoeany ia ianoa i?ienoanoaey.
8. Iiaic?aaaaiue.
9. ?aaioieee aiaaaaiinoaaiiie io?aiu, ia?auie i?eauaoea ia ianoi
i?ienoanoaey.
10. Eiua eeoa.

15
NEAAU IIA



Caaaiea ? 8
1. Iaciaeoa yeaiaiou iiaioaaiiie ?anoe iaoae.




_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________


2. Aaeoa iaeiaiiaaiea yeaiaioia ai?i?ee neaaia, iaicia?uoa eo ia
noaia.




a




a



A



A

A




A




16
Caaaiea ? 9

Noi?ioee?oeoa aii?inu yenia?oo, eioi?ua iiaoo auou ?ac?aoaiu yenia?-
oecie neaaia iia.
Aii?inu yenia?oo
1.

2.

3.

4.



Aiiieieoaeuiay eeoa?aoo?a

1. A?aiianeee A. E. Iniiau o?anieiaee (iauay ?anou). I., 1965.
2. A?aiianeee A. E. Iniiau o?anieiaee (iniaaiiay ?anou). I., 1974.
3. Aaeaiaaineee ?. I. Neaau iia. I., 1980.
4. E?ueia E. O. E?eieiaeenoe?aneia o?aiea i neaaao. E.: Eca-ai EAO, 1975.
5. Iniio? ianoa i?ienoanoaey: Ni?aai?iee neaaiaaoaey. I., 1982.
6. ?oeiaianoai aey neaaiaaoaey. O. 1. I., 1981.
7. ?oeiaianoai aey neaaiaaoaey. O. 2. I., 1982.


Caaaiea ? 10

Noi?ioee?oeoa aii?inu yenia?oo, eioi?ua iiaoo auou ?ac?aoaiu yenia?-
oecie ii neaaai aceiia, enoiay ec neooaoee, ?oi ia aaoo ianoao i?ien-
oanoaee ecuyou neaau i?oaee aceiia ia aaa?iie ei?iaea, a o iiaic?aaaa-
iiai i?e iaunea ecuyo eiiee-oiiea.


Aii?inu yenia?oo

1.



2.



3.



4.



17
Aiiieieoaeuiay eeoa?aoo?a

1. Aieaiaaineee ?. I. Eco?aiea aceiia ia ianoa i?ienoanoaey. I., 1971.
2. ?aeaciia A. N. Enneaaiaaiea neaaia i?oaey aceiia. I., 1971.
3. Coaa A. E. Ii?aaaeaiea aeaa i?oaey aceiia ii neaaai aceiia. I., 1976.
4. Coaa A. E., Eaieoiiia A. A. e a?. O?anieiae?aneea enneaaiaaiey iee?i?anoeo
(iee?iiauaeoia). I., 1979.
5. E?ueia E. O. E?eieiaeenoe?aneia o?aiea i neaaao. E.: Eca-ai EAO, 1976.
6. Eaieoiiia A. A. Ecuyoea neaaia n iiiiuu? iieeia?ia. I., 1976.
7. Iaia?o?aiea, ecuyoea e i?aaaa?eoaeuiia enneaaiaaiea iee?iiauaeoia ia
ianoa i?ienoanoaey. I., 1985.
8. Naeeaaiia I. A., Oa?aaeeia A. E. Ia?aiia?aeuiua neaanoaaiiua aaenoaey.
I.: ??ea. eeo., 1969.

Caaaiea ? 11
Ii?aaaeeoa e iaicia?uoa no?aeeaie iai?aaeaiey aae?aiey o?ainii?oa.




A. Ii ia?aeiiaiiie iaeea A. Ii neaaai iuee
A. Ii neaaai a?uca ?eaeinoe,
?a?ac eioi?o? i?ioea iaoeia



A. Ii i?eiyoie o?aaa




A. Ii oaeai noi?aaiey e
A. Ii eaiiyi, aaaaeaiiui a a?oio
?anoi?aaiey neaaia eiean
ia iiai?ioa
Caaaiea ? 12

Noi?ioee?oeoa aii?inu yenia?oo, eioi?ua iiaoo auou iinoaaeaiu ii
enneaaiaaie? neaaia o?ainii?oa.

Aii?inu yenia?oo
1.

2.


18
3.


4.




E?EIEIAEENOE?ANEIA I?O?EAAAAAIEA

Caaaiea ? 13
1. I?iecaaaeoa iniio? iaiano?aeuiiai eee aaciaiai i?o?ey.
2. I?iecaaaeoa iniio? ii?a eee a?oaiai i?aaiaoa, eioi?ue ii?ao auou
ioianai e oieiaiiio i?o?e?.
3. Ninoaauoa iienaoaeuio? ?anou i?ioieiea iniio?a ianoa i?ienoanoaey.

O?aaiaio i?ioieiea iniio?a
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Caaaiea ? 14
Iaciaeoa iniiaiua ?anoe aeeucu e ioee.

1.
1
2. 7
3. 2
4.
3
5.
4
6. 5
8
7.
8.
6



19
A.
A
A. A A
A.
A.
A.
A
A A
A.

Caaaiea ? 15
Iaciaeoa aea oieiaiiai i?o?ey e iniiaiua aai yeaiaiou.

4
3 1
2
1
?
A 2



A
2 1
3
1 3
6 5
5
2 4 4
A
6
3 2 3 5 7
1 8
A
A.
4 1.
2 6
1
5
3 4 2.
A 3.
a.
2 3 a.
1
a.
A
a.
a.
A.
1.
A.
2.
1.
3.
2.
4.
3.
5.
4.
A.
A.
1.
1.
2.
2.
3.
3.
?.
A.
1.
1.
2.
2.
3.
3.
4.
4.
5.
5.
6.
6.

20
Caaaiea ? 16
Ia?a?eneeoa neaau, oa?aeoa?iua aey auno?aea n aeeceiai ?annoiyiey:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.


Aiiieieoaeuiay eeoa?aoo?a

1. Aeaaeie?ia A. ?. E?eieiaeecaoey iai?ioa aaciaiai i?o?ey / NIa?E IAA
?innee. NIa., 1997.
2. Aeaaeie?ia A. ?. E?eieiaeenoe?aneay (noaaaiay) aaeeenoeea e aa eniieuciaaiea
a ?ane?uoee e ?anneaaiaaiee i?anooieaiee: O?aaii-iaoia. iiniaea / NIa?E IAA
?innee. NIa., 1995.
3. E?eieiaeenoeea: O?aaiee aey aocia IAA ?innee. O. 2. Oaoieea, oaeoeea,
i?aaiecaoey e iaoiaeea ?anneaaiaaiey i?anooieaiee. Aieaia?aa, 1994.
4. ?onaiia I. I. E?eieiaeenoe?aneia enneaaiaaiea i?o?ey e neaaia aai
i?eiaiaiey. Iine, 1981.
5. ?a?aaeia A. A. Noaaaiay aaeeenoeea. I., 1977.
6. Onoeiia A. E. Oieiaiia i?o?ea. I., 1961.




E?EIEIAEENOE?ANEIA ENNEAAIAAIEA
AIEOIAIOIA E II?A?EA


Caaaiea ? 17
1. Iiaaa?eoa niioaaonoao?uee aieoiaio e iniio?eoa, i?aaiieaaay, ?oi
ii eiaao cia?aiea aauanoaaiiiai aieacaoaeunoaa.
2. Enneaaoeoa aieoiaio n niae?aaieai e?eieiaeenoe?aneeo ?aeiiai-
aaoee e i?aaee.
3. Ninoaauoa iienaoaeuio? ?anou i?ioieiea iniio?a aieoiaioa.
4. Noi?ioee?oeoa aii?inu, eioi?ua iiaoo auou iinoaaeaiu ia?aa yenia?oii.
5. I?eiaueoa aieoiaio e i?aeoeeoio.

Iaoiae?aneea ?aeiiaiaaoee ii auiieiaie? caaaiey

A ea?anoaa iniio?a ii?ao auou acyo e?aie iaaaenoaeoaeuiue aieoiaio
(iaeeaaiay, eaeoaioey, ecaauaiea, oainoiaa?aiea e o. i.).
Iaiaoiaeii eiaou a aeao, ?oi caaa?ae neaanoaaiiiai iniio?a aieoiaioia
yaeyaony:

21
eco?aiea niaa??aiey e iacia?aiey aieoiaioa, aai ?aeaeceoia, a oii
?enea eco?aiea aiaoiaai aeaa, ninoiyiey e oeene?iaaiiuo i?eciaeia
eniieuciaaiey (?acie?oee, ioiaoee e o. a.);
auyaeaiea i?eciaeia iiaaaeee;
?ac?aoaiea aii?inia i iaiaoiaeiinoe iineaao?uaai yenia?oiiai
enneaaiaaiey aieoiaioa.
I?e iniio?a aieoiaioa a i?ioieiea iaiaoiaeii io?aceou:
iieiia iaeiaiiaaiea aieoiaioa e aai iniiaiua ?aeaeceou;
oi?io aieoiaioa (noaiaa?oiue eee ianoaiaa?oiue), ?acia?, oa?aeoa?
e?aaa (?iaiua, ?aaiua);
ninoiyiea aieoiaioa (iaee?ea neeaaie, ?ac?ua e eiuo iia?a?aaiee,
neaaia ?acee?iuo aauanoa – ?a?ieeuiuo iyoai, ?anoeo eeay, no?ao?a e
o. i.);
oaeno aieoiaioa (iaoeiiieniue, ?oeiieniue), oaao e?aneoaey,
oo?eoia e o. a.);
iaee?ea iooeneia ia?aoae e ooaiiia, eo ianoi?aniiei?aiea, oi?io,
?acia?, niaa??aiea, yiaeaiu, iaaiene ia iooenea ooaiia;
iauaeoeaiua i?eciaee, oeacuaa?uea ia iia?enoeo, o?aaeaiea,
ia?aeeaeeo oioia?aoee (?anieua?aoinou, i?eiiaiyoinou aieieii aoiaae,
aa caiaoiia ooii?aiea ia ioaaeuiuo o?anoeao, ia?ooaiea caueoiie naoee
e o. a.);
eiua iniaaiiinoe aieoiaioa (ioee?ea io onoaiiaeaiiiai ia?acoa
iauai?eiyoie oi?iu, i?ioeai?a?ey a niaa??aiee aieoiaioa e o. a.).
I?ioieieuiia iienaiea aie?ii auou eaeiie?iui e ?aoeei ii oi?ia
ecei?aiey e iauaeoeaiui ii niaa??aie?. Eaeea-eeai auaiau e i?aaiiei-
?aiey iaaiionoeiu. Iienaiea i?iecaiaeony iineaaiaaoaeuii, io iauaai
e ?anoiiio. Iaiaoiaeii oeacaou eniieucoaiua i?e iniio?a iao?ii-
oaoie?aneea n?aanoaa.

Aiiieieoaeuiay eeoa?aoo?a

1. Aeaaeie?ia A. ?. E?eieiaeenoe?aneia enneaaiaaiea aieoiaioia e aai
eniieuciaaiea a ?ane?uoee e ?anneaaiaaiee i?anooieaiee: Iii?iue eiiniaeo
eaeoee / NIa?E IAA ?innee. NIa., 1995.
2. Aeania A. I. Neaanoaaiiue iniio? e i?aaaa?eoaeuiia enneaaiaaiea
aieoiaioia. I., 1981.
3. Ei?ooia ?. A. E?eieiaeenoe?aneia enneaaiaaiea aieoiaioia: O?aa. iiniaea.
I., 1975.
4. Noaaaii-oaoie?aneay yenia?oeca aieoiaioia: O?aaii-iaoia. iiniaea. Aui. 2.
?. 3–4. I., 1976.

Iienaoaeuiay ?anou i?ioieiea iniio?a aieoiaioa
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22
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Aii?inu e yenia?oo
1.



2.


3.



4.



5.


6.




Eiiaa?o n aieoiaioii
eee aai oioieiieyie

23
E?eieiaeenoe?aneia enneaaiaaiea
ienuia e ii?a?ea

_____________________________________
(Aieoeoa ii?aaaeaiea)

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Caiieieoa aaiiua a aeuaiia noaiu

I?eciaee ii?a?ea
Oiiia?aoe?aneea i?eciaee
ienuia Iauea ?anoiua




24
Caaaiea ? 19

A ?oeiieniii aieoiaioa eco?eoa
e iieoeoa:
I?eciaee ienuiaiiie ?a?e:
noeeenoe?aneea



Oiiia?aoe?aneea i?eciaee iiey:




aacaoiua ionooiu
___________________________________
eioa?aaeu
___________________________________
?aniiei?aiea e oi?io no?ie
___________________________________
Iniaua i?eau?ee ienuia

Iauea i?eciaee ii?a?ea:
au?aaioaiiinou ___________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
nei?iinou (no?iaiea)
___________________________________
___________________________________
iauo? oi?io e iai?aaeaiea aae?aiey
ii?a?ea
___________________________________
___________________________________
?acaii
___________________________________
___________________________________
nayciinou
___________________________________
___________________________________
iaeeii


?acia?
___________________________________



25
E?EIEIAEENOE?ANEIA O?AIEA
I AIAOIAI IAEEEA ?AEIAAEA
(E?EIEIAEENOE?ANEA? AAAEOINEIIE?)


Caaaiea ? 20
Noioia?aoe?oeoa ?aeiaaea ii i?aaeeai iiiciaaaoaeuiie (neaiaee-
oe?aneie) nuaiee.

Iaoiae?aneea ?aeiiaiaaoee ii auiieiaie? caaaiey
I?e auiieiaiee aaiiiai caaaiey iaiaoiaeii naaeaou o?e oioinieiea:
aioan, i?aaue i?ioeeu e aioan n iiai?ioii aieiau ai?aai.

I?aaue i?ioeeu Aioan




?icuneiay i?eaioe?iaea

Iiiciaaaoaeuio? oioinuaieo ?aeiiaiaoaony i?iaiaeou i?e iiiiue
oioiaiia?aoa oeia «Caieo» n ?annoiyiey i?eia?ii 1,5 i. I?e nuaiea a
aioan oioia?aoe?oaiiai neaaoao onaaeou oae, ?oiau iioe?aneay inu
iauaeoeaa i?ioiaeea ?a?ac oaie aeaca e aa?oi?? o?aou ooiie ?aeiaeiu.
Oioia?aoe?oaiue aie?ai auou aac aieiaiiai oai?a, ooiay ?aeiaeia ia
cae?uoa aieinaie.
Iiiciaaaoaeuiua nieiee ecaioaaeeaa?ony a ianooaaa 1:7. Iau?ii e
iaa?aa oioia?aoe?oaiiai ie?a a?oae i?ee?aieyaony ianooaaiay eeiaeea
aeeiie 7 eee 28 ni. I?e ia?aoe aa ?acia? aiaiayo niioaaonoaaiii ai 1 eee
4 ni, ?oi iaania?eaaao 1/7 iaoo?aeuiie aaee?eiu.
Eco?eou aiaoiinou noioia?aoe?iaaiiiai eeoa, auaaeeou iaeaieaa
oa?aeoa?iua i?eciaee e ninoaaeou ?icuneio? i?eaioe?iaeo, no?iai
?oeiaianoaoynu i?aaeeaie neiaaniiai ii?o?aoa (niae?aay i?eiyoo?
oa?ieiieiae? e iineaaiaaoaeuiinou iienaiey).

Aiiieieoaeuiay eeoa?aoo?a

1. Aeie?aiei E. O., Ceiei A. I. Oeiieiae?aneea i?eciaee aiaoiinoe ?aeiaaea.
I., 1975.
2. Aeie?aei E. O., Ceiei A. I. Iaoiaeea e oaeoeea ecaioiaeaiey eiiii-
ceoeiiiuo ii?o?aoia. I., 1976.

26
3. E?eieiaeenoeea / Iia ?aa. ?. N. Aaeeeia, A. I. Eaa?iaa, E. I. Eocaeia; Aeaa.
IAA NNN?. I., 1987. O 1. N. 316–336.
4. E?eieiaeenoe?aneay yenia?oeca. Aui. V. ?acaae VII. Ioi?aanoaeaiea
ee?iinoe ii aiaoiei i?eciaeai / AO IIII NNN?. I., 1967.
5. E?eieiaeenoe?aneia iienaiea aiaoiinoe ?aeiaaea / A. A. Niaoeia, E. O.
Aeie?aiei, A. N. ?eoieeia, A. I. Ceiei, I. I. Ianyiieeiaa / AIEE IAA
NNN?. I., 1984.

Noaia iienaiey aiaoiinoe ?aeiaaea ii iaoiao neiaaniiai ii?o?aoa

Iauaoece?aneea Aiaoiie?aneea Ooieoeiiaeu- Iniaua Niioonoao?uea
yeaiaiou e eo i?eciaee iua i?eciaee i?eiaou yeaiaiou e eo
i?eciaee i?eciaee




27
Caaaiea ? 21
Iieucoynu noaiie iienaiey aiaoiinoe ?aeiaaea ii iaoiao neiaaniiai
ii?o?aoa, iieoeoa aiaoiinou noioia?aoe?iaaiiiai ?aeiaaea.

Naaaaiey i iieiaic?anoiie e iaoeiiaeuiie i?eiaaea?iinoe
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Iienaiea aiaoiie?aneeo e aio?iiieiae?aneeo i?eciaeia

I?eciaee aio?iiieiae?aneea
Iienuaaaiue yeaiaio
?acia? Oi?ia Eiioo? Iiei?aiea Iniaua
aiaoiinoe
i?eiaou




28
E?EIEIAEENOE?ANEEA O?AOU
IAA ?INNEENEIE OAAA?AOEE


Caaaiea ? 22
Oea?eoa nenoaio e?eieiaeenoe?aneeo o?aoia i?aaiia IAA ?innee.

AEO IAA ?innee YEO IAA ?innee
________________________ _______________________
________________________ _______________________
________________________ _______________________
________________________ _______________________
________________________ _______________________
________________________ _______________________

Aii?inu, ?ac?aoaaiua n iiiiuu? e?eieiaeenon?aneeo o?aoia




Aiiieieoaeuiay eeoa?aoo?a

1. Aica?ei E. A., Eioia A. E. E?eieiaeenoe?aneee o?ao eae n?aanoai ai?uau n
i?anooiiinou?. E.: Eca-ai OAA EI, 1960.
2. Aica?ei E. A. E?eieiaeenoe?aneee o?ao: O?aaiee. Ae. «E?eieiaeenoeea».
I.: ??ea. eeo., 1967. N. 187–112.
3. Iinoaiiaeaiea Niaaoa Ieieno?ia I?aaeoaeunoaa ?inneeneie Oaaa?aoee io
23 aaeaa?y 1993 a. ? 1319 «Ia i?aaiecaoeiiiuo ia?ao ii nicaaie? iauaaino-
aa?noaaiiie aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie nenoaiu o?aoa ianaeaiey e ioeoeaeuiuo aieoiai-
oia, oainoiaa?y?ueo ee?iinou a?a?aai» // Nia?aiea aeoia I?aceaaioa e
I?aaeoaeunoaa ?inneeneie Oaaa?aoee ? 52 io 27 aae. 1993 a. No. 5147.
4. Euaiei A. I., Aaaeeia A. E. Oaieiaiay ?aaeno?aoey / IAOI IAA NNN?.
Iine, 1986.
5. Ei?ieaiei I. A. O?aou e o?aoiay aieoiaioaoey, eniieuciaaiea i?e
?anneaaiaaiee oaieiaiuo aae. NIa., 1996.



29
?AOAICE?
i?aiiaaaaoaey




«____» ____________________a. ____________________________
(iiaienu i?aiiaaaaoaey)




30
?acaae 2

E?EIEIAEENOE?ANEA? OAEOEEA

E?EIEIAEENOE?ANEEA AA?NEE E IEAIE?IAAIEA
?ANNEAAIAAIE? I?ANOOIEAIEE


Caaaiea ? 23

1. Ii caaaiiie neaanoaaiiie neooaoee iino?ieoa aicii?iua neaanoaai-
iua aa?nee e ninoaauoa ieai ?anneaaiaaiey.

Ai aai?a aiia ? 2 ii oe. Eocia?iie iaia?o?ai o?oi aaaooee. A i?ioi-
eiea iniio?a ianoa i?ienoanoaey ioia?aii: o?oi ea?eo ia anoaeuoiaie
ai?i?ea, ia ?annoiyiee 3 iao?ia io noaiu aiia. Ia o?oia iaaou eiooa,
?aea, o?onu, ?yaii ea?ao aiiaoiea oaii?ee. A eaaie ?oea o?oia ca?ao
eonie oeaie. I?e?eiie nia?oe yaey?ony iia?a?aaiey ?a?aia e aioo?aiieo
i?aaiia, eioi?ua iiaee auou ?acoeuoaoii iaaaiey n auniou. Ia?ai-
ia?aeuiie i?iaa?eie onoaiiaeaii, ?oi iiaeaoay – Na?aaaaa Oaouyia,
o?aieoa 9 eeanna, i?i?eaaao n iooii e ia?aoie ia iyoii yoa?a iacaaiiiai
aiia, ieia eaa?oe?u auoiayo ia ianoi iaia?o?aiey o?oia, a iiiaio iniio?a
auee ioe?uou. A iiiaio neo?eaoaainy ioao Na?aaaaie iaoiaeeny ia ?aaioa
a ?YO, ?aniiei?aiiii a ninaaiai aiia. Ia?aoa – Iiiiaa Aiia yeiau
iacaaieai ai iaia?o?aiey o?oia auoea a iaaacei e aa?ioeanu aiiie, eiaaa
ia ianoa niauoey o?a ?aaioaea neaanoaaiii-iia?aoeaiay a?oiia. Niaeanii
iieacaieyi ninaaae – Auno?iaie e Eiaaeaaie – ioiioaiey a naiua auee
nei?iua, ia?aoa e aaaooea eiioeeeoiaaee, iiaeaoay oy?aei ia?a?eaaea
nia?ou iaoa?e, ia?aoa canoaaeyea Oaouyio auiieiyou ii aiio ?aaioo a
oua?a o?aaa. A oio aaiu, ni neia ia?aoe, Oaouyia aie?ia auea iuou ieia,
a oeieo ia iioea. Ii oa?aeoa?o Oaouyia ioee?aeanu aniueu?eainou? e
eiioeuneaiinou?.

2. I?iaiaeece?oeoa nia?aiiua iaoa?eaeu e iino?ieoa aa?nee. Naie ?an-
no?aaiey a?aoiaioe?oeoa.

Aa?ney 1




31
Aa?ney 2




Aa?ney 3




I?IOIEIE
iniio?a ianoa i?ienoanoaey

«_____» _____________________a.




32
Noaiaoe?aneee ieai
e i?ioieieo iniio?a ianoa i?ienoanoaey
io «______» _____________________a.




Oneiaiua iaicia?aiey:




Ninoaaee:

Iiaiene:




33
Caaaiea ? 24

Iaciaeoa eeanneoeeaoe? e?eieiaeenoe?aneeo aa?nee e aaeoa e?aoeia
iiyniaiea e ea?aiio aeao aa?nee

1.


2.


3.


4.


5.


6.


7.


8.




Aiiieieoaeuiay eeoa?aoo?a

1. A?oeoaaneee A. A. Auaae?aiea e i?iaa?ea neaanoaaiiuo aa?nee. I.: ??ea.
eeo., 1978.
2. Iaoae ?. Neaanoaaiiua aa?nee. I.: I?ia?ann, 1976.
3. Na?aaaa E. A., Niy-Na?ei E. A., ?eoaiae? I. A. Ieaie?iaaiea ?anneaaiaaiey.
I., 1975.
4. Niy-Na?ei E. A. ?aoeiiaeecaoey ?aaiou neaaiaaoaey (Aii?inu iao?iie
i?aaiecaoee o?oaa). I., 1976.




34
OAEOEEA NEAANOAAIIIAI INIIO?A E
INAEAAOAEUNOAIAAIE?


Caaaiea ? 25
Eco?eoa ianoaiiaeo ia i?aaei?aiiii ?enoiea e ninoaauoa i?ioieie
iniio?a ianoa i?ienoanoaey, ia?aoea iniaia aieiaiea ia ?aniiei?aiea
o?oia, i?aaiaoia e neaau. A i?ioieiea iniio?a io?aceoa ana aicii?iua
neaau, i?iecaaaeoa eo ?aciaoeo ia ?enoiea oeo?aie e naaeaeoa niioaaon-
oao?uea iiyniaiey. E i?ioieieo iniio?a i?eei?eoa noaio.
Ii oniio?aie? i?aiiaaaaoaey eee eieoeaoeaa iao?a?uaainy ii?ao auou
i?iecaaaai iniio? einoaie?iaaiiie ianoaiiaee niaa?oaiiiai i?anooieaiey
n eniieuciaaieai n?aanoa e ?aeiiaiaaoee e?eieiaeenoe?aneie oioia?aoee
e a?oaeo ?acaaeia e?eieiaeenoe?aneie oaoieee.


Iaicia?uoa aicii?iua neaau i?a-
nooieaiey ia o?oia n i?eciaeaie
i?eiaiaiey iaiano?aeuiiai i?o-
?ey:

1. Aieinu.
2. Aieieia oeaie e a?.
iaoa?eaeia
3. Aeeuca.
4. Aaiuae, aieoiaiou.
5. E?iau.
6. Ieo?ee.
7. I?o?ea iaiano?aeuiia.
8. I?o?ea oieiaiia.
9. Iao?ii.
10. Iia?a?aaiey ia oaea (?aia).
11. Iia?a?aaiey i?aaiaoia
ianoaiiaee.
12. Iio.
13. Ii?aa (ianeiaiey).
14. Iu?.
15. Ioey.
16. Neaau auno?aea (?eeioaoa,
ii?ioa).
17. Neaau aoaiie iiiaau.
18. Neaau coaia.
19. Neaau ?oe (ia??aoie).
20. Ne?ia.
21. Neaau iia (iaoae)

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